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Topic: 180 BCE

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In the News (Tue 20 Aug 19)

 [No title]
Hermes and the Infant Dionysus, Praxiteles, From the Temple of Hera, Olympia (330 BCE)
Inner Court of the King's Royal Apartments, Palace of King Minos, Knossos (1600 BCE)
Painted Stone Sarcophagus from a Chamber-Tomb near the Palace of Hagia Triada (1400 BCE)
eawc.evansville.edu /pictures/grpage.htm   (1092 words)

  Sunga Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From around 180 BCE the Greco-Bactrian ruler Demetrius, conquered the Kabul Valley and is theorized to have advanced into the trans-indus.
At its maximum extent (under Menander), it is deemed to have run from the Hindu Kush to Mathura, which was to last in parts until the end of the 1st century BCE, and under which Buddhism flourished.
During the historical Sunga period (185 to 73 BCE), Buddhist activity also managed to survive somewhat in central India (Madhya Pradesh) as suggested by some architectural expansions that were done at the stupas of Sanchi and Barhut, originally started under King Ashoka.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sunga_Empire   (832 words)

 BCE Reports its Fourth Quarter and Year-End Results
BCE Inc.'s decision was based on a number of factors, including a revised business plan and outlook of the principal operating segment of Teleglobe with associated funding requirements, a revised assessment of its prospects, and a comprehensive analysis of the state of its industry.
BCE recorded a gain of $1,042 million, relating primarily to the tax benefit from (i) reinstating non-capital losses that were previously used to offset the gain on sale of Nortel Networks shares in 2001; and (ii) applying a portion of the capital losses against the gain on the sale of the Directories business in 2002.
BCE recorded a charge of $316 million in 2002 ($191 million in the second quarter and $125 million in the fourth quarter), representing a write-down of its investment in BCI to an estimate of its net realizable value.
www.bce.ca /en/news/releases/bce/2003/01/29/69761.html   (5180 words)

 Ben Sira - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The author, Yeshua ben Sira, was a Jew who had been living in Jerusalem, who may in fact have established his school and written his work in Alexandria (Guillaume).
Most scholars agree that it seems to have formed the original ending of the text, and that the second High Priest Simon (died 196 BCE) was intended.
Struggles between Simon's successors occupied the years 175–172 BCE and are not alluded to.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Sirach   (1216 words)

 Egyptian Pharaohs : Graeco-Roman Period : Ptolemaic Dynasty : Ptolemy VI Philometor
The invasion of Antiouchus IV from Syria marked an important point in Egyptian history -- the intervention of Rome is all that kept the country from falling, and it brought the outlying cities of Egypt under Roman power.
The country was still embroiled in war with Syria, despite the temporary peace of Ptolemy V and his political marriage to Cleopatra I. At the death of Cleopatra in 170 BCE, Antiochus IV of Syria invaded Egypt and Ptolemy was captured.
In theory, his son Ptolemy VII Neos Philopater, succeeded him to the throne, however, he was put to death as soon as Ptolemy VIII (Physcon) could reach Egypt and claim it for himself.
www.phouka.com /pharaoh/pharaoh/dynasties/dyn33/06pto6.html   (494 words)

 Wikinfo | Chanukah   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Chanukah was instituted by Judah Maccabee and his brothers in the year 165 BCE., to be celebrated annually with joy as a memorial of the dedication of the altar in the Temple in Jerusalem.
After having recovered Jerusalem and the Temple, Judah ordered the latter to be cleansed, a new altar to be built in place of the polluted one, and new holy vessels to be made.
168 BCE: Under the reign of Antiochus IV, the Temple is looted, Jews are massacred, and Judaism is outlawed.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Chanukah   (1020 words)

 Homer News Online - Holiday Village
Around 200 BCE Jews lived as an autonomous people in the land of Israel, which at this time was controlled by the Seleucid King of Syria.
By 180 BCE Antiochus IV Epiphanes ascended to the Seleucid throne.
* 168 BCE: Under the reign of Antiochus IV, the Temple is looted, Jews are massacred, and Judaism is outlawed.
www.homernews.com /holidayvillage/hanukkah.shtml   (1595 words)

