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Topic: 1860 in science

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As the data summarized in Models of Earth's temperature since 1860 suggests, it looks increasingly like the answer is “yes.” But the connection between the past 140 years' warming and the coincident rise in CO is not so straightforward.
Models of Earth's temperature since 1860 shows the model-generated projections with and without several of these elements, and suggests, as noted, that the best results are obtained from a combination of natural and anthropogenic forcings.
This careful and thorough peer-reviewed science is in stark contrast to the shrill claims that humans have not caused the recent warming; claims that can be found in many opinion pieces written by non-climatologists (see, e.g., Robinson and Robinson in a 1997 Wall Street Journal editorial; also see “Mediarology”and "Contrarians").
stephenschneider.stanford.edu /Climate/Climate_Science/Science.html   (4476 words)

Proponents of this view argue that science must be politically responsible, directed towards socially acceptable goals, and assessed according to its long-range consequences.
The author states: "If we criticize reductionist science for having contributed to the technical and military power of the Nazis, we have to acknowledge that 'politically responsible' biologists provided for their ideological and political power." 3) The author suggests there is a scientific level outside politics, ethics, and applications.
In general, the biology is written for physicists and chemists, and the physics and chemistry are written for biologists, with an attempt to retain some exactitude in the particular science involved in the news.
scienceweek.com /2000/sw000721.htm   (8939 words)

 Science - Wikiquote
"...one of the strongest motives that lead men to art and science is escape from everyday life with its painful crudity and hopeless dreariness, from the fetters of one's own ever-shifting desires.
Appropriate abstraction is critical to progress in science." - Herman Shugart, in: Smith, Shugart and Woodward, eds, 1997.
"Science seems to me to teach in the highest and strongest manner the great truth which is embodied in the Christian conception of entire surrender to the will of God.
en.wikiquote.org /wiki/Science   (3159 words)

 Scientific Apologetics- The Scientific Case For Creation
Modern science was started by men who believed in the existence of the God of the Bible.
Operation science deals with the repeatable; it is science of the observable present.
Instead, origin science uses the principles of analogy (also called uniformity) and causality to determine whether or not a model is plausible.
www.biblicaldefense.org /Writings/scientific_case_for_creation.htm   (2317 words)

 Theology Today - Vol 36, No. 2 - July 1979 - BOOK REVIEW - Science and Religion in America, 1800-1860
In the course of their effort to make science religious and theology scientific, the orthodox inevitably stumbled into areas of controversy.
For all its concentration upon "theology" and its engagement with science, it does not reflect a technically proficient grasp of historical Protestant theology either before or after 1800.
True science was progressive and value-free It wisely assumed that "scientific language spoke about one world, religious language about another" (p 56), and it moved inexorably toward Darwinism.
theologytoday.ptsem.edu /jul1979/v36-2-bookreview21.htm   (727 words)

 Science and Other Disciplines   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Science is the highest personification of the nation because that nation will remain the first which carries the furthest the works of thought and intelligence.
In science it often happens that scientists say, "You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken," and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again.
Where science has been used in the past to erect a new dogmatism, that dogmatism has found itself incompatible with the progress of science; and in the end, the dogma has yielded, or science and freedom have perished together.
www.chemistrycoach.com /science_and_other_disciplines.htm   (3007 words)

The gain was in the suggestion of a greater social impact for science when viewed in a causative relationship to material advancement, while it was loss that science as knowledge was overshadowed in public perceptions by the more obvious economic and life-changing consequences derivative from technology and invention.
Zoology in particular (and the life sciences more generally) constituted the largest area of interest for antebellum scientists, though this was followed closely by geology, which underscores the perception that American science was oriented to a significant degree toward study of the American environment.
Science and science-related employment accounted for 70% of the occupational total for scientists, and employment in multiple positions characterized two-thirds of the scientific population.
home.earthlink.net /~claelliott/antebellumsciencereview.htm   (12302 words)

 New Page 1
At a time when science was coming of age in the new republic, Baconianism, or the "inductive method," provided a tried and true foundation and framework for the blossoming fields not only of natural science but also of all fields of inquiry where "facts" could be gathered.
The period from 1820 to 1860 in the United States was a time when science was moving out of the hands of aristocratic amateurs into the laboratories and studies of professional "scientific men," or "scientists," terms that were rapidly replacing "natural philosopher" by the late 1840s.
While his religious ideas regarding science came as a later outgrowth of his discoveries and theories concerning healing, the seeds were germinating early on in his work with clocks, in his inventions, and in his apparent obsession with all things scientific.
www.asa3.org /ASA/PSCF/1992/PSCF6-92Hazen.html   (8582 words)

They further suggest their results provide another example in which highly conserved and plainly adaptive behaviors of a circadian system can be understood in terms of the straightforward responses of clock components to factors in the environment of the organism.
The authors suggest their results show that autonomous circadian oscillators are present throughout the body of Drosophila, that individual cells in Drosophila are capable of supporting their own independent clocks, and that the idea of a master oscillator controlling all other oscillators may need to be revised.
In mammals, including humans, the biological clock apparently resides in a group of neuron clusters in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus, a region that responds to many chemical inputs, including the hormone melatonin, an indole derived from the metabolism of serotonin.
scienceweek.com /2002/sw020111.htm   (9537 words)

