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Topic: 1896 in film


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In the News (Tue 18 Dec 18)

  
  Who Watched the Film?
Films are made to be watched, and without a sense of the original audience our grasp on films as historical documents remains incomplete.
Likewise, film trade magazines began appearing around 1907 to advise exhibitors (supposedly with less bias than the producers) on what films would be profitable, and local theater managers often printed reports that reveal audiences' tastes and assumptions in these trade journals.
Recurrent patterns in films from one era tell what genres were popular; what behavior was seen as heroic or villainous; and what sorts of scenes were considered visually beautiful, hilarious, or endearing.
historymatters.gmu.edu /mse/film/question4.html   (1231 words)

  
 Film - Film-Flam
Animation is the technique in which each frame of a film is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model unit (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result with a special animation camera.
Stock widths and the film format for images on the reel have had a rich history, though most large commercial films are still shot on (and distributed to theaters) as 35 mm prints.
Film preservation of decaying film stock is a matter of concern to both film historians and archivists, and to companies interested in preserving their existing products in order to make them available to future generations (and thereby increase revenue).
www.film-flam.com /wiki/index.php?title=Movies   (3607 words)

  
 1896 in film - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
January - In Britain, Birt Acres and Robert W. Paul developed their own film projector, the Theatrograph (later known as the Animatograph).
May 14 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia crowned in Moscow, in the first coronation ever recorded in film.
The first kiss ever on film was in 1896 involving the great Canadian star May Irwin and John C. Rice.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1896_in_film   (202 words)

  
 Iranian Cinema: A Brief Critical History of Iranian Feature Film (1896-1975)
Besides a few documentary films which were made to record the royal ceremonies and a few newsreels of the events, the rest of the film which were exhibited in theaters were imported from Europe, the United States, and Russia.
The film was released in Tehran in April 1948, but because it did not have the glamor of Hollywood films the audience was use to, it did poorly at the box office.
Most of the films imported from elsewhere are usually attempts to copy the Hollywood style and as a result suffer from their status as bastard sons.
www.iranchamber.com /cinema/articles/critical_history_iranian_film.php   (5618 words)

  
 The Kiss Film 1896   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Kiss (also known as The May Irwin Kiss, The Rice-Irwin Kiss and The Widow Jones) is an 1896 actuality which was one of the first movies ever shown commercially to the public.
The scene is a re-enactment of the kiss between May Irwin and John Rice, in the final scene of the stage musical The Widow Jones.
In 1999 the short was deemed "culturally significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.
www.wikiverse.org /the-kiss-film-1896   (182 words)

  
 Film & History: 1896-1918   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The short films, lasting only two or three minutes, were simply shots of not very interesting everyday scenes: a train entering a station, workers leaving a factory, the sea breaking on rocks.
Films were also shown in public halls; these were nicknamed 'Penny Gaffs', from the cheap admission price.
Celluloid, from which films were made, was invented in 1856 and a camera to take sequences of pictures invented in 1890.
www.filmeducation.org /primary/LocalHistory/part1_A.html   (742 words)

  
 screenonline: Derby, The (1896)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The end of the 1896 Derby, with crowds swarming onto the racecourse as the race finishes.
(1896) is one of the earliest examples of newsreel footage, not just for the subject matter but also for the speed with which it was made, processed and screened.
Although very similar in content and angle, it is not the same footage, and is generally believed to have been shot two years later, at the 1898 Derby (though this is contradicted by the intertitles).
www.bfiscreenonline.com /film/id/444405/index.html   (142 words)

  
 History of Danish film censorship
Films may be shown to children aged under 16 if the National Board of Film censorship has approved it for children of that age.
Film censorship for adults ceases to exist with reference to the principle of freedom of expression.
Video films commercially sold, rented or otherwise disseminated publicly must be labelled with information as to their suitability for children aged under 12 or 16.
www.medieraadet.dk /html/gb/history_gb.htm   (447 words)

  
 Edison Film and Sound: History: The Shift to Projectors and the Vitascope (1895-1896)
Early films produced by the Edison Company during this period were mostly actuality films.
Comic skits and films relying on trick effects in the style of French filmmaker Georges Méliès were also popular.
Registrations of films were sent to the Library of Congress for copyright deposit in the form of positive image paper photographic rolls.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/edhtml/edshift.html   (1085 words)

  
 Melbourne Cup 1896 (1896) - australian screen
This film is one of the earliest Australian films to tell a story by presenting the footage in chronological order.
Throughout the film you can see Walter Barnett, the producer of the film, encouraging action and movement by directing the crowd to wave their hats.
Although this film is recorded as actuality footage, this manipulation of the action not only indicates the general unfamiliarity people had with moving image but also puts a personal perspective onto Sestier’s story.
australianscreen.com.au /titles/melbourne-cup-1896   (218 words)

  
 1896 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1893 1894 1895 - 1896 - 1897 1898 1899
1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar).
January 4 - Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1896   (1039 words)

