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Topic: 1st millenium BCE

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  Azerbaijani people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Medes forged a vast empire between 900-700 BCE, which was overthrown by the Achaemenids around 600 BCE.
Caucasian Albanians established a kingdom in the 1st century BCE and largely remained independent until the Sassanids made the kingdom a vassal state in 252 CE.
The Iranian origin theory is based upon the ancient presence of Iranic tribes, such as the Medes, in Iranian Azarbaijan, and Scythian invasions during the eighth century BCE.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Azari   (6140 words)

 "Post-Exilic" Genesis (long)
Hess concludes that if qyn is the onomastic background to Hebrew qayin, then Cain could be dated to the latter half of the first millenium, i.e., after 500 BCE (p.35, Hess).Hess does note Cain might be derived from qinah, "song", but qinah does not appear in a qatil form (p.25).
Serug is attested in 7th century BCE in texts from the Harran area as uru sa-ru-gi (p.85, Hess).
Hess concluded that many of the names found in Genesis (not listed by me) could be attested in 2nd millenium texts, but he also noted that some of the names are attested only in first millenium texts, and some were quite late, after 500 BCE.
lists.ibiblio.org /pipermail/b-hebrew/2000-January/006208.html   (858 words)

 History of the world FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-31)
In China, proto-urban societies may have developed from 2500 BCE, but the first dynasty to be identified by archeology is that of the.
The 2nd millennium BCE saw the emergence of civilization in, mainland and central.
Arabs dominated the trade routes in the,, and the in the late 1st millennium CE and early second millennium CE.
www.webguidelive.com /en/History_of_the_World   (5415 words)

 The Atrebates
They were one of the most successful British Celtic tribes during the 1st and 2nd centuries BCE until after the Gallic wars when they perhaps fell out of favor with Rome for supporting Vercingetorix and their lead was taken by the Trinovantians.
The 1st indigenous coinage were the Westerham staters, amoung the heaviest, about 6.5 gm (an thus assummed to be the earliest, 75 BCE?) British staters.
Bronze was apparantly not used by the Atrabates until the turn of the Millenium during the dynastic period.
www.kernunnos.com /celticcoins/atrebatestxt.html   (586 words)

Their conclusions are that while some of the concepts can be identified in 2nd millennium BCE contexts, there are other aspects preserved in the book of Deuteronomy that are attested ONLY in a late 1st millennium BCE environment.
As we have seen, in the 1st millenium love still remains a duty of the vassal towards his sovereign.
Judges and Samuel chonologies), nor with a 1446 BCE Exodus (1 Kings 6:1), nor with a Ramesside Exodus of the 13/12th century BCE.
www.bibleorigins.net /Decalogue7thcentBCE.html   (1469 words)

 Saudi Arabia: History
It is believed that Arabia is the homeland of the Semites, to which many peoples of the Middle East belong, with Arabs and Hebrews as the most known.
4th century BCE: Nabatean kingdom established to the north of the Minean.
The eastern parts of Arabia was dominated by Dilmun, covering parts of the mainland and the island of Bahrain.
i-cias.com /e.o/saudi_5.htm   (1120 words)

From 366 BCE until the last centurt BCE the Roman constitution was stable in the form of an aristocratic republic with three basic elements : magistrates, Senate and people(177), but the whole republic was essentially dominated by few important families still shaped in a clanic framework(178).
As we saw, with the conquest of Alexandria on August 1, 30 BCE the Ptolemaic kingdom fell to the vitorious Augustus who took over the country as a successor of the previous Monarchy, so that upon the new Roman ruler the same honours were bestowed as upon his Egyptian and Greek predecessors(276).
B.C.E. I'm simply pointing at the fact that it is strange to praise Roman law as a unique frontrunner of modern justice, since, luckly enough, the things moved exactly the other way round.
www.jus.unitn.it /cardozo/users/pigi/blackgaius/bg.htm   (20871 words)

 Dumyat (Dunmyat) | Fieldnotes by BigSweetie | The Modern Antiquarian | Dumyat (Dunmyat) | Fieldnotes by BigSweetie
But the description of "rugged hills with swamps between" matches perfectly with Dumyat, which stands proud above Blairdrummond Moss, which until the late 18th century and early 19th century was still mainly swampland, passable only by those that knew the raised pathways.
The fort itself has several phases of development stretching from the late 1st millenium BCE into the early 1st millenium CE.
To the E and NE of the fort, the land rises steeply up to the summit of Dumyat the hill.
www.themodernantiquarian.com /post/30451   (385 words)

