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Topic: 1st millenium BC

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  Encyclopedia: 2nd millenium BC
Pharaoh Ahmose I of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt (reigned 1570 BC - 1546 BC).
Pharaoh Amenhotep I of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt (reigned 1546 BC - 1524 BC).
Pharaoh Ramesses I of the Nineteenth dynasty of Egypt (reigned 1293 BC - 1291 BC).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/2nd-millenium-BC   (461 words)

 Encyclopedia: 1st millennium BC
The turn of the 1st millenium BC introduced a deep change in civilization throughout the ancient world.
The first millenium BC opened the doors to civilization, spreading it's reach to all classes and peoples, but from that point on, history will be dominated by the fundamental, all-pervasive issue of global division vs global unity.
Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem...
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/1st-millennium-BC   (6825 words)

 The Etruscan sculptural portrait.
By the VI century BC, they formed the union of twelve cities and have increased in strength so that they dominated neighboring tribes, including (for a short time) Rome; the last Roman kings were Etruscan.
VI Century BC The question of the origins of the Etruscan sculptural portrait is closely connected to ancient Etruscan religious views.
In the beginning of IV century BC alongside with idealized, created under influence of the Greek art by products in a funeral sculpture Etruscan there are individualized images died.
etruscans1.tripod.com /Portrait   (2271 words)

 Tarim mummies - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the same geographical area, reference to the Yuezhi was made in name in 645 BC by the Chinese economist Guan Zhong, raising the possibility that the europoid mummies may have been identical and ancestors to the Yuezhi.
As early as the mid-first millennium BC the Yuezhi engaged in the jade trade, of which the major consumers were the rulers of agricultural China." (Liu (2001), pp.
The presence of Caucasians in the Tarim Basin in the 1st millennium BC suggests that cultural exchanges happened between western populations and Chinese populations at a very early date.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tarim_mummies   (923 words)

 Georgian Art. Past and Present   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Between the 6th century BC and the 3rd century AD there existed two states on the territory of present-day Georgia: Egrisi in the West or Colchis and Kartli in the East or Iberia.
Darbazi is a kind of a peasant dwelling, which existed in Colchis as early as the 1st century AD and was common in the beginning of the 20th century too.
A gold chaplet with the figures of horses (6th-5th centuries BC) is one of the masterpieces from the Akhalgori burial.
geoart.iatp.org.ge /mesameeng.html   (1681 words)

 Latins and Romans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Latins were an Indo-European people of the Italic branch who about the beginning of the 1st millenium BC have been settled in Central Italy, in a country south of the banks of the Tiber that was called Latium (modern Lazio).
The city of Rome (in Latin Roma) was founded in the northern part of Latium in 754 or 753 BC by the twin brothers Romulus and Remus (it was called after Romulus) and for centuries served as a bulwark of Latinity against the Etruscan power.
BC the Romans gradually subjugated Italy and in the eve of the Christian era accomplished conquering the lands around the Mediterranean sea, thus creating an immense empire.
www.orbilat.com /General_Survey/Terms--Latins_and_Romans.html   (421 words)

 I W H A H o m e p a g e
In that period, until the beginning of the 1st World War, special attention was directed to mineral waters of various localities, their genesis, quantity and chemical content, but significant results were also obtained within exploration of ground water sources for water supply of greater settlements.
From the first half of the I. Millenium BC, the Urartu period in Eastern Anatolia, there exist various remains of dams and canals, some of them still in use like the 56 km long Samram canal, the dams at Kesis and Doni lakes.
Remains of Hellenistic and especially Roman and early Byzantine waterworks in Western and Southern Turkey, from the second half of the I. Millenium BC to the first half of the I. Millenium AD, are very numerous and new discoveries add to the rich variety of them.
www.iwha.net /b_abstract.htm   (13788 words)

 Izmir, Turkey-Adiyamanli.org
In the first millenium B.C., Izmir, then known as Smyrna, ranked as one of the important cities of the Ionian Federation; during this period -- one of the city's most brilliant -- it is believed that Homer lived here.
In the fourth century B.C. a new city was built at the instigation of Alexander the Great on the slopes of Mount Pagos (Kadifekale).
The precise date of the city's foundation is not known but legend said that the first Efes was founded by Women Warriors of the Amazon in the 14th century BC and later inhabited by lonians in the 11th century BC after the first settlement of the Anatolian's natives, the Lelegians.
www.adiyamanli.org /izmir.html   (2967 words)

 Balts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
According to some theories that area was settled by a hypothetical Balto-Slavic community; that is, a population ancestral to the modern Balts and Slavs.
In the early 1st millennium BC several groups of people migrated from the area to the shores of the Baltic Sea, where they settled between the rivers Pasłęka and Neman.
In the first centuries of 1st millennium, the Baltic tribes settled the area between Vistula and Dvina.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Balts   (652 words)

