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Topic: 1995 in science

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  E/CN.17/1995/16 Science for Sustainable Development
Recognizing that science and technology are essential for both economic (including industrial and agricultural) development and for the protection of the environment, increasing numbers of Governments now integrate science and technology into their national development plans.
The science addressed in chapter 35 is intended to provide the knowledge base for sustainable development and must therefore be designed to cover all facets of the complex problems of environment and development as they appear at the global, regional, and local levels.
Science related to environment and sustainable development needs, by definition, to be based both on national scientific programmes and activities and on international scientific cooperation.
www.un.org /esa/documents/ecosoc/cn17/1995/ecn171995-16.htm   (8024 words)

 Encyclopedia: 1995 in science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Mario J. Molina (born March 19, 1943) was awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his role in elucidating the threat to the Earths ozone layer of chlorofluorocarbon gases (or CFCs).
Frank Sherwood Rowland (born June 28, 1927) is a Nobel laureate and a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Irvine.
Years in science April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/1995-in-science   (952 words)

 Mario Molina - Autobiography
I was already fascinated by science before entering high school; I still remember my excitement when I first glanced at paramecia and amoebae through a rather primitive toy microscope.
Keeping with our family tradition of sending their children abroad for a couple of years, and aware of my interest in chemistry, I was sent to a boarding school in Switzerland when I was 11 years old, on the assumption that German was an important language for a prospective chemist to learn.
Sherry and I decided to exchange information with the atmospheric sciences community: we went to Berkeley to confer with Professor Harold Johnston, whose work on the impact of the release of nitrogen oxides from the proposed supersonic transport (SST) aircraft on the stratospheric ozone layer was well known to us.
nobelprize.org /chemistry/laureates/1995/molina-autobio.html   (2154 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The Electronic Telegraph Thursday 28 September 1995 Science This summer the Royal Observatory at Herstmonceux found new life as a science centre.
But this was Fabricators' Week at the Herstmonceux Science Centre, with exhibitors from science centres all over Europe arriving to demonstrate prototypes of experiments they hoped to produce as hands-on displays - a tube of rocket-propelled rubber balls, a solar-powered toy car, a model of planetary movement.
All the exhibits, demonstrating phenomena as diverse as the electrical effects of lightning and the length of sound waves, were designed to be operated by children.
www.ee.surrey.ac.uk /Teaching/Unix/science.txt   (1172 words)

 1995/54. Science and technology for development
Recognizing the need to support activities of the United Nations system in the field of science and technology for development and considering that the level of funding for science and technology as a generic field is limited, being only a small percentage of total United Nations system resources for development,
Urges the Commission on Science and Technology for Development to ensure greater transparency in its working methods and decision-making processes, including the allocation and utilization of resources, in accordance with Commission decision 2/101 of 24 May 1995; 2/
Invites the Commission on Science and Technology for Development to continue contributing substantively and constructively to the work of the Commission on Sustainable Development on the science and technology components of Agenda 21.
www.un.org /documents/ecosoc/res/1995/eres1995-54.htm   (512 words)

 Cognitive Science
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study of mind and intelligence, embracing philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology.
Cognitive science has unifying theoretical ideas, but we have to appreciate the diversity of outlooks and methods that researchers in different fields bring to the study of mind and intelligence.
Although the computational-representational approach to cognitive science has been successful in explaining many aspects of human problem solving, learning, and language use, some philosophical critics such as Hubert Dreyfus (1992) and John Searle (1992) have claimed that this approach is fundamentally mistaken.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/cognitive-science   (3416 words)

 Plant Science Bulletin - Autumn 1995, Volume 41, Issue 3   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The number of papers to be judged for the Maynard F. Moseley Award in 1995 was twelve; nine from the Structural/Development Section, and three from the Paleobotanical Section, as determined by the Award Committee in conjunction with the Program Directors for the two sections.
As of July 1995, approximately 750 members of the BSA have affiliated with the Systematics Section, and our activities continue to be done in parallel with the American Society of Plant Taxonomists.
It is a first-rate science story, as the author (an entomologist) leads the reader through the process (over a number of years) of how he observed insect behavior and devised experiments to support or refute various hypotheses.
www.botany.org /PlantScienceBulletin/psb-1995-41-3.php   (18037 words)

 Maryland Marine Notes: September-October 1995 Side Bar - Science and Ethics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The conscientious science student may argue that some truths have held out much longer than that, though scientists also know that this year's unpopular hypothesis may turn out to be next year's accepted truth.
In a recent article about science and the Chesapeake Bay, Don Boesch, President of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, referred to a "history of heresies," scientific findings that went against the grain of generally accepted principles, until they were finally incorporated into the public mind.
Ken Tenore's interest in ethics and science led him to spend his sabbatical at Notre Dame as a visiting scholar in the Reilly Center for Science, Technology and Values, where he pursued further study in the philosophy of science.
mdsg.umd.edu /MDSG/Communications/MarineNotes/Sep-Oct95/side1.html   (1033 words)