 Yuezhi - Chinese ethnics - China
The Yuezhi were visited by a Chinese mission, led by Zhang Qian in 126 BCE, which was seeking an offensive alliance with the Yuezhi to counter the Xiongnu threat to the north.
As they settled in Bactria from around 125 BCE, the Yuezhi became Hellenized to some degree, as suggested by their adoption of the Greek alphabet and by some remaining coins, minted in the style of the Greco-Bactrian kings, with the text in Greek.
During the 1st and 2nd century, the Kushan Empire expanded militarily to the north and occupied parts of the Tarim Basin, their original grounds, putting them at the center of the lucrative Central Asian commerce with the Roman Empire.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Yuezhi   (1728 words)

Manetho and Berossos of the 3rd century BCE (p.43).
millenium BC, beginning in the middle of the 9th century BC.
during the early 1st millenium BCE, probably in the course of the the
www.bibleorigins.net /GreekBiblicalParallelsBibliograp.html   (1761 words)

 The Various Celts
The indications are that these two main branches of Celts began to diverge in the 2nd millenium BC or earlier.
In my view, a divergence date of prior to the second millenium BCE is not only within the realm of possibility, it is a probability.
However, unlike other cultures who "borrowed" from the Phoenicians, the religion of the Celts prohibited open use of written language to record their "sacred wisdom." Thus, sacred knowledge was indeed recorded, but was carefully shielded from exposure outside of the sacred schools of wisdom.
www.danann.org /library/sochis/various1.html   (938 words)

 Untitled Document
With very few exceptions texts attesting to its practice disappear in the 7th century BCE to reappear in the late 5th century in the entirely new form of horoscopy - a form that implies a deterministic model of physical or, at least, astronomical reality.
This essay aims at illustrating this point by re-examining the evolution of Babylonian astrology in the 1st Millenium BCE in a broad sweep covering various superficially unrelated types of data.
In the 2nd and early 1st Millenium BCE Babylonian Astrology was based on the concept of dynamic divine intervention: celestial events like eclipses or planetary conjunctions were considered interpretable signs from the gods indicating that a more or less specific event would inevitably take place on earth in the near future.
www.traditionalhighcultures.com /GerberPaper.htm   (2849 words)

 Philosophy and Religion 400
The 1st is a good time of positive creation ruled by Ohrmazd, the 2nd is shared between the opposing gods.
Following the tragic death of Josiah at the hands of the Egyptian Pharaoh Necho at Megiddo in 609 b.c.e., Josiah's program of religious reform and national restoration came to an end as Judah was subjugated first to Egypt and then to Babylon prior to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple in 587 b.c.e.
Written in the heyday of Maccabean influence under the Priest-King John Hyrcanus (135-105 BCE) to defend Judaism against the continued attacks of the Hellenistic spirit, which urged that the Levitical ordinances of the Law were not observed by the founders of the Jewish nation (Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob).
people.uncw.edu /zervosg/PR400/PAR400.htm   (5228 words)

As told, it was accepted by the Jamnia Theological Institute just before 150 CE (=AD); later, during 1st millenium, the Masoretes elaborated the vocalism, nontrivial in a pure consonantal text.
We can believe in the correctness of a copying after the elaboration of the Masoretic checking procedures, so MT indeed is a correct copy of its original; but we do not know how old was its original.
BCE; we do not know anything certain about the principles of copying afterwards.
www.rmki.kfki.hu /~lukacs/TZITZIT.htm   (10293 words)

 "Post-Exilic" Genesis (long)
The fact > that a city > is not otherwise known from extant texts proves that another text which > mentions it > must be later than the text which first mentioned it or something like > that?
What Matfeld tries to do is to create a kind of historical-geographical scenario that in together points towards a later date that, say 1000 BCE.
Individual entries in the scenario might be so-to-speak an e silentio argument, but in together they creates this kind of scenario that is something else and forces upon the scholar the issue: Did he start with the right question, assuming the Bible to be historically correct on this and going back to this early period?
lists.ibiblio.org /pipermail/b-hebrew/2000-January/006223.html   (537 words)