 Dr   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
BC are lined up, a valley with several freshwater courses connects the bay of Kotor with the open Adriatic sea.
The opportunities for agriculture are especially favorable in the surroundings of the two barrows; it is evident that permanent inhabitants of the region had good reasons to organize the cemeteries in later periods on less fertile land.
BC, a pit was dug down through the center of the mound, but not deep enough to find the central grave.
www.comp-archaeology.org /PrimasSAA1998.htm   (2184 words)

 Ataman Hotel - Eskisehir
Eskişehir is one of the oldest settlements (3500 BC) in this region.
It was founded in the 1st millenium BC by the Phrygians.
One of the most important settlement centers of the Phrygians, between the 8th and 6th centuries BC, was Midas, situated 66 kms south of Eskişehir.
www.atamanhotel.com /eskisehir.html   (506 words)

 Symposium on Cyprus in the Later First Millenium BC
The duration of the use of Linear B on Cyprus into the 1st millenium BC is the subject of one of the presentations at a symposium Saturday April 12, 1997 at the Semitic Museum of Harvard University.
The symposium is in association with the opening there on April 13 of the exhibit "Ancient Cyprus: The Cesnola Collection at the Semitic Museum".
The symposium title is "Cyprus in the Later First Millenium BC".
www.hri.org /news/misc/confs/1997/97-04-03.confs.html   (246 words)

SOMETHING enormous and violent, around 1628 or 1637 B.C., changed events worldwide, and may have caused a "mini-ice-age." It was probably the explosion of a volcano on the island of Santorini (or Antikithera).
1,500-500 BC: Barbarian Aryans (speaking Sanskrit) emigrate from central Asia to invade India, overthrowing the Indus valley culture, and eventually compose the Vedas {hotlink to be done}.
Thutmose III deposed his father (1501 BC); Thutmose II had a brief reign; and Hatshepsut ruled the longest of all as "king." Thutmose IV was the son, and successor to Amenhotep II, and reigned circa 1420-1411 BC.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline2KBC.html   (3005 words)

 1st millennium BC -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The (The ancient Roman state from 509 BC until Augustus assumed power in 27 BC; was governed by an elected Senate but dissatisfaction with the Senate led to civil wars that culminated in a brief dictatorship by Julius Caesar) Roman Republic rose and fell
(Founder of Buddhism; worshipped as a god (c 563-483 BC)) Gautama Buddha, Hindu prince, founder of (The teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth) Buddhism
(Greek mathematician and astronomer who estimated the circumference of the earth and the distances to the moon and sun (276-194 BC)) Eratosthenes proves that the earth is a sphere and estimates its diameter.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/1/1s/1st_millennium_bc1.htm   (1126 words)

 1st millennium BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Urban precursors in the Horn: early 1st-millennium BC communities in Eritrea.
The existence of Andronovo cultural influence in Xinjiang during the 2nd millennium BC.
Regional Specifics in Light of Global Models BC  Complex Societies of Central Eurasia from the 3rd to the 1st Millenniu...
hallencyclopedia.com /1st_millennium_BC   (336 words)

 Russian History ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEYS: chronology, Bright Persons, Great Events, Historical link and books
That was already the epoch of Homo sapiens (40 - 10 thousand years BC) as well as of faster developments, ability to spark fire, improving of stone tools, organized forms of hunting, formation of nuclei of tribes, beginnings of construction (dug-outs).
More or less on the turn of the 3rd and 2nd millenia BC started the Bronze Age, in which previous tendencies came to an even bigger plenitude; migration processes became especially intensive then - after all they would be still vital later, although with a varying intensity, mainly in southern parts of East Europe.
Thus emerges a picture of a quite uniform development course, as early as at least from the 1st millenium BC, testifying to a secular autochthonism of the East Slavonic tribes.
www.cozy-corner.com /history_eng/events_archaelogical_surveys.htm   (888 words)

 Franciscan Foundation for the Holy Land — Christian Charity for Palestinian Christians
Known as "Smyrna" in ancient times, the province of Izmir has a long history, dating back to the 3rd- millenium BC when it was one of the most advanced cultural centers in Western Anatolia.
In the 11th century B.C. the coastal city of Smyrna was inhabited by Ionians and Aeolians.
The mudbrick defense walls, which have been dated to the 8th century B.C., indicate that Izmir was already a city state at that time.
www.ffhl.org /smyrna.asp   (302 words)

 Archaeology in Al Ain   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The location of Al Ain in an oasis dominating the route between Abu Dhabi and Oman was a major factor in the importance of the town as early as the 3rd millenium BC.
Later came a very distinctive period represented by hundreds of beehive tombs of the late 4th and early 3rd millenium BC.
A fourth period is also represented by tombs and a number of settlement sits dated to the local Iron Age period of the 1st millenium BC.
www.enhg.org /b/b30/30_17.htm   (777 words)

 ancientlanguages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The language of diplomacy and culture from the 3rd Millennium BC to the early 1st Millennium.
The ancient language of the Macedonian kingdom in N. Greece and modern Macedonia during the later 1st millennium BC.
Mid-first millennium BC, perhaps surviving as late as the 3rd or 2nd century BC Sakan
talismanunlimited.tripod.com /ancientlanguages.htm   (1862 words)