 Egyptian History: Graeco-Roman Dynasties
Ptolemy II Philadelphus, (reigned 284-246 BCE), married to his full sister, Asinoe II, and sharing power with her, continued the reorganisation of Egypt, basing his decisions on facts gathered during extensive censuses.
Ptolemy XII Auletes, (c.112-51 BCE, r.80-51) was the illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX (r.
At the sea battle of Actium the Egyptian navy was decisively defeated and Antony and Cleopatra fled to Alexandria.
www.reshafim.org.il /ad/egypt/history-g-r.htm   (1671 words)

 Wikinfo | Greek Conquests in India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
It is said that Chandragupta Marya put an army of 100,000 men and 9,000 war elephants and forced Seleucus to conclude an alliance.
The founder of the Indo-Greek Kingdom Demetrius I (205-171 BCE), wearing the scalp of an elephant, symbol of his conquest of India.
In 180 BCE, the Indo-Greeks, invaded parts of northwest and northern India.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Greek_Conquests_in_India   (739 words)

 LUDI: Roman Festivals
The festival dates from the 6th C BCE, In 364, Etruscan dancers were added, leading to speculation in re: Fescennine verses… Comedy and tragedy were probably performed from time to time after this and became a regular feature of the ludi Romani in 240 BCE.
Ludi proliferated from the 3rd C BCE when they were given official sanction and financial support.
This practice became especially important when bonuses began to be paid when public response became notably vocal, prompting magistrates to pay claques to cheer wildly and to bribe public officials to notice the wild cheering.
www.wayneturney.20m.com /ludi.htm   (429 words)

 File: <seapeopl
These people were also used later as mercenaries against their own kinfolk who came back in 1,180 bce., and were called the Meshwesh people by the Egyptians.
When the very large volcano on the Isle of Thera erupted in about 1,420 bce., it devastated Crete with terrible earthquakes, a thick layer of volcanic ash and the north coast was savaged by terrible tsunamis, which destroyed the ships and towns on the north coast and drowned most of the people living there.
However, by 8,000 bce, the glaciers had retreated into the Alps and the reindeer followed until they were out of reach of the hunters, so a new source was urgently needed, which they knew existed in Finnmark, Norway.
faculty.ucr.edu /~legneref/bronze/seapeopl.htm   (9281 words)

 Chapter Four   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
By 173 BCE, mimes are the mainstay of the festival Floria.
Accius, Lucius* 170-c.84 BCE Writer of tragedies and reputed to be one of the foremost playwrights.
In 13 BCE the theatre of Balbus* and in 11 BCE the theatre of Marcellus* are built.
hometown.aol.com /clasz/chap4.html   (14345 words)

 Roman Satire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
It took shape in the early 2nd century BCE during the social wars between Rome and its Italian neighbors.
Lucilius (180 BCE-102 BCE) skeptical of Roman superstition and religious ritual, and disgusted with avarice and corruption, wrote with acerbic wit and unflinching honesty of Rome and Romans, criticizing real people by their real names.
His successors are Varro (116 -27 BCE), Horace (65-8 BCE), Petronius (?-66 CE), Seneca (4 BCE-65 CE), Persius (34-62 CE), Marital (40-104 CE) and Juvenal (55-138 CE).
deptorg.knox.edu /latin295   (199 words)

 Buddhist Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The pillars were surmounted by animal capitals and decorated with Buddhist symbols (such as the wheel), which invoked respect for all creatures and the acceptance of the Dharma.
During the 2nd century BCE, the expansion of the Former Han to the West led to increased contact with the Hellenistic civilizations of Asia, especially the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom.
The Mon of southern Burma are is said to have been converted to Buddhism around 200 BCE under the proselytizing of the Indian king Ashoka, before the scission between Mahayana and Hinayana (Theravada) Buddhism.
www.thaiexotictreasures.com /buddhist_art.html   (4054 words)

c.190-170 BCE), one of the kings of the *Greco-Bactrian* dynasty, establishes an extensive empire known as the *"Indo-Greek kingdom"* in the Punjab and the Indus Valley.
King Menander, or Milinda (c.150-130 BCE), is one of these Indo-Greek rulers; he begins his career as one of Demetrios's generals.
(c.100's BCE - 000's CE) becomes the regional successor to the Mauryas in the northeast: *Met Museum*.
www.columbia.edu /itc/mealac/pritchett/00routes/bce_199_100/index_bce_199_100.html   (391 words)

