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Topic: 1865 in science

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  Cheap Thoughts
Science is uniquely distinguished from other human practices: it is the only activity in which the constraints of reality have brought to the quest for deep answers an effective consensus across all the variations that in other respects divide the human species.
Science is built upon facts, as a house is built of stones; but an accumulation of facts is no more a science that a heap of stones is a house.
Science is based on experiment, on a willingness to challenge old dogma, on an openness to see the universe as it really is. Accordingly, science sometimes requires courage at the very least the courage to question the conventional wisdom.
www.angelo.edu /faculty/kboudrea/cheap/cheap2_science2.htm   (1747 words)

 Science Fiction - MSN Encarta
Science and technology began appearing as a subject of fiction in the 19th century.
Wells began to write stories with science themes in 1894, demonstrating more interest in biology and evolution than in other sciences, and more concern about the social consequences of invention than about the accuracy of the invention itself.
Most early science fiction was published in magazines and aimed at a readership of boys and young men.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761563123_2/Science_Fiction.html   (906 words)

 Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
As the head of the natural sciences and also a professor, Himes was able to travel the world sharing his research with others and obtained new scientific theories and advances (source 2).
The demand for science course was so high around the year 1865 that Himes pushed for and was granted the ability to teach elective lab courses at the college (source 2).
Science may not have seemed important to many other people in the past, but thanks to men like Dr. Benjamin Rush, who was willing to take chances; natural sciences had a chance to be taught.
www.dickinson.edu /~flynnt/final.htm   (1893 words)

 The Economic Impact of Biotechnology - Southwest Economy - FRB Dallas
Advances in biotech science have led to an evolution of the industrial structure: from the domination of large-scale firms to the entry of many small, innovative start-ups to alliances between the large and small for a more efficient way of doing business.
One path employed genetic science as a process technology, that is, using the methods of Cohen and Boyer to mass produce proteins as therapeutic agents.
Science of genetics begins: Gregor Mendel studies peas and discovers that genetic traits are passed from parents to offspring in a predictable way.
www.dallasfed.org /research/swe/2002/swe0202b.html   (4187 words)

 The critique of science becomes academic, by Brian Martin
The roles of science in imperialism, exploitation of workers, war, racism and oppression were of central concern.
Many of the radical science activists have been driven by their commitments to a more democratic, egalitarian and peaceful society, and have worked through various social movements, including the labour movement, the environmental movement, the peace movement and the feminist movement.
Science and technology are very much involved in struggles over wealth and its distribution, via technology transfer, the green revolution, ownership of information, workplace technologies, ideologies of the market, and many others (Third World Network, 1988).
www.uow.edu.au /arts/sts/bmartin/pubs/93sthv.html   (4605 words)

 1865 - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
1865 is a common year starting on Sunday.
1862 1863 1864 - 1865 - 1866 1867 1868
You can find it there under the keyword 1865 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1865)The list of previous authors is available here: version history (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1865andaction=history).
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/1865   (1292 words)

 Science & Religion Bookstore
Most often, the dialogue between religion and science is initiated by the discoveries of modern science-big bang cosmology, evolution, or quantum theory, for example.
He approaches the dialogue from a little-explored perspective in which theology shapes the argument and sets the agenda of questions to be considered.
In the final chapter, the author defends the appropriateness of addressing issues of science and religion from the specific standpoint of his Christian belief.
www.scienceandreligionbooks.org /book_details.asp?book_id=1865   (215 words)

 Stehr: The Salt of Social Science
The search for knowledge in both the natural and the social sciences has, invariably been justified in terms of practical reasons which have included prominently the improvement of basic existential conditions of human life and the emancipation of society from the irrational forces of particular forms of social conduct as well as natural forces.
The current and perhaps widespread feeling of a profound malaise affecting social science, and the premature conviction among some that social science has been largely impotent in practice, is not only, but surely also, linked to a specific image of the ways in which social science knowledge becomes a powerful medium in society.
Whatever one may think of Schelsky's notion of a new kind of class struggle, at least he is sensitive to the reciprocal transformation of society and social science while Scott and Shore chose to treat the realm of politics in the context of their analysis as a constant.
www.socresonline.org.uk /1/1/stehr.html   (4859 words)

 Science Timeline
He established that the science of heredity could be concerned with deviations measured in statistical units.
In 1874, William Stanley Jevons, in Principles of Science, demonstrated a symbolic and logical method, intended to supplant Boole and John Venn, that involved permutations of ABC corresponding to the eight compartments of Venn's three-circle diagram.
In 1883, Mach, in Die Mechanik in ihrer Entwicklung, translated as The Science of Mechanics: A Critical and Historical Account of Its Development, attempted to eliminate metaphysics by reducing science to the sum of what appears to the senses, and, in particular, attacked Newton's assumption that absolute rotation is observable.
www.sciencetimeline.net /1866.htm   (4881 words)

