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Topic: 1945 in Canada

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  Canada - MSN Encarta
Canada is the second largest country in the world but has about the same population as the state of California, which is about 4 percent of Canada’s size.
This is because the north of Canada, with its harsh Arctic and sub-Arctic climates, is sparsely inhabited.
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761563379/Canada.html   (1188 words)

 Canada. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Canada occupies all of North America N of the United States (and E of Alaska) except for Greenland and the French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon.
Canada is a federation of 10 provinces—Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia—and three territories—Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, and the Yukon Territory.
During the Ice Age all of Canada was covered by a continental ice sheet that scoured and depressed the land surface, leaving a covering of glacial drift, depositional landforms, and innumerable lakes and rivers.
www.bartleby.com /65/ca/Canada.html   (4925 words)

 Canada - Encyclopedia.com
Canada is a federation of 10 provinces— Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia —and three territories— Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, and the Yukon Territory.
Canada is an independent constitutional monarchy and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Canada and the Enterprise for the Americas Initiative: a case of reluctant regionalism.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc.aspx?id=1E1:Canada   (6060 words)

 CBC - Canada Votes 2006 - Voter Toolkit
The office of the Chief Electoral Officer for Canada was established in 1920, leading to the recognition of several new classes of voters throughout the land.
The Elections Canada definition of this term is almost poetic: "The place of ordinary residence of a person is the place that has always been, or that has been adopted as, his or her dwelling place, and to which the person intends to return when away from it.
Canada's 12th Parliament was allowed to run for almost six years only because of a temporary amendment contained in a 1916 revision to the British North America Act.
www.cbc.ca /canadavotes/voterstoolkit/faqs.html   (6671 words)

  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: 1945   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
RFC 1945: Why is AOL allowed to block personal messages fdrom private accounts to their...
1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar).
From February 14, 1936, to March 1, 1945, AG Weser launched a total of 162 U-boats.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/1945   (1150 words)

 Canada information - Search.com
Canada was a major front in the War of 1812, and its successful defence had important long-term effects on Canada, including building a sense of unity and nationalism.
Canada's aboriginal population is growing almost twice as fast as the rest of the Canadian population.
Canada's official national sports are ice hockey (winter) and lacrosse (summer), however, hockey is a national pastime, and is by far the most popular spectator sport in the country.
www.search.com /reference/Canada   (4933 words)

 CEC India - About Canada
The first inhabitants of Canada were aboriginal peoples, believed to have arrived from Asia thousands of years ago by way of a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska.
Canada became a nation on July 1, 1867 as four provinces - Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick - came together to form the Dominion of Canada.
Since 1945, however, Canada's cultural make-up has been enhanced by increasing numbers of southern Europeans, Asians, South Americans and people from the Caribbean Islands, with the greatest numbers of immigrants arriving from countries in the Asia Pacific region.
www.studycanada.ca /india/history.htm   (283 words)

Canada was deeply involved with the United States and the United Kingdom in the Manhattan Project during World War II.
By 1945, Canada decided to build a small reactor and a pilot plant to extract plutonium.
Canada also sold plutonium from its NRU reactor to the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) from 1959 to 1964.
www.isis-online.org /mapproject/country_pages/canada.html   (352 words)

 History of Canada (1945-1960) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Canada was one of the founding members of the United Nations in 1945, and also of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, but was largely overshadowed in world affairs by the United States.
Canada remained a close ally of the United States throughout the Cold War.
Canada participated, under the United Nations, in the Korean War.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Canada_(1945-1960)   (783 words)

 Cuba :: News and Events :: "Canada and Cuba mark 60 years of diplomatic relations" :: Canada-Cuba: 1945-2005
Cuba was the first country in the Caribbean selected by Canada for a diplomatic mission.
President Fidel Castro visited Canada in 1959 and 2000, on the latter occasion to attend the funeral of former Prime Minister Trudeau.
Cuba and Canada have a long history of contact and cooperation in a broad range of activities including culture, education, sport, trade, development, and tourism.
geo.international.gc.ca /latin-america/cuba/news/60_canada_cuba-en.asp   (313 words)

 Exchange of notes (May 7 and 15, 1945) between Canada and the United States of America providing for the continuation ...
Canada should, in general, be given priorities assistance only of a character and to an extent parallel to priorities assistance given similar [Page 4] requirements in the United States, including any machinery needed for immediate reconversion.
The Government of Canada on its part desires to assure the Government of the United States that the same spirit of co-operation, which was manifested in the Hyde Park Declaration, will characterize the Canadian Government's consideration and treatment of the problems of the period of transition which are of mutual concern.
While Canada has expanded its productive capacity manifold since the beginning of the war, there are still numerous defence articles which it must obtain in the United States, and purchases of this character by Canada will be even greater in the coming year than in the past.
www.lexum.umontreal.ca /ca_us/en/cts.1948.01.en.html   (1391 words)

