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Topic: 1937 in art

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  Degenerate Art
The aim of this organization was to halt the "corruption of art" and inform the people about the relationship between race and art.
In 1937, Nazi officials purged German museums of works the Party considered to be degenerate.
This excerpt from the exhibition catalog for "Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany" describes the historical roots of degenerate art.
fcit.coedu.usf.edu /holocaust/arts/artDegen.htm   (1354 words)

  CDC - Vol. 9 No. 6 Cover, Pablo Picasso (1881–1973). Guernica (1937).
Cubism allows the artist to express what Albert Einstein defined in 1905 in his theory of relativity: a new sense of time, space, and energy in which moving figures become an extension of the environment from which they are indistinguishable (4).
As art, the world, and self converge, continuity and brokenness, symmetrical progression, life and death, pain and hope can be viewed within a broader aesthetic reality (6).
In a systematically crowded composition (deliberately undermining the academic rules of art), figures are crammed into the foreground: screaming mother cradling dead child, corpse with wide open eyes, arm holding lamp, fighter’s arm with weapon, menacing human-faced bull, gored horse.
www.cdc.gov /NCIDOD/EID/vol9no6/aboutcover.htm   (903 words)

  Degenerate Art
The aim of this organization was to halt the "corruption of art" and inform the people about the relationship between race and art.
This excerpt from the exhibition catalog for "Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany" describes the historical roots of degenerate art.
He is considered to be one of the founders of abstract art.
www.fcit.usf.edu /holocaust/arts/artDegen.htm   (1354 words)

  Art Quotes - The Quotations Page
Art is the desire of a man to express himself, to record the reactions of his personality to the world he lives in.
Art is a collaboration between God and the artist, and the less the artist does the better.
Art is born of the observation and investigation of nature.
www.quotationspage.com /subjects/art   (707 words)

 California art -- California Watercolors
In addition to being exhibited in art galleries and museums, the postwar watercolor paintings of these artists were reproduced on magazine covers.
John Haley, a well known art professor at the University of California, Berkeley, was the first to receive acclaim for this style.
As abstract art began to dominate watercolor exhibitions, artists who wanted to preserve the original California Style of representational painting began to form new small groups.
www.calart.com /CaliforniaWatercolors.asp   (2448 words)

 Paris 1937
A major pioneer who at the very beginning of the twentieth century helped Belgium establish a leading role in the Art Nouveau movement, Van de Velde was intrigued by the theme of the fair, the connection between the arts and techniques of modern life.
While these earlier structures stood relatively tall and vertical, the 1937 pavilion was quite low and horizontal, as opposed to the towering Soviet and German pavilions directly across the Seine River.
The International Exposition of 1937 was a remarkable display of national pavilions, of which the Belgium Pavilion was a vital asset.
www.lib.umd.edu /ARCH/honr219f/1937pari.html   (697 words)

 Russian Artists and Their Paintings
He finished the Minsk Art School in 1953, then he went on to study at the Belorussian Theatre Art Academy from where he graduated in 1959.
In 1959 Kashkurevich graduated from the Belorussian Theatre Art Academy, became a Member of the Union of Artists in 1960 and was made a Honoured Artist of the USSR in 1986.
Menyayev (born 1953) is a graduate of the Trer Art College and the Art Institute in Moscow.
www.art-7.com /artists.htm   (3643 words)

 Haber's Art Reviews: Why Art Makes Headlines
Art ran into trouble at least as far back as the Renaissance, when artists earned a broader audience and renown as creative individuals.
As a Postmodernist would say, art is a kind of text, and everyone plays a part in determining its vocabulary and its grammar.
Art has an essential role because, I am arguing, it stands as the ultimate such intersection, the chance for individuals to intervene in the public sphere and a chance to regain a public space for everyone.
www.haberarts.com /pierro.htm   (1984 words)

 1937 in art Information
See also: 1936 in art, other events of 1937, 1938 in art, list of years in art.
Pablo Picasso painted Guernica, a cubistic portrait influenced by the German bombing of the Spanish Basque town of the same name.
April 19 - William Martin Conway, art critic
www.bookrags.com /1937_in_art   (46 words)

