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Topic: 1760 in science


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In the News (Sat 20 Apr 19)

  
  1761 in science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1761 in science and technology included many events, some of which are listed here.
See also: 1760 in science, other events of 1761, 1762 in science and the list of years in science.
June 6 - The first transit of Venus since Edmond Halley suggested that its observation could determine the distance from the Earth to the Sun.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1761_in_science   (212 words)

  
 opencopy.org - Lecture 2A: Morality and Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Although there are some generally accepted ethical standards in science, the problem has been that the autonomy of the scientist to pursue truth has gotten in the way of establishing a code of ethics for the profession.
This belief in freedom and truth causes a real problem in the case of science, because scientists have considerable power in our society and their activities are largely insulated or hidden from the community.
A good example of a deontological approach to science would be the condemnation of any experiments on human beings that are conducted without the free consent of the individuals being tested.
opencopy.org /content/view/14/28   (3860 words)

  
 1760 in science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1760 in science and technology included many events, some of which are listed here.
See also: 1759 in science, other events of 1760, 1761 in science and the list of years in science.
John Michell suggests earthquakes are caused by one layer of rocks rubbing against another
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1760_in_science   (94 words)

  
 Leonardo On-Line Bibliography: Visual Arts and Natural Sciences   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The "science" in the subtitle is mainly heat theory (one of his major areas of research) and "culture" entails the non-scientific spectrum (as defined in the 19th century) of literature, art, music, philosophy, and religion.
This book is a series of case studies on specific topics, such as the influence of science (physiology) on aesthetics, the relationship of taxonomy to scientific illustration, and the interplay between geological illustration and landscape.
This is because most of the "science" here is really the science of vision and photography where it is more likely that some of the parallelisms may be causally related (so we do not see the old myth of Relativity and Cubism, for example).
mitpress2.mit.edu /e-journals/Leonardo/isast/spec.projects/artsciencebib.html   (5280 words)

  
 Nat' Academies Press, Society's Choices: Social and Ethical Decision Making in Biomedicine (1995)
The great specialization of modern science means in a very obvious way that individual scientists do not hold the whole of their own discipline's knowledge, and still less that of science in general, in their heads.
Vigilance can do serious damage to science for the reason that trust relations among scientists are constitutive of the making, maintenance, and extension of scientific knowledge, that is, to the capacity of the scientific community to produce consensual knowledge upon which others may rely.
Science and Immortality: The Eloges of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1691- 1799) (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980), esp. 92-109.
www.nap.edu /books/0309051320/html/388.html   (8568 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: 1763   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
1760 1761 1762 - 1763 - 1764 1765 1766
Jump to: navigation, search Events and Trends Scientific navigation is developed The Seven Years War (1756-1763) fought between two rival alliances: the first consisting of the Kingdom of Great Britain, Hanover, and Prussia; the second consisting of Austria, France, Imperial Russia, Saxony, and Sweden.
The year 1763 in science and technology included many events, some of which are listed here.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/1763   (3393 words)

  
 History of geology--Lomonosov
Lomonosov occupies a central place in the history of Russian science, and he is memorialized in place names and honorary scientific medals.
The St. Petersburg Academy of Science was highly respected in Europe; it was staffed at this time mainly by foreign scientists, for example Lehmann.
He was made an honorary member of the Swedish Academy of Science in 1760 and became an honorary member of the Bologna Academy of Science in 1764.
academic.emporia.edu /aberjame/histgeol/lomonos/lomonos.htm   (936 words)

  
 1760 Definition / 1760 Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
1760 - Afghans defeat Marathas in Battle of Barari Ghat.
The city lies at the head of a T-shaped island jutting into the Persian Gulf from the central western coast....
1760 is a unique, high speed pump packing consisting of a PTFE yarn.
www.elresearch.com /1760   (941 words)

  
 • SCIENCE INCARNATE ~
That alone makes science a massively special object of inquiry, for, as we have briefly suggested, the conditions affecting the interpretation of what counts as genuine knowledge and what as error, or knowledge of lesser value, clearly differ very significantly.
Yet this admitted specialness of science, and the distinctive conditions affecting inquiry about science, also prompt thoughts about the terms in which the historical and sociological interpretation of science may have wider interest and applicability.
Nor has science been the only form of culture to clothe its knowers in garments originally cut to fit the religious ascetic and to adapt to its purposes religious tropes of otherworldliness and self-denial.
www.stanford.edu /dept/HPS/WritingScience/etexts/Shapin/SCIENCE_INCARNATE.html   (14949 words)

  
 HIST174 Study Questions for Midterm Exam (Topics 1 and 2)
Newton wrote in the preface to his Principia: "The basic problem of philosophy [i.e., science] seems to be to discover the forces of nature from the phenomena of motions and then demonstrate the other phenomena from these forces." Discuss the validity of this statement as a summary of the way scientists work.
Discuss the nature of science (as distinct from music, philosophy, etc.) using examples from the history of science before 1750.
Discuss the public/private "duality" of science and how it may explain the emergence of objectively-verifiable knowledge from the efforts of people with a wide range of methods and motivations.
punsterproductions.com /~sciencehistory/H174qmx.php   (1473 words)