 The 1995 Cognitive Science Conference Paper Submission Format   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The degree to which recurrent neural networks generalize is partly dependent on the fixed architecture of the network, and in particular on the number of hidden nodes.
Bayesian learning methods for neural networks (MacKay, 1995) should be able to solve this problem, by placing a prior probability distribution on network structures and parameter values, although I am not aware of any applications of such networks to models of language acquisition.
Chomsky (1995) has argued that the language faculty of the mind should satisfy ‘general conditions of conceptual naturalness that have some independent plausibility, namely, simplicity, economy, symmetry, nonredundancy, and the like’ (p.
www.cs.usyd.edu.au /~mike/cogsci2000.html   (4888 words)

Proceedings of the History and Philosophy of Science and Science Teaching.
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for the Education of Teachers of Science, Charleston, West Virginia.
Science teacher education in the Year 2000: Breaking free of the rules that bind us.
web.gc.cuny.edu /urbaneducation/tobin/1995.htm   (811 words)

 SCI-BYTES: Science in Taiwan, 1995-99
Between 1995 and 1999, ISI indexed 39,434 papers that listed at least one author address in Taiwan.
In fact, the impact of Taiwanese research was below the world average in all the fields shown below (those in which Taiwan's researchers contributed at least 100 papers to the ISI database during the five-year period), save for one: in agricultural sciences, the impact of Taiwan papers was 6% above the world average.
SOURCE: National Science Indicators, 1981-2000 (containing listings of output and citation statistics for more than 90 countries; available in standard and deluxe versions from the Research Services Group.
www.in-cites.com /research/2001/february_5_2001-2.html   (315 words)

 Clinton threatens to veto 1995 omnibus science act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The House passed an amended version of the Omnibus Civilian Science Authorization Act of 1995 by a vote of 248-161 on October 12.
The bill authorizes fiscal 1996 and 1997 appropriations for the National Science Foundation, NASA, the Department of Energy, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency and the US Fire Administration.
Total spending authorized for 1996 is $21.5 billion, $3 billion less than what was budgeted for those agencies in 1995 and about $3.3 billion less than the president's 1996 budget request for those agencies.
www.cra.org /CRN/html/9511/policy/none.5_1_m.shtml   (355 words)

 Mollusks & Crustaceans-1995
When all thirty stations were sampled the connection between these seagrass associated animals and grass bed structure was made by associating each throw trap collection with estimates of grass bed micro-structure including: seagrass standing crop and blade density; algal biomass; sediment texture, depth, organic content and compaction; root and rhizome biomass; and water depth.
Due to the manner in which of the data were collected in 1991 and 1992 it may not be possible to conclusively document which species are proving to be the most rapid recolonizers.
The 1995 work was conducted in collaboration with Dr. Shirley Pomponi, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, and the FDEP contract supporting this work will be completed by November, 1995.
www.aoml.noaa.gov /flbay/moll95.html   (5445 words)

 Science - 1995 Pharmacia Biotech & Science Prize for Young Scientists
harmacia and Science are pleased to announce the 1995 grand prize winner of the Pharmacia Biotech and Science Prize for Young Scientists.
The winner of the 1995 grand prize in molecular biology was chosen from among the first- and second-prize winners from three geographical areas--North America, Europe, and the rest of the world.
Pause received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from the University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany, and is now in the Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, where he studies the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor protein.
www.sciencemag.org /feature/data/pharmacia/1995.shl   (472 words)

 Science Journal, Fall 1995, Research Rundown
Note: This past May, an error was found in one of the calculations of Rovelli and Smolin that changed the values of some of the "units" of quantized volume, without changing the basic result that the volumes and areas are quantized.
In 1994, paleoanthropologist Tim White of the University of California, Berkeley Ñ also supported by the National Science Foundation Ñ announced the discovery in Ethiopia of even older fossils, which he identified as Ardipithecus ramidus (A. ramidus), a new genus and species of hominid.
The telescope structure (visible in the picture on the cover) and the 11-meter mirror truss were installed in late spring and early summer, 1995.
www.science.psu.edu /journal/Fall_95/res95.htm   (3960 words)

 1995 Science Olympics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The 1995 Science Olympics was held on November 11 at USC-Aiken.
Four area high school teams competed in various science contests including the ping-pong catapult, earth science practical, and paper tower construction.
The 1995 Science Olympics Gold-Medal Winner is Harlem High School, under the direction of Pam Kitchens.
rpsec.usca.sc.edu /Newsletter/Dec95/scioly.html   (48 words)

