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 Structuralism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Structuralism appeared in academic psychology for the first time in the 19th century and then reappeared in the second half of the 20th century, when it grew to become one of the most popular approaches in the academic fields that are concerned with analyzing language, culture, and society.
Structuralism is a general approach in various academic disciplines that explores the interrelationships between fundamental elements of some kind, upon which some higher mental, linguistic, social, cultural etc "structures" are built, through which then meaning is produced within a particular person, system, culture.
In literary theory structuralism is an approach to analysing the narrative material by examining the underlying invariant structure. /wiki/Structuralism   (1961 words)

 Post-structuralism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The occasional designation of post-structuralism as a movement can be tied to the fact that mounting criticism of structuralism became evident at approximately the same time that structuralism became a topic of interest in universities in the United States.
Post-structuralism is a term coined in the United States in the mid- to late 1960s to describe mostly French language scholarship that challenged the primacy of structuralism in the humanities.
It is beyond dispute that arguments between those said to be post-structuralists were at least as strident as their objections to structuralism so the term at the very least is not very specific. /wiki/Post-structuralism   (941 words)

 Post-structuralism Info - Encyclopedia
Post-Structuralism is a body of work that is a response to structuralism; it rejects structuralism yet for various reasons still defines itself in relation to it.
Structuralism, considered broadly, is any theory that follows Immanuel Kant's notion that the mind actively structures perceptions (Jean Piaget and Noam Chomsky are structuralists in this sense), or any theory that follows Durkheim's attention to social structure (e.g.
Note: structuralism is in many ways opposed to humanism, because it privileges structures and systems over the specific parts of these systems (e.g. /encyclopedia/p/po/post_structuralism.html   (566 words)

 Post-structuralism and Foucault
In 1970 he was elected to the highest academic post in France, the College de France, where he took the title of Professor of the History of Systems of Thought.
Jean Paul Sartre, one of the leading existentialists in French post war left-wing intellectual movement, described himself as Marxist and indicated that Marxism is the unbreakable notion of our century.
The structural linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) suggested that meaning was to be found within the structure of a whole language rather than in the analysis of individual words. /ar/corei/foucault.html   (7364 words)

Structuralism is appealing to some critics because it adds a certain objectivity, a SCIENTIFIC objectivity, to the realm of literary studies (which have often been criticized as purely subjective/impressionistic).
Structuralism argues that any piece of writing, or any signifying system, has no origin, and that authors merely inhabit pre-existing structures (langue) that enable them to make any particular sentence (or story)--any parole.
Derrida says that such systems are always built of the basic units structuralism analyzes--the binary opposition or pair--and that within these systems one part of that binary pair is always more important than the other, that one term is "marked" as positive and the other as negative. /English/ENGL2012Klages/1derrida.html   (1712 words)

Structuralism is concerned not so much with what things mean, but how they mean; it is a science designed to show that all elements of human culture, including literature, are understandable as parts of a system of signs.
Structuralism was a reaction to modern alienation and despair; it sought to recover literature from the isolation in which it had been studied, since laws governing it govern all sign systems -- clothing, food, body 'language,' etc.
Thus, linguistics is to language as structuralism is to literature. /~delahoyd/decon.html   (421 words)

Post-structuralism is a body of work that followed in the wake of structuralism, and sought to understand a world irrevocably dissected into parts of systems, as in deconstruction.
Structuralism, Category Theory and Philosophy of Mathematics By Richard Stefanik (Washington: MSG Press,1994).
A-POST A multi-post tool to post an ad to many message boards at the same time. /encyclopedia/article-Post-structuralism.html   (385 words)

Structuralism in the 60s was at least in part an intellectual programme, and it was possible to analyse phenomena by treating them as a system.
Structuralism arose on the continent, in particular in France, in the early 60s.
A simple explanation of structuralism is that it understands phenomena using the metaphor of language. /philosophy/posts.html   (1166 words)

