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Topic: 1849 in science

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  Science Quotes - The Quotations Page
Science is facts; just as houses are made of stones, so is science made of facts; but a pile of stones is not a house and a collection of facts is not necessarily science.
In science one tries to tell people, in such a way as to be understood by everyone, something that no one ever knew before.
In science, 'fact' can only mean 'confirmed to such a degree that it would be perverse to withhold provisional assent.' I suppose that apples might start to rise tomorrow, but the possibility does not merit equal time in physics classrooms.
www.quotationspage.com /subjects/science   (773 words)

  HOWARD SCHWEBER | The "Science" of Legal Science: The Model of the Natural Sciences in Nineteenth-Century American ...
To see how the idea of law as a natural science arose, and to understand the influence that the appropriation of models from the natural sciences continues to exert to this day, it is important to first recognize the parallels in the growth of institutions of American legal and scientific education in the antebellum period.
As we have seen, however, the natural sciences from which legal writers drew their inspiration were suffused with the language of biblicism, and even writers who did not acknowledge or understand the debt that their concept of "science" owed to Protestant doctrine clung tenaciously to the methodological tenets of that theology.
In legal science the ideal of the grand synthesis meant that analogies could be drawn from one area of law to another—from the duties of bailees to the rules governing liability to invited guests, or from contracts to torts—as well as from other areas of human history to the law generally.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/lhr/17.3/schweber.html   (11240 words)

Indeed, one man of science estimated that ‘thousands’ were duped into believing their ‘gross false statements.’ This paper proposes to investigate the reactions of amateurs and professionals to the flat-earth campaign in the period 1850-1880.
Nearly all the major figures in the history of science at this period were men of science, and it is true to say that their primary aims in writing history were the promotion of science and the dissemination of scientific knowledge.
Visual images were crucial to these female popularizers of science, struggling to define their role in a scientific community dominated by male professional scientists who frowned upon the participation of women in science.
www.unh.edu /history/golinski/Halifax3.htm   (13584 words)

 Science Quotes
Science is simply common sense at its best that is, rigidly accurate in observation, and merciless to fallacy in logic.
Science is nothing but trained and organized common sense differing from the latter only as a veteran may differ from a raw recruit: and its methods differ from those of common sense only as far as the guardsman's cut and thrust differ from the manner in which a savage wields his club.
Poetry is opposed to science, and prose to meter.
www.lhup.edu /~dsimanek/sciquote.htm   (5075 words)

 Dismal Science - Biocrawler definition:Dismal Science - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The dismal science is another, often derogatory, name for economics devised by the Victorian historian Thomas Carlyle.
It is often stated that Carlyle gave economics the nickname 'dismal science' as a response to the writings of Robert Malthus, who grimly predicted that starvation would result as projected population growth exceeded the rate of increase in the food supply.
However the full phase "dismal science" first occurs in Carlyle's 1849 tract entitled Occasional Discourse on the Nigger Question, in which he was arguing for the reintroduction of slavery as a means to regulate the labor market in the West Indies.
www.biocrawler.com /biowiki/Dismal_science   (354 words)

 Thomas Carlyle attacking the 'political economists'
Generations of students and the reading public have been taught that it was Thomas Carlyle who gave economics (political economy as it was then known) the name "the dismal science" and that he did so as a reaction to the pessimistic predictions of Malthus in relation to population growth and its consequences.
Although he does not use the word "dismal" or the phrase "dismal science", Carlyle writes that: "Nowhere, in that quarter of his intellectual world, is there light; nothing but a grim shadow of hunger" (p 181).
He also uses the term "dismal science" in a derogatory way a number of times later in the work, where it is lumped together with other unwelcome (to Carlyle) features of the political scene as "ballot boxes", "universal suffrage" and "Exeter-Hall Philanthropy".
www.economics.unimelb.edu.au /TLdevelopment/econochat/Dixonecon00.html   (1450 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
From the beginning of modern social science, there have been strong and effective voices against positivism—that is, the thorough application of the scientific method in the study of human thought and human behavior.
This split in the social sciences reflects the venerable distinction between the humanities and the sciences—a distinction that C.P. Snow famously called the two-cultures of the academy.
In the social sciences, we are particularly interested in people’s behavior, thoughts, and emotions and the environmental conditions in which people behave, think, and feel.
nersp.nerdc.ufl.edu /~ufruss/documents/IFSE-12.presentation.doc   (1907 words)

