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Topic: 1920 in Germany

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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

 Prelude to WWIII: 1990's Russia VS 1920's Germany
Germany suffered a bitter defeat without really losing the battle; it was an unfinished war.
Under the resulting peace agreement, Germany lost land to Poland and millions of Germans suddenly bacame ethnic minorities in badly-run countries where they were scond-class citizens.
In the visions that I, Daniel, have seen, they are to play a major role in this war, due to their nuclear stockpile and the alliances that have been, and are soon to be formed.
www.angelfire.com /or/truthfinder/prelude.html   (728 words)

 Architecture of Germany - Great Buildings Online
Maria Konigin, by Dominikus Bohm, at Cologne-Marienburg, Germany, 1954.
Schminke House, by Hans Scharoun, at Lobau, Germany, 1933.
The Palatine Chapel, by unknown, at Aachen, Germany, 796 to 814.
www.greatbuildings.com /places/germany.html   (494 words)

 1920 in Germany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
See also: 1919 in Germany, other events of 1920, 1921 in Germany and the Timeline of German history.
The small districts of Eupen and Malmedy were to decide whether they would belong to Belgium or to Germany.
The union of "Red" Germany with Bolshevik Russia was proclaimed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1920_in_Germany   (5969 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Germany was a nation weakened by defeat and demoralized—as the Allies were preoccupied—by claims for reparations and how to meet them.
The new collection shows the growing crisis in Germany as the German army refused to fight one of its own in the rightist Kapp Putsch led by extreme nationalist Dr. Wolfgang Kapp and by the commander of the Berlin garrison, General von Luttwitz, in March of 1920.
It was agreed in December that Germany was defaulting, but the French and Belgian military reoccupation of the Rhineland in January 1923 was not agreed to by the British, who demurred, or the Americans, who soon evacuated.
www.lexisnexis.com /academic/2upa/Ies/cbfopcGermanySeries1_pf.asp   (2725 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Germany, 1920-1923
Even the most peace-loving German democratic politicians, eager to finally take charge of politics after decades of sitting in a powerless parliament, had to make a heart- breaking decision, to sign a peace treaty Germany needed (the peace) but which their conscience declined; it was signed for raison d'etat in June 1919.
Yet many of Germany's ruling elite, in state administration, army, public service such as police, school, in the justice system still felt loyal if not to the Emperor so to the Empire.
The DOLCHSTOSS LEGEND was cultivated, according to which Germany had not lost the war in the field, but because the socialist revolution had 'stabbed the front soldier in the back'.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/germany/turm2023.html   (1343 words)

 20th Century Germany and America: An Annotated Timeline
1920: The League of Nations is formed in the hopes of ensuring a lasting peace.
The border between East and West Germany (except in Berlin) is closed by the Soviets.
2000: Germany celebrates the 10th annoversary of reunification as the cultural identitiy of those living in the former East Germany slowly change their cultural identity.
www.cloudnet.com /~edrbsass/20thcentury.htm   (1493 words)

 Chronology 1920
In effect, the French seized the industrial and economic center of Germany and the intervention served as a rehearsal for the Franco-Belgian occupation of January 1923.
Germany's bleak economic situation also threatened the reparations program that the Allies depended on for reconstruction.
By decision of the League of Nations, Germany ceded Eupen and Malmedy to Belgium.
www.indiana.edu /~league/1920.htm   (5504 words)

 D.4. CHRONOLOGY, 1920-1929
They are inspired by similar examples of takeovers by radicals who had assembled forces in the provinces and then seized power by marching on the capital (Mussolini's march on Rome in October 1922; Turkish revolution in 1922).
American loans to Germany are supposed to restart the German economy, so that Germany will be able to pay reparations to France and Britain, which in turn can start paying off their war debts to the United States.
Germany is now allowed to enter the League of Nations.
www.colby.edu /personal/r/rmscheck/GermanyD4.html   (2005 words)

 Germany 1922-1945, 1990- - nationalanthems.info
However, when Germany became a united country in 1871, the "Lied der Deutschen" was ignored officially, rather the the former Prussian royal anthem "Heil Dir im Siegerkranz" was used unofficially.
And when West and East Germany were founded in 1949, initially neither state wished to use the "Lied der Deutschen" because of its association with the Nazi government and its misuse of the sentiment in the lyrics.
After Germany had become reunified on 3rd October 1990, Federal President Richard von Weizsaecker confirmed in a letter to Chancellor Helmut Kohl, dated 19th August 1991, that the third verse of Hoffmann von Fallersleben's "Lied der Deutschen" with Joseph Haydn's melody are the official national anthem of the reunified Germany.
nationalanthems.info /de.htm   (394 words)

