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Topic: 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis

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In the News (Tue 25 Jun 19)

  Third Taiwan Strait Crisis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Third Taiwan Strait Crisis, also called the 1995-1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis or the 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis, was the effect of a series of missile tests conducted by the People's Republic of China in the waters surrounding Taiwan including the Taiwan Strait from July 21, 1995 to March 23, 1996.
The second set of missiles fired in early 1996 were intended to intimidate the Taiwanese electorate in the run-up to the 1996 presidential election.
The crisis began when President Lee Teng-hui accepted an invitation from his alma mater, Cornell University, to deliver a speech on "Taiwan's Democratization Experience." Seeking to diplomatically isolate the Republic of China, the PRC opposed such visits by ROC leaders.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Third_Taiwan_Strait_Crisis   (1061 words)

 America in the Taiwan Strait
Taiwan wenti is an issue of extreme importance both from a nationalist perspective and a practical one.
Taiwan wenti is in actuality the manifestation of this rivalry between the United States and China for dominance in East Asia.
Taiwan wenti constitutes the single greatest Achilles heel of East Asian stability and the single most likely cause for war between the U.S. and China, it is imperative that the United States make its support for the status quo, and not necessarily the One-China policy, clear to both China and Taiwan.
www.people.cornell.edu /pages/ebc8/academic/taiwan.htm   (5644 words)

 Taiwan Strait
DoD News Briefing Tuesday, March 19, 1996 -- The Chinese have made it very plain that their policy toward Taiwan has not changed and that policy is to seek a peaceful reunification.
In conjunction with the tests, Taiwan intelligence reported that the PRC was planning on conducting a joint sea-air military exercise codenamed `Jiu-wu-qi' and that on July 16 the PRC Air Force stationed a number of F-7 or F-8 aircraft at airports located within 250 nautical miles of Taiwan --a highly unusual and provocative move.
Taiwan's electorate demonstrated to Beijing that its bellicose campaign of threats and intimidation was ill-conceived and ineffectual.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/ops/taiwan_strait.htm   (4143 words)

 Harvard Studies on Taiwan Vol. 3: Parris H. Chang
Taiwan’s steady democratization and transformation of its ruling elite and polity, on the one hand, and its “pragmatic diplomacy” and growing international status, on the other, seemed to Beijing that Taiwan was moving further toward independence and further away from the PRC.
In the eyes of the PRC leaders, for Taiwan’s 21 million people to go to the polls to elect their president has very serious implications: it is virtually a declaration of Taiwan independence to the world, in defiance of Beijing’s repeated claim that Taiwan is part of China.
Ding Mou-shih, Taiwan’s NSC Sec-Gen. in New York on the crisis and coordinated the parallel response to it.
www.fas.harvard.edu /~fairbank/tsw/chang.html   (5089 words)

Although Taiwan claims it is capable of defending itself, the military has been relying heavily on the US in crucial areas such as real-time information about Chinese troops, according to recently leaked information from a high-ranking military official.
Taiwan received the information via its US-made E-2T surveillance aircraft, which were in the air at the same time to relay data transmitted from the E-8 to ground radar stations in Taiwan.
Taiwan acquired the data link systems for the planes shortly before the 1996 missile crisis in the Taiwan Strait.
www.taiwansecurity.org /TT/TT-090100.htm   (520 words)

 Porch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Indeed, one consequence of the Strait crisis of 1996 is that it increased the PRC’s incentive to develop or purchase new generations of weapons aimed at maximizing the advantages of its geographic position while exploiting vulnerabilities in the American and Taiwanese force structures.
Taiwan will continue to be a fulcrum of tension in East Asia, because the crisis in the Strait did not resolve the differences between Beijing and Taipei.
General Zhang Wannian, whose forces were involved in the 1996 Strait incident, and a leading advocate of PLA modernization, was handpicked by Jiang in September 1997 as executive vice chairman of the Communist Party’s Central Military Commission, the PLA equivalent of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
www.nwc.navy.mil /press/Review/1999/summer/art1-su9.htm   (15427 words)