 Military History: 1945 to Present: Peacekeeping: Canada's Role
Canada had not yet found a comfortable role in which to exercise its middle-power status.
Ultimately, however, Canada was able to find a niche that was perfectly suited to its national temperament and middle-power status.
Canada became recognized for its efforts to use quiet diplomacy to resolve international disputes.
www.lermuseum.org /ler/mh/1945topresent/canadasrole.html   (560 words)

 The Online NewsHour: Tracking Nuclear Proliferation | Country Profile | Canada | PBS
Canada's participation in the Manhattan project was critical since the country was one of only two places outside Nazi-controlled Europe -- the other was the Belgian Congo -- with known natural deposits of uranium.
Secretly, however, Canada continued to provide plutonium from Chalk River and uranium to Britain and the United States to fuel their weapons programs, according to author Gordon Edwards in the book, Canada and the Nuclear Arms Race.
Though Canada was one of the first countries to sign the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in July 1968, the country has come under fire for providing India with the reactor India used to produce the plutonium that fueled its first nuclear bomb explosion in 1974.
www.pbs.org /newshour/indepth_coverage/military/proliferation/countries/canada.html   (520 words)

 Book Review - Our Lives: Canada After 1945
The first, covering the years from 1945 to 1963, is titled "In the Shadow of the Giant" and introduces the theme of American influence on Canada which dominates the book.
Finkel's arguments that Canada has not played an important role in the world since 1945, however, are not as well supported.
Canada's role in United Nations peacekeeping missions is written off as an attempt to provide only the "image...
www.quasar.ualberta.ca /css/Css_35_4/BRcanada_after_1945.htm   (500 words)

 CN - Hard times and wartime 1930 - 1945   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Canada's prosperity of the 1920s ended abruptly with the stock market crash of 1929.
Several decades later, TCA was renamed Air Canada and in 1977 became a separate company.
From 1939 to 1945, Canada's railroads were involved in an all-out effort, moving troops and military equipment to port positions for transport overseas.
www.cn.ca /companyinfo/history/en_AboutCNHardtimesandwartime19301945.htm   (270 words)

 Cold War Canada
In September 1945, a young Russian named Igor Gouzenko walked into the newsroom of the Ottawa Citizen and announced he had proof of a widespread Soviet spy ring operating in Canada.
Although Canada made other attempts to have a voice in international matters, for the most part, it was drawn into the American sphere for much of the Cold War.
Canada soon discovered the type Bomarc missiles it received was designed to hold nuclear warheads.
history.cbc.ca /history/?MIval=Section.html&chapter_id=1&episode_id=15   (628 words)

 Nuclear Files: Timeline of the Nuclear Age: 1945
The decision to drop the atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki is one of the most controversial issues of the 20th century.
In 1945 the Manhattan Project, the ambitious and expensive US effort to create the atomic bomb, succeeded in its mission.
The invasion was to begin no earlier than November 1, 1945 and, according to Admiral William Leahy, "The invasion itself was never authorized." McCloy is asked to prepare language for what is to become Article 12 of the draft Potsdam Declaration.
www.nuclearfiles.org /menu/timeline/1940/1945.htm   (3855 words)

 Book Launch--Alliance and Illusion: Canada and the World 1945-1984
Nevertheless, in the realm of international affairs, Canada maintained a pattern of “following a greater power’s lead.” In 1939, explained Bothwell, Canada’s forces were content to follow the lead of the British and fight under British command.
Bothwell contended that Canada’s refusal to abide by the wishes of its allies in these instances was symbolic of the country’s expectations of its alliance with Britain and the United States formed during the Second World War that subsequently carried over to the post-war era.
Whereas St. Laurent proclaimed that Canada must be ready to act in collaboration with its allies for the welfare of the North American continent or be “resigned to ineffectiveness,” Trudeau was much more inclined to question the wisdom of Canada’s allies’ foreign policy initiatives and decisions related to external affairs, said Doran.
www.wilsoncenter.org /index.cfm?fuseaction=events.event&event_id=237091   (855 words)

 Manitoba History: Review: Witness Against War: Pacifism in Canada 1900-1945
The book begins with a discussion of the two traditions that formed the basis of pacifism in Canada: the tradition of historic nonresistance and non-participation in the state of such groups as the Mennonites and Hutterites, and the tradition of liberal pacifism of such groups as the Quakers and later the Protestant social radicals.
Of all the Protestant churches, it was the United Church of Canada which was most profoundly affected by pacifism and it was this issue which ultimately divided this denomination.
The “historic peace churches” in Canada will find their witness against war confirmed by Socknat’s book, but there is no reason for them to boast about their more or less consistent position.
www.mhs.mb.ca /docs/mb_history/16/pacifismincanada.shtml   (793 words)

 Canada and the Great Depression Study Guide
Politics of Chaos: Canada in the Thirties (1972)
An introduction to the politics of the 1930s, this book describes the political response to Depression-era problems and discusses the social and political context of the 1930s.
Brief overall view of the Great Depression in Canada, with a focus on economics.
www.vpl.ca /branches/LibrarySquare/his/StudyGuides/canada_and_the_depression.html   (498 words)