  
 Horror, Horror Film.
Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry.
Films are produced by recording actual people and objects with cameras, or by creating images using animation techniques or special effects.
The first depictions of supernatural events appear in several of the silent shorts created by film pioneers such as Georges Méliès in the late 1890s, the most notable being his 1896 Le Manoir du diable which is sometimes credited as being the first horror film.
www.rrfrankenstein.com   (317 words)

  
 Film information - Search.com
Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as — in metonymy — the field in general.
Film is considered by many to be an important art form; films entertain, educate, enlighten and inspire audiences.
Film theory seeks to develop concise, systematic concepts that apply to the study of film/cinema as art.
www.search.com /reference/Film   (4164 words)

  
 The Devil's Manor (1896) aka The Devil's Castle, The Haunted Castle (Le Manoir du Diable)
Georges Melies (1861-1938) was the grandfather of both the science-fiction and fantasy film.
His films rapidly started to progress in sophistication and Melies discovered most of the modern special effects tricks — animation, superimposition, split-screen, miniatures, even the fade and the dissolve.
The film is on a single note, but it is made with a sense of humour, most amusingly the end crucifix joke, which is probably the first use of a crucifix to despatch evil in a film.
www.moria.co.nz /fantasy/devilsmanor.htm   (413 words)

  
 Polymers in Film History
Until 1899 the film was manufactured by breaking down the cellulose nitrate in a solvent and spreading it very thinly on long glass tables where the solvents would evaporate leaving a transparent film layer.
Then the film was coated with emulsion - a light-sensitive material made with silver salts and color dyes - and removed from the glass to be cut to proper lengths and widths and then wound.
At first it was to be used mainly in a sheet form for graphic art films and x-ray sheets, but later the assets of polyester would be put to use in the base for a durable alternative film for distribution prints of motion pictures.
www.pslc.ws /macrog/kidsmac/macroplx/history.htm   (507 words)

  
 [Project Rastko] THE HISTORY OF SERBIAN CULTURE - Dejan Kosanovic: Film and Cinematography (1896-1993)
The circumstances of the film market in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia were very disadvantageous for the national film: cinema owners were burdened with high taxes, the market was swamped with low-priced and high-quality imported films (American, German, French), and protection of the domestic film was not organized.
The films of this generation of authors received numerous awards at the Festival of Yugoslav Feature Film in Pula, as well as at many international film festivals, and their creative work marked the modern Serbian film as an artistic field of special national and international significance.
Serbian documentary film followed the events in the country; the turning-point from the Social Realist sugarcoating toward the genuine cinematic document was the film In the Heart of Kosmet (1954), while the poetic values in this genre were discovered by Aleksandar Petrovic, with his film Flight over the Swamp (1957).
www.rastko.org.yu /isk/dkosanovic-cinematography.html   (3044 words)

  
 Film TV Guild   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
This was the forerunner of the film industry in India; as it held many future technicians spellbound, and went on to encourage the making of the motion picture in India.
The film with Tamil dialogue and Telugu songs was released in Madras on October 31, 1931.
Eastern Film's “Shikari” in Hindi was the first talkie film with sound recorded on the Fidelytone Sound System brought into India by a foreign film unit in1932.
www.filmtvguild.in /milestones.htm   (3380 words)

  
 Dziga Vertov (1896 - 1954)
Vertov's message about the prevalence and unobtrusiveness of filming was not yet true--cameras might have been able to go anywhere, but not without being noticed; they were too large to be hidden easily, and too noisy to remain hidden anyway.
The film was criticized for both the stagings and its stark experimentation, possibly as a result of its director's frequent assailing of fiction film as a new "opiate of the masses."
Aesthetically, the distance between this film and Weekend is as great as that between Weekend and Breathless, yet the same radical impulse motivates all three.
www.jahsonic.com /DzigaVertov.html   (445 words)

  
 Women in Cinema: A Reference Guide [Dec. 1994]
One set of studies is concerned with women in film -- their roles and participation in cinema, audience reception and perception of women on the screen, and the implications of those productions and their impact, whether past, present, or future.
From its early beginnings in the late 1960s to the present, feminist film criticism has evolved both as developing its own niche of many theories and attempting to remain within the 'mainstream.' In these ways, it has attempted to be both a reformist ideology and remain accessible as an entertainment resource.
If there has been any trend in the feminist film ideology, it is from an approach of film in social context to film in psychoanalytic context, to film in literary textual and semiotic context, to film as signifier and representative among spectators (audience).
www.people.virginia.edu /%7Epm9k/libsci/womFilm.html   (4936 words)

  
 screenonline: Collings, Esmé Biography
Film exhibition began there in March 1896 at the Pandora Gallery.
These views of the seafront appear to be the first films made in the town and the first of the town to be exhibited commercially.
' value to the nascent film culture of Brighton and Hove in 1896 was immense because he was the first resident to be an active film-maker and film exhibitor.
www.screenonline.org.uk /people/id/519847/index.html   (478 words)

