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Topic: 1943 Sicilian campaign

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In the News (Sun 23 Jun 19)

  Italian Campaign (World War II) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Italian Campaign of World War II was the name of Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war.
The primary strategic goal of the campaign was thus to force the German army to tie down units in Italy, which both sides knew was a secondary theater.
A combined British-American invasion of Sicily began on July 10, 1943 with both seaborne and airborne landings at the gulf of Gela and north of Syracuse.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Italian_Campaign_(World_War_II)   (1019 words)

 Allied invasion of Sicily - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the early part of 1943, following the conclusion that the invasion of France would be impossible that year, it was decided to use the troops from the recently won North African Campaign to invade the Italian island of Sicily.
The strategic goals were to remove the island as a base for Axis shipping and aircraft, allowing free passage to Allied ships in the Mediterranean Sea, and to put pressure on the regime of Benito Mussolini in the hope of eventually having Italy struck from the war.
Their lack of opportunity to acclimatize to tropical weather was an issue in the opening days of the campaign.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Allied_invasion_of_Sicily   (1730 words)

 Timebase Multimedia Chronography(TM) - Timebase 1943
1943 March Himmler speaks of a future SS state: "At the Peace Conference, the world will be apprised of the resurrection of the old province of Burgundy, formerly the land of the arts and sciences, which France has reduced to the role of a mere appendage preserved in spirits of wine.
1943 June 2 Pope Pius XII tells the Sacred College of Cardinals that he has given special attention to the plight of those who were still being harassed because of their nationality and descent, and who, without personal guilt, were subjected to measures that spelled destruction.
1943 November 17 Cardinal Bertram writes to the Minister of the Interior and the RHSA that the bishops have received information that the "non-Aryans" evacuated from Germany are living in camps under inhuman conditions and that a large number had already succumbed.
www.humanitas-international.org /showcase/chronography/timebase/1943tbse.htm   (6719 words)

 George Patton Biography
During the Mexican Border Campaign of 1916, Patton, while assigned to the 13th Cavalry Regiment in Texas, accompanied then-Brigadier General John Pershing as his aide during the Punitive Expedition into Mexico.
Following the defeat of the U.S. Army by the German Afrika Korps at the Battle of Kasserine Pass in 1943, Patton was made lieutenant general and placed in command of II Corps.
Patton led the Seventh Army in the 1943 Sicilian campaign.
www.myclassiclyrics.com /artist_biographies/George_Patton_Biography.htm   (1072 words)

 Liberation: The Second World War in Sicily - Best of Sicily - Sicilian Campaign, War in Sicily 1943.
The Sicilians were --and are-- ethnically more Italic than these peoples, but in the 1860s Sicilian revolts against the new "unitary" regime of the House of Savoy were ruthlessly suppressed, with thousands of Piedmontese carabinieri troops stationed in Palermo, Catania and Messina for over a decade.
Strategy of the Italian Campaign was never very well defined (it was conceived partly to draw German forces away from Russia and France), and the invasion of Sicily was always secondary to the invasion planned to take place at Normandy a year later.
Sicilian Fascist party offices in various localities were sacked, but in truth these were already largely abandoned during the first days of the invasion.
www.bestofsicily.com /ww2.htm   (6871 words)

 WWII Campaigns: Sicily
The following essay is one of a series of campaign studies highlighting those struggles that, with their accompanying suggestions for further reading, are designed to introduce you to one of the Army's significant military feats from that war.
Of the two armies, it was the veteran Eighth to whom Alexander assigned the primary burden of the campaign.
With the exception of those units which had taken part in the Tunisia Campaign, especially the 1st and 9th Infantry Divisions, few American formations employed in Sicily began the campaign with any combat experience, and their abilities were still unknown.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/Brochures/72-16/72-16.htm   (7851 words)

 World War II #2 - Russia, Africa & Italy
From the Volturno to the Winter Line (6 October-15 November 1943) is one of a series of fourteen studies of World War II operations originally published by the War Department's Historical Division and now returned to print as part of the Army's commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of that momentous clash of arms.
The purpose of this study is to describe briefly the German campaign against the guerrillas in the Balkans during the period of the European Axis occupation, from the end of hostilities against Greece and Yugoslavia in April 1941 to the capture of Belgrade by the Soviet forces and the Partisans in October 1944.
This American Department of the Army publication is important to any study of the German campaign in Russia because it is one of the German Report Series which was issued after the Second World War, written by the German officers who had the most knowledge of the campaign.
www.emilitarymanuals.com /ww22.htm   (3487 words)

 [No title]
From August 1940 through August 1943, the division participated in the Louisiana Maneuvers, was moved to the newly opened Camp Gordon, GA where they participated in the Carolina Maneuvers, and was moved to Fort Dix, New Jersey before being redesignated the 4th Infantry Division.
A movement in September 1943 to Camp Gordon Johnston, Florida gave the division realistic amphibious training in preparation for the assault on fortress Europe.
Personnel of the Division during this period wear the five campaign stars for Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes, and Central Europe.
www.geocities.com /jeffduquette/4thInfDiv.html   (1801 words)

