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Topic: 2 Maccabees

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In the News (Fri 19 Jul 19)

  Mad Max & the Maccabees
The unnamed author of 2 Maccabees explains that his work is actually a condensed version of a five-volume history written by a certain Jason of Cyrene (2:23).
Although the idea of resurrection in 2 Maccabees differs in many ways from what we find in early Christian writings, nevertheless there is a common thread: the one who suffers righteously will be raised from the dead, and this resurrection will be his vindication.
With the stories of the Maccabees echoing in their ears, the earliest Christians could hear the divine song of salvation as sung by Jesus, whose took upon himself the sin of the world in his passion, and who was vindicated through his resurrection from the death.
www.markdroberts.com /htmfiles/resources/madmaxmaccabees.htm   (2526 words)

The doctrine of the resurrection is repudiated in 1 Maccabees.
As already indicated, 2 Maccabees is classified in terms of its literary genre as “pathetic history,” meaning that the intention is to evoke a reaction of pathos in the reader.
In 2 Maccabees, God is clearly on the side of the Jewish martyrs and Judas, so that the reader is left little option but to assume the narrator’s point of view (unless the reader is willing to reject the narrator as authoritative).
www.abu.nb.ca /Courses/NTIntro/InTest/Hist2.htm   (7875 words)

 Maccabees, Books Of, 1-2 (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) :: Bible Tools
The contents of 1 Maccabees and 2 Macc 4-15 are in the main parallel, dealing with the same incidents; but the simple narrative character of 1 Maccabees, in contrast to the didactic and highly religious as well as supernatural coloring of 2 Maccabees, can easily be seen in these corresponding parts.
There can be no doubt that 2 Maccabees was first of all composed, and that subsequently either the author or a later hand prefixed these letters on account of their affinity in thought to the book as it first existed.
The record of events in 2 Maccabees ends with the brilliant victory of Judas over Nicanor, followed by the death of the latter; but it is strange that the history of the main hero of the book should be dropped in the middle.
bibletools.org /index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/ISBE/ID/5647   (6752 words)

Where the latter is concerned to praise Judas, Jonathan, and Simon for their role in the liberation of the Jewish people from Seleucid oppression, 2 Maccabees focuses upon the insult to the Temple and its cult, for which it holds the Jewish Hellenizers primarily responsible.
While 1 Maccabees is generally considered historically more reliable where the two are parallel, 2 Maccabees is of value because it describes in greater detail the Hellenistic reform and the origin of the revolt prior to the emergence of the Maccabees, and because it provides greater insight into the history of the Jewish religion.
2 Maccabees is thus an important piece of evidence for the development of the idea of the resurrection of the dead in the period between the composition of Isa.
www.bibletexts.com /glossary/2ma.htm   (739 words)

 1 Maccabees - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Some Protestants consequently regard 1 Maccabees as part of the Apocrypha, useful for reading in the church.
The book tells the story of the conquest of Judea by the Greeks under Alexander the Great, the attempt by the Greeks to impose Greek culture on the Jews, and the Jewish revolt against that domination.
The name Maccabee probably means "hammer" and is properly applied only to the first leader of the revolt, Judas, third son of the priest Mattathias.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1_Maccabees   (925 words)

 bible.org: ISBE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
In 3 Maccabees the cause of the action of Ptolemy IV was the failure of his project to enter the sanctum of the Jerusalem temple; this last perhaps a reflection of 2 Macc 3:9 ff, where it is related that Heliodorus was hindered from entering the temple by a ghostly apparition.
That 3 Maccabees was composed in Greek is the opinion of all scholars and is proved by the free, idiomatic and rather bombastic character of the language in the Septuagint.
The same end was contemplated in 2, 3 and 4 Maccabees and in a lesser degree in 1 Maccabees, but the author or compiler of the present treatise wished to produce a work which would appeal in the first instance and chiefly to Hebrew (or Arabic?) readers.
www.bible.org /isbe.asp?id=5649   (3460 words)

