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Topic: "The Transcendentalist"

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In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

 AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY: American Transcendentalism - 1
Transcendentalists experimented with communitarian living and supported educational innovation, the abolitionist and feminist movements, and a reform of church and society generally.
Many Transcendentalists, in fact, were Harvard-educated Unitarian ministers who were dissatisfied with their conservative Unitarian leaders as well as with the general conservative tenor of the time.
Yet, like his friend, Ralph Waldo Emerson, he is truly representative of the New England transcendentalist movement.
www.radicalacademy.com /amphilosophy4.htm   (2294 words)

 Theology Today - Vol 16, No. 3 - October 1959 - BOOK REVIEW - The Transcendentalist Minister: Church Reform in the New England Land Renaissance
Hutchison also demonstrates that the Transcendentalists were not interested solely in appraising the universe through the spectacles of an intuitive faith, for they were deeply involved in an attempt to reform the Church so that it might express more adequately the implications of their "transcendental" faith.
These Transcendentalist blueprints of the Church of the Future are strikingly prophetic of the Churches of twentieth century subburbia in which religion in general is exalted.
The Transcendentalists took their stance upon the authority of a general revelation [in the natural order intuitively apprehended by discrete individuals, and the "orthodox" found it difficult to counter their claim that they had a "right" as Unitarians to do so.
theologytoday.ptsem.edu /oct1959/v16-3-bookreview17.htm   (602 words)

 Transcendentalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The practical aims of the Transcendentalists were varied; some among the group linked it with utopian social change (and, in the case of Brownson, it joined explicitly with early socialism), while others found it an exclusively individual and idealist project.
The Transcendentalists desired to ground their religion and philosophy in transcendental principles: principles not based on, or falsifiable by, sensuous experience, but deriving from the inner, spiritual or mental essence of the human.
It began as a protest against the general state of culture and society at the time, and in particular, the state of intellectualism at Harvard and the doctrine of the Unitarian church which was taught at Harvard Divinity School.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Transcendentalism   (915 words)

The transcendentalists' concept of a spiritual, inner body within the physical body of man was termed the oversoul, the conscience, or borrowing from the Quakers, the inner light.
The Transcendentalist movement which began flourishing in the early 19th century America, especially in New England, was based on some of the concepts of Transcendental Philosophy but did not strictly follow it.
The early transcendentalists included the essayist and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson, the feminist, social reformer, and author Margaret Fuller, a minister Theodore Parker, and the naturalist and author Henry David Thoreau.
www.themystica.com /mystica/articles/t/transcendentalism.html   (1353 words)

 Rise of Transcendentalism
The heresy of the Transcendentalists (for which the early Puritans had hanged people) was to countenance mysticism and pantheism, or the beliefs in the potential of the human mind to commune with God and in a God who is present in all of nature, rather than unequivocally distinct from it.
In his reply to the Transcendentalists, "A Discourse on the Latest Form of Infidelity," Norton wrote that their position "strikes at root of faith in Christianity," and he reiterated the "orthodox" Unitarian belief that inner revelation was inherently unreliable and a potential lure away from the truths of religion.
For the Transcendentalists, as for the Romantics, subjective intuition was at least as reliable a source of truth as empirical investigation, which underlay both deism and the natural theology of the Unitarians.
xroads.virginia.edu /~MA95/finseth/trans.html   (1943 words)

 The Transcendentalist Controversy
Transcendentalist thinkers like both Emerson and Parker tried to shy away from the argument as much as possible by immersing themselves in more important matters, applying their transcendent principles to the social ills of their day.
Because the Transcendentalists viewed God as a living, active and experiential force in the world, it was only natural that they should seek to demonstrate their religious values through social reforms.
The Unitarian Transcendentalist poet, Henry David Thoreau, for instance, became a staunch advocate of civil disobedience in the fight against slavery.
www.cliftonunitarian.com /toddstalks/transcendentalistcontroversy.htm   (2544 words)

However, all transcendentalist heroines possess a tragic flaw, and Hester’s flaw is that she is not fully obedient to her inner truth throughout the novel.
Another characteristic of a transcendentalist heroine is that she is true to her own natural laws.
“[Transcendentalists also] insist that Hester’s love was neither blindly passionate nor purposeless”(Carpenter, 295).
www.essaycity.com /free_essays/00255.txt   (724 words)

