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Topic: 1848

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  1998 SGAS Symposium: The German 1848 Revolution
Offenburg und die badische Revolution (1847 - 1848): ein fachübergreifendes Klassenprojekt.
Encylopedia of Revolutions of 1848: numerous biographies, discussion of events, essays.
Various 1848 links to SW Germany, Switzerland, museums, events and resources.
www.serve.com /shea/germusa/1848.htm   (520 words)

  1848 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar.
The Revolutions of 1848, a series of widespread but mostly failed struggles for more liberal governments, from Brazil to Hungary.
September 12 - One of the few successes of the Revolutions of 1848, the Swiss Federal Constitution, patterned on the US Constitution, enters into force, creating a federal republic and one of the first modern democratic states in Europe.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1848   (1411 words)

 1848 Timeline
March, 1848: 600 delegates meet in Frankfurt in a preparliamentary assembly and called for a universal manhood suffrage electio to form a national assembly to govern a unified Germany.
June 24-26, 1848: after the government dissolved the national workshops, the lower class revolted and were crushed by republican troops.
November, 1848: Appointed Prime Minister of the Papal States Pelligrino Rossi is assassinated and the pope flees to Genoa.
www.pvhs.chico.k12.ca.us /~bsilva/projects/revs/1848time.html   (759 words)

 The Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states   (Site not responding. Last check: )
By March 1848 (when the last and most important of these constitutions - the Statuto Albertino - was promulgated in Piedmont) all the italian states (with the exception of the Austrian-ruled Lombardo-Veneto) had formally become parliamentary monarchies.
Citizens in Milan planned to quit using tobacco or play lottery as of January 1 1848, both of which fed the Austrian treasury, and Austrian soldiers, angry at the success, soon shot and killed 61 Italians.
Even if the war between Austria and Piedmont stopped in August, the situation was still uncertain: Venice was holding ground against Austria, Sicily was fighting against king Ferdinand II of the two Sicilies and there were new insurrections in cities such as Bologna.
www.casimiro.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/t/th/the_revolutions_of_1848_in_the_italian_states.html   (1500 words)

 Revolutions of 1848 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It has been suggested that Conclusions of the Revolutions of 1848 be merged into this article or section.
The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, were a series of revolutions which erupted in Sicily and then, further triggered by the Revolution of 1848 in France, soon spread to the rest of Europe.
In the United Kingdom, the middle classes had been pacified by general enfranchisement in the Reform Act of 1832, with the consequent agitations, violence, and petitions of the Chartist movement that came to a head with the petition to Parliament of 1848.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Revolution_of_1848   (578 words)

 The Revolution of 1848   (Site not responding. Last check: )
France's population increased from 27,000,000 in 1801 to 35,000,000 in 1846; Germany's, from 24,800,000 in 1816 to 34,400,000 in 1848.
The greatest achievement of the Revolution of 1848 was to have emancipated the slaves and to have replaced mercantilist colonialism with a policy of assimilation.
Faidherbe's Senegal was an achievement of the Revolution of 1848, and the ideal of the revolution was perpetuated there under the Empire, as it was in the Antilles and in Reunion.
mars.wnec.edu /~grempel/courses/wc2/lectures/rev1848.html   (2169 words)

 Search Results for "1848"
The year 1848 was like enough to the year 1776 to make a fair parallel.
Both were born in 1767, and both died in 1848.
Between 1848 and 1852, revolutions rocked most of western and central Europe with exceptions such as the Netherlands,...
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=1848   (251 words)

Revolts broke out in 1848 in almost all of the nations of Europe; by that springtime of that year there was a great deal of hope in the air.
The revolts of 1848 were not triggered by one group or incident, but arose out of similarly bad conditions in all the European countries: severe food shortage, a commercial and industrial recession, and widespread unemployment.
More importantly, after 1848, the middle classes largely ceased to be revolutionary, as they became increasingly concerned about the protection of their property against radical social and political movements.
www.loyno.edu /~seduffy/1848.html   (2049 words)

 United States presidential election, 1848 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
With the exception of South Carolina, which left the selection of electors to its legislature, the election of 1848 marked the first time in which every state in the union voted for President and Vice President on the same day: November 7, 1848.
A third party, the Free Soil Party, was organized for the 1848 election to oppose further expansion of slavery into the western territories, and hopefully to obtain the abolition of slavery itself.
Led by Salmon P. Chase and John P. Hale, former President Martin Van Buren defeated John Parker Hale by a 154-129 delegate count to capture their nomination, while Charles Francis Adams was chosen as the Vice Presidential nominee.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/U.S._presidential_election,_1848   (608 words)

