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Topic: 23 special wards


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  23 special wards - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan.
To finance the joint public services provided to the 23 wards, the metropolitan government levies some of the taxes that would normally be levied by city governments, and also makes transfer payments to wards that cannot finance their own local administration.
The total population of the 23 special wards was 8,483,140 as of October 1, 2005 (source: Tokyo web site (in Japanese)); 8.34 million (as of Sept. 1, 2003), about two-thirds of the population of Tokyo and a quarter of the population of the Greater Tokyo Area.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/23_special_wards   (473 words)

  
 Wards of Japan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A ku (区), conventionally translated as ward (but closer to "borough" in normal English use), is a district in a large Japanese city.
Wards are used to subdivide each city designated by government ordinance, as well as Tokyo (where the "23 special wards" have a quasi-municipal status).
Outside of Tokyo, wards are local entities directly controlled by the municipal government.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Wards_of_Japan   (138 words)

  
 23 special wards: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo (Tokyo: The capital and largest city of Japan; the economic and cultural center of Japan), Japan (Japan: A constitutional monarchy occupying the Japanese Archipelago; a world leader in electronics and automobile manufacture and ship building).
The total population of the 23 special wards is 8.34 million (as of Sept. 1, 2003), about two-thirds of the population of Tokyo and a quarter of the population of the Greater Tokyo Area (Greater Tokyo Area: more facts about this subject).
Nerima (Nerima: nerima (; -ku) is the northwestern-most of the 23 special wards comprising...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/23_special_wards   (878 words)

  
 Tokyo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It includes 23 special wards (特別区 -ku) which until 1943 comprised the city of Tokyo but are now separate, self-governing municipalities, each with a mayor and a council, and having the status of a city.
The 23 special wards (tokubetsu-ku) of Tokyo comprise the area formerly known as Tokyo City.
Each ward is a local municipality with its own elected mayor and assembly, differing from an ordinary city in that certain governmental functions are handled by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tokyo   (2814 words)

  
 Tokyo - MSN Encarta
Instead, Tokyo is a special administrative unit similar to a prefecture, the largest units of local government in Japan.
The 23 wards, which comprise the area that used to be the city of Tokyo, cover about 620 sq km (about 240 sq mi).
The 23 special wards that make up what is considered Tokyo proper had an estimated population of 8,194,727 in 2005.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761559711   (2560 words)

  
 Tokyo - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is counted as one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and commonly referred to as the capital of Japan with the government of Japan and the Emperor of Japan residing in Chiyoda Ward.
There is no city named "Tokyo." Tokyo is actually designated as a "metropolis" (都 -to), similar to a prefecture (県; -ken), consisting of 23 special wards (区 -ku), 26 cities (市 -shi), 5 towns (町 -cho or machi), and 8 villages (村 -son or mura) each having a local government.
As of September 1, 2003 the total population of the 23 wards was about 8.34 million, with a population density of 13,416 persons per square kilometer.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Tokyo   (3509 words)

  
 Tokyo: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The total population of the three central wards of Chiyoda (Chiyoda: chiyoda (; -ku) is a special ward in central tokyo, japa...
In addition to the special wards, Tokyo administers twenty-six suburban cities to the west, and a number of small islands in the Pacific Ocean (Pacific Ocean: The largest ocean in the world).
Each ward (ku) is a local municipality (municipality: An urban district having corporate status and powers of self-government) with its own elected mayors and assemblies but differs from ordinary cities in that certain governmental functions are handled by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/tokyo   (6027 words)

  
 Profile of a Ward: Tokyo's Meguro Ward
On the other hand, Tokyo's 23 wards are different in the sense that these are afforded many functions equal to those held by a city.
This special cities system was developed as a method of acknowledging the special needs of each of the 23 wards, as well as to inspire a sense of unity between local governments in the development of the national capital region.
The foremost position of the executive branch of the 23 wards local government is that of the Mayor.
www.gdrc.org /uem/observatory/jp-meguro.html   (571 words)

  
 The Council for Disability Rights
Special education programs in which students are grouped on the basis of their IDEA eligibility category.
A methodology of increasing importance in special education in which a child's progress in the curriculum is measured at frequent intervals.
For example, a special education cooperative might rent classrooms in its member school districts' facilities to operate classes for students who are able to move out of the cooperative's segregated special education facility.
www.disabilityrights.org /glossary.htm   (2412 words)

  
 Local Government in Asia and the Pacific - Japan
Special wards have functions and structures that are similar to cities.
Property wards are created to operate and maintain specified properties or public facilities owned by certain segments of municipalities such as forests, irrigation canals or natural hot water springs.
Examples of special public service personnel are Governors, Mayors and the Members of Assemblies, Boards of Education and other administrative committees and temporary or part-time advisors.
www.unescap.org /huset/lgstudy/country/japan/japan.html   (7048 words)