 Top 20 Encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.netlab.uky.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Germany also lost territory to many surrounding countries, had its military forces severely limited and was stripped of its overseas and African colonies.
In Germany the treaty caused a shock – often referred to as a trauma or anti-Versailles-complex – which eventually contributed to the collapse of the Weimar Republic in 1933 and Adolf Hitler's rise to power.
Germany was neither crushed nor conciliated, which did not bode well for the future of Germany, Europe and the world as a whole.
encyc.connectonline.com.cob-web.org:8888 /index.php/Treaty_of_Versailles   (2552 words)

 Programme of the Communist Workers Party of Germany (KAPD), 1920 | libcom.org
A general declaration of principles was adopted and the task of preparing the programme was given to the leadership of the new party.
In the summer of 1920 the Programme of the KAPD was published as a preliminary Programme to be more formally adopted on a later congress of the new party.
So in practice the draft version from Mai 1920 were later dealt with as approved by the Party despite the fact of the decision on the August 1920 Congress to give it a revision.
libcom.org /library/programme-kapd-1920   (4471 words)

 Jewish History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The league also dealt with issues regarding anti-Semitism in Germany, the use of the numerus clauses in Hungarian Universities, and the expulsion of Jewish refugees in Austria.
On July 24, 1922, the council confirmed the Balfour Declaration and the British Mandate for Palestine.
In Germany it led directly to the rise of the Nazi party.
www.jewishhistory.org.il /1920.htm   (3630 words)

 Disability Social History Project   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is not widely known that Hitler's extermination policies began with the widespread killing of institutionalized disabled people in Germany in the 1940s, and that the eugenics theories that were the basis for Hitler's policies originated in the United States in the 1920s.
Germany, however, was the only country in which the political climate allowed materialization of the final goal of sterilization and euthanasia.
The extermination program in Nazi Germany caused eugenics theorists in the United States and Europe to backpedal on their beliefs about eliminating mental illness and congenital disabilities through euthanasia.
www.disabilityhistory.org /t4prog.html   (324 words)

 "Left-Wing" Communism in Germany
From the standpoint of communism, repudiation of the Party principle means attempting to leap from the eve of capitalism’s collapse (in Germany), not to the lower or the intermediate phase of communism, but to the higher.
When the Second Congress of the Communist Party of Germany, which was held in Heidelberg in October 1919, expelled the opposition, the latter formed the so-called Communist Workers’ Party of Germany, in April 1920.
An important place in the work of the Congress was held by the question of trade unions, which was considered from the viewpoint of adapting the entire work of the trade unions to the accomplishment of the economic tasks.
www.marxists.org /archive/lenin/works/1920/lwc/ch05.htm   (3152 words)

 Germany 2
Andreas Reeb born 1762 is tracked to Erfweiler near Dahn, Pirmasens, Germany some distance from his birthplace.
The Reeb families that lived in Langmeil in the early 1700s are likely relocated to the Katzenbach group.
A continuation of this family is likely as the last area records show three males who survived to adulthood.
www.reeb.org /germany_2.htm   (502 words)

 Treaty of Versailles - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.netlab.uky.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Terms imposed by the treaty on Germany included partitioning a certain amount of its own territory to a number of surrounding countries, being stripped of all of its overseas colonies, particularly those in Africa, and its ability to make war again was limited by restrictions on the size of its military.
Alsace-Lorraine, the territories which were ceded to Germany in accordance with the Preliminaries of Peace signed at Versailles on February 26, 1871, and the Treaty of Frankfurt of May 10, 1871, were restored to French sovereignty without a plebiscite as from the date of the Armistice of November 11, 1918.
Germany was neither crushed nor conciliated, which, in retrospect, did not bode well for the future of Germany, Europe or the world as a whole.
en.wikipedia.org.cob-web.org:8888 /wiki/Versailles_treaty   (3287 words)

Comment: The majority of this family left Germany for France and the USA by 1850.
The family may be related to the Keskastel Reeb clan as there was migration from that area to Holland during the Thirty Year War.
The movement of Christoph, born Röb to Dudenhoffen in the Pfalz where he was known as Reeb, began a new branch of the family.
www.reeb.org /toppage2.htm   (601 words)

 German HyperInflation
In the early 1920s Germany experienced one of the most severe inflations of all time.
The inflation was not apparent in 1920, but began showing up in 1921.
During 1920 and early in 1921 the signs of inflation were mixed.
ingrimayne.saintjoe.edu /econ/EconomicCatastrophe/HyperInflation.html   (1439 words)

 Germany 1871-1920 - nationalanthems.info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In 1871, Germany became a united country, with the former King of Prussia becoming the new German Emporer.
Thus, the former Prussian royal anthem became the anthem of the new united Germany.
The song also uses the melody of the British national anthem, demonstrating the influence that anthem had on other nations in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries.
www.nationalanthems.info /de-20.htm   (60 words)

