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Topic: 206 BC

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  China - Astronomy
A solar eclipse of 16 June 763 BC mentioned in an Assyrian text is important for the Chronology of the Ancient Orient.
By about 20 BC, surviving documents show that Chinese astrologers understood what caused eclipses, and by 8 BC some predictions of total solar eclipse were made using the 135-month recurrence period.
Records of solar eclipses from the Han dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) are found primarily in two official histories: the Han-shu and the Hou-han-shu.
www.crystalinks.com /china_astronomy.html   (673 words)

The Hsai Dynasties in China (2205 BC to 1760 BC).
The Shang Dynasty in China (1760 BC to 1122 BC).
The Ch’in Dynasty in China, 221 BC to 206 BC.
www.angelfire.com /ca6/asi/history1.htm   (963 words)

 A Short History of the Silk Road
Zhang with a caravan of 100 men set out in 138 BC from the Chinese capital of Chang'an (present-day Xi'an) only to be soon captured by the Huns as they passed through the Hexi Corridor in northwest Gansu.
Zhang continued seeking allies against the Xiongnu, travelling in 115 BC to the territory of the Wusun, a nomadic tribespeople who lived on the western frontier of the Huns, but again Zhang was unable to enlist support.
In 53 BC, the seven legions of Marcus Licinius Crassus were the first romans to see silk in battle whilst pursuing the Parthians, a rough warlike tribe, across the Euphrates.
www.pasadena.edu /chinese/cultural/silk/history.html   (729 words)

 Ancient China: The Great Unification: The Ch'in, 256-206 BC
For from the time the Ch'in unified China in 221 BC, to the time of their fall fifteen years later in 206 BC, not even a generation had passed.
Under their advice, in 232 BC, King Ch'eng, at the age of twenty-seven, began a vigorous campaign to unify and centralize all the northern kingdoms.
Ch'in shih-huang-ti died in 210 BC at the age of forty-nine; the amazing thing about the empire he had founded is that it collapsed only four years after his death.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/CHEMPIRE/CHIN.HTM   (1212 words)

 artnet.com Magazine Reviews - SAVORING CHINESE AND NOMAD ART   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
But the "piece de resistance" is a unique archaic bronze candelabra showing a xian (a figure that is part human and part bird), holding a lotus bowl from which three branches of the candelabra emerge, ending in dragon shapes.
The bronze is Late Eastern Zhou or early Han (200 BC to 6 AD), and demonstrates the tremendous skill of its anonymous sculptor.
The arts of the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) are the focus of a beautifully installed exhibition by J.J. Lally Oriental Art at 41 East 57th Street.
www.artnet.com /magazine_pre2000/reviews/stern/stern4-17-98.asp   (949 words)

 Han Dynasty
The first of the two periods of the dynasty, namely the Former Han Dynasty (Qian Han 前漢) or the Western Han Dynasty (Xi Han 西漢) 206 BC - AD 9 was based in Changan.
Chen Sheng[?] and Wu Guang[?], two in a group of about 30 soldiers assigned to defend against the Xiongnu, were the leaders of the first rebellion.
The beginning of the Han Dynasty can be dated either from 206 BC when the Qin dynasty crumbled or 202 BC when Liu Bang killed Xiang Yu, the leader of a competing rebellion that sought to re-instate the Zhou dynasty aristocracies.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ea/East_Han.html   (1155 words)

 Ethics of Legalism, Qin Empire and Han Dynasty by Sanderson Beck
Qin Empire 221-206 BC In 221 BC when Qin took over Qi, the last of the other six states, King Zheng's first official act was to declare himself First August Emperor (Shih Huang Di) of what we still call China from the name of his state of Qin.
One day in 213 BC when the Emperor was entertaining seventy scholars with wine, one of them complained that the sons and brothers of the Emperor were commoners and that if anyone threatened him he would not be able to respond, because the Emperor had gone against the ancient tradition.
Finally in 202 BC the king of Han assumed the position of supreme Emperor and was renamed Gaozu meaning "Exalted Ancestor." Han Xin was transfered to be king of Chu; Peng Yue was made king of Liang and Wu Rui king of Changsha.
san.beck.org /EC16-Legalism.html   (14635 words)