Written about 50 BC Third and Fourth Maccabees, also found in the Septuagint, were not included in St. Jerome’s Vulgate nor in the Catholic Bibles, and are usually classified among the Pseudepigrapha...
Herod successively murdered all the relatives of the Maccabees and the line of the Maccabees became extinct in 7 B.C. However, in the time of Jesus, the Pharisees were the layman followers of Judas Maccabee, and the Sadducees were the priests followers of Simon Maccabee.
The name, Maccabee, meaning "hammerer" or "hammer-like", was originally the surname of Judas, the third son of Mattathias, because of his valour in combating the enemies of Israel, but was later extended to all the descendants of Mattathias, and even to all who took part in the rebellion.
www.biblia.com /bible/maccabees.htm   (869 words)

 4 MACCABEES, NRSV APOCRYPHA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Despite its title, 4 Maccabees has little to do with the Maccabean family or their armed revolt against Seleucid rule during the second century BCE (see the introductions to 1 and 2 Maccabees).
Second, in contrast to 2 Maccabees with its emphasis on bodily resurrection, 4 Maccabees speaks of God's final reward for the martyrs in terms of the immortality of the soul, reflecting Hellenistic ideas, which would directly influence Christianity.
2 Two courses were open to this mother, that of religion, and that of preserving her seven sons for a time, as the tyrant had promised.
www.anova.org /sev/htm/ap/16_4maccabees.htm   (10025 words)

 2 MACCABEES, NRSV APOCRYPHA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
First Maccabees highlights the military activity of the Maccabees and the subsequent establishment of the Hasmonean dynasty, taking the story down to the third generation in 134 BCE.
The relation between these two beliefs is clearly articulated in the speeches of the mother and her seven sons (ch 7), which provide the most closely reasoned arguments in the Bible about the resurrection of the dead.
2 He dared to designate as a plotter against the government the man who was the benefactor of the city, the protector of his compatriots, and a zealot for the laws.
www.anova.org /sev/htm/ap/10_2maccabees.htm   (15092 words)

 The New American Bible - IntraText
[2] Apollonius, son of Gennaeus: not the Apollonius who was the son of Menestheus (⇒ 2 Macc 4:21).
[42-45] This is the earliest statement of the doctrine that prayers (⇒ 2 Macc 12:42) and sacrifices (⇒ 2 Macc 12:43) for the dead are efficacious.
That is, he believed that expiation could be made for certain sins of otherwise good men-soldiers who had given their lives for God's cause.
www.vatican.va /archive/ENG0839/_PEG.HTM   (1619 words)

 Second Maccabees   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
This book is independent of the First Book of Maccabees, and while it describes the Тdesolating sacrilegeУ in detail, the author does not utilize that phrase recorded in both 1 Maccabees 1 and Daniel 11.
Genre of work: The Second Book of Maccabees is known as a ТpatheticУ history or tragic historiography, meaning that the authorХs primary purpose is to elicit emotions rather than mrerely to recount a series of historical facts.
The Book of Second Maccabees with its references to prayers for the dead also has led to theological discussion concerning purgatory.
ourworld.cs.com /tomofield/Apocrypha/Summaries/2maccabees.html   (915 words)

 1 & 2 Maccabees (This Rock: January 1993)
Given its exactness of dates, places and documents and its enthusiasm for the Jewish cause, 1 Maccabees must have been written by a Palestinian Jew who witnessed the events he describes; the author of 2 Maccabees was more likely an Alexandrian Jew and a Pharisee, given what he has to say about resurrection.
First Maccabees gives a detailed account of the struggle in Palestine over a period of fifty years, from the time Antiochus IV Epiphanes came to the throne up to the death of Simon, the last of the Maccabee brothers (134 B.C.).
Thus, for example, in 2 Maccabees 12:43 there is Judas' act of faith in the resurrection and salvation of his fallen soldiers, but he realizes that they must atone for their sins in the next life, and he wishes to help them in this and asks for prayers from the living.
www.catholic.com /thisrock/1993/9301otg.asp   (1568 words)

Daniel 12:1-2 (ca 175 B.C.E.) and 2 Maccabees 7, from which today’s first reading has been excerpted, are believed to be among the earliest references to the evolving concept of death as the door to resurrected life, wherein the just would be rewarded with joy and the wicked would receive retribution for their sins.
No doubt, these insights were welcomed by the intended recipients of 2 Maccabees; the story of the brothers and the underlying promise of resurrection for the just served to edify and encourage those who were struggling to resist Hellenization.
Written as a source of encouragement, 2 Thessalonians exhorted the suffering to remain steadfast in their faith and to draw strength from their hope that when Jesus appeared again in glory, their persecutors would be punished and they, themselves, would be relieved of every affliction (2 Thessalonians 1:3-10).
www.nationalcatholicreporter.org /sanchez/locked/cyclec/ordinarytimec/sunday3298c.htm   (2209 words)