 International Crisis Group - Taiwan Strait I: What's Left o   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
In the last decade, Taiwan has moved slowly but surely away from its commitment to the idea of ‘one China’, the proposition, long agreed on both sides of the Taiwan Strait, that Taiwan and the mainland are parts of one country.
Taiwan’s impressive economic performance and integration with the international trading system became a special source of pride to its people and began to have an impact on attitudes about its place in the world.
The only mainstream debate now in Taiwan is about how to deal with the evident contradiction between the old idea of ‘one China’, still formally supported by the KMT, with the idea of Taiwan as an independent sovereign state, now in fact supported by both the KMT and the DPP.
www.crisisgroup.org /home/index.cfm?id=1653&l=1   (1208 words)

 Naval Institute Proceedings: China's Subs Lead the Way, by Dr. Lyle Goldstein and Lieutenant Commander Bill Murray, ...
Analysts generally agree that after the Taiwan Strait crisis the PLA focused on the United States as its most likely future adversary.
Taiwan might try to break the blockade on its own, but its chance of success would be low.
Taiwan's current budget crunch casts doubt on the hoped-for purchase of 12 P-3C Orions from the United States, potentially forcing continued dependence on the unreliable S-2Ts through 2008.
www.usni.org /PROCEEDINGS/Articles03/progoldstein03-2.htm   (1335 words)

 Taiwan deploys missiles on island off China: Jane's   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Taiwan has built a major missile and radar complex on an island off China aimed at restricting its rival's air force and naval capability in the Taiwan Strait, the authoritative Janes Defence Weekly says.
The report comes as both China and Taiwan conducted wargames amid fresh tensions between the arch foes, prompting the United States to call for restraint.
Beijing has considered Taiwan part of its territory awaiting reunification since the two sides split at the end of a civil war in 1949.
www.spacewar.com /2004/040725100301.dwgt716q.html   (353 words)

 The World Factbook 2004 -- Field Listing - Background
In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had led to the death of more than 100,000 people and had created some 1 million refugees.
The lighthouse, built in 1917, was shut down in 1996 and administration of Navassa Island transferred from the Coast Guard to the Department of the Interior.
Coups in 1996 and 1999 were followed by the creation of a National Reconciliation Council that effected a transition to civilian rule by December 1999.
www.brainyatlas.com /fields/2028.html   (15472 words)

 Beijing Issues New War Threat To Taiwan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The dramatic ultimatum came in the run-up to Taiwan's presidential election on March 18 and days after the island's vice-president, Lien Chan, unveiled a 10-point package for reconciliation with the mainland.
Zhang Mingqing, a spokesman for the Taiwan Affairs Office, said last night that the new condition was added to create "a sense of urgency" about moves towards reunification.
The election has rekindled memories of the 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis when the PLA lobbed missiles into shipping lanes off the island during its first direct presidential poll.
www.rense.com /politics6/bejing.htm   (382 words)

 Harvard Studies on Taiwan Vol. 3: Martin L. Lasater
MARTIN L. In the United States, the 1995-1996 Taiwan Strait crisis prompted renewed debate over U.S. security policy toward Taiwan, which fundamentally was intended to ensure that the resolution of the Taiwan issue be achieved peacefully between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait.
The dispatch of carrier battle groups to the Taiwan area in early 1996 was a reminder of this fact, as are continued arms sales to Taiwan.
Current U.S. policy toward Taiwan may be the best policy under present circumstances; but no policy is cast in concrete, as proven by the fundamental changes that occurred in June 1950 and December 1978.
www.fas.harvard.edu /~fairbank/tsw/lasater.html   (1770 words)

 WorldNetDaily: Info war alert
With Taiwan's presidential elections a week away, the CIA believes China could launch covert computer attacks on the island nation.
The cyber-attacks would be China's way of threatening the island without a repeat of the 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis.
Taiwan is not expected to ignore the assault and will retaliate with its own information operations against the mainland, we are told by intelligence sources.
www.worldnetdaily.com /news/printer-friendly.asp?ARTICLE_ID=18142   (817 words)