 Syllabus -- Transcendentalism -- Fall 2001
In the 1830s and 1840s, "transcendentalist" was a derisive label applied to someone whose philosophy was considered by mainstream Americans to be "vague and illusive." Those who bore that label frequently positioned themselves at odds with the dominant beliefs of the day but also differed quite radically from one another.
The Transcendentalists were eclectic and engaged readers, believers in what Emerson termed "the use of literature": learning about and changing one's world through careful attention to texts.
I should have told them at once that I was a transcendentalist.
www.oberlin.edu /english/syllabi/fall01/sm366f01.html   (1051 words)

 American Transcendentalism
Transcendentalists rejected Lockean empiricism, unlike the Unitarians: they wanted to rejuvenate the mystical aspects of New England Calvinism (although none of its dogma) and to go back to Jonathan Edwards' "divine and supernatural light," imparted immediately to the soul by the spirit of God.
For the transcendentalists, the soul of each individual is identical with the soul of the world and contains what the world contains.
Amidst materialists, zealots, and skeptics, the Transcendentalist believed in perpetual inspiration, the miraculous power of will, and a birthright to universal good.
guweb2.gonzaga.edu /faculty/campbell/enl311/amtrans.htm   (1386 words)

 CliffsNotes::Walden:Book Summary and Study Guide
In 1817, the transcendentalist movement, for which Thoreau was destined to be one of the major spokesmen, was born.
In one sense, the transcendentalists were like the Calvinists: They lamented the loss of the deeply felt experience of God and the rigorous morality that had characterized faith in New England before the rise of Unitarianism.
Emerson and the other transcendentalists asserted that man is not limited to simply learning about God; rather than being only a receiver of sense impressions, man's mind is also a faculty that can create, independent of the senses, a consciousness of God.
www.cliffsnotes.com /WileyCDA/LitNote/id-159,pageNum-39.html   (1057 words)

 Emerson: Hippies, Hindus and Transcendentalists
Emerson says that the Transcendentalist is someone who refuses to be tyrannized by the blatancy of the "facts".
What Waldo says about the Transcendentalists of his time warmed my '60s-formed heart and suggested that the East had moved West long before our modern multimedia gurus took up residence on the West Coast in the '70s.
This notwithstanding, the Transcendentalist did not go the whole route with the East but honoured Nature and its Beauty, convinced that they mediated the Oversoul or God.
www.watershedonline.ca /literature/Emerson/Emersonheroes.html   (1030 words)

 transcendentalist Free Essays
They were both members of the transcendentalist club, In their works, Emerson and Thoreau discussed the concepts of intuition, autonomy, and na...
Ralph Waldo Emerson was one of greatest writers of the 19th century, and being a Transcendentalist, he was a firm believer in nature and using one’s instincts rather than reason.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, one of the most important transcendentalist authors of early nineteenth-century New England, advocates higher individualism, obeying instinct, the hope and belief of miracles, and the great importance of self-reliance.
www.mytermpapers.com /search/70898.html   (772 words)

 The Chronicle: Daily news: 11/06/2002 -- 01
Transcendentalist thinkers like Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson are often imagined as eschewing technology in the name of nature.
Woodlief says that hypertext linking allows her students to create "Web study texts" that represent the transcendentalist movement as it really was: a vibrant movement dominated by the interconnecting ideas of its chief proponents.
But the transcendentalist movement can actually be seen as a paradigm for the Internet, according to Ann M. Woodlief, an associate professor of English at Virginia Commonwealth University.
chronicle.com /free/2002/11/2002110601t.htm   (697 words)

The inevitable failure of Bartleby to maintain a Transcendentalist stance of self-reliance within the framework of society points strongly to the ideological conflict that is both the source of the tragi-comedy and the crux of Melville's own turmoil--although drawn to Emerson's concepts, he viewed them as unworkable.
This is true, of course, but the whole Transcendentalist stance of self-reliance is a negation of inter-dependence and is based on a self-determining premise.
Sten advances in favor of "The Transcendentalist" is more applicable to "Self-Reliance." We know that Melville had little direct knowledge of Emerson until the winter of 1848-49 when he heard him lecture.
www.ku.edu /~zeke/bartleby/puk.htm   (5059 words)