 Some Post-Structuralist Assumptions
structuralism presupposes the traditional and metaphysical notion of harmony and unity; a work is only a work, i.e.
structuralism assumes that a work has intrinsic meaning -- that is, it is 'already there' and always there, that the 'meaning' pre-exists its realization (it is already there -- we just identify it).
The text is therefore in a sense a 'copy' of that order or structure which grounds the coherence of the text; analysis of a text is a copy of a copy, the text is just an intermediary between the reader and the structure of rationality, and so it 'disappears'. /english/courses/4F70/poststruct.html   (1925 words)

The essential methodological error which is common to positivism, structuralism and post-structuralism is the inability to perceive the essence of processes and to understand and distinguish between Essence and the abstract quantitative reflection of the data of perception; the inability to work with true Notions rather than abstract universals.
Structuralism understood that the world was formed in the system of objects known to a culture, and that this world of objects corresponded to the social relations with which a people made their living in the world.
Thus, structuralism introduced a kind of valid relativism - the world is formed by a culture, and the truth of the subject-object relation is given in the practical life of that culture. /reference/subject/philosophy/help/foucaul1.htm   (2549 words)

 Post-Structuralism and the Question of History
structure inaugurate a new era in which madness is excluded; the Cogito is inhabited by the structure of writing: 'The relationship between reason, madness, and death is an economy, a structure of deferral whose irreducible originality must be respected.
It is therefore a question of drawing back towards a point at which all determined contradictions, in the form of given, factual historical structures, can appear, and appear as relative to this zero point at which determined meaning and nonmeaning come together in their common origin' (WD 56).
If this economy, structure of deferral, differance, inaugurates historicity in general, well, to put it flatly, the pedagogy of textual traces has come a long way. /excerptmill/atlridge.htm   (8699 words)
Though, while it is true that some western Marxism with its emphasis on structure is incompatible with post-structuralism's denial of structure, and `scientific' Marxism with its claims to `science' is also incompatible with post-structural rejection of science, it is not true to say that Marxism and post-structuralism are never compatible.
Where structuralism aspired to produce a science - a scientific culture, post-structuralism argued that this is not possible.
That is, how Marxism negotiates two key areas: a) relationship between art, culture and society, and b) post-structuralism's central assumptions: "that meaning can never be pinned down not even by structuralism itself" (Milner,1992: p.72). /b/bridginingworlds/cat_education.html   (5876 words)

 BOPnews: Comment on post-structuralism in action
Post may be moderated either by the thread author or the editors.
Posted by Ralph at December 26, 2005 02:10 AM
The words could be different, but the descriptions could be transposed onto each other, because the essential structure would have to be the same, as we are all living in the same real world. /cgi-bin/mt/hello00001.cgi?entry_id=5713   (480 words)

 Post-Structuralism As Subculture
I would suggest that the culture of radical post- structuralism is driven by a tension between surface glitter and play and a deeper level not just of boredom but of despair: about the possibility of radical social change and also about the possibility of intellectual work having any social impact.
Radical post-structuralism is shaped not only by post- structuralist theory but also by the fact that it is a movement that is aspiring to hegemony in the liberal arts in the universities and outside them.
I think something similar could be said for post- structuralism: a method that is geared to exposing all claims to truth or value does not tell us how current systems evolved, what would be better, or how we might get there. /EDIN/.mags/.cross/.40/.40art/.epstein.html   (2703 words)

Structuralism, emanating from Saussure’s structural linguistics, conceiving language as a structure of differences, accorded at best a secondary position to the subject in the production of meaning.
Structures and causes are dismissed by overstress on fragments and contingencies.
What is to be noted here is the vulnerable points or weakness in Saussure’s concept of the linguistic structure conceding words in relation to other words to give meaning, not by primarily referring to objects. /publications/post-modernism/Foreword.htm   (1306 words)