 U. Ginder: Two 1937 Art Exhibitions in Munich
These failures were forecast in the 1937 exhibitions, as the Third Reich scrambled to display an obscenely distorted presentation of the avant-garde in a vain effort to elevate the mediocre exhibition in the Reich’s new museum.
[6] According to Petropoulos a lack of resolve toward the question of modern art and the formulation of a new aesthetic in the visual arts for the new Germany was due to the bureaucratic in-fighting in the various departments of the Kulturkammer.
Schuster argues that the year of German art in Munich was a coordinated effort at "Gleichschaltung," beginning with the reconstruction of the facades on all buildings leading to the "temple of art".
www.history.ucsb.edu /faculty/marcuse/classes/133c/133cproj/GinderNaziArt047.htm   (6648 words)

First cabin was a fishing cabin built in 1937 by Art Quam, a second cabin was built in 1945 by Walt Quam.
Art built the above cabin in 1937 for a fishing camp.
I think the possession was ten, so we would keep the fish in a "live trap" on a floating raft and when company came, scoop up a few for dinner.
www.paulbunyan.net /users/quam/andrusia/index_files/Page482.htm   (140 words)

 Hitler on Art   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Art, on the one hand, was defined as nothing but an international communal experience, thus killing altogether any understanding of its integral relationship with an ethnic group.
According to this theory, therefore, Greek art was not formed by the Greeks, but by a certain period which formed it as their expression.
And, indeed, for this reason, art as an expression of the essence of this being, is an eternal monument--in itself the being and permanence....
www.tesc.edu /~rprice/hitlerart.htm   (2327 words)

 Philadelphia Museum of Art - Collections : Search the Collections
This was her typical practice: a 1925 letter from El Lissitzky to Küppers, for example, reports that Mondrian needs cash and is anxiously awaiting the fruits of her success in selling his paintings in Dresden (see Küppers-Lissitzky, El Lissitzky, 68; Joosten believes that she never asked for, or received, a commission on these sales).
Sophie Küppers-Lissitzky lent 13 works by various artists to the Hanover Provinzialmuseum in 1926 before she moved to Russia, all of which were confiscated by the Nazis in 1937 as part of the "degenerate art" campaign (see Art News, Summer 1992, Apr. 2001, and Sept. 2001).
As a major proponent of modern abstract and Expressionist art in Germany, Dorner was forced by the Nazi government to resign his position as director of the Hanover Provinzialmuseum (also known as the Landesmuseum) in 1936.
www.philamuseum.org /collections/permanent/53954.html   (1167 words)

 Guernica, 1937, Hidden from View So as Not to Offend the Perpetrators of Guernica, 2003 - BuzzFlash News Analysis
The cover-up was a solemn reminder of the intensity of Picasso's images, and the power of art to give voice to war's horrors.
In 1937, the World’s Fair in Paris was planned as a celebration of modern technology.
During World War II, it found a home at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, where it stayed (when it was not on loan to other museums) until it was given to Spain in 1981.
www.buzzflash.com /analysis/03/02/07_Guernica.html   (1079 words)

 ArtLex on Art   (Site not responding. Last check: )
At least art involves a degree of human involvement — through manual skills or thought — as with the word "artificial," meaning made by humans instead of by nature.
Early in the twentieth century, for instance, artists expanded the definition of art to include such things as abstraction, collage, and readymades.
Thanks to art, instead of seeing a single world, our own, we see it multiply until we have before us as many worlds as there are original artists.
www.artlex.com /ArtLex/a/artquotations.html   (1229 words)

 Museum Studies, The Art Institute's Journal
Pippin’s right arm was permanently injured during his service in the armed forces in World War I. He found a rather ingenious way around his disability: by crossing his legs, he provided a raised support for his right arm, which he guided across the canvas with his left hand.
He encouraged Pippin to exhibit the painting at the Chester County Art Association, where it was seen by curators from The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
The (white) art establishment, mistakenly believing Pippin to be a genuine “primitive,” would have assumed that the artist here was painting a scene he knew well.
www.artic.edu /webspaces/museumstudies/ms242/portfolio6.shtml   (465 words)

