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Topic: 1740s in architecture


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 Design That Withstands the Test of Time   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The buildings reflect a patchwork of architectural styles that range from colonial churches and mansions to an art deco theatre/gallery to a mid-20th century skyscraper.
Originally conceived in the 17th century as an educational foundation for poor students, it was rebuilt in the 1740s, and later became a private house.
It was a work in progress, a sort of architectural laboratory where he used to experiment with concepts of space and light.
www.seed.slb.com /en/voices/workshops/mexico_mar06/index.htm   (2231 words)

  
 Giovanni Battista Piranesi
Piranesi then began to etch views of Roman architecture that reflected his deeply felt emotional response to the surviving remnants of ancient grandeur.
Piranesi's etchings, executed from the 1740s onward, are technically masterful evocations of ancient buildings that are simultaneously scholarly inquiries and fanciful essays in space, light, and scale.
Equally stimulating are the superb architectural fantasies depicted in his Carceri d'Invenzione (Imaginary Prisons, begun c.1745, reworked 1761).
www.architechgallery.com /arch_info/artists_pages/piranesi_bio.html   (163 words)

  
 LVKF - Neoclassical Architecture 2(2)
The pursuit of Greek architecture had as one incentive the pursuit of primitive truth and thus of an inherent rationalism.
The actual imitation of Greek architecture developed slowly, though the idea of the superiority of Greek over Roman architecture was established by Johann Joachim Winckelmann's Gedanken ├╝ber die Nachahmung der griechischen Werke in der Malerei und Bildhauerkunst (1755; Reflections on the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks).
The projects produced by French Prix de Rome winners are characterized by their grandeur of scale; strict geometric organization; simplicity of geometric forms; Greek or Roman detail; dramatic use of columns, particularly to articulate interior spaces and create urban landscapes; and a preference for blank walls and the contrast of formal volumes and textures.
members.tripod.com /stefanklenze/neoclassical_architecture_2(2).htm   (689 words)

  
 Hudson Valley Vernacular Architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Oral tradition says that it was begun in the 1740s and that the wood frame section is the earliest.
architecture that the editor has learned of is the recent use of dendrochronology to date timbers in historic buildings in the Hudson Valley.
Dendrochronology is the science of dating a sample of wood by measuring and matching its growth pattern, recorded in the size and condition of its annual rings, with those found in other trees and wood samples from the region.
www.threerivershms.com /hvvanews4-2.htm   (3230 words)

  
 Archinect : Features : Peter Eisenman
Peter Eisenman, 70, is one of the founding theorists of postmodern architecture and a distinguished practicing architect who will probably be best remembered for his Monument to the Murdered Jews of Europe (view images from the Archinect gallery) currently under construction in Berlin.
Thus it was very surprising to hear what he had to say about the failures of contemporary architecture one morning at his firm's offices in an industrial loft in Manhattan's wholesale antiques district.
I don't have to be an ideologue; I'm not a flag-waver.
archinect.com /features/article.php?id=4618_0_23_0_M   (2871 words)

  
 Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778) | Special Topics Page | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
so often surpassed reality, from his earliest etchings of architectural fantasies to the fanciful restorations of ancient remains that he produced at the end of his career.
Whether or not Piranesi studied printmaking in Venice, it is certain that soon after his arrival in Rome in 1740, he apprenticed himself briefly to Giuseppe Vasi, the foremost producer of the etched views of Rome that supplied pilgrims, scholars, artists, and tourists with a lasting souvenir of their visit.
Although Piranesi’s elaborate designs for the apse of the Lateran Basilica were never realized, he was able to apply his original conception of ornament to the renovation of the church of the Knights of Malta on the Aventine, Santa Maria del Priorato, which included an impressive ceremonial piazza enclosed by obelisks and trophies.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/hd/pira/hd_pira.htm   (1112 words)