  
 NC State Film Department Courses
A survey of international film history from 1896 to 1940, including early silent era short films, early narrative films, the development of the Hollywood studio system, and the transition to sound.
A survey of international film history from 1940 to the present, including important post World War II movements such as Italian Neorealism, The French New Wave, Third Cinema, the Hollywood Renaissance/New Hollywood, and the emergence of independent film in the 1990s.
This course examines critical frameworks related to film art, the film industry, and film as a social institution from theorists and filmmakers from Eisenstein, Bazin, Deren, and Metz to Marxist, psychoanalytic, postmodernist, and feminist perspectives.
www.ncsu.edu /chass/film/courses/courses.html   (513 words)

  
 1896 in film   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
January - In Britain Birt Acres and Robert W. Paul their own film projector the Theatrograph (later as the Animatograph).
The first kiss ever on film was 1896 involving the great Canadian star May and John C. Rice.
FILM FACTORY is a thoughtfully selected collection of primary documents relating to events in Russian and Soviet film.
www.freeglossary.com /1896_in_film   (336 words)

  
 BU Libraries | Research Guides | Film and Television
Times film reviews published from 1913 to 1968 are contained in an initial set of six volumes (cumulative title, personal name, and corporate name indexes are in the sixth volume).
Citations to reviews of feature films, and to reviews of educational and entertainment films and videos, may be found in the first part of the volume, which is an alphabetical title listing of educational and entertainment films and videos.
There are sections devoted to motion picture arts and crafts, film theory and criticism, film history, biography, the motion picture industry, film and society, and nonfiction films.
www.bu.edu /library/guides/film.html   (2217 words)

  
 Profiles 5: Film People > German-Hollywood Connection
He was the film agent for brother Otto and actor Paul Henried.
She retired from films in the 1940s, but has made some screen and TV appearances over the years.
Film directors Murnau, Lubitsch, Dieterle, Preminger, and others trained under Reinhardt, as did actors such as Dietrich, Jannings, Schildkraut and Veidt.
www.germanhollywood.com /alphindx_5.html   (2473 words)

  
 History of Edison Motion Pictures: Fictional Films Dominate as nickelodeons Emerge (1900-1907)
He was made chief camera operator for the new studio and soon started filming narrative stories such as Jack and the Beanstalk (1902) and The Life of an American Fireman (1902).
A special series of films was made in 1901 of the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, and of events surrounding President McKinley's assassination which occurred there, and the subsequent funeral ceremonies.
The film included a famous close-up shot of Justus D. Barnes in the role of the outlaw, shooting straight at the camera, a scene that could be shown at the beginning or end of the film.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/edhtml/edfict.html   (783 words)

  
 The Brighton Film School and Studios UK - Home Page
This film, shot on S35mm by our students who graduated in 2006, has won many awards, including one from the Imperial War Museum which held a competition for films with a war-time theme.
The Brighton Film School is recognised by the Film Industry mainly due to the fact that all lecturers are practitioners and not academics, and that we teach cinematography to a level approved by Arriflex and other leading companies within the industry.
Franz is a film voting member the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), the EU European Film Academy (EFA), and is also a member of the Directors' Guild of Great Britain and the Writers' Guild, and currently working on several screenplays, including a feature and TV sitcom.
www.brightonfilmschool.org.uk   (995 words)

  
 Internet Archive: Details: Rip Van Winkle
Compared to films made a decade later, the viewer can see the tremendous technilogical progress that was achieved.
One of the biggest problems with films of this era is a combination of the short running time of the reel, which does not allow any sort of narrative flow to be created.
However, what is particularly fascinating is contrasting this film with films that would come even just 5-10 years later, and the rapid leaps and bounds in staging, camera work, and narrative structure that would occur in that time.
www.archive.org /details/rip_van_winkle_1896   (391 words)

  
 Edison Film and Sound: Chronological Title List of Edison Motion Pictures - 1891-1896
In the following list, the films listed for the years 1891 through 1900 are given in order of their production.
For the years 1901 through 1922, the films are listed in order of copyright date and number.
Films that have no copyright or specific date of production are placed at the end of the list for the year in which they were manufactured.
lcweb2.loc.gov /ammem/edhtml/edmvchrn.html   (104 words)

  
 History of Ontario's film industry, 1896 to 1985 TAKE ONE - Find Articles
George Armstrong, the first chairman of the Board, wrote to the provincial treasurer (T.W. McGarry, who was responsible for its management): "The present standard of censorship is that of all Censor Boards in the Dominion, and in the United States.
Ontario theatre audiences, however, were becoming increasingly upset at the often gratuitous insertion of the Stars and Stripes in American films.
At the time, 35mm was being made on flammable nitrate stock; so, the OMPB decided to stay with the safer 28mm for screenings in schools and town halls.
findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0JSF/is_28_9/ai_30574580   (863 words)

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