At the time, Taiwan's military leadership informed the United States that if mainland China's People's Liberation Army attacked the island, they would launch a comprehensive counterattack which would include the use of bombers against the PLA air force and missiles aimed at mainland military bases and radar installations.
Tyler states that in any war between mainland China and Taiwan, it goes almost without saying that the United States would be drawn into the struggle to defend Taiwan.
In a chapter describing the Taiwan Strait crisis, "A Great Wall" portrays the Clinton administration's reaction on the night before the 1996 ROC presidential elections, when the PRC announced it would test-fire guided missiles.
taiwansecurity.org /News/LT-01192000-1996-Crisis.htm   (408 words)

 Selections from Chinese Scholarship in the United States
Across the Taiwan Strait: Mainland China, Taiwan, and the 1995-1996 Crisis.
The 1995-1996 crisis across the Taiwan Strait that caused the U.S. to send ships to patrol the international waterways is much forgotten in the average American mind today.
Taiwan's economic success and recent ascent to democracy "made it difficult to find any consensus in Taipei's mainland policy," asserts one author.
www.taipei.org /teco/cicc/journal/es0200.htm   (1630 words)

 MND plays down missile site report   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Chao was referring to an article last week in the US newspaper that reported a massive buildup of missiles there, with the aim of deploying nearly 100 M-11 ballistic missiles aimed at Taiwan.
He said that the military does not think a new full missile site is being built in Yongan or Nanping since evidence shows the PLA is just strengthening the missile arsenal in both places.
They had been used to fire missiles into seas off Taiwan during the 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis but they are not ballistic missile bases yet," Chao said.
www.fas.org /news/china/1999/0000013141.htm   (457 words)

 PARAMETERS, US Army War College Quarterly - Autumn 2001
While Taiwan's military would be struggling to recover from ballistic missile strikes, tactical nuclear weapon detonations, chemical strikes, and airborne assaults, the Chinese would be mounting amphibious assaults against Taiwan's beaches.
Moreover, both the Chinese and the Taiwanese--in the aftermath of the 1996 Taiwan crisis and reinforced by President Bush's remarks in April 2001--probably have concluded that the United States would indeed come to Taiwan's rescue in the event of a cross-Strait conflict.
For a case study of the crisis, see Richard L. Russell, "The 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis: The U.S. and China at the Precipice of War?" Pew Case in International Affairs, No. 231 (Washington: Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Georgetown University, 2000).
www.carlisle.army.mil /usawc/Parameters/01autumn/Russell.htm   (6154 words)

 Title page for ETD etd-10082004-103715   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Soon after, the Mainlander-led government fled to Taiwan from Mainland China, and many Taiwanese (including Mainlanders) were killed during the State of Emergency in the 1950s and 1960s.
Since the Mainlander-led government fled to Taiwan in its original central government form, the Mainlander élite occupied key positions in the government during the 1950s and 1960s.
In conclusion, this thesis shows that Taiwan Island’s geopolitical importance is at the heart of the US’ support for Taiwan’s secession from the Mainland.
upetd.up.ac.za /thesis/available/etd-10082004-103715   (501 words)

 China's Rising Forces
The 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis raised military tension to a high level during a series of missiles tests by the People's Republic of China (PRC), and the deployment of a US carrier battlegroup further stimulated the Chinese military, which formed the impression that, if conflict breaks out in this region, US involvement would be inevitable.
China is currently working hard to develop larger surface ships, SSBN, SSN and conventional submarines, aiming at acquiring the capability to blockade Taiwan and deter the involvement of the US Pacific Fleet in the Taiwan Strait in the next 10 years.
To reinforce the capability of the military in handling emergent incidents and launching assaults across the Taiwan Strait, the Chinese conducted a "building block" reform concerning the establishment of the army.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/news/729747/posts   (2645 words)