 Cleveland State University ||Computer and Information Science
The Master in Computer and Information Science (MCIS) is an applied, professional degree program that is specifically designed to combine a thorough education in computer and information science, with applications in the areas of business, engineering, mathematics, or other relevant fields.
The BSCIS program provides the student with a strong foundation in the Computer and Information Science discipline, while the curriculum reflects current computing trends and provides the latest computer technology to enable a Nance CIS graduate to be very competitive in the marketplace.
Because of the broad range of research interests of the faculty, there are numerous opportunities for students to participate in special projects or research in all areas of computer and information science.
grail.cba.csuohio.edu /academics.html   (561 words)

 Science Frontiers Anomalies Search Results
Science Frontiers is the bimonthly newsletter providing digests of reports that describe scientific anomalies; that is, those observations and facts that challenge prevailing scientific paradigms.
Over 14,000 volumes of science journals, including all issues of Nature and Science have been examined for reports on anomalies.
In this context, the newsletter Science Frontiers is the appetizer and the Catalog of Anomalies is the main course.
science-frontiers.com /online/search.cgi?...&zoom_and=1&zoom_sort=0   (168 words)

 Political Science Course Descriptions
A study of the nature of disciplines from which content in the social sciences in drawn for instruction at the secondary level and of the relationship between the nature of these disciplines and the planning of instruction.
Work in residence with the Virginia General Assembly for a complete session, the balance of the semester to be spent in directed study on a topic or topics approved by the department.
Prerequisites: Political Science 150; 216; 341 or 342; and permission of instructor.
www.longwood.edu /history/posccors.htm   (1201 words)

 Science Job - Information
Astronomy in 1691 November in science 1705 Deaths in in and technology in science, 1798 in science and the in.
Awards in 1844, in science 1737 George in science 1757 Publications in in and technology in science, 1797 in science and the in.
Awards in science 1850 November in 1875 Deaths in 1726 Category:1797 in in and technology in science, 1800 in science and the in.
www.freewebs.com /information24/science-job.html   (444 words)

 Science and Film
Your work will be evaluated on how well you demonstrate that you have thoughtfully engaged with the class materials and developed an understanding of the broader themes and/or issues that they raise.
If the artist and scientist are successful, each emerges from the creative act with a form - a work of art or a scientific model or theory - that articulates in appropriate terms its creator's experience.
Conclude by reflecting on the implication of your argument for debates about the meaning of truth in art and in science.
pages.slc.edu /~krader/film/papers.html   (284 words)

 The Chemical History of a Candle by Michael Faraday - 1860 , The Science of Common Things 1859 , The Scientific ...
The Chemical History of a Candle - 1860, Michael Faraday I … bring before you, in the course of these lectures, the Chemical History of a Candle.
Michael Faraday - The Chemical History of a Candle - 1860 The Science of Common Things 1859 From IVISON & PHENNEY New York & The Scientific Explanation of Things 1860 J. LIPPINCOTT & CO Philadelphia.
This is believed the first reprinting since 1859, 1860 and is a poor ebook scan.
www.lulu.com /content/180859   (272 words)

 Village visions: Science and technology in the Bengal countryside, c. 1860--1947 (India, Bangladesh)
Village visions: Science and technology in the Bengal countryside, c.
This dissertation provides a historical dimension to development studies by tracing, for one region, the emergence of official and popular discourses on rural poverty and “backwardness” and the prospect of their amelioration through science, social science and technology.
The experience of famine (and the specter of it elsewhere) spurred increasingly regular interest and intervention in rural conditions by the state and local elites, and discourses on episodic crises gave way to considerations of poverty.
repository.upenn.edu /dissertations/AAI3138064   (313 words)

 Michael Rectenwald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
My dissertation, The Publics of Science: Periodicals and the Making of British Science, 1820-1860, is a rhetorical study of science and literary writing in the Nineteenth Century.
Tracing the work of reviewers, editors and educational reformers across several distinct, yet overlapping public discourses, this study argues that the rise of modern science was the legacy of several ‘common contexts’ of intellectual culture.
My work has included a study of science in George Eliot's Middlemarch, which was presented in Pittsburgh at the annual conference of the Society for Literature and Science in 1997, and won the Neil McIntyre prize for the best scholarly essay by a graduate student in English at Case Western Reserve University.
www.andrew.cmu.edu /user/mdr2   (558 words)

Population of the United States in 1860 compiled from the original returns of the eighth census
Data is contained within the 1860 Census of Manufactures publications.
Agriculture of the United States in 1860; compiled from the original returns of the eighth census, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior by Joseph C. Kennedy, Superintendent of census
www.lib.uchicago.edu /e/su/govdocs/census/1860.html   (916 words)