Ground forces assembled to conduct the Sicilian Campaign (10 July - 17 August 1943, codenamed Operation HUSKY) constituted the 15th Army Group under the command of General Alexander.
Axis losses in the campaign were around 167,000 killed, wounded, and captured, including some 10,000 German casualties.
Fascinating, inspiring stories and details about American heroes of the Sicilian campaign who were recognized with the Congressional Medal of Honor.
www.worldwar2history.info /Sicily   (465 words)

 WORLD WAR II INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Sicilian Campaign: The invasion of Sicily of Operation "Husky" began with Anglo-American airborne and amphibious landings on July 10, 1943.
The Normandy Campaign or Operation "Overlord" began with a massive combined airborne and amphibious assault upon the northern French coast on D-Day, June 6, 1944.
Guadalcanal: Fought from August 1942 until February 1943, the Guadalcanal campaign was the first American ground offensive of the war.
www.ida.net /users/lamar/worldwar2.html   (5552 words)

 Pantelleria, 1943
In 1943, the World War II Allies launched Corkscrew, a military operation whose aim was to seize the Mediterranean island of Pantelleria.
Allied leaders convened at Casablanca in January 1943 to draw up plans to take the offensive against the Axis powers where they were most vulnerable--in the south of Europe.
By February 1943, Marshall had come to realize that, with North African combat still going on, the Navy would not be in any position to provide aircraft carriers in support of Operation Husky.
www.afa.org /magazine/June2002/0602pantel.asp   (2926 words)

 443rd AAA Bn - World War II - Sicilian Campaign Preparation for Invasion
In aiming at the "soft underbelly of the Axis" along the Mediterranian, control of Sicily was necessary because of its strategic position dominating the sea lanes between Tunisia and Italy.
It was determined that General Alexander’s 18th Army Group would command the Sicilian campaign ground forces, to consist of General Patton’s 7th Army on the left and General Montgomery’s 8th Army on the right.
The General directed that the request be re-submitted at the end of the Sicilian Campaign, at which time he would approve it.
www.kwanah.com /txmilmus/36division/archives/443/44342.htm   (706 words)

 [No title]
NATOUSA, 1943; (2) Rpt of Opns, U.S. Seventh Army in Sicilian Campaign, an.
As the campaign shifted to the northeast, Palermo and Termini became the principal evacuation centers.
Sicilian experience thus reinforced the conclusions of North Africa that treatment of psychiatric reactions must begin at once and that patients must be retained in the combat zone if they were to have a reasonable chance of returning to duty.
history.amedd.army.mil /booksdocs/wwii/MedSvcsinMedtrnMnrThrtrs/chapter4.htm   (11812 words)

 Naples-Foggia Campaign
On 8 September 1943, formal announcement of the Italian surrender was made, and German units moved quickly to disarm their former allies and assume responsibility for defense of the entire peninsula.
The Allies had bases in southern Italy from which to launch strategic air attacks on the Balkans and Germany, the Mediterranean was secure, and German divisions were tied down in Italy opposing the Allied 15th Army Group and holding those areas in northern Italy, France, and the Balkans previously garrisoned by their former Italian allies.
In retrospect, greater cooperation and coordination between British and American leaders, a more realistic appraisal of the strategic value of the campaign once control of southern Italy was gained, and a better meshing of resources and missions at the tactical level would have enhanced the effectiveness and decreased the human cost of the Naples-Foggia Campaign.
www.45thdivision.org /CampaignsBattles/naples_foggia.htm   (8691 words)

 1st Battalion - 15th Infantry Regiment
The 15th fought in the Champlain Valley campaign in the autumn of 1814 and participated in General Dearborn's offensive in Ontario in October 1814 as well as in many other smaller battles.
The regiment fought with distinction at Palermo, Messina, and elsewhere in the Sicilian Campaign.
At the close of the campaign, the 3rd I.D. (including the 15th) conducted a month of training before crossing onto the Italian mainland in September.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/agency/army/1-15in.htm   (1396 words)

 History for 315th Sig. Const. Bn.
The unit was assigned to the Atlantic Base Section until 13 April 1943 when it moved to Constantine Algeria and was assigned to the Eastern Base Section.
The Battalion did not participate in the Sicilian Campaign and did not enter the invasion of Italy until 28 May 1944 and for the year following the Battalion was engaged in routine work involving the reconstruction of damaged communication facilities and the construction of new facilities for military purposes.
The Battalion was regrouped at Bizenrte Tunnsa during the spring of 1944 and on 26 May departed that port for Frattamaggiorne Italy., arriving on 28 May 1944.
www.military.com /HomePage/UnitPageHistory/1,13506,700316|772418,00.html   (327 words)

 A Great Commander Loses His Temper
After reorganizing, re-energizing, and leading American troops to victory in the North African desert, Lieutenant General Patton was placed in command of the U.S. Seventh Army in the summer of 1943.
Patton's army, in cooperation with the British Eighth Army under General Bernard Montgomery, invaded the island of Sicily, in Italy, in July 1943, and quickly took the city of Palermo and then part of Messina.
The joint American and British campaign in Sicily was a dramatic success and lasted only 38 days.
www.americaslibrary.gov /cgi-bin/page.cgi/aa/leaders/patton/slap_1   (117 words)