 Wikinfo | Qin Dynasty
The Qin Dynasty (秦朝 221 BC - 206/207 BC) followed the Zhou Dynasty and preceded the Han Dynasty in China.
Much of what came to constitute China Proper was unified for the first time in 221 B.C. In that year the western frontier state of Qin, the most aggressive of the Warring States, subjugated the last of its rival states, putting an end to the Warring States Period.
In 207 BC, Zhao Gao forced Ying Huhai to commit suicide and replaced him by the murdered heir's son, Ying Ziying.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Qin_Dynasty   (836 words)

 History of China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Chinese civilization, as described in mythology, begins with Pangu, the creator of the universe, and a succession of legendary sage-emperors and culture heroes (among them are Huang Di, Yao, and Shun) who taught the ancient Chinese to communicate and to find sustenance, clothing, and shelter.
The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other, from 1027 to 221 B.C. It was philosophers of this period who first enunciated the doctrine of the "mandate of heaven" (tianming), the notion that the ruler (the "son of heaven") governed by divine right but that his dethronement would prove that he had lost the mandate.
The first, from 770 to 476 B.C., is called the Spring and Autumn Period, after a famous historical chronicle of the time; the second is known as the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C.).
www.freespaces.com /johnwang/chinese_history.htm   (3348 words)

 An Outline of Spanish History
3,000 BC The emergence of extensive townships characterized by fortified, buttressed wall-enclosed settlements surrounded by cultivated fields of cereals.
206 BC traded with Tartessus but did not move in until they were defeated by Rome in the 1st Punic War (264-241 BC).
BC the Iberian, Celtic, Greek and Phoenician languages had all but vanished.
www.as.ua.edu /ant/Faculty/murphy/Blount/CHRONO.htm   (2433 words)

 War in Spain 206 to 205 BC
The Carthaginians spent the winter of 207 and 206 BC once again recruiting amongst the locals for a final effort against Scipio.
In the spring of 206 BC Mago and Hasdrubal Gisgo marched from Gades with between 50,000 and 70,000 infantry, 4,000 to 5,000 cavalry and 32 war elephants.
By the end of the year, 206 BC, Gades was also captured and several Spanish tribes also fell under the Roman sword.
www.unrv.com /empire/end-war-spain.php   (759 words)

 Han Dynasty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
From 206 to 202 BC, there was actually no emperor in China; and the principal event in this period of anarchy, was what we call the Struggle between Chu and Han.
It was a continuous conflict between Xiang Yu [Gregoire-Marco] and Liu Bang [Rucker-Lewis], the former a native of Wu, and the latter of Pei.
About 377 BC, there was a division among the Buddhists; the northern branch had their center in Kashmir, while the southern section made Ceylon their headquarters.
worldclass.net /China/han.htm   (3479 words)

 Weapons of Ancient China
During and after the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC-771 BC), it was briefly replaced by bronze jian (sword), which is easier to wield in combat.
During the seven years of turmoil which resulted in the end of the Qin Dynasty (221 BC-206 BC) and the beginning of the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 25), the importance of cavalry increased dramatically and jian, used primarily to stab, was no longer adequate.
By the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 25), it fell out of use in war, and by the Northern and Southern Dynasties (420-589) it was replaced in its entirety by qiang (spear).
dana.ucc.nau.edu /~msb46/Weapons_of_Ancient_China.html   (1304 words)

 coins of ancient China - 255 BC to AD 221.
It is commonly accepted that in 221 BC, at the time of the unification, Ch'in introduced the Pan (pronounced "Ban") Liang coinage, discontinuing knife and spade coinage.
CIVIL WAR OF 206-202 BC According to Michael Mitchiner (in Oriental Coins and their Values, The Ancient & Classical World, page 684), the suicide of Erh Shih Huang Ti (last Emperor of Ch'in) in 206 BC, resulted in a civil war in which a series of rebels fought for control of China.
187-180 BC During the reign of Empress Kao (187-180 BC) the Pan Liang was reduced to a weight of 8 shu.
www.calgarycoin.com /reference/china/china2.htm   (6731 words)