In 180 BCE, Galatian troops fought on the side of Antiochus the Great against the Romans.
Roman Conul Manlius defeated the Galatians in 181 BCE.
Amyntas served as a cavalry commander in the Roman army of Brutus and Cassius during the civil war.
worldcoincatalog.com /AC/C2/Greece/AG/HK/Galatia/Galatia.htm   (327 words)

 History Greek Conquests In India - History Of Ancient, Medieval And Modern India.
It is said that Chandragupta Marya put an army of 100,000 men and 9,000 war elephants and forced Seleucus to conclude an alliance.
Continued diplomatic exchanges and good relations are between the Seleucids and the Mauryan empirors are then documented throughout the duration of the Mauryan empire.
In 180 BCE, the Indo-Greeks, invaded parts of northwest and northern India.
www.bharatadesam.com /history/greek_conquests_in_india.php   (627 words)

 Articles - India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
From 180 BCE, a series of invasions from Central Asia followed.
This led to the establishment of the Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian kingdoms in the northern Indian Subcontinent, and finally the Kushan Empire.
From the third century BCE, the Gupta dynasty oversaw the period referred to as ancient India´s "Golden Age".
www.worldhammock.com /articles/India   (643 words)

 Bloomberg.com: Canada
BCE purchased Manitoba Telecom's 40 percent stake in Bell West for C$645 million ($490 million), Montreal-based BCE said in a statement.
BCE's Bell Canada phone unit and Manitoba Telecom are preparing to compete head-to-head in local, long-distance and Internet services as they end a partnership that began in 1999.
BCE in May sued Manitoba Telecom over the purchase, which it said violated network and other agreements.
quote.bloomberg.com /apps/news?pid=10000082&refer=canada&sid=alfloSK1Wg7U   (376 words)

 Maccabees and Hasmonean kings
From the year 180 BCE until 161 BCE the Maccabees rebelled against the Syrian king Antiochus IV who persecuted the Jews.
Not a single feature remained of the Temple as it stood in the year 180 BCE when the five Maccabi brothers and their father Matthatias started their protest against the intolerant measures of Antiochus IV.
Century BCE the size of Jerusalem was more modest than the current old city.
www.jewishmag.com /27MAG/archi/archi.htm   (1993 words)

 The Wisdom of Ben Sira (180-175 BCE): A foundation for childhood development into adulthood
This book is designed for the layman as a readable text to expose one’s self to the wisdom writings of Ben Sira.
It is taken from the original text in the King James Version of the Holy Bible and can be used as a family study guide or classroom lesson.
It constitutes the wisdom writings of Ben Sira in the Apocrypha, which were translated into Greek by his grandson in the 2nd Century BCE.
www.authorhouse.com /BookStore/ItemDetail~bookid~37312.aspx   (1634 words)

 Macedonian Rulers
This space/timeline is a schematic diagram of the tenure of major protagonists in the power struggles that shaped the history of Hellenism in the eastern Mediterranean basin during the last 3 centuries BCE.
It begins with the election of Philip II as leader (hegemon) of the league of Greek city states and ends with the death of Cleopatra VII in Egypt.
Hellenistic World After the Breakup of Alexander's Empire 310 BCE - map posted for Barry D. Smith's course on The Intertestamental Period (Atlantic Baptist U).
virtualreligion.net /iho/macedon.html   (559 words)

 Greek Sculpture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The "bronze hollow cast" figure begins as clay, a soft easily worked material that allows for extremely fine details; it is these fine details that the Greek artists sought to enhance the realism of the figure.
The statue is marble, from c.150 bce and is 6'7" in height.
"Athena and Alcyoneus" frieze from the Altar of Zeus at Pergamum, c.180 bce.
www.accd.edu /sac/vat/arthistory/arts1303/Greek3.htm   (574 words)