  
 City Comforts Blog
Where conventional criticism portrays modern architecture as a high artistic practice in opposition to mass culture, Colomina sees the emerging systems of communication that have come to define twentieth-century culture -- the mass media -- as the true site within which modern architecture was produced.
She considers architectural discourse as the intersection of a number of systems of representation such as drawings, models, photographs, books, films, and advertisements.
Architecture, it should be remembered, is first and foremost a vernacular art, like dance and clothing.
www.citycomforts.com /blog.html   (14787 words)

  
 Table of contents for Architectural theory
Henry Wotton from The Elements of Architecture (1624) 39.
Joshua Reynolds from Discourses on Architecture (1786) 119.
John Soane from Royal Academy Lectures on Architecture, V, VIII, and XI (1812-15) Part V The Rise of Historicism in the Nineteenth Century A.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/ecip055/2004030886.html   (2605 words)

  
 New York Architecture Images- SEARCH- greenwich village
The best way to see the Village is to walk, and by far the best place to start is its natural center, Washington Square, commemorated as a novel title by Henry James and haunted by most of the Village's illustrious past names.
For anyone not yet sated on architecture, a couple of imposing churches are to be found by following 10th Street down as far as the Fifth Avenue stretch of the Village, where the neighborhood's low-slung residential streets lead to some eminently desirable apartment buildings.
On the corner stands the nineteenth-century Church of the Ascension, a small, light church built by Richard Upjohn (the Trinity Church architect), later redecorated by Stanford White and recently restored outside and in, where a gracefully toned La Farge altarpiece and some fine stained glass are on view.
www.nyc-architecture.com /GV/GV.htm   (1944 words)

  
 Neo-classicism
Even in all-but-unvisited Greece, a rough backwater of the Ottoman Empire, dangerous to explore, neoclassicists' appreciation of Greek architecture was mediated through drawings and engravings, which subtly smoothed and regularized, "corrected' and "restored" the monuments of Greece, not always consciously.
There is an anti-Rococo strain that can be detected in some European architecture of the earlier 18th century, most vividly represented in the Palladian architecture of Georgian Britain and Ireland, but also recognizable in a classicizing vein of architecture in Berlin.
From about 1800 a fresh influx of Greek architectural examples, seen through the medium of etchings and engravings, gave a new impetus to neoclassicism that is called the Greek Revival.
www.medievalarthistory.co.uk /Neo_classicism.html   (1141 words)

  
 University of Delaware. Suitable for Cultivation. Landscape Architecture
Landscape architecture and garden design--the artificial modification of the terrain--are among the most ancient of human endeavors, deriving from the desire to impose order and harmony upon the natural world.
To this day landscape gardening and design are employed for both private and public pleasure, from the modest suburban home to the vast aristocratic estate, and from the town square to city parks and greenbelts.
This is particularly evident in the vast transformation of the gardens at Stowe, Birminghamshire, from the original enclosed, geometrical design to a sprawling, irregular form with undulating lawns, meandering streams, irregularly shaped ponds, and encircling woodland.
www.lib.udel.edu /ud/spec/exhibits/sfc/land.htm   (1066 words)

  
 Newton exhibit
Thanks to the efforts of these university professors, instruments makers, and itinerant lecturers, the scientific lecture-demonstration became the backbone of university instruction in the natural sciences as well as a trendy form of public entertainment among aristocrats and members of the middle classes.
The popularity of science increased even more during the 1740s with the harnessing of electricity and the coming into vogue of natural history.
On an institutional level, academies of architecture announced competitions for designs of monuments to commemorate the “divine” Newton.
www.huntington.org /LibraryDiv/Newton/Newtonexhibit.htm   (2148 words)