 Training Dictionary.com - Transcendentalist Theology
Transcendentalist Theology is based on religious rationality; it is a new way of interpreting spirituality and can influence the beginning of a new realization in many religions.
www.trainingdictionary.com /transcendentalisttheology.html   (125 words)

 Emerson: Course Summary 3 B
Theodore Parker, a Christian Transcendentalist Abolitionist, was a unique Transcendentalist because he never left the institution of church, seeking to reform it from within.
Paul said the Transcendentalist Aesthete Convers Francis and the Poet Jones Very could be considered descendents of the Later Romantic posts such as Percy Byshee Shelley and Lord Byron.
The Transcendentalists read them with great interest, seeing many of their intuited truths confirmed by these scriptures.
www.watershedonline.ca /literature/Emerson/Emersonsummary3BB.html   (1130 words)

 PAL: American Transcendentalism:ABrief Introduction
Transcendentalists accepted the neo-Platonic conception of nature as a living mystery, full of signs - nature is symbolic.
The transcendentalist "transcends" or rises above the lower animalistic impulses of life (animal drives) and moves from the rational to a spiritual realm.
And so, the Transcendentalists believed that "knowing yourself" and "studying nature" is the same activity.
www.csustan.edu /english/reuben/pal/chap4/4intro.html   (2564 words)

A Transcendentalist would interpret evil to be the absence of good, the same way meaninglessness is interpreted to be the absence of meaning.
It was for this reason that a few of the Transcendentalists resented the fact that they had official followers of their way of thinking.
To transcendentalists organized religion creates a hierarchy of God over man. The Oversoul idea promotes the belief that divinity/God is contained in all things, including people.
www.lclark.edu /~ria/2000/american_transcendentalism.htm   (572 words)

 Free-TermPapers.com - Mockery Of Transcendentalism In The Fall Of The House Of Usher
Transcendentalists believe that change must come from within, therefore any effort from an external source to change someone will be proven fruitless.
One of the transcendentalists strongest beliefs is that more important than a concern about the afterlife, should be a concern for this life.
One of the major beliefs of the transcendentalists is not to dwell in the past.
www.free-termpapers.com /tp/16/evj93.shtml   (1292 words)

 For this reason Transcendentalism remains in American life less as a specific doctrine--no one now calls oneself a "Transcendentalist"--than as presiding spirit behind many movements that resisting the dominant culture
The Transcendentalist efforts in education were reincarnated both in (John) Dewey's laboratory school and the open school movement of the 1970s, and Brook Farm (a utopian community they founded) was the prototype of many of the communes of this same period.
They met and talked and dreamed, and they became known as the Transcendentalists for their drive to live life on a higher plane, more intensely, than mere survival demands.
These Transcendentalists affected institutions here and abroad for generations through their writing.
home.att.net /~balko/uusgu/sermon3.htm   (1750 words)

 Romanticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Later Transcendentalist writers such as Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson still show elements of its influence, as does the romantic realism of Walt Whitman.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Romanticism   (2470 words)

Transcendentalists were especially opposed to the institution of slavery.
Thoreau, a close friend and associate of Emerson, actually conducted a two-year transcendentalist experiment, living by himself in the woods at Walden.
Transcendentalists include Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, and Henry David Thoreau.
www.tjhsst.edu /~ccotton/production/Transcendentalism.htm   (525 words)

 New Walden
The transcendentalist movement was the result of a heated religious controversy within the Unitarian church.
It would be difficult to properly assess the goals of the project design without a fundamental knowledge of the American transcendentalist movement which was so critical in the intellectual arena of Thoreau and his mentor, Emerson.
His narrative of these two years of self-discovery is one of the most important publications transcendentalist movement of the 19
www.spsu.edu /cteacad/rcole/Studio/Vertical/NewWalden.html   (559 words)

