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Topic: 1441

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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

  UN Security Council Resolution 1441 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Under furious debate was whether a further Security Council resolution (the so-called "second resolution") was necessary to authorize war, or whether 1441 and preceding resolutions sufficed to legitimize military enforcement of the UN's disarmament aims.
Of the permanent, veto-holding members of the Security Council, France, Russia, and the People's Republic of China wished the inspection period to be extended, and for no military action to go ahead without a further UN resolution.
On November 8, 2002, the UN passed Resolution 1441 urging Iraq to disarm or face "serious consequences".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/UN_Security_Council_Resolution_1441   (1098 words)

 Press Release SC/7666
Resolution 1441 was a finely structured text, which defined the disarmament scenario before Iraq and clearly outlined the consequences for default or violations.
Resolution 1441 was aimed expressly and unequivocally at disarming Iraq peacefully of all chemical, biological and nuclear weapons.
Reaffirming her country's support of Security Council resolution 1441 (2002) and the work of both UNMOVIC and the IAEA, he said every effort had to be made to preserve international peace and security, strengthen the process of non-proliferation of arms of mass destruction, and secure Iraq's full cooperation with the United Nations.
www.globalsecurity.org /wmd/library/news/iraq/un/sc7666.htm   (8932 words)

 Iraq, Resolution 1441, and Material Breach: Say What?! :: Ephilosopher :: Philosophy News, Research and Philosophical ...
1441 revisits the history of this policy, "recalling" a long list of resolutions and its previous determination to use "all necessary means" to enforce them.
The 1441 resolution begins by "deploring" the fact that Iraq has "repeatedly obstructed immediate, unconditional, unrestricted access to sites..." It further deplores the end of inspections in December of 1998 and their continued absence (despite "repeated demands" that Iraq allow the return of inspectors).
Says 1441: "...false statements or omissions in the declarations submitted by Iraq pursuant to this resolution and failure by Iraq at any time to comply with, and cooperate fully in the implementation of this resolution shall constitute a further material breach of Iraq's obligation".
www.ephilosopher.com /article397.html?POSTNUKESID=c633ae1d1edd10b6eebaa3c94d66c2bd   (1463 words)

 1441 in art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Resolution 1441 des Weltsicherheitsrats der UN Die Resolution 1441 zum Irak im Wortlaut als pdf-Dokument.
Irak [Dossier NRC Handelsblad] Artikelen, toespraken en teksten (resolutie 1441 van de Veiligheidsraad)[Eenmalige registratie].
Faber, Felix German writer, born about 1441 at Zurich, of a famous family commonly known as Schmid; died in 1502 at Ulm, Germany.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-1441_in_art.html   (161 words)

 Al-Ahram Weekly | International | Life after 1441
Yet, 1441 is a slightly altered form of a US draft resolution that both the UN and the League had strongly objected to.
It is true that resolution 1441 does not adopt the US request for the inspection teams to work under the protection of international forces, but the other demands incorporated in the resolution are quite provocative, and perhaps impossible to implement.
Practically speaking, resolution 1441 gives the United States the freedom to act as it wishes at the slightest indication by the inspection teams that Iraq is fooling around.
weekly.ahram.org.eg /2002/613/in10.htm   (1716 words)

 GlobalSecurity.org - Reliable WMD News and WMD Information
Those points were at the heart of the logic of resolution 1441, which must ensure the effectiveness of the inspections through precise identification of banned programmes and then their elimination.
Second, she said, in keeping with the categorical and urgent tone of resolution 1441, the inspection process must be continued, strengthened and expanded to make it accurate and intrusive and, thus, capable of thwarting any effort at deception or evasion that the Iraqi regime might attempt.
The intention of 1441 was that the process of discovery and destruction of weapons of mass destruction would be accelerated.
www.globalsecurity.org /wmd/library/news/iraq/un/sc7664-p2.htm   (11199 words)