Summer - Iraq disarmament crisis: According to UNSCOM, the unity of the UN Security Council begins to fray, as a few countries, particularly France and Russia, are starting to become increasingly more interested in making financial deals with Iraq than disarming the country.
Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq threatens to end all cooperation with UNSCOM and IAEA, if sanctions against the country are not lifted by Thursday, August 31, 1995
Iraq disarmament crisis: Following the defection of his son-in-law, Hussein Kamel al Majid, minister of industry and military industrialisation, Saddam Hussein makes new revelations about the full extent of Iraq's biological and nuclear weapons programs.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/1/19/1995.html   (3775 words)

 Taipei Times - archives   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
and the degree of China's rhetorical attack is not as strong as it was during the 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis," the official said yesterday on condition of anonymity.
China launched a series of missile tests in the Taiwan Strait in the run-up to the 1996 presidential election, the first popular vote for president in Taiwan's history.
The move was aimed at upholding Taiwan's freedom and democracy and the cross-strait "status quo," as well as at protecting the freedom of Taiwanese people to determine their future, Su said.
www.taipeitimes.com /News/taiwan/archives/2006/03/02/2003295346   (851 words)

 Top20ISouthKorea.com - Your Top20 Guide to South Korea!
Although the nation suffered severe economic hardship during the Asian financial crisis, South Korea today is a fully functioning modern democracy and one of Asia’s most affluent nations.
With Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore it is known as one of the Four Dragons.
Since the economic crisis of late 1990s, the corporate landscape has changed considerably, partly as a result of government reforms.
www.top20southkorea.com   (3494 words)

 1995 - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
July 21 to July 26 - Third Taiwan Strait Crisis: The People's Liberation Army fires missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.
Simpson is found not guilty of double murder for the deaths of former wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
December 16 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraqi scuba divers, under the direction of UNSCOM, dredge the Tigris River near Baghdad.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/1/9/9/1995.html   (3469 words)

 Inside the Ring
U.S. Navy intelligence officials have said the addition of the Sovremennys and their missiles represents a major leap in Chinese naval firepower.
The ships were ordered after the March 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis, when Chinese forces fired missiles north and south of Taiwan.
President Clinton then dispatched two aircraft carrier battle groups to the area to show Beijing that Taiwan had an ally in the United States.
www.gertzfile.com /gertzfile/ring040401.html   (1117 words)

 Taiwan deploys missiles on island off China: Jane's - World - www.smh.com.au
The new complex, located in Tungyin Island which is part of the Matsu group just 16km from the Chinese coast, includes two separate radars for the navy and army, according to the article to be published on Wednesday.
The complex is armed with 100km-range Hsiung Feng 2 (Brave Wind) anti-ship missiles and Tien Kung 2 (Sky Bow) medium- to high-altitude surface-to-air missiles.
Having a radar so near China's only major base in Fujian province has the same effect as an having airborne radar, a US defence source said.
www.smh.com.au /articles/2004/07/26/1090693841897.html?oneclick=true   (428 words)

 Nanping - China Military Forces   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Yongan and Nanping in Fujian province are missile firing positions that were used when the People's Liberation Army (PLA) fired DF-15 / M-9 [CSS-6] missiles into the sea off Taiwan during the 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis.
Yongan and Nanping have direct railway links with the headquarters of the 815th ballistic missile brigade of the PLA in Jiangxi Province's Leping, and three to four hours would be required to transport missiles from Leping to Yongan via railway.
Mainland reportedly sites missiles in southeast Taiwan News December 1, 1999 -- China's southeastern Fujian province, rather than the southwestern Sichuan and central Shaanxi provinces, is the launch site of the mainland's newest short range ballistic missiles.
www.fas.org /nuke/guide/china/facility/nanping.htm   (266 words)

 Chinese Defence Today :: Type 520T (Houjian Class) Fast Attack Missile Craft   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The fast attack craft, reportedly designated Type 520T in the PLA Navy, first appeared in the PLA’s 1996 exercise near the Taiwan Strait.
The first four boats (770~773) were completed between 1991 and 1995, and have been stationed at Hong Kong since July 1997 as a part of the PLA Garrison Unit there.
At least one boat took part in the PLA’s exercise during the 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis.
www.sinodefence.com /navy/littoral/houjian.asp   (611 words)

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