Given the basis of honest and efficient administration, and municipal art is already more than half accomplished since order is the first law of beauty as well as of heaven, and cleanliness is as near a neighbor to art as to godliness.
Municipal Art in the sense of conscious effort toward beautiful results in city building is a comparatively new arrival among the progressive movements of the age.
In respect to precedent we have followed the logic of the Chinaman in Lamb's story of the origin of roast pig, who felt it necessary to burn his house with the pig in it to taste this delicacy, because it was first introduced to him by such a casualty.
www.library.cornell.edu /Reps/DOCS/perkins.htm   (4541 words)

 Robert Adams 1937 Online
Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe, New Mexico
Text is clearly readable and art reproductions vary from so-so to excellent.
All images and text on this Robert Adams 1937 page are copyright 2007 by John Malyon/Artcyclopedia, unless otherwise noted.
www.artcyclopedia.com /artists/adams_1937_robert.html   (238 words)

 History of Art
The aim of the course is to study the relation between Surrealism and the plastic arts in France during the inter-war period (1919-1939).
They will be able to analyze a range of works by the movement's most important artists, and demonstrate an understanding of the ideas and debates that informed their practice.
One of the main themes of the course is the changing points of reference from which to study the movement.
www.umich.edu /~hartspc/histart/F2003/376-001.html   (508 words)

 Philadelphia Museum of Art - Collections : Search the Collections
Städtisches Museum Halle, Germany, purchased 1929 [1]; Hanover Provinzialmuseum/Landesmuseum, Germany, on loan from Städtisches Museum Halle, 1929(?)-1937 [2]; confiscated by the National Socialist authorities, 1937, EK register number 14283 [3]; with Karl Buchholz, Berlin; with Curt Valentin, Buchholz Gallery, New York, 1939 [4]; sold to A. Gallatin, New York, 1939 [5]; bequest to PMA, 1952.
It is clear from the letter quoted in the Art News article cited above that the Nazis confiscated the painting from the Hanover museum.
He was the mentor and pre-war partner of Curt Valentin (1902-1954) who named the New York gallery he opened in 1937 in Buchholz' honor.
www.philamuseum.org /collections/permanent/53939.html   (666 words)

 Art Museums, Galleries and Collections Worldwide   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The original Tate art gallery was officially titled the National Gallery of British Art, and was situated on Millbank, Pimlico, London.
Eventually Henry Tate who as well as a sugar magnate was a major collector of Victorian academic art offered to fund the building of the gallery to house British Art as long as the state pay for the site and revenue costs.
In 1926 and 1937 the art dealer and patron Joseph Duveen paid for two major expansions of the gallery building.
www.topofart.com /museums/761   (799 words)

 Entartete Kunst
A culmination of Hitler and Goebbels' purge of all remaining modern art held in both public and private collections in the Reich, the exhibit was designed to ridicule and denegrate creative works not upholding "correct" National Socialist virtues.
Minors were barred from the show, the pretext being that decent German youth needed to be shielded from the depth of the artworks' obscenity, lest the future of the Reich be corrupted.
Entartete Kunst portrayed the eclipse of an age of "decadence and chaos", while the Great German Art exhibit heralded the dawn of a new epoch of Governmental control of the Arts: sanitized, uninspired, and devoid of dissent.
www.olinda.com /ArtAndIdeas/lectures/ArtWeDontLike/entarteteKunst.htm   (375 words)

 La critique architecturale dans la revue l'Art sacré (1937-1968)
The Art Sacré, an important catholic review devoted to Art and Spirituality, unrivalled in France, drew its identity from Couturier and Regamey prayers, its main managers.
Dedicated to the religious art considered as an organic whole, the periodic fought for the idea that only diving in the contemporary artistic life would allow it to be authentically Christian.
Art Sacré ist eine wichtige, in Frankreich einzigartige katholische Zeitschrift für Kunst und Geist.
lha.enc.sorbonne.fr /document58.html   (538 words)