 The Battle of Cynoscephalae
No doubt confident after their defeat of Carthage in 202 BC, Rome now deemed it best to remove the Macedonian threat as soon as possible.
The pleas by Greek city states for assistance were all the excuse they needed to intervene in 200 BC, beginning the Second Macedonian War.
In 198 BC command passed into the hands of Titus Quinctius Flaminius.
www.roman-empire.net /army/cynoscephalae.html   (887 words)

 Han Dynasty - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Han Dynasty (206 bc-ad 220), Chinese imperial dynasty that reunited China after the fall of the Qin (Ch’in) dynasty (221-206 bc).
Gaozu, imperial title of Liu Bang, also called Liu Chi (256-195 bc), emperor of China (206-195 bc), who founded the Han dynasty.
In 206 bc Liu Bang, a minor Qin official who had mobilized forces against the government, proclaimed himself king of Han, one of the states within...
encarta.msn.com /Han_Dynasty.html   (155 words)

The Han dynasty founded in China (206 BC).
It re-established its connection "beyond the centuries of the words," with the saints and the sages of the Golden Age.
was contemporary with the Roman Empire and represents the emergence of Chinese civilization at the world level through the Silk Road (122 BC), the Burma Road (115 BC), and the Maritime Routes, which led to contact with Iran, India, Southeast Asia, and the Mediterranean.
www.angelfire.com /ca6/asi/history2.htm   (1023 words)

 China Dynasty Timeline
Xia Dynasty 2033-1562 BC Shang Dynasty 1562-1066 BC The Shang dynasty was based in the Yellow River basin.
Zhou Dynasties 1066-256 BC Western Zhou Dynasty 1066-771 BC Eastern Zhou Dynasty 770-256 BC -Spring and Autumn Period 770-476 BC -Warring States Period 475-221 BC The longest-lived of the Chinese dynasties.
Qin Dynasty 221-207 BC Han Dynasty 206 BC-220 AD -Western Han 206 BC - 8 AD -Eastern Han 25-220 AD The first Emperor Qin Shihuangdi unifies feudal states thus creating the Chinese empire.
www.chineseart.com /china-dynasties-1.htm   (262 words)

 Eternal China
The second section explores the art of the Western Han dynasty, highlighted by a group of exquisite jades and bronzes that were created for the imperial family.
The last section is a spectacular display of twelve life–sized terracotta figures excavated from the pits surrounding the tomb of the First Emperor, Qin Shihuangdi (lived 259–210 BC).
These terracotta figures–including officers, archers, soldiers and a calvary horse–represent the army of the First Emperor and were buried surrounding his tomb to protect him in the afterlife.
www.daytonartinstitute.org /eternalchina/exhibition.html   (749 words)

 China's Chinese Dynasties
Xia Dynasty, 2100 BC to 1700 BC Yu the Great founded this first cohesive state of China along the banks of the great Yellow River (Huang He).
Western and Eastern Zhou Dynasties, 1100 BC to 256 BC
Spring and Autumn Period, 770 BC to 476 BC
chinasageconsultants.com /html/dynasty_rule.html   (1669 words)

 Ancient China: The Former Han, 206 BC-25 AD
At first, government officials were appointed on the recommendation of other government officials, but in 165 BC, the Han instituted the first examination.
Han Wu Ti Perhaps the greatest and most powerful of the Han emperors was Han Wu Ti, who came to power in 141 BC at the age of sixteen and ruled for fifty-four years, the second longest reign in Chinese history.
In the fading years of the former Han dynasty, court officials turned to the Han regent, Wang Mang, who ruled in place of the infant emperor.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/CHEMPIRE/FORMHAN.HTM   (1115 words)

