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Topic: 18 Brumaire

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  18 Brumaire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Napoléon Bonaparte in the "coup d'état" of 18 brumaire.
On the morning of 18 Brumaire, members of the Council of Elders sympathetic to the coup warned their colleagues of a Jacobin conspiracy and persuaded them to remove to Saint-Cloud, west of Paris.
You violated it on 18 Fructidor; you violated it on 22 Floreal; you violated it on 30 Prairial.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/18_Brumaire   (1144 words)

 French Directory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This occurred on November 9, 1799, which was 18 Brumaire in the year VIII under the French Revolutionary Calendar.
On the morning of 18 Brumaire, members of the Council of Ancients sympathetic to the coup warned their colleagues of a Jacobin conspiracy and persuaded them to remove to Saint-Cloud, west of Paris.
In the words of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, "A shabby compound of brute force and imposture, the 18th Brumaire was nevertheless condoned, nay applauded, by the French nation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/French_Directory   (3556 words)

Brumaire, being one of the very few works that Marx could publish and edit twice during his lifetime, belongs to this ongoing, life long project of a double critique of politics and of political economy, although it comes in the guise of a piece of contemporary history and a polemic.
Brumaire comprises a detailed critique of parliamentarism, an outline of a critique of bureaucracy, even a shorthand critique of a democratic constitution and its intrinsic contradictions, and a critique of universal suffrage and the emerging form of political parties and “party politics” as well.
Brumaire, is complicated but illuminating: Bonapartist regimes are “normal” in “developmental states”, as long as capitalism is still being “made by the state” - with the one and large exception of the United States.
www.columbia.edu /cu/polisci/cspt/conferences/2002/041302_full.shtml   (5225 words)

 18 Brumaire
18 Brumaire saw the end of the Revolution, and the beginning of an Empire.
Unlike many of the other events of the French Revolution, 18 Brumaire was the result of scrupulous (or unscrupulous as the situation may be) planning.
The morning of 18 Brumaire, the Ancients deputies (well, some of them were conveniently "overlooked") received special notice at their houses detailing them of a Jacobin plot on the Convention (which was, of course, farcical) and that they would need to meet for a special briefing session at 8 am.
www.angelfire.com /ca6/frenchrevolution89/brumaire.html   (1088 words)

 Brumaire on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The coup of 18 (actually 18-19) Brumaire (Nov. 9-10, 1799), engineered chiefly by Sieyès, overthrew the Directory and established the Consulate under Napoleon.
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Abraham Lincoln: revolutionary rhetoric and the emergence of the bourgeois state.
Tragedy and repetition in Marx's 'The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte.'
www.encyclopedia.com /html/B/Brumaire.asp   (286 words)

 Coup of 18-19 Brumaire - Britannica Concise
The next day, 19 Brumaire, when the councils met at Saint-Cloud, Bonaparte blundered through a speech before the Ancients and later was met by a storm of abuse in the meeting place of the Five Hundred, whose members, hearing rumours and seeing troops all about, began to perceive the real plot that was brewing.
Brumaire, Coup of 18–19 - (November 9–10, 1799), coup d'état that overthrew the system of government under the Directory in France and substituted the Consulate, making way for the despotism of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Fructidor, Coup of 18 - (September 4, 1799), the purge of conservatives from the Corps Législatif and other posts during the Revolutionary period of the Directory in France.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9016765   (513 words)

 Search Results for "Brumaire"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The coup of 18 (actually 18-19) Brumaire (Nov. 9-10, 1799), engineered chiefly by Sieyes, overthrew the Directory and established the...
He aided Napoleon in the coup of 18 Brumaire and was later...
In 1808 he was made duke of Ragusa and later governor of Illyria.
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/65search?query=Brumaire   (276 words)

 First empire - Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
His height, his manners, his words gave him the air of a bully, which he was far from being once he found himself loaded with honors and riches, which anyway he grabbed with both hands and all his actions.
That is how the prisoner of St. Helena judged the marshal who checked the royal power on the eighteenth of fructidor, disapproved of the plot of the eighteenth of brumaire, and exposed his life on the fields of the emperor's battles, denounced Napoleon as a tyrant in 1814.
That was the coup d'etat of 18 fructidor.
www.histofig.com /history/empire/personnes/france_augereau_en.html   (749 words)