 National Museum of American Art   (Site not responding. Last check: )
National Collection of Fine Arts The National Collection of Fine Arts in Washington, D. C., renamed the National Museum of American Art in 1980, was the first federal collection of American art.
In 1906 it was designated a national gallery of art and in 1937 it became known as the National Collection of Fine Arts.
The main concern of the museum is the study and exhibition of American art from its beginnings to the present day.
sc94.ameslab.gov /TOUR/natamart.html   (228 words)

 Safrai Fine Art gallery - Jerusalem
Shraga Weil was born in Nitra, Czechoslovakia in 1918 to a family of teachers, journalists and merchants.
His father, a building engineer, who was an amateur painter, sent him to study with a local sculptor and then to the Prague School of Art.
1937-39 Art Academy, Prague 1947 Settled in Kibbutz Haogen 1953-54 Academic Des Beaux Arts, Paris 1959 Was awarded Dizengoff Art Prize, Tel Aviv.
www.safrai.com /artist.php?id=11   (179 words)

 Salvador Dalí / Inventions of the Monsters / 1937
This image is one of over 108,000 from the AMICA Library (formerly The Art Museum Image Consortium Library- The AMICO Library™), a growing online collection of high-quality, digital art images from over 20 museums around the world.
Dali began this painting in 1937 in his Paris studio on the rue de la Tombe-Issoire, and brought it with him to Semmerling, a small ski resort in Austria just south of Vienna, to work on while on vacation.
The little blue dog that Dali refers to is barely visible in the lower left corner of the painting.
www.davidrumsey.com /amico/amico249469-5295.html   (756 words)

 Art History - Famous Artists - Master Index
The art history index of famous artists leads to imagery and indepth information such as biographies to over 22,000 artists.
Over 200,000 images from museums are directly accessible via this wealth of art historical information database.
Direct links to images in museum collections, links to indepth art news, general links as well as the best collection of search engine results have been compiled for over 22,000 artists.
wwar.com /artists   (161 words)

 MFA Boston: Collections Search Results
The gallery's shipping papers from March 19, 1937, note that it was purchased from Manley on February 13 (year illegible; presumably 1937); Manley also wrote to Seligmann on April 3, 1937, regarding the payment of interest on the painting.
[3] De Hauke was a sales representative for Jacques Seligmann and Co. While he purchased works of art that were sold by the gallery, the ownership of the objects was often officially shared by several art dealers, and the transactions became quite complicated.
While these images are not permitted to be used for reproduction, we encourage you to do so by visiting our image rights page to submit a request.
www.mfa.org /collections/search_art.asp?recview=true&id=32592&coll_keywords=&coll_accession=&coll_name=bougival&coll_artist=renoir&coll_place=&coll_medium=&coll_culture=&coll_classification=&coll_credit=&coll_provenance=&coll_location=&coll_has_images=&coll_on_view=&coll_sort=2&coll_sort_order=0&coll_package=0&coll_start=1   (642 words)

 1937 "Day of German Art" Program - Munich
The old art exhibition hall in München (Munich), Germany, the Glaspalast burned to the ground on 6 June 1931 and when Hitler came to power in January 1933 one of his principal objectives was to replace it.
While the festivities surrounding the Day of German Art and the opening of the House of German Art in München attracted tens of thousands of people and the all the Nazi dignitaries, examples of this official program are very, very rare.
We are also selling a rare original 1941 art folio and several years of exhibition catalogs of the Haus der deutschen Kunst.
www.usmbooks.com /deutsche_kunst.html   (382 words)

 Monaco, 1937 Print at Art.com
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Finally, professional custom framing at affordable prices, so you can save up to 40% compared to your local frame shop.
Our professionally trained framers custom build your framed art to order and ship it directly to you, ready to hang, in as little as three days.
www.art.com /asp/sp-asp/_/pd--10115276/sp--A/Monaco_1937.htm   (179 words)

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