 NSTA - Science News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Schools must also have students devote two hours a day to lessons on climate, matter, energy forces, and ecosystems, as well as find teachers who want to overcome their fear of teaching chemistry, biology, and physics.
The publication pairs Shakespeare themes such as depression, old age, love, and revenge with 21st-century science and shows the human brain in color images as it works to produce such emotions.
The Public Library of Science project stems from years of friction between scientists and journals such as Science and Nature over who should control access to scientific literature in the electronic age.
www.nsta.org /sciencenews/&category_ID=209   (666 words)

 Dr. Dan Izzo's Storefront - Lulu.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
There are many gruesome tales that one might repeat of the tortures incident to the convict labor system, I saw women slugged, beaten, starved, gagged, and handcuffed to the steel bars of "blind cell" doors.
This is believed the first reprinting since 1859, 1860 and is a poor ebook scan due to age and text of the works.
It aims at presenting in simple language the essentials of a science which has reached a high degree of development and accuracy, but which like every other science, has been evolving and has not reached, nor will ever reach, the end of its evolution.
www.lulu.com /sciencebooks   (2178 words)

 Cleveland State University ||Computer and Information Science Department
The curriculum will prepare students for a career in the exciting field of computer and information science, and will also provide them with a solid foundation for pursuit of graduate studies in computer and information science.
Areas of study in which to concentrate in the program include use of the computer in all branches of engineering, business, sciences, and other areas approved by a student's adviser.
The CIS major is designed for those students who intend to follow applied areas of computer and information science, or who wish to do extra study in a concentration area outside of computer and information science.
grail.cba.csuohio.edu /bscis_ov.htm   (329 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
I argue that during the period that I consider—roughly 1820 to 1860—the landscape of science in culture should be revised to account for multiple, distinct, yet overlapping publics of science.
In the first two chapters, I consider how a scientific culture spread vis-à-vis radical science, gentlemanly education reform, and the new “useful knowledge” industry that they helped to spawn.
In the conclusion, I consider causes for the “disappearance” of such subaltern or alternative science publics as radical science, the Mechanics’ Institutes, and Secularism, from the history and historiography of science, suggesting how cultural studies of discourse can aid in their recuperation and point to possibilities for contemporary interventions in science and technology.
www.cs.cmu.edu /People/mdr2/publications/Abstract_only.doc   (307 words)

 Department of Plant & Soil Science: About the Department
The Department of Plant and Soil Science was formed in 1988 by the merger of the departments of Plant Science (formerly Botany, est.
The Department has approximately 60 postgraduate students currently undertaking research degrees in a wide range of topics, and a substantial proportion of these are from overseas.
The Department is extremely well equipped for both laboratory and field work, being generously provided with large glasshouses and equipped with controlled environment growth chambers, facilities for plant, soil and chemical analysis, a modern biochemistry laboratory, an electron microscope suite, a radio-isotope laboratory and a photophysiology suite.
www.abdn.ac.uk /~wmb005/dept.hti   (565 words)

 Creation Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Many people will say this is not science, it is philosophy.
The answer is that there is no evidence for it, but much against it.” Philip H. Abelson, “Chemical Events on the Primitive Earth,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol.
Science and Scripture; Geology and Genesis, the Preadamite world, and the geophysics of Noah's flood, based on the authority of the KJV Bible.
www.kjbbn.net /creation_science.htm   (1492 words)

 Curriculum Vitae
"Science: The Struggle for Survival, 1880-1894," in Science, 208 (4 July 1980): 33-42.
This essay was based on my plenary History of Science Society Lecture, 1989.
With Donald Opitz, "Reimag(in)ing Women in Science: Crafting Self-Images and Negotiating Gender in Science," in Changing Images of the Sciences, ed.
www1.umn.edu /scitech/cv/articles.html   (862 words)

 What was the Pony Express? SCIENCE , The year 1860 is the United States as the year that saw the birth of the Pony ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
SCIENCE, The year 1860 is the United States as the year that saw the birth of the Pony Express.
The opening up of the West brought the need for faster and faster communications, and the Pony Express riders carried the mail at breakneck speed.
The year 1860 is the United States as the year that saw the birth of the Pony Express.
www.4to40.com /QA/index.asp?counter=104&category=science   (503 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Astronomy: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Russell A. Hulse - Nobel Lecture - The discovery of the binary pulsar.
A Science Odyssey - Physics and Astronomy - PBS articles about 20th century astronomy and physics.
The Star of Bethlehem - An investigation of the science and history which bear on the mysterious star said to have accompanied the advent of Christ.
dmoz.org /Science/Astronomy/History   (891 words)

 Yukichi: Autobiography
Since the second year of Ansei (1855), after the opening of the ports, officers had been studying navigation and the science of steamships under the Dutch residents of Nagasaki.
By now, their skill and practice had made them able to venture; so the council of the Shogun had decided that Japanese officers and crew should take a ship across the Pacific to San Francisco at the occasion of our first envoy's departure to Washington.
It was in January, the first year of Manen (1860), when our ship, the Kanrinmaru, left Yedo from the shores of Shinagawa.
www.stetson.edu /~psteeves/classes/yukichi.html   (2614 words)

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