 Armenian Shepherds: the Gampr | TourArmenia is TACentral.com | Birding, Flower Watching, Botanical tours, nature tours, ...
The origins of the gampr sprung from the Armenian Plateau, one of the cradles of civilization.
By comparing the skull with the head of a modern gampr and other canines, Dal concluded that it was a then typical representative of the breed, although there are some marked differences from the modern type, like longer head-face, narrower head box and stronger teeth.
As a result of these finds it is now believed that natural selection and breeding over the millennia 'built' the modern gampr, a breed that shows traits of the older dog types represented in the carvings while maintaining its own unique physiology.
www.tacentral.com /nature/fauna_story.asp?story_no=2   (3391 words)

 TIMELINE 2nd MILLENIUM B.C. page of ULTIMATE SCIENCE FICTION WEB GUIDE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Born on the island of Samos, he moved to southern Italy, and founded a school at Croton where he taught that the structure of the universe was to be discovered with the aid of mathematics, which he held as the basis of physics, acoustics and astronomy.
paraphrased from the visually strong HyperHistory c.518-c.438 BC Pindar, Greek Poet, was born in Boetia, central Greece, and is considered the greatest of the Greek choral lyricists.
c.250 BC "Archimedes studied the equilibrium of planes and the centre of gravity of planes and deduced the laws of the levers.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline1KBC.html   (7141 words)

 Patriarchs - The Book of Genesis - Myth or History?
As a literary work, and I mean it in the secular sense, it is at least on the level with the large epic works of the first millenium BC, like the poems of Homer or Hesiod, the Hymns of the Rig-Veda, or the Avesta of the Iranians.
In 1207 BC, about 3200 years ago there was a political entity, called Israel, and it was important enough to be recorded on a victory monument.
As an added supporting evidence to this theory is the fact that in the second millenium BC there were rulers of city states, in Palestine and in east of the Jordan, who had Indo-European names.
www.eg-ban.com /patriarchs03.html   (7364 words)

 The State Hermitage Museum: Collection Highlights
The Hermitage collection of artifacts covering the culture and art of Central Asia spans a period from the 4th millenium BC to the 20th century AD.
From the early Iron Age (1st millenium BC) comes a famous bronze sacrificial altar of the Scythian period (Sakae culture).
Sculptures created in Khorezm in the 1st to 4th centuries AD and objects of the 5th to 8th centuries AD from Pendjikent (60 km from Samarkand), the Soghdian capital, form the pride of the collection.
www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/03/hm3_5_11.html   (506 words)

 2nd millennium BC
(3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - other millennia)
Conquest of Canaan by the Jews (12th century BC)
The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/2n/2nd_millenium_BC.html   (43 words)

 Vigorito Genealogy History - References
The Etruscans were at their greatest power between 700 and 500 B.C. The area of the Italian peninsula that they dominated was known as Etruria and includes an area from modern Tuscany to Rome.
By 400 B.C. the Lucani also conquered the Greek city of Poseidonia (Paestum) whose ruins are still present and are a significant tourist attraction.
The Lucani's final battle against the Romans occurred in 90 B.C. Unlike previous wars, which were attempts to conquer the Romans, this final war was a social war initiated by the Lucani to gain citizenship in the Roman empire.
pirate.shu.edu /~vigorimi/genealogy/first_millenium_BC.html   (1538 words)

 1st millennium BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(2nd millennium BC1st millennium BC1st millennium – other millennia)
Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon and created the Persian Empire (6th century BC)
Alexander the Great, Greek conqueror (4th century BC)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1st_millennium_BC   (126 words)

 1st millennium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(1st millennium BC1st millennium – 2nd millennium – other millennia)
Viking raids common in northern Europe (Viking Age, from the 8th century)
Caesar Augustus, Roman emperor (63 BC- AD Jesus, central figure in Christianity (d.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1st_millennium   (183 words)

 Ukraine Info | Travel | Places   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Along the banks of the Dnipro and Samara rivers (within the current territory of Verkhnodniprovsk, Dnipropetrovsk, Solone, Pavlograd and Petropavlivka Districts) there are about 80 spots where stone tools were found pertaining to the settlements of the Paleolithic era.
The region's territory became densely populated during copper-and-bronze period (3rd - early 1st millenium BC).
In the 8th century BC, Scythian tribes came to the steppe areas of today's Dnipropetrovsk region from the East.
www.ukraineinfo.us /travel/dnipropetrovsk   (3515 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
3100 BC is also the time when the first }{\b hieroglyphic}{ writing appears; \par appears without the preliminary stages we see in Mesopotamia (seals), so }{\ul idea }{of writing (though not the script) probably came from Mesopotamia.
\par \par }{\i Pyramids \par }{In the third millenium - under the Old Kingdom- these pharaohs began to build incredibly huge tombs for themselves - the pyramids.
\par First known pyramid: Pyramid of pharaoh Zoser (2770 BC) \par It was built of local limestone and raised to a height of 60 meters (195 feet).
www.luc.edu /faculty/ldossey/egyptiansweb.doc   (840 words)

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