On the other hand, the account of the celestial appearances in 2 Macc 3:24 ff; 11:8, etc., and the description in 6:18 ff of the martyrdom of Eleazar the scribe and of the 7 brethren and their mother, carry on their face the marks of their legendary and unhistorical character.
Bertholdt, however, argued that the two letters (2 Macc 1:1-2:18) were composed in Hebrew (or Aramaic) Ewald held that the 2nd letter (2 Macc 1:11-2:18) is from the Hebrew, and Schlunkes that this applies to the 1st only.
In 1 Macc 3:38 and 2 Macc 4:45 he is called "Ptolemy the son of Dorymenes." At first he was a fierce and cruel enemy of the Jews and was one of those chosen by Lysias to destroy Israel and reduce Judas Maccabee (same place).
www.heraldmag.org /olb/contents/dictionaries/0MISBE.htm   (19651 words)

 USCCB - NAB - 2maccabees - Introduction
The author of 2 Maccabees states (2 Macc 2:23) that his one-volume work is an abridgment of a certain five-volume work by Jason of Cyrene; but since this latter has not survived, it is difficult to determine its relationship to the present epitome.
Of theological importance are the author's teachings on the resurrection of the just on the last day (2 Macc 7:9, 11, 14, 23; 14:46), the intercession of the saints in heaven for people living on earth (15:11-16), and the power of the living to offer prayers and sacrifices for the dead (12:39-46).
The beginning of 2 Maccabees consists of two letters sent by the Jews of Jerusalem to their coreligionists in Egypt.
www.usccb.org /nab/bible/2maccabees/intro.htm   (603 words)

 The Apocrypha
Also, in 1 Maccabees 2:57 it says that "David, because he was merciful, inherited the throne of the kingdom forever." Actually, it was because God was merciful, 2 Samuel 7:18-22.
Moreover, this text (2 Maccabees 12:39-45) teaches that the sins of a dead sinner can be atoned for by the actions of living sinners.
In 2 Maccabees 14:37-46, there is an account of a man named Razis who is made out to be a godly man ("very well thought of and for his good will was called father of the Jews", verse 37; and, "he had most zealously risked his body and life for Judaism").
www.atruechurch.info /apocrypha.html   (7634 words)

 2 Maccabees
[2] And how that the prophet, having given them the law, charged them not to forget the commandments of the Lord, and that they should not err in their minds, when they see images of silver and gold, with their ornaments.
[2] Thus was he bold to call him a traitor, that had deserved well of the city, and tendered his own nation, and was so zealous of the laws.
[2] For he had entered the city called Persepolis, and went about to rob the temple, and to hold the city; whereupon the multitude running to defend themselves with their weapons put them to flight; and so it happened, that Antiochus being put to flight of the inhabitants returned with shame.
www.earlyjewishwritings.com /2maccabees.html   (16067 words)

Speaking of Jeremiah, 2 Maccabees refers to a prophet receiving instruction relative to the ark, the tent of the ark, and the altar of incense.
The author of 2 Maccabees is prone to stretching numbers to emphasize his stories.
Possibly the book of 2 Maccabees is be best known for the tale of the "seven youths and their mother." This is not for the faint of heart.
pages.sbcglobal.net /clocks/apocses7.html   (693 words)

 The Old Testament Canon and Apocrypha
But three of these (1 and 2 Esdras and the Prayer of Manasseh) were omitted from the list published by the Council of Trent when it fixed the Roman Catholic canon.
This is a psalm of repentance, composed to suit the situation of Manasseh, the king of Judah who was carried captive to Babylon (see 2 Chronicles 33:11-13, where the psalm was probably intended for insertion in the Septuagint).
This is not a sequel to First Maccabees, but a different account of many of the same events related in that book down to 161 B.C., combined with many fanciful and legendary additions.
www.bible-researcher.com /canon2.html   (1946 words)