 HOS: 1. What is Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Neither will science be understood to be abstract theories such as found in astrophysics or elementary particle physics that are practically beyond understanding by anyone outside the few specialists working at the frontiers of these specializations.
Then can science be defined by looking at the range of activities "scientists do." Many of us would be hard-pressed to say much more about the nature of science than that science is whatever it is scientists do for a living.
A descriptive definition was said to be that science is what is "accepted by the scientific community" and is "what scientists do." The obvious implication of this description is that, in a free society, knowledge does not require the imprimatur of legislation in order to become science.
www.rit.edu /~flwstv/hoswhatsci.html   (8638 words)

 Science -- Bates and Elman 274 (5294): 1849
Science -- Bates and Elman 274 (5294): 1849
[HN3] are in the Departments of Cognitive Science and Psychology, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA.
The emergence of language in the hominid line must have involved a certain amount of tinkering with the primate brain, leading ultimately to a brain that was capable of learning language.
crl.ucsd.edu /%7Eelman/Papers/learning_rediscovered.htm   (1229 words)

 Historical Notes: History [of elementary particles]
Yet at the time, the idea of fields was popular, and it was believed that the universe must be filled with a continuous fluid-like ether responsible at least for light and other electromagnetic phenomena.
So for example following ideas of William Rankine from 1849 William Thomson (Kelvin) in 1867 suggested that perhaps atoms might be like knotted stable vortex rings in the ether - with different knots corresponding to different chemical elements.
And in the late 1990s there were indications that such phenomena could occur in generalized string theories - leading to suggestions of at least an abstract correspondence between for example particles like electrons and gravitational configurations like fl holes.
www.wolframscience.com /reference/notes/1043e   (968 words)

 Thoreau and Science
But even as he tracks science beck to the scientists, and recalls his earlier, Baconian belief that the "poet uses the results of science and philosophy, and generalizes their widest deductions," he goes on now to formulate his clearest understanding of the importance of method.
Whitehead observes, in Science and the Modern World, that idealism "has conspicuously failed to connect, in any organic fashion, the fact of nature with their idealist philosophies." This conflict was particularly severe for Thoreau during 1852 and 1853.
His attitude toward science is now quite complex, indeed two-sided, because he is, from this time in his life onward, both a person interested in science and scientific methods, interested in knowing nature, and a writer or artist whose main aim is to express, describe or tell nature.
www.wesleyan.edu /synthesis/Synthesis/Thoreau.html   (5401 words)

 How the Dismal Science Got Its Name: Classical Economics and the Ur-Text of Racial Politics
David M. Levy, Associate Professor of Economics at George Mason University and Research Associate of the Center for the Study of Public Choice, has written numerous articles and books on the history of economic thought, works that are most imaginative in their arguments.
How the Dismal Science Got Its Name is a collection of twelve related essays, six previously published, concerned primarily with several leading mid-nineteenth century English critics of capitalism, contrasting their ideology with that of some of the major classical economists.
The major villain for Levy is Thomas Carlyle, who originated the title of "Dismal Science" for economics, as well as providing other criticisms of the economic beliefs of that time.
www.eh.net /bookreviews/library/0427.shtml   (849 words)

 Open Directory - Society: History: By Topic: Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Science and Engineering Indicators - Report by the National Science Board and National Science Foundation on US science and technology, including education and RandD, from World War II to the end of the 20th century.
Science and You - Several articles, mostly on history and philosophy of science, aimed at a lay audience.
Science Timeline - A chronology from the 7th millenium BC to the present day, with brief explanations of events in the history of western natural philosophy and sciences.
dmoz.org /Society/History/By_Topic/Science   (1710 words)

