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Topic: 1780 in science


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In the News (Wed 16 Jan 19)

  
  ScienceDaily: Hurricane and Cyclone Articles
The Great Hurricane of 1780 is considered the deadliest Atlantic tropical cyclone of all time.
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily's archives for related news topics, the latest news stories, reference articles, science videos, images, and books.
Get the latest science news with our free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly.
www.sciencedaily.com /articles/earth_climate/hurricanes_and_cyclones   (520 words)

  
  1779 in science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1779 in science and technology included many events, some of which are listed here.
See also: 1778 in science, other events of 1779, 1780 in science and the list of years in science.
May 5 - The spiral galaxy M61 was discovered in the constellation Virgo by Barnabus Oriani
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1779_in_science   (174 words)

  
 Canadian Journal of History: Anatomy of observation: From the academie royale de la chirurgie to the Salons of Denis ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
From the I 740's to the early 1780 s eighteenth century surgical science was a discipline in transition.
A particular focus is given to the distinctive epistemology of observation that was germane to surgery of the I 760s and 1770s in France and the diffusion of that epistemology in the art criticism of Denis Diderot.
Such an enactment contradicts the contemporary notion upheld by Max Horkheimer and Ernst Adorno that science and poetry, including literature and the visual arts, were irreparably tom apart by Enlightenment philosophy.3 Horkheimer and Adorno refer to the "practical antithesis of art and science" in Enlightenment discourse.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3686/is_200104/ai_n8932216   (1096 words)

  
 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Years: 1777 1778 1779 - 1780 - 1781 1782 1783 Decades: 1750s 1760s 1770s - 1780s - 1790s 1800s 1810s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1780 in art 1780 in literature 1780 in music 1780 in science List of state leaders in 1780 List of religious leaders in 1780 Ev..
See also: 1780 in science, other events of 1781, 1782 in science and the list of years in science.
Years: 1780 1781 1782 - 1783 - 1784 1785 1786 Decades: 1750s 1760s 1770s - 1780s - 1790s 1800s 1810s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1783 in art 1783 in literature 1783 in music 1783 in science List of state leaders in 1783 List of religious leaders in 1783 Ev..
pardus.info /browse.php?title=1/17/178   (2616 words)

  
 [No title]
Science News Letter 59: 310.## A symposium on the use of isotopes in biology and medicine.
Science 130: pp.309-314, 1959.## Broecker, W.S., Schulert, A. and Olson, E.A..
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 114(1): 268-283.## Dealy, J.B., Dammin, G.J., Murray, J.E., and Merrill, J.P..
www.gwu.edu /~nsarchiv/radiation/dir/mstreet/research/pubs/titles.txt   (11427 words)

  
 HOS: 1. What is Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Neither will science be understood to be abstract theories such as found in astrophysics or elementary particle physics that are practically beyond understanding by anyone outside the few specialists working at the frontiers of these specializations.
Then can science be defined by looking at the range of activities "scientists do." Many of us would be hard-pressed to say much more about the nature of science than that science is whatever it is scientists do for a living.
A descriptive definition was said to be that science is what is "accepted by the scientific community" and is "what scientists do." The obvious implication of this description is that, in a free society, knowledge does not require the imprimatur of legislation in order to become science.
www.rit.edu /~flwstv/hoswhatsci.html   (8638 words)

  
 [No title]
NSF is generally structured by fields of science and engineering and also considers activities that cross traditional fields by coordinating review across the Foundation.
Grant funds may not be used to augment the total salary or rate of salary of faculty members during the period covered by the term of faculty appointment or to reimburse faculty members for consulting or other time in addition to a regular full-time organizational salary covering the same general period of employment.
The PI is responsible for the conduct of the research or educational work, the publication of results, and is expected to provide technical leadership to the project whether or not any salary is provided from grant funds.
www.seismo.unr.edu /ftp/pub/nsf/GPG-nsf95-27.txt   (16142 words)