  
 Index of Architecture Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The estates are surrounded by breathtaking terrain ranging form the snow-capped Andes bordering Chile to the golden plains of the pampa in the province of Buenos Aires, and south to the crystal waters of subantarctic Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.
In the 1740s, metropolitan areas on America's east coast, particularly the cities of Boston, Philadelphia, Charleston, and Alexandria, were beginning to show excellent examples of Georgian architecture.
One of the most widely published of California architecture firms, Koning Eizenberg is best known for innovative, low-cost housing of all types in Los Angeles and its beach communities of Venice and Santa Monica: single room occupancy hotels, multi-family housing, artists' lofts, and single-family houses.
www.familyhaven.com /architecture/architecture28/architecture2818.html   (1892 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: The Art and Architecture of the Texas Missions: Books: Jacinto Quirarte   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
As important elements of New Spain's colonial enterprise, Franciscan missions were meant to bring the gospel to the Indians on the northern frontiers and forge them into useful subjects of the Crown.
The text recaptures original mission art and architecture, including iconographic schemes, decorations, and the arrangement of sacred images, titular saints, and altarpieces.
Built to bring Christianity and European civilization to the northern frontier of New Spain in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries...secularized and left to decay in the nineteenth century...and restored in the twentieth century, the Spanish missions still standing in Texas are really only shadows of their original selves.
www.amazon.ca /Art-Architecture-Texas-Missions/dp/0292769024   (609 words)

  
 About Emerson Baker
Having its origins in prehistoric times, the earthfast architectural practices employed in the Americas in the seventeenth century were directly descended from English peasant homes of the High Middle Ages.
If semi-subterranean houses can be found in the architectural record of both the Chesapeake and Maine, perhaps it is not surprising to find other forms of earthfast buildings in both regions.
More wars in the 1720s, 1740s, and 1750s meant that much of the region was still subject to Indian raids until the fall of Quebec in 1759.
w3.salemstate.edu /~ebaker/earthfast/earthfastpaper.html   (6773 words)

  
 Vacation in Lhasa Tibet China with Asian Vacations, Inc.
Nearby is the stump of the willow tree said to have been planted by Princess Wencheng herself; two younger willow trees now flank the stump of the first tree.
Its construction was begun in the year 1,000, and its architecture is a typical combination of Tibetan and Chinese styles with archways, carved pillars, tiled roofs, and Song and
The monastery combines Tibetan, Chinese, and Indian architectural styles: the first floor is of Tibetan style, the second floor is Chinese, and the third floor is Indian.
www.vacationsinchina.com /Lhasa_attractions.html   (6532 words)

  
 Historic Architecture of the Blacksburg Historic District by Gibson Worsham
From 1400 in 1930, Blacksburg's population grew to 2130 in 1940 and 3358 in 1950.
The growth of the town was characterized by an increasing architectural sophistication and solidity.
The domestic architecture of this period is well represented in this survey, although considered noncontributing due to their lack of age and not included in the slide presentation.
spec.lib.vt.edu /bicent/slides/sstext.htm   (5826 words)

  
 World Architecture Images- Piazza of San Marco
The Basilica's facade and the Doge's Palace facing the Piazzetta by Canaletto, 1740s.
Across the expanse of water (the Bacino di San Marco) is the Punta della Salute to the left of Baldassarre Longhena's "Santa Maria della Salute." The Dogana di mare ("customs House") has given its name to every Italian customs shed, much as Venice also had the original Arsenal.
Auftritte Scenes: Interaction with Architectural Space: the Campi of Venice.
www.essential-architecture.com /VE/VE-003.htm   (1136 words)

  
 lectures and events
The Standards were written at a time when no one foresaw today’s thriving, widespread skilled practice of traditional architecture reinforced by scholarly research and a resurgence of traditional building craft practice.
It was written at a time when no one foresaw today’s thriving, widespread skilled practice of traditional architecture, reinforced by scholarly research and a resurgence of traditional building craft practice.
Established in 2002, the Society is a non-profit organization that promotes improvement of the architectural and artistic patronage, by public and private entities alike, that shapes the nation’s public realm.
www.arscivica.org /html/lectures_and_events.html   (1394 words)

  
 Hudson Valley Vernacular Architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
We were joined by Jim Kricker, two English timber frame carpenters, their wives and children and we all went on a tour of Marbletown sites; the Bogart and Oliver Dutch barns and then to the Rest Plaus Mill and met with Harry Hansen, architect and second generation miller at this restored 1740s Dutch framed grist.
Harry is at present preparing a publication on the historic houses of the adjoining Town of Rochester.
This "Architectural Museum" is a remarkably well preserved and unique German/American house with perhaps the only in situ cast-iron 5-plate stove.
threerivershms.com /hvvanews3-2.htm   (2935 words)

