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Topic: 1988 in science

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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  Encyclopedia: 1988 in science
Science: The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12, 2000 > Ministry of Education / Ministry of Training, Colleges and...
Science is related in many ways to the economies of most nations, including Canada, and plays a major role in public and private decisions in many areas of society.
Science can therefore not be viewed as merely a matter of “facts”; rather, it is a subject in which students learn to weigh the complex combinations of fact and value that developments in science and technology have given rise to in modern society.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/1988-in-science   (322 words)

 [No title]
Misconceptions about science are most likely due to the lack of philosophy of science content in teacher education programs, the failure of such programs to provide and require authentic science experiences for preservice teachers and the generally shallow treatment of the nature of science in the precollege textbooks to which teachers might turn for guidance.
A former U.S. president showed his misunderstanding of science by saying that he was not troubled by the idea of evolution because it was "just a theory." The president's misstatement is the essence of this myth; that an idea is not worthy of consideration until "lawness" has been bestowed upon it.
We accept that no single guaranteed method of science can account for the success of science, but realize that induction, the collection and interpretation of individual facts providing the raw materials for laws and theories, is at the foundation of most scientific endeavors.
www.bluffton.edu /~bergerd/NSC_111/TenMyths.html   (4789 words)

 Science Quotes - The Quotations Page
Science is facts; just as houses are made of stones, so is science made of facts; but a pile of stones is not a house and a collection of facts is not necessarily science.
In science one tries to tell people, in such a way as to be understood by everyone, something that no one ever knew before.
In science, 'fact' can only mean 'confirmed to such a degree that it would be perverse to withhold provisional assent.' I suppose that apples might start to rise tomorrow, but the possibility does not merit equal time in physics classrooms.
www.quotationspage.com /subjects/science   (773 words)

 SCIENCE VOL.206 25 JUNE 1993
We found that 6% of closed-canopy forest had been cleared as of 1988 and ~15% of the forested Amazon was affected by deforestation-caused habitat destruction, habitat isolation, and edge effects (Fig.
(13) and the INPE (15) of ~280,000 km2 as of 1988.
The average deforestation rate in the closed-canopy forests from 1978 to 1988 (~15,000 km2 year-l) (Table 3) is higher than the rate from 1975 to 1978 (3) but considerably lower than recent estimates (2, 4, 5, 20).
www.ciesin.org /docs/002-115/002-115.html   (3047 words)

 ED298073 1988-09-00 Science/Technology/Society in the Social Studies. ERIC Digest.
Science and technology affect and are affected by the institutions and values of a society.
Considering that an understanding of this heritage is a critical component of citizenship education, the social studies curriculum of elementary and secondary school should include a historical to present-day perspective on relationships of scientific and technological effects to the development of society.
He is a member of the Science and Society Committee of the National Council for the Social Studies and has served as chairperson of this NCSS committee.
www.thememoryhole.org /edu/eric/ed298073.html   (1983 words)

 1988 - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar.
1985 1986 1987 - 1988 - 1989 1990 1991
February 11 - Anthony M. Kennedy is appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /1988.htm   (2257 words)

 The Political Economy of Counterrevolution in China: 1976-1988 (Science)
Science was transferred from the lab and the library to the factory, field and hospital during the Cultural Revolution.
By this view, science was to be advanced by making the masses scientists who would solve their own problems and take care of their own needs.
The change in the philosophy of science may be characterized as a deemphasis of struggle and practice and a renewed emphasis on unity and theory.
www.etext.org /Politics/MIM/countries/china/pecc88/science.html   (4622 words)

 discontents - words - Making science for whom? - Review of R.W. Home, Australian Science in the Making
Science can, of course, be readily seen as international at certain levels of its social structure - scientists interact with scientists from other countries - though there are very definite limits on such interactions.
The reluctance to fully locate Australian science culturally is reflected in the use of geography as a causal factor in determining aspects of scientific development.
The next section, 'Science in a colonial society', considers 'colonial science', which, as I have described, is understood in terms of its connections with European science, rather than its own cultural location.
www.discontents.com.au /words/making_science.php   (2323 words)

 Science Ethics Bibliography
Grinnell, "Ambiguity in the Practice of Science" Science 1996 April 19; 272 (5260):333 (in Editorial).
Marshall, "ETHICS IN SCIENCE: Is Data-Hoarding Slowing the Assault on Pathogens?" Science.
Science on trial: The whistle-blower, the accused, and the Nobel laureate.
www.chem.vt.edu /chem-ed/ethics/vinny/ethxbibl.html   (3650 words)