  
 Hecate: Science and Sensibility: Gender and Scientific Enquiry, 1780-1945. (book reviews)@ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The types of questions that have been asked in the titles of articles on the subject of science in women's studies literature, a subject that has become known as "The Science Question in Feminism"(1) articulate the existence of a division between science and feminism.
Science has not succumbed to the gender debates and critiques of objectivity that have been taking place in and transforming the humanities for two or three decades now.
Social critics of science, including feminist critics, do not have to be advocates of social revolution(2) to argue that the reason for this is that...
highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?docid=1G1:17834848&refid=ink_tptd_mag   (218 words)

  
 Filangieri & Franklin
The friendship that grew between the Neapolitan philosopher and Benjamin Franklin, and the wish of the first to follow the statesman and secular moralist by emigrating to the New World, were signs of a profound belief in reason.
This conference considers archival material relating to two men who, for centuries, have figured in our collective heritage and who, at this moment of notable concern surrounding the establishment of the Charter of the European Union, have gained a new and compelling significance.
It is a conference in which we, the descendents, thinking upon the documents of which we are the custodians, can explore – through science and knowledge and from a new vantage point – the roots of what we were and what we shall be.
www.columbuscitizensfd.org /filangieri   (638 words)

  
 1786: Science : Chemistry Syllabus D (Nuffield)
When taken in conjunction with Science: Biology and Science: Physics it meets all the requirements of the National Curriculum for Key Stage 4 and leads to a triple award in the sciences.
When taken in conjunction with Science: Biology and Science: Physics it provides for complete coverage of the Programme of Study for KS4 for Double Science and meets all the requirements of both the General Criteria and the Science Criteria for GCSE.
In this way the usefulness and applicability of science is not seen as an 'add-on' extra, but as an integral part of the discipline.
www.colchsfc.ac.uk /library/meg/pages/sci/1786/1786s.htm   (9139 words)

  
 Postmodernism by Smith
However, over time the Christian theology fused with Aristotelian science until the issue of the earth's place as the center of the universe was challenged in the Copernican-Galilean controversy and the attack on Aristotle became an attack on the theological authority of the Christian church.
He divided the cosmos into matter and mind (or spirit) and suggested science be applied to matter and mind (spirit) to theology.
This division of knowledge and faith marked modern culture; however, devel opments in sciences with emphasis on a detached and objective search for facts led to the emergence of a new worldview (pp.
www.regent.edu /acad/schcom/rojc/smith/postmod.html   (4246 words)

  
 Making the Modern World - Icons Of Invention - Science - 1750-1820
The Enlightenment of the eighteenth century set running a 'clock', joining science and reason with mechanical invention, a linkage which has had a profound and continuing influence for the world.
The clock shown here, made in about 1780 by Benjamin Vulliamy, was the principal timekeeper at the King's Observatory at Richmond, established in 1769 by George III.
In the eighteenth century astronomy, that keynote of the new sciences, found novel uses for specialised variants of these clocks.
www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk /icons_of_invention/science/1750-1820/IC.020   (269 words)

  
 FVSU Animal Science Program - MS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
To qualify for graduate assistantship, applicants must have undergraduate CGPA of 3.25 or graduate CGPA of 3.40 and must have a minimum composite score of 900 (verbal and quantitative) on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).
Animal Science graduate students have opportunities to work in various agricultural and biomedical research facilities operated by federal, state, and private agencies throughout the Nation.
Students are encouraged to become members of professional organizations such as the American Society of Animal Science and American Dairy Science Association, and on-campus organizations such as the Animal Science Club and Graduate Student Association.
www.fvsu.edu /cogsee/ms_ans.asp   (1438 words)