 The Walls of Jericho
1100 BCE, when the site was actually moved some 30 kilometers south [7] Therefore, if the naming of the city was a “scribal gloss,” then the scribe doing the glossing must have been familiar with the original name, Pi-Ramesse or a variant thereof.
1550 BCE city does in fact show a collapsed defensive wall, residential, commercial and civic areas burned to ruins and evidence of a recent harvest that occurred just prior to the city’s destruction, matching some of the descriptions for Jericho’s devastation at the hands of Joshua’s army as told in the Bible’s narrative.
The 1430 BCE date from Bimson still wouldn’t fit with the biblical information because these pharaohs still dominated Palestine through the end of the MBA and beyond, regardless of when the MBA is dated.
www.theskepticalreview.com /palmer/jericho.html   (15342 words)

 ► » Yuezhi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-31)
BCE "Records of the Great Historian", or Shiji, by Sima Qian.
Qunduz mint, in Afghanistan.By the end of the 1st century BCE, one of the five tribes of the Yuezhi,
During the 1st and 2nd century, the Kushan Empire expanded militarily
www.iprore.com /Yuezhi-4124344.html   (1660 words)

 More on Acupuncture
The needles most commonly used in present-day practice are made of stainless steel and are of approximately the same diameter as a medium thickness guitar string (from approximately.01" to.02").
In China, the practice of acupuncture can be traced as far back as the 1st millenium BCE, and archeological evidence has been identified with the period of the Han dynasty (from 202 BCE to 220 CE).
The practice spread centuries ago into many parts of Asia; in modern times it is a component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and forms of it are also described in the literature of the traditional medicine of India.
www.psyhist.com /acupuncture.htm   (3135 words)

 The Ten Commandments
1446 BCE and therefore argues that the Decalogue is a creation of the 2nd millenium BCE.
Their conclusions are that while some of the concepts can be identified in 2nd millenium BCE contexts, there are other aspects preserved in the book of Deuteronomy that are attested ONLY in a late 1st millenium BCE environment.
This fits nicely with my research into the origins of the Pentateuch and its date from an archaeological site perspective, arriving at a 7th century BCE date for the latest sites (Aroer of the Negeb and the wall-less Jericho) appearing in the Primary History (Genesis-2 Kings).
users.cyberone.com.au /myers/ten-commandments.html   (2444 words)

Yavneh-Yam, however, is not mentioned in the main sources of the Persian period, such as the writings of Herodotus and Pseudo-Skylax, or the inscription on the famous sarcophagus of Eshmounezer of Sidon, speaking of the Sidonian expansion under Artaxerxes II (404-359/8 BCE).
The king occupied and destroyed the Temple at Jerusalem, killing the men, selling the women and children into slavery, forbidding the observance of Jewish laws, such as Sabbath and circumcision, and settling in the area of the Temple Mount a community of loyal population including Jews.
The year 166 BCE was crucial: at Modiin, in the Judean Hills, Mattathias and his 5 sons, John, Simeon, Judas, Eleazar and Jonathan called the "Maccabees" or the "Hasmoneans", refused to obey the King’s officer sent to Modiin in order to insist upon the presentation of the sacrifice.
www.tau.ac.il /~yavneyam/history.htm   (2115 words)

 Ancient Scripts: Futhark
Also, a rune has a position within each ætt, so for example, k would be the 6th rune in the 1st ætt, and t would be the 1st rune in the 3rd ætt.
This means that the original spellings of the words were standardized during Proto-Germanic times, and due to the conservative nature of the writing system, the original forms of the words were preserved even after their pronuncations had changed over time.
All of these clues, both external and internal, suggest the time of Futhark's creation to the 1st millenium BCE.
ancientscripts.com /futhark.html   (1299 words)

 the root spreads
Which culture(s) wrote the Amarna letters and what was the purpose of the letters?
With interest, Maria Niels Peter Lemche wrote: > BH is a dialect within the language family of Northwest Semitic, also known > as Amoritic, attested since the second half of the 3rd millenium BCE.
1st > millennium see a diversification in a number of dialects, Phoenician, > Palestinian Hebrew (inscriptions), Moabite, Ammonite.
lists.ibiblio.org /pipermail/b-hebrew/2000-June/007683.html   (331 words)