 Nationalism in Hungary, 1848-1867
In Western Europe, "1848" revolved around issues like national unification, civil liberties and economic privilege but as the revolutionary impulse spread to the East, issues of nationalism, nationality and ethnicity came to the fore.
1848 marked a key moment for Slavic nationalism when Bohemian Czechs decided not to attend the German National Assembly at Frankfurt: it had never occured to the Germans that any Bohemian would not wish to become German, instead of seeking to promote a Slavic identity.
These included the peasants, who emerged from 1848 grateful for their land; the "nouveau riche" made up of beneficiaries of the tariff reform, both enterprising aristocrats and urban capitalists; and harmless national minorities like the Polish nobility of Galicia, who preferred Austrian rule to that of Russia.
www.lib.msu.edu /sowards/balkan/lect07.htm   (4360 words)

 Europe (1848-1871)
The revolutions of 1848 were a "turning point in modern history that modern history failed to turn." Every one was an utter failure; though minor reforms emerged in the Germany provinces and in Prussia, the conservative regimes that canvassed Europe remained in power.
The year 1848 marked the end of the so-called "concert of Europe" that had been defined after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 as a way to maintain the European balance of power by having the continent's major powers meet to resolve their differences and prevent aggression.
After 1848, the European powers seemed incapable of united action to maintain the status quo, probably because the revolutions of 1848 weakened the regimes in the eyes of their people.
www.uncg.edu /gar/courses/lixl/380BLS/380Unit2/Lesson2Restoration_files/Europe1848.htm   (981 words)

 Internet Modern History Sourcebook: 1848
Documents of the Revolution of 1848 in France, 1848 [At Hanover]
Alphonse de Lamartine (1790-1869): History of the Revolution of 1848 in France [At this Site]
The March Days of 1848: Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia and his 'Dear Berliners' [At Netgsi]
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/modsbook19.html   (200 words)

 1848 - Free Software Downloads and Software Reviews - Download.com
1848 is a turn based computer strategy game, set during the violent era of the Hungarian Independence War of 1848-49.
While Austria was occupied in dealing with the independence movements in Italy, Hungary used the time to train and deploy a competent army..
The newly created Honved Army suffered some set-backs in 1848, but in the 1849 spring counter-attack, the whole country was liberated.
www.download.com /1848/3000-7491_4-10539277.html   (382 words)

 German Confederation 1815-1866 (Germany)
On March 7, 1848, the diet of the German Bund (league) adopted the fl-red-gold tricolour as its flag; from its formation in 1815, the Bund —the confederation of the 39 German states— had not had a flag.
By the law of 13 November 1848, the fl-red-gold was adopted as the ensign (Smith 1975, p.119).
It was also accepted as the common flag of the alliance of South German states led by Austria during the War of 1866 and was used as armband by the 8th German Army Corps during that unsuccessful war.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/de1848.html   (1349 words)

 1848 articles on Encyclopedia.com
He served in the revolutionary provisional government of 1848 and in the executive committee that replaced it (Apr., 1848).
February Revolution FEBRUARY REVOLUTION [February Revolution] 1848, French revolution that overthrew the monarchy of Louis Philippe and established the Second Republic.
The working classes had played an important role in the February Revolution of 1848, but their hopes for economic and social reform were disappointed.
www.encyclopedia.com /searchpool.asp?target=1848   (512 words)

 revolutions of 1848 on Encyclopedia.com
The stage was set when the unrest caused by the economic effects of severe crop failures in 1846-47 merged with the discontent caused by political repression of liberal and nationalist aspirations.
In the German states, popular demonstrations and uprisings (Feb.-Mar., 1848) led to the dismissal of unpopular ministers and the calling of a national parliament (see Frankfurt Parliament) to draft a constitution for a united Germany.
The revolutions of 1848 failed notably because three kinds of demands—social and economic, liberal, and national—were not easily reconciled.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/r1/revol1848.asp   (1176 words)

 1848 - Wikipedia
1848: te tau kotahi mano, e waru rau e whā tekau e waru, he leap year; te rā huringa i te Rāhoroi/Hātarei (Saturday), ki te Maramataka-a-Kerekori
Tenemaka - Christian VIII, Kingi o Tenemaka (13 Tihema 1839--20 Hanuere, 1848)
Wiwi - Louis-Phillippe, Kingi o Wiwi (1 Akuhata 1830--24 Pepuere 1848)
mi.wikipedia.org /wiki/1848   (401 words)

 Amazon.com: The 1848 Revolutions (2nd Edition) (Seminar Studies in History Series): Books: Peter Jones   (Site not responding. Last check: )
This book is a very comprehensive study of the revolutions of 1848, and the author effectively presents and analyzes information derived from primary sources and statistics from the time period in question.
As such, The 1848 Revolutions is an excellent reference book for the individuals, events, and causes of the Europe-wide revolutions of 1848, though insignificant flaws do exist in the writing.
Peter Jones's The 1848 Revolutions presents an informative survey of the revolutions that took place all over Europe, specifically in France, the German states, the Italian peninsula, and the Habsburg lands, in the year 1848.
www.amazon.com /1848-Revolutions-Seminar-Studies-History/dp/0582061067   (1434 words)