  
 Scientists and science in French Revolution (1780-1820)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Several scientific disciplines were profoundly affected by the revolutionary events : individuals as well as institutions, periodical publications and scientific sociability, underwent wide-ranging transformations, at times radical.
The core of this collection of sources is represented by the « Preliminary Discours » with which Jean-Claude de la Métherie (1743-1817), who as from 1793 chose to spell his name « Delamétherie » opened the Journal de Physique he directed from 1787 through 1817.
The Reports on the advancements made in contemporary sciences Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) submitted to the Emperor and to his colleagues as perpetual secretary of the First Class of the Institut will also be available, together with printed material, manuscript testimonies and prosopographies.
www.crhst.cnrs.fr /i-corpus/science1800/bin?lang=en   (251 words)

  
 WS/FCS High School Registration
The Winston-Salem/Forsyth County schools are participating in a National Science Foundation grant that seeks to give every student the capacity to major in science, engineering or math in college.
Students are strongly encouraged to complete upper-level math and science courses to meet this objective.
Earns one science credit, but does not meet the specific biology or physical science requirements.
mts.admin.wsfcs.k12.nc.us /academic/Hshbk/hshbk4j.html   (420 words)

  
 Literature and Science, English Dept, UW Bangor
The English Department offers supervision at MA and PhD level on the relations of literature and science from the Romantic period onwards.
Sharon Ruston has particular expertise on the life sciences and concepts of vitality in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
She has published on these topics in Romanticism and in the Fitzroy Dearborn Encyclopedia of the Romantic Era; her book, Shelley and Vitality, will be published by Palgrave in 2005.
www.bangor.ac.uk /english/postgrad/science.htm   (133 words)

  
 WS/FCS High School Registration
The Military Science (JROTC) program prepares students for leadership roles while making them aware of their rights, responsibilities and privileges as Americans.
Military Science has been approved as a career pathway for the Career Prep course of study, and is an elective for all other courses of study.
Prerequisite: Aerospace Science II and senior Aerospace Science instructor approval.
mts.admin.wsfcs.k12.nc.us /academic/Hshbk/hshbk4f.html   (433 words)

  
 Strange Science: Timeline
1720-René Réaumur submits a report to the Paris Academy of Sciences proposing that a brief Noachian flood cannot account for the thick sedimentary layers (composed largely of broken shells) underlying the region of Tours.
1723-Antoine de Jussieu addresses a paper to the Académie des Sciences suggesting that an ancient object, e.g., a stone tool, made of the same material and by the same process as those used by a modern population probably has the same function.
The embryos all come from the Doushantuo phosphorites in southern China, and all are estimated to be approximately 570 million years old, making them the oldest fossil embryos so far discovered.
www.strangescience.net /timeline.htm   (10887 words)

  
 Publications of Michael J. Wynne
Studies on the fauna associated with the deep scattering layer (DSL) in the equatorial Indian Ocean, conducted on R/V TE VEGA during October and November 1964.
Contribution to Marine Science, University of Texas 17: 133-152.
Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 84: 164-171.
www.biology.lsa.umich.edu /~mwynne/wynnebigcv.htm   (2859 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
In 1780 we find a medical man in attendance twice a week, for three hours each day, at the chapel house of West Street.
Between 1746 and 1780 medical science and surgery in England had made more advance than in all the previous part of the century, but when Wesley commenced both were in a very poor condition.
A twenty-third edition of his Primitive Physic was published in the year of his death, in which many of the early prescriptions were discarded, but some of the remedies appear very "primitive" and amusing in the present day.
wesley.nnu.edu /john_wesley/methodist/ch17.htm   (5142 words)

  
 References   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The reception of genetically modified foods in Europe and the U.S. Science 285: 384-387.
Kaufman, M. Science journal says corn article was flawed.
Prakash, C.S. The genetically modified crop debate in the context of agricultural evolution.
www.colostate.edu /programs/lifesciences/CultivosTransgenicos/sp_references   (2537 words)

  
 Educational Exhibition on U.S. Supreme Court Kicks off Columbus Week Celebrations
Benjamin Franklin and Gaetano Filangieri Founding Father Benjamin Franklin shared a correspondence and exchanged books with Gaetano Filangieri, an Enlightenment Neopolitan political philosopher whose "Science of Legislation" (1780 to 1785) was read by Franklin in the years before the Constitution and the Bill of Rights were written.
It presented an enlightened code of justice that was based on reason and that did not favor royalty and the wealthy.
Franklin praised Filangieri for his "invaluable work." Many of the ideas championed in "The Science of Legislation" are found in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
www.prnewswire.com /cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=109&STORY=/www/story/10-03-2005/0004158205&EDATE=   (1137 words)