 African Science in School Curriculum
The rich natural science of the Kalahari bushmen, (properly called the San), could make valuable contributions to the knowledge of many of our so-called experts, most of whom do their research in "ivory towers", on all but sterile campuses, surrounded by ribbons of steel and concrete.
The primary purpose of this paper is to encourage science teachers to incorporate examples of African science and of important African-American scientists into their science lessons and to thus teach children to have equal respect for the accomplishments of all races.
In this paper African science will be considered to be a way of describing and explaining nature which has arisen within an African context and which does not rely on the purported objectivism of Western science.
www.africa.upenn.edu /K-12/African_Science.html   (5762 words)

 Science Education Faculty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The MU Science Education Faculty are nationally and internationally recognized experts in their field.
In addition to teaching in the undergraduate and graduate science education programs, they conduct science education research, engage in outreach to K-16 science classrooms in collaboration with scientists and school-based colleagues, and serve professional organizations in various capacities.
Assistant Professor of Science Education, jointly appointed in the Division of Biological Sciences.
www.swbsec.missouri.edu /newfaculty.htm   (406 words)

 1988 in the FSU Biological Science History project   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 85:1558-1562.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 85:2584-2588.
This page is part of the Departmental History Project of the Department of Biological Science at Florida State University.
www.bio.fsu.edu /history/1988pubs.html   (1632 words)

 INHEA: Science and Technology publications
Enos, J. (1995) In Pursuit of Science and Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Impact of Structural Adjustment Programmes.
Narula, R. "In Pursuit of Science and Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Impact of Structural Adjustment Programmes." Journal of Modern African Studies, 35 (4), pp.
Mwila, A. The uses of the University of Zambia library by social science, humanities and science faculties.
www.bc.edu /bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/inhea/pubs_theme/Science_and_Technology.htm   (1121 words)

 Keith B Miller's Science/Faith Bibliography
A noted paleontologist, influential science popularizer, and agnostic, presents an argument that science and religion are "non-overlapping majesteria" or independent realms of human thought and experience.
It is a critique of creation science and such popularized evolutionary philosophies as Sagan's "Cosmos." It reveals the misuse of scientific data on the one hand, and the veiling of personal philosophies under the guise of science on the other.
An appendix on science and Genesis should be read with care and the understanding that it is written by a non-scientist.
www-personal.ksu.edu /~kbmill/scifaith.html   (3163 words)

 1988 in science - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
1988 in science - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
This encyclopedia, history, geography and biography article about 1988 in science contains research on
1988 in science, Astronomy and space exploration, Computer science, Awards, Births, Deaths, 1988 and 1980s in science.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/1988_in_science   (211 words)

 Sandra K. Abell -- Teaching -- C&I 8710, Nature of Science in Science Teaching   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Merton, R. The sociology of science: Theoretical and empirical investigations.
Bleier, R. Science and gender: A critique of biology and its theories on women.
Science for all Americans: A Project 2061 report on literacy goals in science, mathematics, and technology.
www.coe.missouri.edu /~abells/philref.html   (771 words)

 BNL Scientists Win Materials Science Award
The cash award of $50,000, which will be used for research, recognizes their pioneering work on neutron scattering studies of films adsorbed on graphite and magnesium oxide surfaces.
Passell's interest in materials science dates back to his days at the University of California, Berkeley, where he earned his M.A. in 1952 and his Ph.D in physics in 1955.
The Laboratory is operated by Brookhaven Science Associates, a not-for-profit research management company, under contract with the U.S. Department of Energy.
www.bnl.gov /bnlweb/pubaf/pr/1999/bnlpr020899.html   (653 words)

 Nat' Academies Press, Biodiversity (1988)
Where conservation biologists identify threatened but critical coevolutionary links, especially those between keystone species essential to ecosystem stability and diversity, sustaining these links for a time by scientific management of predators, competitors, even of environmental chemistry, microclimate, and with reintroductions, may be our only option for preservation.
Perhaps, as H.L.Mencken is reported to have said in a different context: “For every complex problem there is a simple answer and it is wrong.” Most losses of biological diversity, to say nothing of lost ecological services, are quite beyond human ability to repair.
Survival of mouse embryos frozen to −196° and −269°C. Science 178:411–414.
www.nap.edu /openbook/0309037395/html/261.html   (8128 words)

 Archived - State of the Art: Science - References
American Association for the Advancement of Science (1989).
Resnick, L.B. and Chi, M.T.H. "Cognitive Psychology and Science Learning" in M. Druger (ed.), Science for the Fun of It: A Guide to Informal Science Education.
Trumbull, Deborah J. "Introduction." Science Education: A Minds-On Approach for the Elementary Years by Eleanor Duckworth, J. Easley, D. Hawkins, and A. Henriques.
www.ed.gov /pubs/StateArt/Science/refer.html   (409 words)

 Contents of Science Studies 1988-2004
Luisa Oliveira: Commodification of Science and Paradoxes in Universities
Kor Grit: The Rise of the Entrepreneurial University: A Heritage of the Enlightenment?, pp.
Carl-Axel Gemzell: The Social Function of Science and the Foundations of the Welfare State in Britain, pp.
pro.tsv.fi /stts/mag/contents.html   (2387 words)