 JURIST - O'Connell: UN Resolution 1441 - Compelling Saddam, Restraining Bush
Before Resolution 1441, some in the Bush Administration had maintained that the US could launch a major invasion of Iraq to change the regime without Security Council authorization.
The third version of the argument that authority existed to invade before the adoption of Resolution 1441 is promoted by the UK alone and not supported by the Bush Administration.
In conclusion, Resolution 1441 is designed to ensure that Saddam Hussein does not have weapons of mass destruction nor the capability to produce them.
jurist.law.pitt.edu /forum/forumnew73.php   (2483 words)

 LEGAL - BUSINESS: The legal lowdown on Resolution 1441   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Still, the belief that Resolution 1441 opened the door for military options may be more faulted than one is inclined to think in the current state of affairs.
As a matter of fact, Resolution 1441 does not exclude negotiations either, although war leaders may not understand the value of peace talks earlier rather than later in any conflict.
The spirit of Resolution 1441 does warn severe consequences would be underway for any continued attempt on the part of the Iraqis to flout previous UN resolutions.
www.imakenews.com /secureshop/e_article000136854.cfm   (310 words)

 France MFA: Interpreting UN Resolution 1441 - 11-15-02
But we were also careful to ensure, with other countries including Mexico, that all the relevant texts were recalled so that it is quite clear that all the earlier procedures referring to the possibility of lifting the embargo were confirmed, which is the case.
As I said, resolution 1441 cites resolution 1382 which is the latest relevant text on this matter.
In that case, resolution 1441 stipulates a very clear solution: the inspectors are to return to Iraq and check.
www.iraqwatch.org /government/France/MFA/france-mfa-111502.htm   (573 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
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www.middle-east-online.com /?id=9931=9931&format=0   (271 words)

 Guardian Unlimited | Special reports | Sorry, Mr Blair, but 1441 does not authorise force
The argument that all the security council members, including France and Russia, intended to authorise the use of force when they voted for resolution 1441 is hardly compelling, and arguments that resolution 1441 implicitly authorises the use of force run into the same difficulty.
The only real alternative for the government is to argue that Iraq's failure to comply with the ceasefire requirements of UN resolution 687, passed at the end of military action against Iraq in April 1991, justifies the renewed use of force.
Simply to argue that the interpretation of resolution 1441 accepted by all the other security council members except the US and the UK should be abandoned in favour of military action won't convince anybody.
www.guardian.co.uk /Iraq/Story/0,2763,915579,00.html   (1242 words)

 lexis.com(SM) | Search - 97 Results - 1441 or 1442 or 1445 or 6114
In the case of foreign corporations subject to taxation under this subtitle, there shall be deducted and withheld at the source in the same manner and on the same items of income as is provided in section 1441 a tax equal to 30 percent thereof.
Withholding of tax pursuant to 26 USCS §§ 1441 and 1442 on interest paid to nonresident aliens and foreign corporations on obligations that are purchased between interest payment dates is based on gross amount of interest paid on interest payment date.
Domestic corporation that pays foreign corporation difference between accrued interest payable and accrued interest receivable is required to withhold on entire amount of interest paid and credited to foreign corporation's account, not merely upon net interest payable to foreign corporation.
www.fordham.edu /law/faculty/colon/INTLTAX/s1442.htm   (1853 words)

 RFC 1441 (rfc1441) - Introduction to version 2 of the Internet-standard Ne
RFC 1441 Introduction to SNMPv2 April 1993 Although several mappings are defined, the mapping onto UDP is the preferred mapping.
There are two kinds of notations: RFC 1441 Introduction to SNMPv2 April 1993 (1) Compliance statements are used when describing requirements for agents with respect to object definitions.
RFC 1441 Introduction to SNMPv2 April 1993 [9] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M., and Waldbusser, S., "Transport Mappings for version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1449, SNMP Research, Inc., Hughes LAN Systems, Dover Beach Consulting, Inc., Carnegie Mellon University, April 1993.
www.faqs.org /rfcs/rfc1441.html   (1757 words)