 Ken's POTW 981201
As ABC is isosceles with AB = AC, angle DBC = (180 - 20)/2 = 80° Let F on AC such as angle CBF = 20°.BCF is isosceles as ABC with BF = BC = a.
As angle BDC = 180 - angle DBC - angle BCD = 180 - 80 - 50 = 50°,then BCD is isosceles with BD = BC = a.
As angle DBF = 80 - angle CBF = 80 - 20 = 60°,DBF is equilateral ==> DF = a Moreover angle EBF = angle CBE - angle CBF = 60 - 20 = 40° and angle BEF = 180° - angle CBE - angle BCE = 180 - 60 - 80 = 40°.
ken.duisenberg.com /potw/archive/arch98/981201sol.html   (896 words)

 Ancient Greece: a peek
The Greeks formed from the Mycenaeans who came to Greece about 2000 BCE and from other tribes who entered from the north around 1100 BCE.
1100 BCE, it is around 800 BCE that certain dates become important in what we know today as Ancient Greece, for example 776 BCE marks the founding of the Olympic Games andthe first Greek art style.
Ictinus and Callicrates, The Parthenon, 448-432 BCE, Acropolis, Athens
www.arts.arizona.edu /are130/files/greece.htm   (1305 words)

ADELFWN, conjoined busts of Ptolemy II and Arsinöe II right; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Arsinöe is diademed and veiled; Gallic shield behind their heads / QEWN, conjoined busts of Ptolemy I and Berenike I; Ptolemy is diademed and draped, Berenike is diademed and veiled.
Ptolemy VII, Neos Philopater, 145 to 144 BCE
After battle of Actium in 31 BCE and the death of Cleopatra 30 BCE.
members.bellatlantic.net /~vze3xycv/RulersCoins/ptolemyPic.htm   (1123 words)

 Re: orion-list 1QM Col. ix.3-5; War Scroll string
I wrote: > > Finally, historical allusions indicate that 1QM 2-9 was written in > > winter 163 BCE, and the final redaction of the War Scroll in > > summer 163 BCE, before the battle with Lysias in late summer / early fall.
The initial battle between the sons of light and the "army of Belial" => the clash of Maccabean forces with the Seleucid army under Lysias in late 164 BCE (1 Macc.
The battle against the "troops of the Kittim of Ashur, these being in league with the violators of the covenant" => the seige of the Seleucid and Jewish renegade forces in the Acra in summer 163 BCE (1 Macc.
orion.mscc.huji.ac.il /orion/archives/1999b/msg00287.html   (630 words)

 AP Art History
By the sixth century BCE, a group of people known as the Etruscans controlled a large and powerful empire near the coast of Italy, around what is now Rome.
The Etruscans successfully ruled until they were overthrown by the Romans in 281 BCE.
Republican sculpture was characterized by a rise in the number of official and private images.
mywebpages.comcast.net /llefler/ch6ah.htm   (762 words)

 Buddhist History: Buddhism in the Hellenistic World - ReligionFacts
The interaction of Greek and Buddhist cultures operated over several centuries until it ended in the 5th century CE with the invasions of the White Huns, and later the expansion of Islam.
From around 100 BCE, "star within a diadem" symbols, also alternatively described as "eight-spoked wheels" and possibly infuenced by the design of the Buddhist Dharma wheel, appear on the coinage of the Hebrew King Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE).
The Greco-Bactrian king Demetrius I invaded India in 180 BCE as far as Pataliputra, establishing an Indo-Greek kingdom that was to last in various part of northern India until the end of the 1st century BCE.
www.religionfacts.com /buddhism/history/hellenistic.htm   (935 words)

 Deuterocanonical Literature
The word deuterocanonical means "second canon," and the books labeled as such were originally widely accepted by Christians.
Nearly all of the books were written by Hellenistic Jews during the so-called "intertestamental period" (roughly 330 BCE to 40 CE).
Nearly all of the books exist only in Greek, although some have been found in Hebrew and others were probably written in Hebrew before being copied into Greek.
www.friktech.com /rel/canon/deut.htm   (604 words)

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