 EMU: Department of Computer Science
Our department is located in the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and strives to provide students a broad education centered on computer science and delivered in the context of the liberal arts.
All facilities of our department are housed in Pray- Harrold with offices and labs on the fifth floor and classrooms on the third floor.
Dr. Paul Ceruzzi of the Smithsonian recently presented a talk at the EMU Computer Science speaker series, "From the ARPANET to the Internet: how a military project became a world-wide cultural phenomenon, 1970-1995".
www.emich.edu /compsci   (124 words)

 1764 in science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1764 in science and technology included many events, some of which are listed here.
See also: 1763 in science, other events of 1764, 1765 in science and the list of years in science.
November 10 - Andrés del Rio, Spanish chemist (died 1849)
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/1764_in_science   (105 words)

 SEASIDE MUSIC THEATER - PROFESSIONAL THEATER (Around the World in 80 Days Study Guide)
Though it is extremely difficult to pinpoint what exactly literary "science fiction" is, simplistically the genre is best described as novels using science to further the action.
Verne was extremely careful to make sure that whether his story was about a trip to the moon or under the ocean, about a floating island that traveled around the world, or a machine that flew, that each detail was defined scientifically.
His brother Paul, who was very astute at science, read Verne's proofs before they were sent to the publisher and he checked for any problems or impossibilities, giving Jules ideas about how he could more accurately describe the stories technological aspects.
www.seasidemusictheater.org /guides/80daysfiction.htm   (315 words)

 The Halls of Academia
Science NetLinks: From the American Association for the Advancement of Science, this site offers teachers a comprehensive guide to science, technology and mathematics web sites and a library of internet-based learning activities.
Ontario Science Center: This site informs and challenges visitors through engaging and thought-provoking experiences in science and technology.
The Whole Frog Project: This project is intended to introduce the concepts of modern, computer based 3D visualization, and at the same time to demonstrate the power of whole body, 3D imaging of anatomy as a curriculum tool.
www.tenet.edu /halls/science.html   (2997 words)

 Special Report: Training The Next Generation Of Conservation Scientists, Issued By The Canon National Parks Science ...
Sixty-six percent of the students are women, clearly indicating that women increasingly are attracted to and are successful in science and math disciplines and professions.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is the world’s largest general scientific society, and publisher of the journal, Science (http://www.sciencemag.org).
Science has the largest paid circulation of any peer-reviewed general science journal in the world, with an estimated total readership of one million.
www.csrwire.com /article.cgi/4230.html   (794 words)

 Chapter 4: The Influence of Art and Design on Computer Science Research and Development | Beyond Productivity: ...
For computer science work, the advantages of being open to the perspectives of the arts and design disciplines are potentially large.
Computer science already has a productive tradition of drawing on other disciplines, from mathematics to physics to cognitive psychology, to advance its own work by exploring new problems and thinking about new potential solutions to those problems.
From the perspective of computer science, this implies a move to more qualitative, rather than quantitative, research methods; a greater incorporation of political, social, and ethical considerations into computer science research; and more focus on intuition and aesthetics.
books.nap.edu /html/beyond_productivity/ch4.html   (7413 words)

 Shopping and More - Earth Science Top Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Earth Science - Earth science materials for teachers, students and collectors.
Rocks of Ages - Bookseller specializing in used, rare, and out-of-print books on earth science as well as mining artifacts and jewelry.
They were seated at their desks with their heads in a nodding position.
shoppingtarget.com /Recreation_Science_and_Nature_Earth_Science.html   (1922 words)