 Xi Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-8 A.D.)
Liu Bang set up the Hong Men Banquet in 206 B.C. The battles between Han and Chu began until Xiang Yu was defeated and killed himself in Wu Jiang (202 B.C).
Chen Ping dies in 178 B.C. Prince Qi (later known as Han Jinh Di) killed his cousin Prince Xian over a game, sparking the Rebellion of the Seven Kingdoms by Xian's father Duke Wu, after the death of Han Wen Di.
Han Zhao Di Huo Guang (?-68 B.C.) assigned to be in charge of the administration.
www.yutopian.com /history/xihan.html   (652 words)

 Chou dynasty
As loyalties crumbled, an alliance of dukes and barbarians sacked the Chou capital in 771 BC.
The royal family fled to the eastern city of Loyang to begin a new period of its dynasty called Eastern Chou.
Then in 479 BC, the outlying state of Ch’u, near the Yangtze River defeated a smaller state and triggered a bloody struggle that would stretch for another two hundred years, a period called, appropriately, the Warring States.
www.ford.utexas.edu /museum/exhibits/China_exhibit/chou.htm   (370 words)

 Liu Bang (Gaozu or Gaodi) - Western Han Ruler and Emperor Biographies - English
In the later part of the year 209 BC, Cheng Sheng was killed and Xiang Liang took over his armies.
In the year 206 BC, Liu Bang breaks through the forces at Xian Yang and Zi Ying surrendered the palace.
In the year 205 BC, Liu Bang attacked Peng with 560,000 troops while Xiang Yu was battling against the traitors in his Kingdom.
www.kongming.net /novel/han/liubang.php   (1726 words)

 Qin Dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.umd.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: 秦朝; pinyin: Qín Cháo; Wade-Giles: Ch'in Ch'ao) (221 BC - 206 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China.
The unification of China 221 BC under the First Emperor Qin Shi Huang marked the beginning of imperial China, a period that lasted until the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912.
In the beginning of October 207 BC, Zhao Gao forced Huhai to commit suicide and replaced him with Fusu's son, Ziying (子嬰).
en.wikipedia.org.cob-web.org:8888 /wiki/Qin_Dynasty   (941 words)

 Zhou - Han, Ancient Chinese cast coins - Calgary Coin Gallery
ZHOU DYNASTY, 1122 to 255 BC "Zhou Dynasty", the usual name for this period, is a poor choice.
When the Zhou conquered the Shang in about 1122 BC, they were very powerful, but by 6th and 7th centuries BC, Zhou was a figurehead royal seat with no power and little significance with respect to coinage.
CH'IN DYNASTY, 255 to 206 BC Ch'in existed as a feudal state under the Zhou since before 1000 BC, casting coins from about 400 BC.
www.calgarycoin.com /cast1.htm   (1415 words)

 :: NASA Quest > Archives ::   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Jul 17, 709 BC: "Duke Huan, 3rd year, 7th month, day jen-ch'en, the first day.
Oct 24 444 BC: "Duke Li (of the Ch'in dynasty), 34th year.
It became dark in the daytime and stars were seen." (Shih-chi, chp.
quest.arc.nasa.gov /eclipse99/pages/traditions_morechina.htm   (855 words)

 Chrysippus biography
Chrysippus studied under Cleanthes, but he had also been influenced by the teachings of Plato.
In 232 BC Chrysippus became the third head of the Stoa Poikile following the death of Cleanthes.
He was to continue to hold this position until his own death.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /history/Biographies/Chrysippus.html   (890 words)

 Dynasties of China: Qin Dynasty
The first Qin emperor seized the power at the age of 22 in 238 BC.
Finally, in 207 BC, Xiangyu's army inflicted heavy losses on the Qin army; and in the following year, Liu Bang broke Xianyang, the capital of Qin, thus putting an end to the notorious Qin Dynasty.
Finally, Liu Bang defeated Xiangyu in 202 BC and established the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 24 AD), after which he proclaimed himself the emperor of the Han.
www.travelchinaguide.com /intro/history/qin   (733 words)

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