 Union Institute & University: Academic Support Network
Dickson, D. Science and political hegemony in the 17th century.
Science observed: perspectives on the social study of science.
Restivo, S, Croissant, J. Science and progressive thought: an essay on the tyranny of science.
www.tui.edu /ASN/read_notetaking/Subject_Bibliographies/Hist_soc_of_science.asp   (506 words)

 HIV & AIDS - HIV Is Not the Cause of AIDS
For example, recently some RNA molecules were shown to act as enzymes, ribozymes, even though biochemistry text books state that all enzymes are proteins.
This pattern of AIDS development following HIV-1 seroconversion is the same as that seen for pediatric and adult blood transfusion cases and mother-to-child transmission, and in a multitude of prospective studies of gay men, hemophiliacs, and other populations in developed and developing countries.
N.C. Pedersen et al., Science 235, 790 (1987).
www.virusmyth.net /aids/data/pdscience88.htm   (2150 words)

Research in Science and Technology Education, 6(1), 25-38.
A paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Science Teachers Association, St Louis.
Paper presented at a symposium on qualitative research in mathematics and science education, Purdue University.
web.gc.cuny.edu /urbaneducation/tobin/1988.htm   (665 words)

Kragh, H. An Introduction to the Historiography of Science.
Misunderstanding Science?: The Public Reconstruction of Science and Technology.
Knorr-Cetina, K. "The Couch, the Cathedral, and the Laboratory: On the Relationship between Experiment and Laboratory in Science," in A. Pickering (Ed.) Science as Practice and Culture (pp.
filebox.vt.edu /users/wgalusky/prelimlist.html   (1116 words)

 The World Science Fiction Society - 1988 Minutes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Upon adoption and ratification of a separate set of governing documents for the NASFiC, all references to the North American Science Fiction Convention or NASFiC shall be removed from the WSFS Constitution, and the NASFiC mark shall be transferred to the new organization.
In addition, the committee has contacted "World SF, The International Association of Science Fiction Professionals" and has requested that they include a disclaimer in their publications, to the effect that they are not associated with the World Science Fiction Society or the World Science Fiction Convention.
The many persons who would be added to WSFS "membership" by the first part of this amendment are specifically denied the right to attend or vote at the Business Meeting unless they are also an attending member of the Worldcon at which the Business Meeting is held.
www.sflovers.org /Reference/fandom/WSFS/pre-1998/w1988.htm   (3465 words)

 40+ Years of Earth Science (1988-1997)
Earth Science had truly come into its own by the late 1980s, and by the early 1990s, NASA made the study of our home world one of its top priorities, elevating Earth Science to the Enterprise level and giving it the appropriate name of "NASA's Mission to Planet earth."
NASA's Earth Science Enterprise celebrates a 40 year tradition of bringing you closer to the planet we live on; we look to the next 40 years, and beyond into the next Millenium, to continue our missions to planet earth.
The Meteor-3/TOMS, the first significant U.S. science instrument to fly on a Russian spacecraft, was one of the main sources of ozone data until it was deactivated in 1994.
www.earth.nasa.gov /history/index40.html   (793 words)

 William H. Calvin, book review of NEURAL DARWINISM in Science 1988
copyright ©1988 by William H. Calvin and the American Association for the Advancement of Science
It causes us to reach adolescence with little more than half the number of cortical synapses that we had eight months after birth.
Since Edelman's models seem particularly relevant to the postnatal tuning-up process, it is even more surprising that this conceptually important background, from research on both humans and monkeys (for example, Science 232, 232 [1986]), is omitted.
williamcalvin.com /1980s/1988Science.htm   (940 words)

 Giere, Ronald N.: Explaining Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
"This volume presents an attempt to construct a unified cognitive theory of science in relatively short compass.
It confronts the strong program in sociology of science and the positions of various postpositivist philosophers of science, developing significant alternatives to each in a reeadily comprehensible sytle.
It draws loosely on recent developments in cognitive science, without burdening the argument with detailed results from that source.
www.press.uchicago.edu /cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/3411.ctl   (201 words)

 S Bowdler to Dean of Science, Dec 6 1988
Upon the decision of A/Professor Hallam to take early retirement, the Centre for Prehistory was permitted to advertise her position as a tenurable Lectureship/Senior Lectureship.
I circulated them to A/Professor Hallam and Dr. C W Amsden, the other (third) member of the Centre for Prehistory, for their comments, which they gave me in writing.
Tonkinson to attend this meeting which she did not do (I think she forgot to put it in her diary).
wings.buffalo.edu /anthropology/Rindos/History/bowdler88.html   (921 words)

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