 Landmarks of Science - Scientific Journals
The philosophical History and memories of the royal Academy of Sciences at Paris: or, an Abridgment of all the Papers Being Related to Natural Philosophy, Whitch have been Published By the Members of that Illustrious Society from the Year 1699 to 1720.
Volume 1-4 (1849-1852) ARCANA OF SCIENCE AND ART; or, An annual register of useful inventios and improvements, discoveries and new facts, in mechanics, chemistry, and natural history, and social economy; abridged from the translation of public societies, and from the scientific journals, British and foreign...London.
Proceedings of the committee of Science and Correspondence.
www.library.pitt.edu /libraries/microforms/landmarks.html   (2767 words)

 Science in the 19th Century Periodical   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Reports that the Hungarian military leader Arthur Görgei, has contributed a paper to the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, on 'Cocoa Nut Oil' and 'in his late transactions with Russia learned something of the properties of Palm Oil', an allusion to Görgei's recent heavy defeat by Russian soldiers.
A version of this paper appeared as Görgei 1849.
Science in the Nineteenth-Century Periodical: An Electronic Index
www.sciper.org /print/PU1-17-13-1.html   (78 words)

 American Society for Cell Biology
By generating embryonic stem cells with defined mutations, scientists gain a new approach to understanding how inherited predispositions lead to serious disease.
Current science also demonstrates that research on all types of stem cells is critical for rapid progress.
Despite ill-informed oppos ition, there is no credible scientific basis for the claim that research on human adult stem cells can replace research on human embryonic stem cells, or vice versa.
www.ascb.org /index.cfm?navid=121&id=1849&tcode=nws3   (447 words)

 CalendarHome.com - 1849 - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Canada - Rail transport - Science - South Africa - Sport
1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar).
January 1 - France issues Ceres, french's first postage stamp.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /1849.htm   (919 words)

 ULTIMATE SCIENCE FICTION POETRY GUIDE: Fantasy Poetry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Fantasy Poetry, as we said in the introductory paragraphs, is an anti-modern or para-modern genre that turns away from natural philosophy (science) to exploit the realm of the supernatural and "the far away and the long ago" charted by the Romantics Keats and Coleridge, and/or the visionary symbolic prophetic poetry of Blake, Wordsworth, and Shelley.
Fantasy Poetry draws from systematic myth, folklore (oral supernatural tradition not part of systematic myth), and the dream vision (descended from the 13th Century French Roman de la Rose, Dante's Divine Comedy, or Langland's Piers Plowman via Keats' The Fall of Hyperion or Lewis Carroll).
Clark Ashton Smith (1893-1961) [arguably the greatest science fiction and fantasy poet as such of the 20th century]
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/sfpo-3pt0.html   (1147 words)

 Science Musings by Chet Raymo
Again, time is running out in the hour glass on the wall, but the little putto is fast asleep (haloed by a measuring scale), the angel's face is in shadow, and nothing -- not the tools, not the full purse, not the fleeting light of rainbow or comet -- promises mitigation of personal mortality.
Let us trust the gifts that nature has given us -- curiosity, art, science, reason -- and if our personal lives are destined for oblivion, then know that we have made of ordinary things something grander and more enduring.
The definitive study of Durer is Erwin Panofsky's The Life and Art of Albrecht Durer, published by Princeton University Press in 1943, and amazingly still in print as a Princeton paperback.
www.sciencemusings.com   (955 words)

 Links SQL: Physical Science/Astronomy/4. The Solar System/(a) The Sun
Home : Physical Science : Astronomy : 4.
Daily observations were started at the Zurich Observatory in 1749 and with the addition of other observatories continuous observations were obtained starting in 1849.
Any use is subject to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.
www.mhhe.com /links/1258/1226/1384/1401   (847 words)

 The Dismal Science Project
It is widely accepted that the boundary of economic science was narrowed throughout the nineteenth century (Winch 1972).
This narrowing occurred with the removal of sympathy and rise in materialism from 1830 to 1870, as well as the removal of institutional concerns from economic analysis, and the presumption of reversibility that underscores early neoclassical analysis by Fleeming Jenkin.
As the cofoundation of the “science” of eugenics, Galton’s assent to a hierarchical view of the human is well-known.
www.edwardmcphail.com /dismal_science/ruskin_index.html   (5150 words)

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