 Marxist School - History of France
18 Brumaire was the date in 1799 (actually 18-19 Brumaire, equivalent to November 9-10) on which Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the Directory of France-the 5-man governing body which had been established in 1795.
It was this coup which Karl Marx analyzed in The Eighteenth Brumaire, written in 1852.
Karl Marx's Timeline of the February Revolution, from the overthrow of King Louis Phillipe to the coup d'etat of Louis Bonaparte.
www.marxistschool.org /classdocs/France.html   (607 words)

 [No title]
The events of 18 November 1799 (18 Brumaire) which toppled the Directory started as a parliamentary coup and ended as a military coup.
However, within weeks of 18 Brumaire 1799, Napoleon, despite his own lack of interest in Catholicism, reopened churches on Sundays, and in November 1800 began negotiations with Pope Pius VII.
The signing of the Concordat, which overturned the Revolutionary principle of the separation of church and state and restored Catholicism to a privileged position 'as the religion of the majority of the French people' was signed in July 1801 reconciling Catholics who had formerly been ostracized by the Revolution.
dl.lib.brown.edu /napoleon/time2.html   (2032 words)

The speed of its promotion in the rank of General had been the price of true military talents and a brilliant value which sometimes went to the audacity.
Loison in forced leave has the time to assess all whom(that) it stored and for what concerns him(it) it is only beginning the beginning of the immense fortune which it prepares to build; it is true that he is starving.
On September 4, 1797 (in Fructidor 18) after the elections favorable to the royalist, Shakes is unfortunate that coup d'Ètat was confided(entrusted) to Augereau.
users.skynet.be /bs802199/FILES_E/Chapitre_E/05-Directoire_E.html   (1089 words)

 French Revolution: Search
Sieyès took part with Napoleon in the coup d’état of 18 Brumaire and was made one of the provisional consuls with Napoleon and Ducos.
In the aftermath of the coup of 18 Brumaire (9 November), the Constitution of the Year VIII (1799) gave executive power to three “consuls”; who also exercised almost all legislative authority.
Dissatisfied, a group led by Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès in turn planned their own coup, which took place on 18 Brumaire, Year VIII (9 November 1799) that put Napoleon Bonaparte in power.
chnm.gmu.edu /revolution/searchfr.php?function=find&keyword=sieyes   (1581 words)

The Château de Saint-Cloud was the scene of some of the significant moments in French 19th century history, and most notably in Napoleonic history in that it saw the rise and fall of both the First and Second Empires.
Bonaparte seized power there in his coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire, and the Empire was proclaimed from here in a Sénatus-Consulte of 18 May 1804.
Saint-Cloud was however to escape the dismantling suffered by all the other royal properties when in 1793 the Convention passed a decree stipulating that ‘the park and château should be preserved and maintained at the expense of the Republic for the pleasure of the people'.
www.napoleon.org /en/magazine/museums/files/Domaine_national_Saint_Cloud1.asp   (817 words)

 Search Results for "consulate"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Consulate, 1799-1804, in French history, form of government established after the coup of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9-10, 1799), which ended the Directory.
The Napoleonic Period, 1799-1815 THE HOUSE OF BONAPARTENAPOLEON'S EMPIRE 1812 (MAP) a.
The Consulate 1799, Nov. 9 (18 Brumaire) The Coup d'Etat of Brumaire.
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=consulate   (286 words)

Early on the morning of 18 Brumaire VIII (9 November 1799 according to the
Brumaire, that was the crucial one, for by then the element of surprise had
The so-called 'revolution of 18 Brumaire' must thus be set in a broad
www.ucalgary.ca /~mstaum/hist329/NapForumCrook.html   (1193 words)

 Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes - Britannica Concise
During the Directory, he served on the Council of Five Hundred (1795–99) and on the Directory itself (1799).
He helped organize the military Coup of 18–19 Brumaire, which overthrew the Directory and brought Napoleon to power.
After the monarchy's restoration (1815), he lived in exile in Belgium until 1830.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9378646   (573 words)

 Napoleonic Succession Laws   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Napoléon Bonaparte (1769-1821) came to power by a military coup on Nov 10, 1799 (18 Brumaire 8 in the Republican calendar).
Napoléon could adopt a son or grandson (aged 18 or more) of one of his brothers, if he had no children of his own.
This was done by an organic decree of December 18, 1852 naming Jérôme Napoléon and the direct legitimate male issue of his marriage with Catherine of Wurttemberg as collateral successors after the Emperor's descent (in the 1870 version of the constitution, the prince Napoléon and his issue are named).
www.heraldica.org /topics/royalty/nap_succ.htm   (3068 words)