 Germany Info: Culture & Life: History: Features: German Revolution of 1848/49
Long before the post-World War II division of Europe and long before "silent revolutions" in Eastern Europe ended that division, there was another time when Germans took to the streets to demand freedom and unity and for a few months seemed to achieve their goal.
Finally, an uprising in Paris in February 1848 sparked similar armed uprisings in Vienna and Berlin; these two cities, as well as Baden and the southwest of Germany, were to form the centers of the revolution.
The summer months of 1848 were spent in debates over the formulation of "Basic Rights for the German People" and they were promulgated in December 1848.
www.germany.info /relaunch/culture/history/1848.html   (1678 words)

 Czech Republic - Revolutions of 1848   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In June 1848 the Czechs convened the first Slavic Congress to discuss the possibility of political consolidation of Austrian Slavs, including Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Ruthenians (Ukrainians), Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs.
In the Kingdom of Hungary, the 1848 revolution temporarily toppled Hapsburg absolutism, and there was an attempt at establishing a liberal constitutional government.
The revolutions of 1848 also revealed that the German and Hungarian liberals, who were opposed to Hapsburg absolutism, were equally hostile to Czech and Slovak aspirations.
countrystudies.us /czech-republic/14.htm   (519 words)

 Periodicals and Pamphlets of the French Revolution of 1848
With the declaration of the provisional government on February 24, the previous restrictions on the press were lifted and a great number of printed materials emerged to educate the new public created by the declaration of universal suffrage.
Similarly, being on the ARTFL database, the collection of periodicals from 1848 is surrounded by resources which are invaluable to inquiries into in the revolutionary history of France and French studies in general.
The 1848 collection is comprised of over 100 pamphlets and periodicals from 1848 to 1851.
humanities.uchicago.edu /orgs/ARTFL/projects/CRL   (471 words)

 Revolutions of 1848   (Site not responding. Last check: )
From 1848 to 1852, Europe was convulsed by a series of Revolutions which all ultimately failed by 1852 with the restoration of either dictatorship or the reestablishment of conservative rule.
The revolutions started in a part of Italy in 1848, but the real spark was in France in 1848.
This increased nationalism in March of 1848 led to riots and the ousting of Prince Klemens von Metternich and Ferdinand I, the Hapsburg Emperor.
www.pvhs.chico.k12.ca.us /~bsilva/projects/revs/1848essy.html   (332 words)

 Revolutions of 1848
The Revolutions of 1848 are a part of the ongoing liberal revolution of
The revolutions of 1848 did, however, sweep across Europe from Paris in the west to cities throughout Germany and Italy, to Berlin in Prussia, and to Vienna and Prague and Budapest in the Austrian Empire.
When the National Workshops were abolished in July, 1848, a National Guard, formed by middle class leaders, fought workers in the streets for several bloody days.
www2.sunysuffolk.edu /westn/revolution1848.html   (845 words)

 Provisional Government of the Second French Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Meanwhile, the provisional government also officially adopted the hallowed principles of liberty, equality and fraternity, abolished titles of nobility, opened the national guard to all adult males, and, to assuage fears that a new Terror would accompany the new republic, proclaimed the end of the death penalty for political offenses.
The elections of April 23 took place in a mood of calm enthusiasm, with little overt opposition to the new republican regime, and there was a massive turn-out, 84 percent of the eligible voters.
Most of the successful deputies had campaigned as republicans, but only 285 of the 851 deputies had been republicans before 1848, and of these most were moderates, the radicals and socialists from but a small minority of 55.
www.ohiou.edu /~Chastain/dh/frprogov.htm   (1221 words)

 Al Beagan's "Genealogy Notes" of Prince Edward Island 1848-1865
July 22, 1848 Convictions; Thomas Carroll of Charlottetown was fined for four loaves of bread being underweight.
July 25, 1848 Francis Hand was convicted and fined in the sum of 20 shillings with costs for a trepass commited on the property of Daniel Hughes both of Monaghan Settlement, and in default of payment to be imprisoned one calander month.
Oct.10, 1848 Owen Begon is among those listed as having paid licence duty between the 4th day of Oct. 1847 and the 24th day of Oct. 1848 in Charlottetown.
users.adelphia.net /~abeagan/pei1848-65.htm   (15916 words)

The May 15, 1848 invasion of the National Assembly.
When a rifle was discharged, the soldiers opened fire, killing about 50 unarmed protesters and beginning the Revolution of 1848.
With the failure of the government to support their needs, the working class prepared for the final insurrection of the Revolution of 1848.
www.mtholyoke.edu /courses/rschwart/hist255/la/1848.html   (1052 words)

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