 Faith Guides . Bible Boot Camp . Old Testament | BustedHalo.com
The first two books of Maccabees (of which four are known) are considered the inspired word of God by Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christians, but not so by Jewish or Protestant communities.
Written in the style of the Old Testament's historical books, the accounts of 1 and 2 Maccabees begin with the death of Alexander the Great and the breakup of his Greek (Hellenistic) empire and continue through the reigns of several minor kings from Syria (the Seleucids).
Basically, the Israelites presented in these books rejected the idea that, "it's all [to be] Greek to me!" Most of the military conflicts presented here are seen by Judas and his faith-filled followers as a holy war against the destruction of their religion by a decadent outside influence.
www.bustedhalo.com /faith_guides/macc.htm   (428 words)

 Handout #3
Reading Assignment =20 1) 1 Maccabees (esp. 1:1-2:69, 4:46-5:21, 6:1-17, 8:1-31, 9:11-31,=20 9:58-73, 10:18-25, 11:20-37, 13:25-30, 14:25-49, 15:5-16:24), 2) 2 Maccabees (esp. 1:1-4:50, 5:15-8:20, 9:1-10:9, 14:37-15:38) 3) Shaye Cohen, From the Mishnah to the Maccabees, ch.
Next week, we move from our general discussion to=20= an=20 analysis of a particular crisis between Jews and their non-Jewish overlords,= =20 the Seleucids led by Antiochus IV Ephiphanes, as well as tensions between=20 different groups of Jews.
=20 4) 1 & 2 Maccabees are very different texts in terms of=20 style, aim, scope, emphases, etc. Also, although describing the same events=, the=20 two texts do not always agree in their descriptions of the events surroundin= g=20 the revolt.
www.courses.rochester.edu /merideth/REL211/hand3.html   (721 words)

 The Apocrypha   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
In 2 Maccabees, for example, the death of Antiochus Epiphanes IV precedes the rededication of the Temple.
According to 2 Kings 21:1-18, and 2 Chronicles 33, Manasseh was one of the worst Kings in the history of Judah, ruling for 55 years, and bringing idolatry and other sacrileges to Jerusalem.
4 Maccabees, which appears in an appendix in the Septuagint, is written in the form of a sermon, seemingly to demonstrate that the Greek philosophy of rational judgment being the highest virtue is fully reconcilable with Jewish religious belief, and belief in the Law.
www.sundayschoolcourses.com /apocrypha/apoccont.htm   (12439 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Name of Jesus Christ
It was also the name of the author of Ecclesiaticus of one of Christ's ancestors mentioned in the genealogy, found in the Third Gospel (Luke 3:29), and one of the St. Paul's companions (Colossians 4:11).
During the Hellenizing period, Jason, a purely Greek analogon of Jesus, appears to have been adopted by many (1 Maccabees 8:17; 12:16; 14:22; 2 Maccabees 1:7; 2:24; 4:7-26; 5:5-10; Acts 17:5-9; Romans 16:21).
The word Christ, Christos, the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word Messias, means "anointed." According to the Old Law, priests (Exodus 29:29; Leviticus 4:3), kings (1 Samuel 10:1; 24:7), and prophets (Isaiah 61:1) were supposed to be anointed for their respective offices; now, the Christ, or the Messias, combined this threefold dignity in His Person.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/08374x.htm   (704 words)

 2 Maccabees 1
The Jews in Jerusalem and those in the land of Judea,
2 May God do good to you, and may he remember his covenant with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, his faithful servants.
May he give you all a heart to worship him and to do his will with a strong heart and a willing spirit.
www.hope.edu /academic/religion/bandstra/BIBLE/2MA/2MA1.HTM   (948 words)

 Schwartz: 2 Maccabees
The challenge, therefore, in a framework such as this conference, is to show that I Maccabees is somewhat non-biblical and that II Maccabees is somewhat biblical.
Indeed, I Maccabees takes care to underline the cessation of prophecy (4:46; 9:27), as might be expected from a dynastic propagandist whose heroes would have been discomfited by its renewal (14:41).
Add to this the oft-noted fact that God, as in biblical historiography, is very obviously and even sensationally involved in the story of II Maccabees, in contrast to that of I Maccabees, and perhaps we will have successfully imported some balance, or confusion, into the simple dichotomy with which we began this paper.
orion.mscc.huji.ac.il /symposiums/1st/papers/Schwartz96.html   (3629 words)

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