 H-France Reviews   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
According to the legend, the coup d’Etat of 18 Brumaire (November 9, 1799) was forced upon Napoleon.
In the aftermath of Brumaire, Napoleon put an end to France’s long nightmare of disorderly government and inaugurated a period of stability under the Consulate and Empire.
Indeed, the only real danger to the Republic on 18 Brumaire came from Napoleon and his collaborators, who, on the following day, seized power, violently and illegally.
www.h-france.net /reviews/tone2.html   (1996 words)

 Search Results for consulate - Encyclopædia Britannica
The title is derived from the commercial judges of the maritime cities on the...
The revisionists who engineered the Brumaire coup intended to create a strong, elitist government that would curb the republic's political turmoil and guarantee the conquests of 1789.
Having become master of France by his coup d'état of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9, 1799), Napoleon renewed his Italian campaign.
www.britannica.com /search?query=consulate&submit=Find   (417 words)

Godechot, J., "The coup d'état of Brumaire (November 1799)", in The Cambridge Modern History, vol.
The Story of the 18 Brumaire, New York: Rupert Hart Davis, 1964, pp.
Morton, J. Brumaire, the Rise of Bonaparte: A Study of French History from the Death of Robespierre to the Establishment of the Consulate, London, T.W. Laurie, 1948 (Reprinted New York Plainview, 1976), pp.
www.napoleon.org /en/reading_room/bibliographies/files/On_the_coup-d-etat_of_18_Brumaire.asp   (324 words)

 SI - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
On April 7, 1795 (Loi du 18 germinal, an III) the terms gramme and kilogramme repaced the former terms "gravet" and "grave".
After the 18 Brumaire Year VIII, the metric system was definitively adopted in France by the First Consul Bonaparte, (the later Napoleon I) on Decembre 10, 1799 (Loi du 19 frimaire an VIII).
During the history of the metric system a number of variations have evolved and their use spread around the world replacing many traditional measurement systems.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/SI_unit   (1718 words)

 Coup of 18-19 Brumaire --  Encyclopædia Britannica
"Brumaire, Coup of 18-19" Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service.
More from Britannica on "Coup of 18-19 Brumaire"...
Oration 18: On the Death of His Father
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9016765?tocId=9016765   (660 words)

 French Revolution: Search
Having seized power through the coup of 18 Brumaire [9 November 1799], Bonaparte—now First Consul—set out to win public support for yet another new government.
The Council of Five–Hundred, the lower house of the legislature under the Directory’s constitution, put up only token resistance to the coup of 18 Brumaire [9 November 1799].
By the following day, this body—in principle, made up of the representatives of the French people and the central institution of republican government—had concurred completely in Bonaparte’s revision to the constitution and issued this proclamation, which described the coup to be a victory for "the Republic and liberty" against royalism.
chnm.gmu.edu /revolution/searchfr.php?function=find&keyword=napoleon   (1982 words)

 New Page 0
The coup d état of the 18 Brumaire had been prepared and its success was due to its happening at the right moment.
In his work, the author describes the planning of the coup d’ etat and the succession of events that led to its success.
During the coup d’ état of Brumaire, Napoleon was supported by his brother who was holding the presidency of the Conseil des Cinq Cents.
www.udayton.edu /~compfun/ENG101/ENG101-T/101-T5/PierreH/paperfive.htm   (1649 words)

 18th Brumaire of Louis Napoleon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Marx wrote The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon between December 1851 and February 1852.
The "Eighteenth Brumaire" refers to November 9, 1799 in the French Revolutionary Calendar — the day the first Napoleon Bonaparte had made himself dictator by a coup d'etat.
In this work Marx traces how the conflict of different social interests manifest themselves in the complex web of political struggles, and in particular the contradictory relationships between the outer form of a struggle and its real social content.
www.marxists.org /archive/marx/works/1852/18th-brumaire   (219 words)

 French Revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Decree Transferring the Legislative Body to Saint-Cloud, 18 Brumaire, An VIII
The Legislative Body shall be transferred to the Commune of Saint-Cloud; the two Councils shall hold their sessions there in the two wings of the palace.
The present address shall be printed, proclaimed, and posted, along with the decree of transfer of the location of the Legislative Body, as if constituting a part thereof.
www2.msstate.edu /~am480/brumairedecree.htm   (374 words)

d'État of 18 Brumaire Year VIII is removed from the pantheon of
But Brumaire should not be used as historical shorthand for
Brumaire, which turned the page on representative democracy and the
www.ucalgary.ca /~mstaum/hist329/NapForum4Brown.html   (1319 words)

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