 Post structuralism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Look for Post structuralism in the Commons, our repository for free images, music, sound, and video.
Check for Post structuralism in the deletion log, or visit its deletion vote page if it exists.
Look for Post structuralism in Wiktionary, our sister dictionary project. /encyclopedia/post_structuralism   (145 words)

 terriscreed: Structuralism, Post-structuralism and Deconstruction!
Structuralism was really big in the 1960's and 1970's, and though it still has its die-hard fans, it has been replaced in the academy by post-structuralism.
Structuralism is a school of art and social criticism.
Structuralism begins with the study of linguistics, particularly the ideas of Ferdinand de Saussure. /talkread.bml?itemid=9860623&nc=4   (3325 words) - essays: general discussion, p.5
If the result of such post-structuralistic approaches would be falling structures, the other result can and will be a rising understanding of the nature of things, slowly and infinitely approaching the unexplained.
Economical and political influence are still the primary motivations, paired with the power of speech: A very important element of building and sustaining artificial structures is the power of language, the linguistical creation of concepts and meanings[7].
Deconstruction might seem to fight against structures, and this would be entirely true, but the structures deconstruction is attacking are nothing essential - they are just masks, hollow phrases, based upon convenience and custom and tradition. /papers/pjkd_g05.html   (7536 words)

Post-structuralism means to go beyond the structuralism of theories that imply a rigid inner logic to relationships that describe any aspect of social reality, whether in language (Ferdinand de Saussure or, more recently, Noam Chomsky) or in economics (orthodox Marxism, neoclassicalism, or Keynesianism).
The theorists who innovated the logic of overdeterminism (first introduced into social science by Freud at the turn of the twentieth century) wanted to displace notions of static social structures with notions of social processes that were always in flux and, therefore, capable of being changed in progressive ways (or, alternatively, changed in regressive ways).
The 1968 student uprisings in Paris and Prague ("Prague Spring") were important moments that fed the general movement to rethink the dynamics by which history is made. /courses/sgabriel/post_structuralism.htm   (512 words)

 Structuralism, Post-Structuralism and Semiotics -- Philosophy Books and Online Resources
Biogenetic structuralism is a body of theory which explains the interactions between brain, consciousness and culture in the production of individual experience.
The order and harmony of the Western world, its most famous achievement, and a laboratory in which structures of a complexity as yet unknown are being fashioned, demand the elimination of a prodigious mass of noxious by-products which now contaminate the globe.
This book is the definitive critical history of the most influential intellectual movement in the late twentieth century. /~20thcentury/html/structuralism.htm   (789 words)

 Structuralism and Poststructuralism
Thus, structuralism has been characterized as antihumanistic in it's claim that meaning is not identical with the inner psychological experience of the speaker.
If we consider the application of structuralism to art and extend the monetary analogy, we can think of paintings as comprised of many languages or sets of conventions that play a role in the exchange of signs.
As a scientist, Saussure limited his investigation to the formal structure of language (langue), setting aside or bracketing the way that language is employed in actual speech (parole). /~quigleyt/vcs/structuralism.html   (2718 words)

 Post-Modernism or post-Post Modernism
Defines Post Modernism with a paradoxical dualism or "double coding" which its hybrid name entails the continuation of modernism and its tracnscendence.
The bottom line is that any comments about Post Modernism by anyone should be understood with their peculiar interpretation in mind.
Display Jenks definition of Post Modernism as writings which may use traditonal forms in ironic or displaced ways to treat perennial themes. /ideas/postmodernism.html   (406 words)

 the untimely past bibliographies / poststructuralism
"Structuralism and the Logic of Dissent is a fascinating and lucid exploration of the seminal writings of four eminent French post-structuralists that sheds new light on influential theoretical texts.
"Structuralism and Poststructuralism for Beginners is an illustrated tour through the mysterious landscape of Structuralism and Poststructuralism.
Structuralism began as a method of inquiry used by specialists first in linguistics and then in anthropology to organize and evaluate their findings. /bibps.html   (2263 words)