 [No title]
Julius Caesar made him ruler of Palestine in 55 BCE and he became king of the Jews with the aid of Marc Antony in 37 BCE.
An Estruscan king of the 6th century BCE who ruled Rome, thought to be descended from an emigrant noble from Corinth.
Originally composed in Hebrew about 200 BCE by Jesus ben Sirach, it was probably translated into Greek in about 132 BCE by his grandson.
www.well.com /user/aquarius/authlist.htm   (3717 words)

Finally the place was destroyed by the Egyptian Pharaoh Neco around 609 BCE on his way to Mesopotamia (2 Chronicles 35).
Already during a preliminary survey on the promontory at the southern edge of the site in December 1986, a fragmentary Greek inscription (33 X 23 cm) was discovered representing the correspondence between the Seleucid king and the citizen of Yavneh-Yam.
It was dated to June-July 163 BCE a date which is further corroborated by the occurrence of the name of King Antiochus (V) Eupator, who ruled from 164-162 BCE.
www.tau.ac.il /~yavneyam/excavation.htm   (1698 words)

 Untitled-1xcx   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-31)
What has been unearthed on the rocky peninsula are remnants of two eras in the settlement's history-from its earliest origins in the second millennium BCE and the seventh century BCE (two medieval rupestrian chapels remained exposed).
The ancient town of Arqa played an important role in the area's history, and it's name appears many times in the Bible, in Egyptian texts of the 2nd millenium BCE, and in the Assyrian texts of the 1st millenium BCE.
It was known as "Batruna" in the famous Tell elAmarna letters of the 14th century BCE, although its history goes back even further.
www.northlebanon.net /Cities.htm   (6426 words)

 Home > Santa Cruz, CA, California Yellow Pages, Classifieds, Real Estate, Business, Schools, Library and Jobs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-31)
A century after the Scythians, the Medes came to dominate the area to the south of the Aras.
The Iranian origin theory is based upon the ancient presence of the Medes in Iranian Azarbaijan, and Scythian invasions during the eighth century BCE.
During the 1st millenium BCE, another Caucasian people, the Mannaeans (Mannai) populated much of Iranian Azarbaijan.
www.santacruzcaus.com /details/Azeri   (5987 words)

 McREL online standards and benchmark database
Understands evidence of social and cultural development of Chinese civilization in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE (e.g., evidence that the Chinese had developed urbanization, sophisticated social cooperation, and written language before 1700 BCE; the physical evidence that highlights possible cultural contact between China and other centers of civilization in antiquity)
Understands the political, social, and cultural consequences of population movements and militarization in Eurasia in the second millennium BCE
Knows the migration routes of Indo-European language speakers and the approximate dates of their arrivals in new locations during the second millenium BCE
www.mcrel.org /compendium/topicsDetail.asp?topicsID=175&subjectID=6   (1321 words)

 BabelStone: The Origins of Go
As to when the game of Go first came into being, most histories of the game will tell you that it has been around for three or four thousand years, whereas in fact there is no concrete evidence for the existence of Go before about two thousand years ago.
The only evidence for the game in sources dating from the 1st millenium BCE is the occasional use of the word yì 弈 "to play Go", as in this famous saying by Confucius :
Not only have dozens of Liubo boards been unearthed from Han and pre-Han tombs, but hundreds of Han and pre-Han murals and engravings showing people playing Liubo have been found, as well as statuettes of Liubo players.
babelstone.blogspot.com /2006/03/origins-of-go.html   (854 words)

 Notes on the Significance of the First Persian Empire in World History
It is the site of one of the oldest known urban civilizations which existed in the second millenium BCE, and served as the unofficial "border" between the Intercommunicating Zone and southern Asia during the time of the Persians and Greeks
The Persians were nomadic pastoralists who began to develop their state on the Iranian Plateau east of Mesopotamia in the 6th century BCE.
Because the plateau did not get as much water as Mesopotamia and the winters were colder, it was not a good place for planting crops.
courses.wcupa.edu /jones/his101/misc/persia.htm   (1572 words)

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