  
 U.N. Commission on Human Rights, Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment ...
The Special Rapporteur was disturbed to learn that after his departure from Karachi some of these individuals were questioned by security officials concerning the nature of their discussions with the Special Rapporteur.
The Special Rapporteur immediately met with the Secretary of the Ministry of Human Rights and senior officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to protest at the denial of access to the house, which he considered to be a clear violation of the terms of reference of the mission.
All the women were provided with beds and clean linen and the ward was clean and supplied with electricity and running water, in contrast to the male prisoners who slept on the concrete floors of their cells, which were dark and dank, dirty and overcrowded.
www1.umn.edu /humanrts/commission/thematic53/97TORPAK.htm   (11733 words)

  
 Japanese Local Government - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks
Special cities have additional powers in pollution control, urban planning and outdoor advertising regulation, and receive their own insurance offices,
The central core of Tokyo is divided into 23 "special wards" or tokubetsu ku (特別区).
Despite the deceptive name, these "wards" are very similar to regular cities under Japanese law; in fact, all call themselves "cities" in English.
en.wikibooks.org /wiki/Japanese_Local_Government   (600 words)

  
 SPECIAL REPORT: FAO/WFP FOOD SUPPLY AND NUTRITION ASSESSMENT MISSION TO IRAQ IN OCTOBER 1997
Special attention should be given to actions designed to stimulate the production of animal products, fruits and vegetables, as well as to ensure the continuation of an adequate economic incentive for producers of the foods provided under SCR 986.
The fat (oil) in the ration provides only 16 percent of food energy as against 23 percent of total dietary energy intake before the war and the mission recommends that in order to provide a more energy dense diet the present percentage needs to be increased significantly.
Given the considerable evidence of widespread malnutrition and the overall poor food and nutrition situation in the country, the mission concludes that the present ration is unbalanced and insufficient to rapidly reverse the serious nutritional consequences of the supply shortages which have been experienced over the last seven years.
www.fao.org /WAICENT/faoinfo/economic/giews/english/alertes/srirq997.htm   (6274 words)

  
 Tokyo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
While there is no municipality called Tokyo, the old Tokyo city that existed until 1943, covering the area of the present 23 special wards, is still regarded as the single largest city and the capital of Japan with population of 8,134,688 and area of 621.3 km2.
Tokyo prefecture has 23 special wards in an area of about 621 square kilometers.
As of September 1, 2002 the total population of the 23 wards was about 8.28 million, with a population density of 13,333 persons per square kilometer.
usapedia.com /t/tokyo.html   (948 words)

  
 Virtual Expeditions
Administratively, Metropolitan Tokyo, as Japan's political, economic, and cultural center, is a prefecture made up of the ward district (23 special wards), the Tama district, and 41 cities, towns, and villages on the Izu and Ogasawara islands.
In the 23 wards, area wastes are collected and transported by the Bureau of Public Cleansing, and several waste disposal firms, licensed by the Metropolitan Government, are commissioned by businesses and offices producing large quantities of waste.
Notwithstanding this, in many cases special pollution prevention agreements have to be concluded with local residents to make new disposal facilities acceptable for the residents.
www.nautilus.org /archives/pegasus/curriculum/Virtual_Expeditions/lib_art_tokyorecycling.html   (2709 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
For white males, the 5-year relative cancer survival rate was 56.6% in 1986 to 1993, compared with 42% in 1974 to 1976; for white females, the 1986 to 1993 rate was 62.3%, compared with 57.6% in 1974 to 1976.
In 1950, 3.8 million persons (2.6% of the population) were over the age of 74, as opposed to 14.7 million (5.6% of the population) in 1995 (23; Figures 4 and 5).
Some species, such as Trichuris (whipworm) and Enterobius (pinworm), are restricted to the gut, but others, such as Ascaris, have tissue-migrating phases.
ftp.cdc.gov /pub/EID/vol3no4/ascii/vol3no4.txt   (17837 words)

  
 What is Tokyo? : Abaara fun facts and uncommon knowledge - Tokyo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Although it generally resembles a prefecture, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government also offers partial city government functions to the 23 special wards included in the heart of Tokyo, with a combined population of 8,134,688 and an area of 621.3 km².
Tokyo Prefecture has 23 special wards (in Japanese, ku) in an area of about 621 square kilometers.
Each ward is a local municipality with its own elected mayors and assemblies but differs from ordinary cities in that certain governmental functions are handled by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.
info.abaara.com /pac/Tokyo   (1519 words)