 Manitoba History: REVIEW: Canada Since 1945, Power, Politics, and Provincialism
Canada Since 1945 represents the choices of three scholars regarding what is important to recall from the historical record in the years since the close of World War II.
At the same time, an occasional husbandman in the fields of the period is perhaps entitled to a few general remarks on this particular version of Canada since 1945.
If Canada Since 1945 is centralist and whiggish, it is predictably and almost inevitably elitist, discussing the great social and cultural transformations of the post-war years in the superior and often patronizing tones of the Faculty Club or commons room.
www.mhs.mb.ca /docs/mb_history/05/canadasince1945.shtml   (1392 words)

 Menu - Victory Bonding - Exhibitions - Library and Archives Canada
As we celebrate Canada's audio-visual heritage, and the centenary of cinema in 1995, this exhibition offers an appropriate occasion on which to acknowledge the significant role that radio and film have played in Canada - particularly in the government context.
One of the agencies that flourished under the demands of wartime communications was the National Film Board of Canada, established in 1939 to consolidate and expand many of the activities of its predecessor, the Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau.
The exhibition was organized by the National Archives of Canada, in cooperation with the National Film Board of Canada and the National Library of Canada with the generous support of Glogalmic Design.
www.collectionscanada.ca /05/0507/050701_e.html   (974 words)

 Canada News - Breaking World Canada News - The New York Times
The Western Cordillera, a geologically young mountain system parallel to the Pacific coast, is composed of a series of north-south tending ranges and valleys that form the highest and most rugged section of the country; Mt.
The first permanent European settlement in Canada was founded in 1605 by the sieur de
Canada’s Conservative government captured a seat in a generally separatist region of Quebec during one of three special elections on Monday.
topics.nytimes.com /top/news/international/countriesandterritories/canada/index.html?inline=nyt-geo   (5351 words)

P.S. The whole of 1945 has been peculiar weather and rather trying all the time.
On the 5th Aug. the Atomic bomb came to Japan on the same day in 1945 – which may help us to know what the earthquake will be and do to the cities of the nations and Jerusalem.
Of which the earthquake which made the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea and the great Gulch 6000 miles down through Africa which Jesus couples up with Noah’s flood – as a sample of the Judgment wrath – which Revelation is the program.
home.earthlink.net /~truth444/WmILetters/WmI1945.html   (16126 words)

 American National Security and Economic Relations with Canada, 1945-1954 — www.greenwood.com
It is therefore with some nostalgia that Aronsen's book gives Canadians a clearer understanding of how their country was able to benefit from America's preoccupation with national security at the dawn of the Cold War.
Description: Aronsen draws on recently declassified documents in Ottawa and Washington to provide a reassessment of Canada's special relationship with the U.S. Toward this end, detailed new information is provided about Canada's contribution to the creation of the postwar economic order from the Bretton Woods Agreement to GATT.
Canada's cooperation was rewarded by special economic concessions including the extension of the Hyde Park agreement in 1945, the inclusion of the off-shore purchases clause to the Marshall Plan, and Article II of the NATO Treaty.
www.greenwood.com /catalog/C5891.aspx   (379 words)

 Official History in Canada
Canada and the British Army 1846-1871: A Study in the Practice of Responsible Government (London: Longmans, 1936).
The Canadian Government appointed a correspondent in England to "give the public of Canada an account of the performance of Canadian troops" and that this would be done "by means of daily cables." The correspondent was an expatriate Canadian, Sir Max Aitken (better known as Lord Beaverbrook).
Before this could be done, Cruikshank believed that it would be necessary to write an account of military development in Canada prior to the outbreak of war in 1914, and he proceeded to do just that.
www.warchronicle.com /canada/official_history.htm   (5260 words)

 Canada in World War II
Canada waited until September 9th to convene her Parliament, and declared war on September 10.
Canada was a full partner to the Allies, and contributed much to the western Allies’ victory.
Overcoming the crippling, rapid expansion from a territorial power to a major contributor to the western European theatre, her casualties were higher than the should have been, but a price that had to be paid to create the Canadian Army that could outfight their Axis opponents.
www.worldwar2database.com /html/canada.htm   (1058 words)

 Canada - Atlapedia Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
LOCATION and GEOGRAPHY: Canada is located on the North American Continent and occupies nearly all of it north of the United States except for Alaska to the west and a few small French islands.
On June 25, 1993 Campbell was sworn in as Canada's first female prime minister while national elections held on Oct. 25, 1993 resulted in the election of Jean Chretien of the Liberal Party as the country's new prime minister.
In 1993 Canada's international image as a leading peace-keeper was stained after 4 Canadian soldiers on the peace-keeping mission in Somalia were charge with torture and negligence and two with second-degree murder after 4 civilians were killed.
www.atlapedia.com /online/countries/canada.htm   (2090 words)

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