If analysis is to play its necessary role in serving a post- structuralist ideology, let us insist, then, on analytically precise, and theoretically grounded "contextual definitions of unrelatedness," in Agawu's phrase (Agawu 1993; see also Burnham 1992 and Whittall 1993).
I would hope rather that the post-structuralist music theory that Krims alludes to but does not describe or exemplify would have a place for close engagement with musical structures, for precise analytical assertions grounded in systematic theory, and thus for the traditional pleasures and rewards of music theory.
This sort of authoritarian posturing in the guise of neutral, objective, transcendental description has been rightfully criticized throughout post- structuralist thought. /mto/issues/mto.95.1.1/mto.95.1.1.straus.tlk   (1494 words)

 Propositions for the Deconstruction of Cine-Structuralism
Although the contest amongst-between-or-against structuralism in cinema has been displaced from the center of academic discourse in favor of what is termed "post-structuralism", the notion that this current film-critical discourse represents a significant rupture with structuralism is highly problematic in my mind.
For avant-garde film practice, "structuralism" has inserted itself as a kind of guarantor of meaning' — a 'ghost in the machine/apparatus' — with the result that film practice itself is seen as a confluence of both psycho-linguistic-socio-political formations (all operating under the solemn gaze of the analyst!) and 'textual' determinations.
The post-structuralist dilemma resides precisely in the fact that this discourse has been misappropriated by a network of structual theoreticians of which the psychoanalytic feminists are the most vocal. /visual_alchemy/opsis/Propositions.html   (3929 words)

Derrida's critique of structuralism also heralded the advent of deconstruction that--like post-structuralism--critiques the notion of "origin" built into structuralism.
In its simplest terms, postmodernism consists of the period following high modernism and includes the many theories that date from that time, e.g., structuralism, semiotics, post-structuralism, deconstruction, and so forth.
For Jean Baudrillard, postmodernism marks a culture composed "of disparate fragmentary experiences and images that constantly bombard the individual in music, video, television, advertising and other forms of electronic media. /nkja/literature/theory/post-structuralism.htm   (633 words)

 Against post-structuralism and post-modernism
Submitted stories are posted by the editorial collective; in this way, we can keep the editorial focus of this site consistent, while allowing for a free exchange of ideas.
As well, registered users are able to moderate (rate or rank) comments posted to the site.
Not every article posted to the InfoExchange appears on the front page, some will only show up in their section. /   (486 words)

 Ken Wilber Online: Excerpt D - The Look of a Feeling: The Importance of Post/Structuralism
The plural form is the outside of a "we" (which can be approached with methodologies such as cultural anthropology, neostructuralism, archaeology, genealogy).
The singular form is the outside of an "I" (which can be approached with methodologies such as developmental structuralism).
This means a third-person approach to first-person realities (3p x 1p), in both singular and plural forms. /html/books/kosmos/excerptD/part1.cfm   (2483 words)

 QED Poetry - post-structuralism-influenced, neo-surrealist...
Well, Brett, Jim Behrle has suggested we collectively retire "post avant", a suggestion that most post avants in blogland are embracing.
Shit, I don’t even know what “avant” these “post-avant” poems are post-of, and how long they’ll stay post-avant until they become post-post-avant.
One thing, though, seems sure: an obsessive need for obscurity is just as bad if one doesn’t take into consideration the usual motivation for obscurity—then it’s worse. /topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=7857   (1775 words)

 Target : Entertainment : Books : Literature & Fiction : History & Criticism : Criticism & Theory : Structuralism
From the New Criticism to Deconstruction: The Reception of Structuralism and Post-Structuralism
The Poverty of Structuralism: Literature and Structuralist Theory (Foundations of Modern Literary Theory)
Structuralist Poetics; Structuralism, Linguistics and the Study of Literature (Routledge Classics) /gp/browse.html?node=10223   (139 words)

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