  
 Taito, Tokyo -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Image:UenoPark Hanami.jpg Image:SensojiBell1492.jpg Image:SaigoTakamori1339.jpg Image:SensojiPagoda1468.jpg Taitō (台東区 -ku) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan.
As of 2005, the ward has an estimated population of 160,130 and a density of 15890 persons per km².
Situated in the northeastern portion of the wards area of Tokyo, Taito is surrounded by five other special wards: Chiyoda, Bunkyo, Arakawa, Sumida and Chuo.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Taito,_Tokyo   (274 words)

  
 arai-ecrit-japan-req-01.txt
This code shows a special-ward, a ward in an government-designated major city, a city, or a town or a village in a district.
There are 23 special-wards (in Tokyo), 726 cities, 1559 towns and 400 villages as of 14 Mar. 2005.
And each ward in the cities is sequentially numbered from 101, 131, 161.
ietfreport.isoc.org /idref/draft-arai-ecrit-japan-req   (2930 words)

  
 Tokyo Wards - 23 Special Districts
23 special wards (Tokubetsuku) are special districts in Tokyo.
Each ward is about the size of an urban zip code (i.e.
Those wards in terms of size are distinguished from ku in other large cities in Japan.
www.japan-101.com /geography/tokyo_wards.htm   (122 words)

  
 Thumbs down for Maori wards - Rotorua Daily Post - Sep 30 2005 2:56PM - localnews
Race-based wards have been given the thumbs down by Rotorua residents.
An overwhelming 68 per cent have said they don't believe the separate wards are needed and after several hui, Maori in Rotorua have indicated they aren't in favour of the special wards either.
While the NRB Survey found residents were against Maori wards, it found they were open to the possibility of establishing community boards.
www.dailypost.co.nz /storydisplay.cfm?storyid=3654862&thesection=localnews&thesubsection=&thesecondsubsection   (394 words)

  
 BBC NEWS | UK | Special Branch to close in merger
Elite police team Special Branch is likely to lose its historic badge after 120 years in a shake-up of Scotland Yard's terrorism units.
The closure of Special Branch is part of an overhaul of specialist operations which are being divided into three directorates.
Teams of police and community support officers (CSOs) would be permanently assigned to London's 624 wards in the next financial year as "the first building block" of the Met, Sir Ian told a New Scotland Yard press conference.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/uk_news/4227476.stm   (544 words)

  
 23 Special Wards Encyclopedia Article @ EveryAvenue.com (Every Avenue)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
23 Special Wards Encyclopedia Article @ EveryAvenue.com (Every Avenue)
The total population of the 23 special wards was 8,483,140 as of October 1, 2005 (source: Tokyo web site (in Japanese)); 8.34 million (as of Sept. The 23 wards have a population density of 13,330 per square kilometre (34,500 per square mile).
"23 special wards" results in these other popular encyclopedia sites:
www.everyavenue.com /encyclopedia/23_special_wards   (396 words)

  
 GH#23 Rules and Regulations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The bedstead, bedding, and furniture of every description will be closely inspected each day and kept clean and a change ordered when deemed necessary.
Nurses assigned to special wards will not be interrupted to perform duties in other wards.
Not more than eight patients from each ward will be allowed passes to walk in the city and the passes will be good for only three hours.
www.mdgorman.com /Hospitals/gh23_rules_and_regulations.htm   (167 words)

  
 The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Himachal Pradesh   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Special squads have been deployed at various points in the town.
While a nominal increase in rates of diagnostic tests like X-ray, blood, urine, ultrasound and other specialised tests is being proposed, it is those admitted to special wards will be made to bear the major burden of this proposed hike.
The admission charges for special wards is likely to go up to Rs 200 at Indira Gandhi Medical College, while the rates for food is to go up from Rs 14 to Rs 100 in these wards.
www.tribuneindia.com /2004/20041231/himachal.htm   (2811 words)

  
 Deep roots of Paris riots | csmonitor.com
That incident, says social worker Michèle Lereste, "crystallized the hatred" that some of the most disaffected and hopeless young men living in what the government calls "sensitive urban zones" feel toward authority.
In these 751 zones that the government has designated for special programs, unemployment stands at 19.6 percent - double the national average - and at more than 30 percent among 21- to 29- year-olds, according to official figures.
Taïb Ben Thabet, who has been a social worker in the projects north of Paris for 35 years, fears that the kind of discrimination his young wards face undermines his patient efforts to help them find their place in society.
www.csmonitor.com /2005/1104/p06s02-woeu.html   (965 words)

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