  
 Directory - Society: Philosophy: Philosophy of Science: Science, Technology and Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Society for Philosophy and Technology  · cached · SPT is a society for the study of philosophical issues in science and technology.
Science and Human Values  · cached · A text by Professor Fred L. Wilson from the Rochester Institute of Technology.
Lecture Notes: Science, Technology and Society  · iweb · cached · Notes for the AK NATS 1760.06 "Science, Technology and Society" course offered in the Fall/Winter Semester of 2001/2002 by the Atkinson College of York University, Toronto, Canada and taught by John Dwyer.
www.incywincy.com /default?p=52249   (298 words)

  
 Camps focus on increasing minority students' interest in science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. –The Multicultural Science Programs at Purdue University will host two one-week camps designed to give minority students hands-on experience in forensic science.
Entitled "Forensic Science, Go Figure!" the camps feature an integrated science approach to "solving" a crime called "The Kiss of Death." Student teams will conduct lab analyses in their investigation of five "suspects." They will then feature their conclusions in poster presentations.
The goal of the Multicultural Science Programs is to increase the interest of African-American, Hispanic American and Native American students in science-oriented careers.
www.purdue.edu /UNS/html3month/010615.Hicks.sciencecamps.html   (122 words)

  
 Society Philosophy Philosophy of Science Science, Technology and Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Lecture Notes: Science, Technology and Society - Notes for the AK NATS 1760.06 "Science, Technology and Society" course offered in the Fall/Winter Semester of 2001/2002 by the Atkinson College of York University, Toronto, Canada and taught by John Dwyer.
Science and Human Values - A text by Professor Fred L. Wilson from the Rochester Institute of Technology.
Society for Philosophy and Technology - SPT is a society for the study of philosophical issues in science and technology.
www.iper1.com /iper1-odp/scat/id/Society/Philosophy/Philosophy_of_Science/Science,_Technology_and_Society   (334 words)

  
 Syllabus
"Science as fine art: Another look at Boullee's cenatoph for Newton." Studies in eighteenth-century culture 11 (1982): 241-78.
Gender and the practice of science in the 18th century
Essay 5 (to be posted to the class web site by Wed, 30 Oct, by 4 pm): Read one of the secondary works on Darwin's cultural impacts (selected from Appendix 3), and write a two-page critique of Peckham's distinction between "Darwinism" and "Darwinisticism" based on the arguments of your monograph.
www.dartmouth.edu /~hist57/syllabus.html   (1059 words)

  
 opencopy.org - Lecture 9: Reinvigorating Luddism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Technological positivism “insulates” the world of science and technology from the rest of society making its “internal logic” the only really important issue.
The second problem with this emphasis on technological progress as a law of nature is that it ignores the fact that technology has never been neutral.
This alternate form of discourse has been obscured over the course of three centuries of technological boosterism; but it is re-emerging today with concerns that capitalism, science and technology are destroying our environment.
opencopy.org /content/view/23/28   (4125 words)

  
 SCIENCE/TECHNOLOGY
The study "demonstrated for the first time that this approach will work and be generally useful" for identifying kinase inhibitors that can potentially be used to tease out some of the detailed interactions that occur in kinase regulatory pathways.
The high-resolution structure of the 50S ribosomal subunit was determined by professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Thomas A. Steitz and professor Peter B. Moore and coworkers in the departments of chemistry, biochemistry, and molecular biophysics at Yale University [Science, 289, 905, 920, and 947 (2000); CandEN, Aug. 14, page 9].
Since the group's Science paper was published this spring, they've improved the electro-optic activity of their polymeric materials by a factor of two, reduced the materials' optical transmission losses dramatically, and enhanced the materials' thermal and photochemical stability.
pubs.acs.org /cen/coverstory/7851/print/7851sci1.html   (6176 words)

  
 WSN: forthcoming papers in Protein Science (vol.3, #10)
Control of homogeneous nucleation (previously demonstrated by dilutions of a nucleating sample after various times of incubation) may also be achieved by incubating a sample at 1 temperature, where nucleation can occur, and changing the temperature to conditions where there is growth but no nucleation.
Based on its structure and an alignment of Type III AFP isoform sequences, a cluster of conserved, polar, surface-accessible amino acids (N14, T18, Q44, and N46) was noted on and around the triple-stranded sheet near the C-terminus.
The overall fold determined by the NMR data is consistent with recent crystallographic work on this domain (Harrison CJ, Bohm AA, Nelson HCM, 1994, Science 263:224) as evidenced by RMSD between backbone atoms in the NMR and X-ray structures of 1.77 + - 0.20 Angstrom.
www.ibiblio.org /water/wsn-archive/msg00158.html   (1135 words)

  
 VISUAL STUDIES OF SCIENCE
Artful Science: Enlightenment, Entertainment, and the Eclipse of Visual Education.
——— “Science in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.” Biology and Philosophy 6 (1991).
Douard, John W. Marey’s Visual Rhetoric and the Graphic Decomposition of the Body.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science.
www.people.fas.harvard.edu /~wrankin/techrep.htm   (910 words)