 Encyclopedia: UN Security Council Resolution 1441
United Nations actions regarding Iraq include, notably, actions associated with the Gulf War in 1991 and UN Security Council Resolution 1441 in late 2002-2003 with at least 14 other resolutions and 30 statements between those two events.
George W. Bush addressed the General Assembly on September 12, 2002 to outline the complaints of the United States against the Iraqi government.
UN Security Council Resolution 678 authorizes member states to use all necessary means to uphold and implement resolution 660 and all subsequent relevant resolutions (resolution 661, resolution 662, resolution 664, resolution 665, resolution 666, resolution 667, resolution 669, resolution 670, resolution 674 and resolution 667), and to restore international peace...
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/UN-Security-Council-Resolution-1441   (2995 words)

 JURIST - Cohn: UN Resolution 1441 - Blackmailing the Security Council
Iraq responded to Resolution 1441 by denying it has weapons of mass destruction, indicating its intention to cooperate with the weapons inspectors, and stating it would later issue an analysis of why this resolution violates the United Nations Charter, prior Security Council resolutions, and other provisions of international law.
It would be very difficult for any sovereign nation to comply with Resolution 1441, which in effect authorizes the occupation of Iraq.
It remains to be seen when and how the United States will unilaterally decide that Iraq has breached the terms of Resolution 1441, and use that as a pretext to strike.
jurist.law.pitt.edu /forum/forumnew74.php   (943 words)

 Disarmament Documentation: UNMOVIC/IAEA Report to UN Security Council: Statements & Reaction, January 27/28
This Council passed Resolution 1441 to bring to an end an intolerable situation - one that threatened both the region and the integrity of the UN itself.
Resolution 1441 provided at least two tests to see if Iraq was prepared to seize that Resolution's "final opportunity": The first test was the Declaration, intended to determine whether Iraq would submit a currently accurate, full and complete account of all aspects of its weapons of mass destruction programs and delivery systems.
The 27th of January was the first report really required directly by 1441, and I think it's quite appropriate for the new president of the Council, Germany, that takes over on the 1st of February, to call for reports as the presidency or other members of the Council see fit.
www.acronym.org.uk /docs/0301/doc22.htm   (8401 words)

 Resolución 1441
La Resolución 1441 no le daba al presidente iraquí ninguna otra opción ya que el párrafo 9 "exige que Irak confirme su intención de respetar plenamente los términos de la presente resolución, y que coopere inmediatamente, incondicionalmente y activamente" con los inspectores.
Por consiguiente se votó la Resolución 1441 y se le amenaza con una guerra inminente.
Y sabe también que con o sin Resolución 1441 los Estados Unidos hubiesen atacado.
www.rebelion.org /imperio/ramonet301102.htm   (605 words)

 Email Petition to enforce UN Resolution 1441 by force
UN Resolution 1441 requires that Iraq destroy it's stocks of biological and chemical weapons, dismantle it's nuclear weapons programs and eliminate missiles with a range greater then 150 kilometers (93 miles).
The United Nations is now collecting signatures for those who favor the enforcement of UN Resolution 1441, by force if necessary, to bring Iraq into compliance with the demands that it provide full and complete disclosure of it's weapons programs and the destruction of said weapons.
If you are in favor of enforcing UN Resolution 1441 please copy this email into a new one, add your name to the end and send it to everyone you know.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-news/843830/posts   (381 words)

 Are you sure about that withholding?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Every person required to deduct and withhold any tax under this chapter is hereby made liable for such tax and is hereby indemnified against the claims and demands of any person for the amount of any payments made in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
For example, documentary evidence is not valid if it is provided in person by a direct account holder that is a natural person and the photograph or signature on the documentary evidence, if any, does not match the appearance or signature of the person presenting the document.
Under the rules of 1441, you are NOT required to give this paperwork to the withholding agent.
home.sprintmail.com /~dalereastman/tax/backup.html   (4588 words)

 BigSoccer Boards - What UN Resolution 1441 Actually Says
I didn't claim that 1441 or any other written document stipulated another resolution was needed.
Said paragraph also suggests that one of the purposes of 1441 is to give the Security Council a way out, so that there is a two-step process before any invasion occurs.
Finally, it is important to understand the context of 1441 and tomorrow’s vote.
www.bigsoccer.com /forum/printthread.php?t=37741   (2209 words)