  
 SPACE: Russia's Last Shot at Space -- Stone 276 (5320): 1780 -- Science
Find out more about why this message is appearing, and what you can do to make your experience of our site the best it can be.
Home > Science Magazine > 20 June 1997 > Stone, pp.
While once the Soviet Union and the United States were locked in a breakneck space race where no expense was spared, the loss of the Mars '96 mission has almost put Russia out of the running.
www.sciencemag.org /cgi/content/summary/276/5320/1780   (211 words)

  
 Table of contents for Library of Congress control number 2004006807
Scientists accompanying Cook, Bougainville, Vancouver made major contributions in the fields of astronomy, navigation, botany, and zoology.
In the late nineteenth century the Pacific incubated an entirely new field of science, oceanography, which continues to drive exploration of its darkest depths.
If trade, religion, science and empire create neat narratives, straightforward storylines about European expansion into the Pacific, the world of literature captures the ambivalent encounter between ships and islands.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/ecip0416/2004006807.html   (1575 words)

  
 ESA GEO Position Paper 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Because the commercialization of GEOs is relatively recent and is limited to only a few types of crops, many of the ecological questions we raise have yet to be examined empirically (e.g., Wolfenbarger and Phifer 2000; Dale et al.
Risk — The likelihood of a hazard being realized.  Risk typically is expressed as the product of two probabilities: the probability of exposure to the hazard and the probability of the hazard causing harm.
CAST (Council for Agricultural and Science Technology) 2002.  Comparative environmental impacts of biotechnology-derived and traditional soybean, corn, and cotton crops.
www.esa.org /pao/esaPositions/Papers/geo_position.htm   (6630 words)

  
 GRANDES TEMAS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The first step of Science is to know one thing from another.This knowledge consits in their specific distinctions; but in order that it may be fixed and permanent distinct names must be given to different things and those names must be recorded and remembered.
The Awakening interest in Science during the first Century of Printing, 1450-1550: an Annotated Checklist of first Editions Viewed from the Angle of their Subject Content.
SHORTLAND, Michael, Science and Nature: Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences [Oxford?]: British Society for the History of Science, c1993.
www.ceha-madeira.net /ecologia/28.htm   (7126 words)

  
 United Press International - Science & Technology (no pub) - Report: US needs 'crisp' nanotech plan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Samuel Stupp, a materials science professor and chairman of the NRC committee that reviewed the NNI, said understanding the nanoscale, where individual atoms and molecules interact, cannot be limited to a single field of study.
"To realize the potential of nanoscale science and technology in advanced medicine will require research at the interface between engineering, the physical sciences and biology," Stupp said in introducing the report.
The initiative funded about 2,000 programs last year, the National Science Foundation, which oversees the effort, reported.
www.upi.com /view.cfm?StoryID=10062002-073612-7630r   (895 words)

  
 Science
2002 Charles Sheffield, science and science fiction writer, Starfire, dies at 67
1996 Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science, dies at 80
1708 Albrecht von Haller, Switz, experimental physiology, Acad of Science
www.brainyhistory.com /topics/s/science.html   (682 words)

  
 UW-RF Admissions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Course substitutions in the major or minor fields must be approved by the major or minor department chair.
Course substitutions outside the major of minor (such as General Education, teacher certification requirements, liberal arts requirements) must be approved by the Dean of the College certifying the degree (College of Education, College of Arts and Sciences, College of Agriculture, or College of Business and Economics).
Career oriented associate degrees, associate of applied science degrees, or other similar associate degree programs do not satisfy General Education requirements.
www.uwrf.edu /admissions/centuryequiv.htm   (646 words)

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