  
 DESIGNER DOORS - Custom crafted wood garage doors
With that aside, here are some generalities about different architectural styles and appropriate era﷓inspired garage doors.
During the colonial period, architecture in the Western World was under the influence of a revived interest in the Renaissance, and classical architecture.
Italian Architecture emphasized the arch, the French emphasized the roof, and the English emphasized the door.
www.designerdoors.com /legacy/trends.htm   (826 words)

  
 PBS - JAZZ A Film By Ken Burns: Jazz in Time - Slavery
It is now noted that African cuisine, certain African words, African styles of dance and religious practices, African styles of architecture and art, and aspects of African music have had deeper impact in the United States than previously admitted.
It was from both the syncretism that created the African from disparate ethnic cultures and the syncretism that created the African-American or the Anglo-African from the blending of African and European cultures that produced the unique aesthetic product of fl American music.
From the 1740s, many states had banned the use of drums in fear that Africans would use them to create a system of communication in order to aid rebellion.
www.pbs.org /jazz/time/time_slavery.htm   (1915 words)

  
 ArchitectureWeek - Culture - From Vernacular to Modern in Sweden - 2003.0521
Then, as suddenly as it had risen to glory, Sweden collapsed when Charles XII lost his army to the Russians in Ukraine and fled to Turkey.
King Charles and his architect maintained a lively correspondence of drawings and aesthetic philosophy — over a distance of 1500 miles (2500 kilometers) — but Sweden was undeniably reduced to a country of minor political and architectural importance.
In spite of hardships, Swedish artistic ambitions lived on, reflecting and modifying those of continental Europe.
www.architectureweek.com /2003/0521/culture_2-2.html   (952 words)

  
 VGCC: HUM 122: Section V: Religion in the South   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
A Calvinistic denomination brought by Scottish settlers, the Presbyterian church took root in the region in the 1740s.
This church was simpler and focused more on personal salvation than the dominant Anglican church, and it appealed to members of the small farmer class.
However, its arrival was overshadowed by the arrival of the Baptists with the Great Awakening, which began in the 1740's and lasted through the entire decade of the 1750's.
oit.vgcc.cc.nc.us /hum122/Section5.htm   (5360 words)

  
 Log Construction
The hunger and over-population of Frankish Germany in the 1740s and 1750s pushed its lesser inhabitants both east and west to the Volga River regions of Czarina Ekaterina (Katherine "the Great''), as well as to upstate New York, the marshes of New Jersey, coastal Delaware and deep into Penn's Woods.
The French Revolution and its sequela to the fall of Napoleon pushed out wave after wave of persecuted, tormented and threatened Frenchmen to help settle both the United States and British America (Canada), men of means and of talent and of education.
ll of them, each and every group, had its special imprint on domestic architecture, folk architecture, the design and the style that are not really a "design'' or a "style'' at all, but rather the simple repetition of the known and familiar.
www.rumford.com /articleLoghouse.html   (1437 words)

  
 ICEG 2005 - Lahore Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
These Governors managed as best they could though for much of the time it must have been a rather thankless task to even attempt.
The 1740s were years of chaos, and between 1745 and 1756 there were nine changes of Governor.
It was constructed using a blend of white marble and red stone, decorated with beautifully engraved "QURANIC" verses, and fresco.
web.lums.edu.pk /iceg2005/lahore.html   (992 words)

  
 Religion in 18th-Century America (Religion and the Founding of the American Republic, Library of Congress Exhibition)
In America, the Awakening signaled the advent of an encompassing evangelicalism--the belief that the essence of religious experience was the "new birth," inspired by the preaching of the Word.
Samuel Davies (1723-1761) was the spearhead of the efforts of New Side Presbyterians to evangelize Virginia and the South.
Establishing himself in Hanover County, Virginia, in the 1740s, Davies was so successful in converting members of the Church of England to the new birth that he was soon embroiled in disputes with local officials about his right to preach the gospel where he chose.
www.loc.gov /exhibits/religion/rel02.html   (3192 words)

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