 European Political Science -
One issue is the fact that ‘the roots of political science are’ – as Guy Peters (1999: 1) observes – ‘in the study of institutions’.
When a person comes to occupy a chair in political science for the first time in a country, for an interpretive historian of the discipline, the significance of the occasion goes beyond the mere fact of the appointment.
One legacy of Tunaya for political science in Turkey is the legitimation of the discipline itself.
www.essex.ac.uk /ecpr/publications/eps/onlineissues/spring2004/profession/erozan.htm   (4770 words)

 Chips SOD 1865
1865 Gregor Mendel, a curious Austrian monk, publishes a study showing how living things-he was working with pea plants at the time-inherit physical characteristics from their parents and pass them along to their offspring.
Cross short plants with short plants, for example, and the resulting crop will be (you guessed it) short.
Incidentally, scientists believe that Brother Gregor-though he really did unravel the laws of inheritance-may have fudged his data a bit to make the pattern he found "cleaner." In real life, data never come out that good.
science.education.nih.gov /newsnapshots/TOC_Chips/Chips_SOD/Chips_SOD_1865/chips_sod_1865.html   (125 words)

 Science Links
Established in 1865, this British group is devoted to amateur microscopy.
It is published by the American Institute of Biological Sciences and is suitable for general readers.
Science and nature magazine with an emphasis on the northeastern United States.
www.thesciencepage.net /GeneralScience/Pages/General/links.aspx   (1370 words)

 Biblio: Plate Tectonics
Asimow, Earth science: A slice of history [re: slice of a midocean ridge], Nature, 423, 491, 2003.
Brodholt, Earth Science: Core values [re: estimates of the age of solidification of the inner core], Nature, 418, 489, 2002.
Peacock, Are the lower planes of double seismic zones caused by serpentine dehydration i subducting oceanic mantle [re: causes of deep focus earthquakes], Geology, 29, 299, 2001.
www.columbia.edu /~vjd1/biblio_tectonics.htm   (3110 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Another of Himes’s major contributions to the science program at Dickinson College was his support for the construction of a science building.
This meant that there were now three science professors at the college, and caused a division of the Natural Science department.
Additionally, each one was hired after there were already three science professors at the school, and there was no point before 1899 when there were ever more than three science professors at one time.
www.dickinson.edu /~werrones/scienceprofessors.doc   (1071 words)

 Guide to the American Social Science Association Records : Finding Aid
The American Social Science Association was founded in 1865 in Boston by intellectuals and reformers seeking to understand and improve a rapidly changing society.
The association is the subject of Thomas L. Haskell's monograph The Emergence of Professional Social Science: the American Social Science Association and the Nineteenth-Century Crisis of Authority.
The American Social Science Association Records consist of organizational papers, minutes, correspondence, financial records, and committee files, which document the history of the American Social Science Association from its founding in 1865 through the first twenty-five years of its existence.
mssa.library.yale.edu /findaids/stream.php?xmlfile=mssa.ms.1603.xml   (1910 words)

 Science Fiction
To use the very edge of our knowledgeble science and theories, and with its help build stories and adventures that are played out in the future.
Please do read my article and study the illustrations along with the Science Fiction-gallery (the illustrations are not placed here as they would slow the pages down).
"Science fiction is a branch of the fanatasy-litterature that are recognized by the fact that it facilitates the readers voluntarily will to put aside its scepsis by placing the stress on a scientific credibility in its vivid speculations of science, space, time, socilology and philosphy.
www.ufo.se /ufofiles/issue_4/sf_uk.html   (1153 words)

 NASA's Solar System Exploration: History: History Timeline
Goddard used science, mathematics and engineering to prove fantastic space journeys were possible, but he died long before his ideas became reality.
Inspired as a child by Jules Verne's 1865 science fiction novel 'From the Earth to the Moon,' Russian schoolteacher Konstantin Tsiolkovsky publishes a theoretical paper "Research into Interplanetary Space by Means of Rocket Power." The paper describes how liquid propellants could give rockets greater range and even function in space.
Jules Verne's 1865 science fiction novel 'From the Earth to the Moon' inspired many early theorists.
solarsystem.nasa.gov /history/timeline.cfm?Section=1   (686 words)

 Runaway World by Michael Green / Running away from Science
For the truly remarkable thing about the growth of modern science is that it took place in a Christian civilisation, recently liberated from the shackles of authoritarianism by the Renaissance and the Reformation.
On the negative side, since science lends no support to the belief in God or immortality, these beliefs must be discarded, according to Russell, who prides himself on being the first to have introduced a really scientific philosophy.
Fundamentally, science is concerned with description, and religion with encounter: science is concerned with the material aspect of things, but religion belongs to the world of personal relationships with the emphasis on the aspect of mind.
www.worldinvisible.com /library/green/runworld/runwch2.htm   (8767 words)

 Biological Networks: The Tinkerer as an Engineer -- Alon 301 (5641): 1866 -- Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
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Science Introduction to special issue by Jasny and Ray
Department of Molecular Cell Biology and Department of Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel 76100.
www.sciencemag.org /cgi/content/abstract/301/5641/1866   (454 words)

 RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Syllabi: Medicine, Race, and Ethnicity
Warwick Anderson, History of Science, Harvard University This course surveys the medical and scientific constructions of categories of race and ethnicity since 1800.
We will place the development of racial theories of disease in a broad social and political context - and, in particular, explain the medical salience of race in the setting of slavery and colonialism.
T.H. Huxley, "Emancipation fl and white [1865]," in Science and Education(New York, 1896), pp.64-71.
web.mit.edu /racescience/syllabi/medicine_race_and_ethnici.html   (901 words)

 Department of Political Science
This course analyzes the urban arena in terms of the different political structure found in urban politics; the social, political and economic factors that influence urban politics and political structures; and the public policy consequences of urban political structures.
This course will use film to examine ethical approaches to war and peace in the modern world, the experience of warfare, evolution of war as a human institution, and the role of technology in changing the effects of war.
A survey of legal and constitutional history from 1763 to 1865 with emphasis on how political, economic, social and ideological change affected the structure and function of American law.
capital2.capital.edu /faculty/cjones/hist_ps2/polisci_pa.htm   (1277 words)

 Science -- Prusiner 298 (5599): 1726b   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Great discoveries in science are infrequent, yet they are the grist that motivates every scientist.
The three following essays are a collaborative effort by Montagnier and Gallo that describe the different yet complementary paths that each took to discover the cause of AIDS, and both authors concur with each other's description of events.
Levy called the virus that he isolated AIDS-associated retrovirus or ARV (13), which turned out to be from the same virus family as Montagnier's LAV and Gallo's HTLV-III, all later renamed HIV (15).
aidscience.org /science/298(5599)1726b.html   (1304 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The first exams were administer in November 1865.
The science topics included in the 1879 administration of Regents exams included physical geography, physiology and hygiene, zoology, astronomy, chemistry, but may, and geology.
Klansman Lovell science exams include living environment biology and the physical setting chemistry earth science and physics.
physicsed.buffalostate.edu /pubs/NJSTA/Fall05/NewJerseyScienceConvention.doc   (437 words)

 Simon & Schuster: Sight Unseen: Science, UFO Invisibility, and Transgenic Beings (eBook)
Featuring sixteen never-before-published cases, Sight Unseen probes two newly uncovered patterns in alien abduction: cases of UFO "invisibility" and reports of genetically altered alien beings who interact with humans during their routine lives.
Included are an examination of cloaking devices for aircraft, mind-control technologies, and teleportation achieved in the lab.
Perhaps the most compelling argument to support these cases lies in the startling and controversial new science of transgenics that actually allows for the creation of alien/human beings.
www.simonsays.com /content/book.cfm?isbn=0743418654&sid=358   (418 words)

 Leonids: 2000 and Beyond
Thus the debris stream that produced this year's meteor shower is actually 100 years old.
The Earth is predicted to pass near two different debris streams of significance, however, the first ejected from the comet in 1733, and the second from the year after the comet's discovery in 1865.
Observers in western Africa, western Europe, and northeastern South America will be favorably located to view the first peak, predicted to occur at approximately 03:44 UT on the 18th of November.
science.nasa.gov /newhome/headlines/ast02dec99_1.htm   (1416 words)

 Women in Science: Maria Mitchell--Astronomer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
On October 1, 1847, Maria Mitchell (1818-1889) gazed through her telescope from the rooftop of her home and discovered a comet, thus becoming the first person to find a comet by telescope.
The first woman to be elected to both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Association for the advement of Science, Mitchell in 1865 took the post of director of the observatory at Vassar College, where she taught and conducted research for twenty years.
She used her stature to champion women in the sciences and was an influential and deeply admired mentor to many.
www.inventions.org /culture/science/women/mitchell.html   (183 words)

His dissertation was evidence of experimental skill and insight and has been noted as a significant American work in the physiology of digestion, but more recent evaluation comparing it to knowledge of the time finds it less remarkable.
A summary of the geology of the area East of the Mississippi River, Maclure's endeavor was the first geological survey of the region.
He is also pursued by the courtesan Chrysis of Galilee, who sets him three tasks, is later thought by the people of the city to be an incarnation of Aphrodite, but she does of poison before relaizing that Demetrios has fallen for her after all.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline19.html   (7409 words)

 A Genomic Regulatory Network for Development -- Davidson et al. 295 (5560): 1669 -- Science
Home > Science Magazine > 1 March 2002 > Davidson et al., pp.
Science and Technology Research Centre, University of Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB, UK.
© 2002 American Association for the Advancement of Science.
www.sciencemag.org /cgi/content/abstract/295/5560/1669   (1695 words)

 Publisher description for Library of Congress control number 96007639   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Using models supplied by physicists, Yeats sought for the basic units of poetic force, both through his sequence A Vision and through his belief in, and defence of, the purity of symbols.
Pound's whole critical vocabulary, Albright claims, aims at drawing art and science together in a search for poetic precision, the tiniest textual particles that held poems together.
Through a series of patient and original readings, Quantum Poetics demonstrates how modernists created a whole new way of thinking about poetry and science as two different aspects of the same quest.
www.loc.gov /catdir/description/cam027/96007639.html   (198 words)

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