 1995 in science -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The year 1995 in (A particular branch of scientific knowledge) science and (The practical application of science to commerce or industry) technology consisted of many events, including those below.
(The science of matter and energy and their interactions) Physics - Martin L. Perl, (additional info and facts about Frederick Reines) Frederick Reines
(The science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions) Chemistry - (additional info and facts about Paul J. Crutzen) Paul J. Crutzen, (additional info and facts about Mario J. Molina) Mario J. Molina, (additional info and facts about F. Sherwood Rowland) F.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/1/19/1995_in_science.htm   (402 words)

 Nat' Academies Press, Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology (1995)
Calculated from Table C-8 in National Science Foundation, Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1993, 1994, and 1995, NSF 95-334 (Arlington,Va.: NSF/Division of Science Resources Studies, forthcoming).
A recent Battelle Memorial Institute survey also estimated that the federal government is funding 36 percent of the national investment in research and development in 1995.
Office of Science end technology Policy, Science in the National Interest (Washington, D.C.: Executive Office of the President, August 1994), p.15.
www.nap.edu /books/0309053471/html/82.html   (1220 words)

 Science Now/ MAY 1995 - Tornado Formation Puzzles Scientiests
Along with NSSL and NCAR, participants and funding agencies for VORTEX include the National Science Foundation; the OU Center for the Analysis and Prediction of Storms; The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Texas A and M and Texas Tech Universities; the University of Illinois; the University of California, Los Angeles; and Canada's Atmosphere Environment Service.
UCAR is a consortium of over 60 universities in the U.S. and Canada with doctoral programs in atmospheric and related sciences.
UCAR manages and operates the National Center for Atmospheric Research under the sponsorship of the National Science Foundation.
www.proquestk12.com /curr/snow/snow595/snow595.htm   (2125 words)

 Circulation Models & Tides-1995
In July 1995, a study was initiated by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Jacksonville District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and with assistance from the South Florida Water Management District.
Comparing the data from 1992-1993 with the data from January 1, 1995 - August 26, 1995 similar patterns are apparent.
It is important to note, however, that despite the increased rainfall salinities were consistently higher (33-36 o/oo) from June - September 1995 during the peak of the rainy season than during the drier period from January - March (28 - 34 o/oo).
www.aoml.noaa.gov /flbay/circ95.html   (8810 words)

Picture Gallery, The Industrial Revolution, Science on the Web, Magazines, Search tools, Back Issues, Other.
The London Science Museum, and their list of other
1995 September 1 (Henry Bessemer, Man of Steel).
www2.exnet.com /1995/10/10/science/science.html   (1764 words)

 The Obituary Page - Science 1995
Benjamin Mazar (28 Jun 1906 - 16 Sep 1995)
Beatrix Tugendhat Gardner (13 Jul 1933 - 5 Jun 1995)
Colin Ronan (4 Jun 1920 - 1 Jun 1995)
catless.ncl.ac.uk /Obituary/1995/science.html   (992 words)

 Science/AAAS | Science Magazine: Previous Issues
The full text of Science articles is available online to AAAS members, to users at subscribing institutions, and on a pay-per-article basis.
After one year, the full text of the journal's research content is available online without cost for individuals who register for access.
© 2005 American Association for the Advancement of Science.
www.sciencemag.org /contents-by-date.0.shtml   (230 words)

 Science articles, science magazine for kids, parents and teachers
Science articles, science magazine for kids, parents and teachers
The science articles in Science Made Simple help kids learn science the easy, hands-on way.
And if you are not satisfied with your first issue, we will gladly refund your money.
www.sciencemadesimple.com /science.html   (142 words)

 1995 Research Report - Publications- Science & Technology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Hirth, J. R., McKenzie, B. and Tisdall, J. 'The volume density of earthworm burrows in compacted cores of soil as estimated by direct and indirect methods.' Biology and Fertility of Soils, 21, pp.
Kotiw, M., Wilkes, C. and May, J. 'The effects of serial in vivo passage on the expression of virulence and DNA stability on an infectious laryngotrachietis virus strain of low virulence.' Veterinary Microbiology, 45, pp.
J., Leckey, R. and Riley, J. 'The reconstruction of Sb on GaAs(111) and LEED study.' Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft f¸r Synchrotronstrahlung mbH, Jahresbericht, 1995, pp.
www.latrobe.edu.au /rgso/dvcr/info/95rrep/pubs/sci&pub.htm   (15204 words)

 Science: References   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Climate Change 1995, The Science of Climate Change, Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary of the Working Group I Report, p.44.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (1996), Climate Change 1995, The Science of Climate Change, Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary of the Working Group I Report, p.39, 45.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (1996), Climate Change 1995, The Science of Climate Change, Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary of the Working Group I Report, p.46, 50.
www.climatechangesolutions.com /science/ref.shtml?o=intros   (3701 words)

 1995 in science
Home Natural Sciences Applied Arts Social Sciences Culture Fine Arts
The year 1995 CE in science and technology consisted of many events, including those below.
See also: 1994 in science, other events of 1995, 1996 in science, and the list of years in science.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/1/19/1995_in_science.html   (209 words)

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