 This Day in History
In 1943, Patton led the U.S. Seventh Army in its assault on Sicily and won fame for out-commanding Montgomery during the so-called Race to Messina.
During the Sicilian campaign, Patton generated considerable controversy when he accused a hospitalized U.S. soldier suffering from battle fatigue of cowardice and then personally struck him across the face.
During one of his many successful campaigns, General Patton was said to have declared, "Compared to war, all other forms of human endeavor shrink to insignificance." On December 21, 1945, he died in a hospital in Germany from injuries sustained in an automobile accident near Mannheim.
www.historychannel.com /tdih/tdih.jsp?category=general&month=10272963&day=10272976   (849 words)

The light cruiser USS Brooklyn (CL-40) is damaged by a mine in the Sicilian area.
LST-342 is sunk by a submarine torpedo in the Solomons.
The submarine chasers SC-694 and SC-696 are sunk by dive bombers in the Sicilian area.
www.blountweb.com /blountcountymilitary/wars/ww2/timelines/1943_ww2.htm   (9086 words)

 Heroes of Sicily
On 31 July 1943, near Gagliano, Sicily, a detachment of one officer and nine enlisted men, including Sgt. Kisters, advancing ahead of the leading elements of U.S. troops to fill a large crater in the only available vehicle route through Gagliano, was taken under fire by two enemy machineguns.
Kisters and the officer, unaided and in the face of intense small arms fire, advanced on the nearest machinegun emplacement and succeeded in capturing the gun and its crew of four.
Despite a heavy concentration of machinegun, mortar, and artillery fire, the heaviest experienced by his unit throughout the entire Sicilian campaign, he remained at this position and continued to inflict casualties upon the enemy until he was killed.
www.worldwariihistory.info /Medal-of-Honor/Sicily.html   (1140 words)

 WW2 1943 historical timeline for 1st Fighter Group   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The group launched 25 P-38s at 0620 on a fighter sweep of the Sicilian Staights with 4 returning early (2 spares, 2 mechanical troubles).
While strafing a Sicilian airfield Lt George Burger of the 94th was reported missing (KIA).
Personnel status of the Group at the end of 1943 were as follows.
www.1stfighter.org /history/1943.html   (5184 words)

 564th Missile Squadron [564th MS]
In July 1943, the squadron was assigned to the Sicilian Campaign, operating from Bengazi, Libya.
On 1 August 1943, the 564th participated in the raids on the Ploesti oil field in Romania.
By the end of August 1943, the squadron moved to Massicault, Tunisia to support the invasion of Italy.
www.globalsecurity.org /wmd/agency/564ms.htm   (498 words)

 CBC News Indepth: Ortona
The invasion of the island of Sicily on July 10, 1943, set the stage for the coming campaign to take the Italian mainland from the Germans.
On Sept. 3, 1943, the Allied landing force left the Sicilian ports of Catania, Augusta and Syracuse for landing beaches between Taormina and Messina.
On October 1 and 2, 1943, the Canadians were involved in their first major battle against the Germans in Italy at a corkscrew highway through the town of Motta.
www.cbc.ca /news/background/ortona/index.html   (1676 words)

 World War II: North Africa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The First was the first ashore in the invasion of Sicily, 10 July 1943 ; it fought a series of short, fierce battles on the island's tortuous terrain.
On 28 March 1943 it launched an attack in southern Tunisia and fought its way north into Bizerte, 7 May. In August the 9th landed at Palermo, Sicily, and took part in the capture of Randazzo and Messina.
On 10 July 1943, the Division made an assault landing on Sicily, fought its way into Palermo before the armor could get there, and raced on to capture Messina, thus ending the Sicilian campaign.
www.generalstafflibrary.com /page31.html   (3299 words)

 World War II Operational Documents
The report is a chronological narrative of events pertaining to the 7th Infantry Division Artillery immediately prior to and during the RYUKUS Campaign, compiled for historical purposes, and includes comments, recommendations, and records deemed to be of value to other units participating in similar operations.
The 45th Infantry Division in the Sicilian Campaign, as Compiled from G-3 Journal for Period July 10,1943 - Aug. 22, 1943.
Operational reports on the Sicilian campaign taken from the G-3 journal of the 45th Infantry Division.
www.paperlessarchives.com /wwii_op_docs.html   (819 words)

 Organization of the Psychiatric Services in World War II
In March 1943, during the Tunisian campaign, psychiatrists were assigned to the forward evacuation hospitals, and the percent of psychiatric casualties returned to full combat duty rose to about 50.
Early in the Italian campaign, however, because of the greater demand for bed space for wounded, it was often necessary to evacuate psychiatric casualties to base section hospitals with their treatment uncompleted, and the percent of those returned to duty consequently decreased to about 25.
With the assignment of psychiatrists to the divisions in combat, the percent of combat neurosis cases returned to full combat duty rose to 60, and afterward varied from 45 to 70.
history.amedd.army.mil /booksdocs/wwii/combatphsych/section1_4.htm   (799 words)

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