 Free Databases : Germany
Westphalian emigrants from the administrative district Minden II : Secret emigrations : Names of men from Großeneder, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany that dodged the military service through secret emigration in the nineteenth century.
Emigrants from Dillingen, Pachten and Diefflen, Saarlouis County, Saarland, Germany
Immigrants from Villingendorf, Germany to America in the 19th century.
www.freesurnamesearch.com /search/germany.html   (500 words)

 Los Angeles Philharmonic Association - Performer Details
Bruch's mother was a singer, and he began to compose at an early age.
He wrote numerous choral works that were popular throughout Germany during his lifetime, as well as three operas and three symphonies.
It was his nine pieces for violin and orchestra, however - and his friendship with violinists such as David, Joachim, and Sarasate - that brought him international success.
www.laphil.org /resources/performer_detail.cfm?id=52   (126 words)

 Saar Territory 1920-1935 (Germany)
It stayed formally a German territory, but under the auspices of the League of Nations and administered by France.
On 28 Jul 1920 the Governmental Commission gave ordinance for a quartered coat-of-arms, showing emblems of Saar cities.
The Governing Commission introduced arms and flag for the Saar to “emphasize the political autonomy of the Saar Territory.” It is explained that “The arms combine the arms of the four principal towns of the Territory.”
www.fotw.net /flags/de-sl920.html   (534 words)

 German coins and currency
In 1922 and 1923 Germany experienced one of the worst, and one of the most famous bouts of inflation in history.
Jewish and other refugees fleeing Nazi Germany would sometimes be paid for their confiscated property with these Conversion Fund Notes, (called Konversionkasse fur Deutsche Auslandsschulden).
Germany recently released three commemorative silver 10 Euro coins.
www.joelscoins.com /germany.htm   (1513 words)

 Microform Collections, UM Libraries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Report of the Officer in Charge of Civil Affairs, Third Army and American Forces in Germany.
REEL 1 consists of volumes I through IV of Military Government of Occupied Germany, 1918-1920.
REEL 2 contains volumes I through III of American Representation in Occupied Germany, volumes I and II covering the period 19201921 and volume III covering the period January 1922-February 1923.
www.lib.umd.edu /MICROFORMS/american_occupation.html   (187 words)

 Little Germany on the Missouri The Photographs of Edward J. Kemper, 1895-1920 Anna Kemper Hesse Oliver A. Schuchard ...
Capturing the day-to-day life of the German-American community of Hermann during the years from 1895 to 1920, Little Germany on the Missouri is an illuminating and fascinating look at Missouri's German heritage.
The contributors conclude that the Kemper photographs provide new evidence pertinent to the understanding of how immigrant groups preserved their culture and new data for reexamining the immigrant experience in the United States.
He is the author of The Landscape in Black and White: Oliver Schuchard Photographs, 1967–2005.
www.umsystem.edu /upress/fall1998/hesse.htm   (412 words)

 eBay - germany 1920, Europe, Worldwide items on eBay.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Germany - 20pf Wurrtemburg Ovpt M (FU) 1920 (CV$21.25)
Germany (1920) 127 and 130 Unused Hinged No Reserve
Germany (1920) 238 to 246 Used Hinged No Reserve
search-desc.ebay.com /search/search.dll?query=germany+1920&newu=1&krd=1   (392 words)

 State of Thuringia 1920-1935 (Germany)
In 1920 (...) the new Land of Thuringia adopted a horizontally white-red flag.
The flag of the authorities of the Land had the coat of arms ([blazon:] Gules, seven six-pointed stars Argent) in the white stripe in the canton.
I have assumed proportions 1:2, but I am not quite sure when did Thuringian flags start to use 1:2 instead of 2:3 or 3:5 — 1920?
www.allstates-flag.com /fotw/flags/de-th920.html   (443 words)

The full style during the period covered (to which were, of course, attached the styles belonging to the states ruled by the emperor-elect, such as Archduke of Austria) was as follows: Von Gottes Gnaden erwählter römischer Kaiser, R.I.S.A., König in Germanien - Divina favente clementia Romanorum imperator electus et semper augustus, R.I.S.A., rex in Germania.
Note: After the dissolution of the Rhine Confederation, there was no central authority in Germany until the creation of the German Confederation.
Note: For data on Germany since 3 Oct 1990 see the table at the top of the entry.
www.worldstatesmen.org /Germany.html   (4005 words)

 Amazon.com: Kingdom of the Soul: Symbolist Art in Germany, 1870-1920: Books: Stockholm, Sweden) Waldemarsudde (Museum : ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This item is not eligible for Amazon Prime, but over a million other items are.
Published to accompany an important exhibition, this richly illustrated volume outlines the link between the Pre-Raphaelite artists in Britain and the Expressionists on the Continent.
It focuses on the important contribution made by artists in Germany to the European Symbolist movement as a whole, providing for the first time a much-needed comparison to developments in England and other countries worldwide.
www.amazon.com /Kingdom-Soul-Symbolist-Germany-1870-1920/dp/3791323385   (887 words)

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