  
 Natural Science Courses, 1998 ATDP
How does science affect ME?!?" If these questions intrigue you, then this science symposium is for you.
One way to combat the rise of scientific illiteracy in society is to help students discover the myriad ways in which science impacts their daily lives.
This fascinating, cutting-edge science course will explore recent advances in the fields of genetics and evolution from a molecular perspective.
www-atdp.berkeley.edu /1998/98natsci.html   (1191 words)

  
 1760 in science -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
1760 in science -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article
The year 1760 in (A particular branch of scientific knowledge) science and (The practical application of science to commerce or industry) technology included many events, some of which are listed here.
See also: (additional info and facts about 1759 in science) 1759 in science, (additional info and facts about other events of 1760) other events of 1760, (additional info and facts about 1761 in science) 1761 in science and the (additional info and facts about list of years in science) list of years in science.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/1/17/1760_in_science.htm   (191 words)

  
 Bibliography for engineering and technology studies
Elliott, P. The birth of public science in the English province: Natural philosophy in Derby, c.
Foster, I. The Grid: a new infrastructure for 21st century science.
Hounshell, D. Edison and the pure science ideal in 19-century America.
www.creatingtechnology.org /biblio.htm   (3341 words)

  
 HPS Research Methods Guide: Scientific Images   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
From the mid-1970s, historians of science have become increasingly interested in scientific imagery, and there are now many books and articles approaching this field from various angles.
Most of the history of science literature on images consists of articles about specific topics, and a complete bibliography would be very large yet too specialised to be helpful.
Paradis, James G. 'Satire and science in Victorian culture,' in Bernard Lightman (ed), Victorian science in context (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1997), pp.
www.hps.cam.ac.uk /research/farasciimages.html   (1893 words)

  
 Welcome to Obstetrics and Gynecology
The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology was founded in 1949 at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.
Departmental faculty provide a full-spectrum of clinical care for women of all ages, participate in research, and provide education to students and residents.
From 1976-1989, he was on the faculty of the University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio, Texas.
www.uchsc.edu /obgyn   (229 words)

  
 ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY Research Guide - UCF Libraries
Indexes many journals in history, science, and the social sciences, in addition to the major anthropological journals.
Abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences.
Explorations of the Middle Ages to the present in eight chapters: Archaeology of archaeology; Old worlds and new, 1500-1760; antiquarians and explorers, 1760-1820; science and romanticism, 1820-1860; search for human origins, 1860-1920; archaeology comes of age, 1920-1960; new techniques and competing philosophies, 1960-1990, and current controversies and future trends.
library.ucf.edu /Reference/Guides/AnthropologyArchaeology.asp   (3150 words)

  
 faculty.html
Gustin's research covers the molecular biology of control mechanisms regulating cell growth and morphogenesis, the molecular analysis of signal transduction in yeast, the biochemical and genetic analysis of cell cycle control, and uncovering signaling pathways needed for bone cells to sense compressive forces.
Science 259:1760-1763, 1993 (with Brewster, Valoir, Dwyer, and Winter).
The HOG pathway controls osmotic regulation of transcription via the stress response element (STRE) of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CTT1 gene.
www-bioc.rice.edu /ughb/faculty/g.html   (464 words)

  
 HIST402 Study Questions for Topic 1
"Identify" means, (a) for a person, give nationality, most important contribution to the history of science, and its approximate date; state half-century in which they were active, e.g.
1st half of 17th century; or (b) for a concept or book title, give a brief definition or description, state its significance in the history of science, and name of person who wrote the book or introduced the concept.
According to Newton's theory, the acceleration of gravity should be smaller at the Earth's equator than at its poles.
punsterproductions.com /~sciencehistory/H402/study1.php   (664 words)

  
 Untitled Document
The significance of science in practically every human endeavor is evident.
Provide a working knowledge of the evolution of science, both as a process and a body of knowledge.
sophomores with strong background in social sciences and with approval of department.
www.coe.uga.edu /sdpl/edspecifications/specks/specks4/specks3.html   (3677 words)

  
 Table of contents for Library of Congress control number 2003025799   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Table of contents for The new science of geology : studies in the earth sciences in the age of revolution / Martin J. Rudwick.
Cambridge, 1996 IV The Emergence of a New Science Minerva 28.
Washington, DC, 1990 V The Emergence of a Visual Language for Geological Science, 1760-1840 History of Science 14.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/ecip0411/2003025799.html   (329 words)

  
 - SHOP.COM
This book will provide a compact scholarly introduction to major issues in the cultural history of science and technology in Britain and the British Empire between 1760 and 1914.
By demonstrating, in historical context, the real, complex and changing reactions between science and technology during the imperial expansion of 1780-1914, Engineering an Empire will move beyond the sometimes insular discipline of history of technology to offer something altogether new.
All other designated trademarks, copyrights and brands are the property of their respective owners.
www.shop.com /op/aprod-p26263628   (240 words)

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