 ZNet Commentary: Resolution 1441   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
After the inspectors do their job of finding 'omission' or 'interference', the next step, obtaining authorization from the Security Council for the use of force, will not be any more difficult than obtaining resolution 1441 was: a matter of bribing, promising, and threatening the members into line.
The unanimous vote for Resolution 1441 is proof of their power.
Resolution 1441 shows that the US has the diplomatic support it needs to go to war.
www.zmag.org /Sustainers/Content/2002-11/10podur.cfm   (1358 words)

 TX SCV Camp 1441   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Camp 1441 is one of several SCV camps in west TX, NM, and AZ.
The United Daughters of the Confederacy, Permian Basin Chapter #2589 and Sons of Confederate Veterans, Holt -Dunn-Midkiff Camp #1441 sponsored the "Southern Heritage Gala" event on Sat, Feb 28, 2004 to support the re-interment of Confederate soldiers buried in Socorro, NM who died of wounds from the Battle of Valverde.
Camp 1441 meets the third Tuesday of each month at 7:00 PM at the Fairmont Park Church of Christ in Midland, TX at 3813 N Midland Drive.
www.nm-scv.org /Camp1441.html   (845 words)

 Colin Powell has been lying about Resolution 1441
The first draft of 1441 authorized member states to use "ALL NECESSARY MEANS" to restore international peace and security in the area.
As 1441 was being written, the words "all necessary means" were taken out and "face serious consequences" was put in.
Now he lies and he counts on the media pretending they don't remember what he said when 1441 was being written.
www.representativepress.org /PowellLied.html   (476 words)

 Democratic Underground Forums - Sorry Mr Blair, But 1441 Does Not Authorize Force   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
1441 also stated that the inspectors were to report on Iraq's co-operation.
Since no special set of guidelines were created with 1441, the inspectors must operate on the existing set of rules and time tables that they were to use during ANY inspection regime.
just like Bush states that 1441 sated that Saddam must co-operate fully and not partially, and turn over all of his WMDs at once, not in bits and pieces, the same requirements are placed uopn the U.S. regarding its intelligence.
www.democraticunderground.com /duforum/DCForumID38/11573.html   (1368 words)

 Foreign Policy In Focus | Global Affairs Commentary | Lawyers Statement on UN Resolution 1441 on Iraq
On November 8, 2002 after almost eight weeks of negotiation and tremendous pressure by the United States, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1441, which set a new timetable and a new regime of inspections for Iraq.
Resolution 1441 represents a compromise between the French/Russian view and the American/British perspective.
The Council acquiesced to the U.S. by deciding that Iraq "was and remains" in "material breach" of prior resolutions, and recalls that the Council has repeatedly warned Iraq that it will face "serious consequences" as a result of its continued violation of its obligations.
www.fpif.org /commentary/2002/0212lawyers_body.html   (840 words)

 Resolution Dissolution - How the U.S. and France botched U.N. Resolution 1441. By Fred Kaplan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In retrospect, Resolution 1441 was probably doomed to fail.
By delaying rather than settling (or even acknowledging) their fundamental disagreements over what should be done about Iraq, Resolution 1441 has only made that conflict more vicious and possibly irreconcilable.
Let's face it, though: Bush and his entourage saw Resolution 1441 primarily as a way to legitimize the coming war.
slate.msn.com /id/2079746   (1082 words)

 Patrick McLain, Settling the Score with Saddam: Resolution 1441 and Parallel Justifications forthe Use of Force Against ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Thus, despite the passage of Resolution 1441, ambiguities still exist as to the legality of force against Iraq, and the United States purports that several justifications exist in parallel.
Under this conception of Resolution 1441, the convening of the Security Council is little more than a formality; force may be used even if the Council decides not to authorize it.
Resolution 1441 makes implied authorization a somewhat closer question, but it is still an unconvincing argument in light of the Council's conscious decision to omit an explicit "all necessary means" authorization for force.
www.law.duke.edu /journals/djcil/articles/djcil13p233.htm   (18024 words)

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