Transcendentalism itself is difficult to define concisely, due to the diverse expressions of those involved in the movement.However, the main tenet of transcendentalists is the desire to go beyond (transcend) the prevailing literature and philosophies of the masses in order to improvesociety.
Other prominent Transcendentalists included Henry DavidThoreau, Margaret Fuller and Theodore Parker.
The club was a protest against the general state of culture and society at the time, and in particular, the state of intellectualism at Cambridge and Harvard.
www.therfcc.org /transcendentalist-132458.html   (321 words)

The Transcendentalists were in the forefront of a number of educational reforms and experiments, the best known of which was Elizabeth Peabody’s Temple School in Boston, where Emerson’s protege Bronson Alcott was a teacher.
Among Transcendentalists who produced extensive platforms for church reform were the already mentioned Theodore Parker and James Freeman Clarke, along with a number of lesser known lights.
Nature, as the title of Emerson’s first significant Transcendentalist publication indicates, was a primary interest of the Transcendentalists as a source of religious inspiration and truth.
www.frsuu.org /serm45.htm   (1342 words)

 Bhagavad Gita As It Is, 6: Sankhya-yoga, Text 40.
A transcendentalist is supposed to give up all material activities for the sake of spiritual advancement in life, Krsna consciousness.
The Blessed Lord said: Son of Prtha, a transcendentalist engaged in auspicious activities does not meet with destruction either in this world or in the spiritual world; one who does good, My friend, is never overcome by evil.
Even though he may be subjected to the reaction of not perfectly executing prescribed duties, he is still not a loser, because auspicious Krsna consciousness is never forgotten, and one so engaged will continue to be so even if he is lowborn in the next life.
www.asitis.com /6/40.html   (719 words)

 Henry David Thoreau on Staten Island
This fact was evidenced when he received a visit from Margaret Fuller - editor of the Transcendentalist journal "The Dial" - that summer and took her on a long carriage ride, pointing out many of his favorite spots as if he'd lived on the island his whole life.
For all of his delight in Staten Island's abundant vegetation and wildlife, it was the sea that held the most fascination for the young Transcendentalist.
It was, in fact, the one and only time in his life he lived near the ocean, which he found an almost constant presence, even while exploring the farms and woods in the middle of the island.
www.literarytraveler.com /henrydavidthoreau/henry-david-thoreau.htm   (1269 words)

 Michael Owens
The obscurity of the general Transcendentalist beliefs, however, forces many transcendentalists to express their beliefs and to explain their principles through the act of allegorical and symbolic writing.
This collective, which some transcendentalists believe created itself—in effect becoming God—and then created mankind out of the ideas within the collective, rests solely on the souls of individuals.
Beatrice asserts that she, too, will ascend, relating to the ascension of Christ into the soul collective called Heaven—an obscure Christian transcendentalist belief.
www.happydissonance.bravehost.com /essays/essay01.html   (1543 words)

 James Freeman Clarke
Through reading Samuel Taylor Coleridge he became acquainted with Immanuel Kant and discovered that he "was born a transcendentalist." He graduated from Harvard Divinity School in 1832 and immediately moved to Louisville, Kentucky to help establish liberal religion in the West.
But, though churchly tastes led him away from the company of thinkers where he intellectually belonged, and an unfailing common sense saved him from the extravagances into which some of them fell, a Transcendentalist he was, and an uncompromising one.
It gave him his assurance of spiritual truths; it interpreted for him the gospels and Jesus; it inspired his endeavors to reconcile beliefs, to promote unity among the discordant sects, to enlighten and redeem mankind.
www.alcott.net /alcott/home/champions/Clarke.html?index=0   (447 words)

 Digital Termpapers: Term Papers on Emerson, Hawthorne, And The Transcendentalist Ideal
Nathaniel Hawthorne, on the other hand, was not a Transcendentalist, and his writings show him to be quite the opposite of Emerson in regards to their respective philosophies.
The early and mid-19th century gave rise to the Transcendentalist movement, and, thus, the anti-Transcendentalist movement.
Webster’s dictionary defines Transcendentalism as “a philosophy that asserts the primacy of the spiritual and transcendental over the material and empirical.” Ralph Waldo Emerson was a Transcendentalist, and it shows in the characteristics of his writing.
www.essaysfororwells1984.ltd.cx /b1219d.htm   (637 words)

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