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Topic: 2500 BC

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In the News (Wed 17 Jul 19)

  Sardinia Information - Ruins and Arts
To this period belong the terracotta vase fragments decorated by impressing the valve of a seashell - the popular white arsella (clam) of Marceddì — on raw clay.
Between 4000 and 2500 BC the Culture of Bonu Ighinu developed in the island, with small urban settlements and finely decorated ceramics in addition to the Culture of Ozieri which saw the enlargement of towns and development of funerary architecture.
NURAGIC CIVILIZATION - 2500-1500 BC Megalitism spread on the island from 2500-1800 BC, with dolmen - simple burial chambers made of massive upright stones set into the ground and covered by a capstone and by perdas fittas (pierced stones), monoliths forming a circle that often bordered the tombs.
www.ciaosardinia.com /eng/sardinia/art-archeology   (440 words)

  Civilization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
By the 6th millennium BC, organized and permanent settlements in regions of Africa were producing artifacts of metal to replace prior ones made of stone.
The earliest settlement in Jericho (9th millennium BC) was a PPNA culture that eventually gave way to more developed settlements later, which included in one early settlement (8th millennium BC) mud-brick houses surrounded by a stone wall, having a stone tower built into the wall.
Attributed to a later Chinese culture, in the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 BC), are bronze artifacts and oracle bones, which were turtle shells or cattle scapula on which are written the first recorded Chinese characters and found in the Huang He valley, Yinxu (a capital of the Shang Dynasty).
www.secaucus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Civilization   (3980 words)

 26th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2500 BC – The legendary line of Sanhuangwudi rulers of China is founded by Huang Di(approximate date).
2500 BC – the construction of the stone circle at Stonehenge begins and continues for the next five hundred years.
2575 BC – A foot defined as 26.45 cm by Sumerian ruler Gudea of Lagash.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/2600_BC   (182 words)

 All Empires - The Elamite Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
1750 BC) was not to be denied, and Elam was crushed in 1764 BC.
1266 BC), the fourth king of this line, proceeded apace, and his successes were commemorated by his assumption of the title "Expander of the Empire." He was succeeded by his son, Untash-Gal (Untash (d) Gal, or Untash-Huban), a contemporary of Shalmaneser I of Assyria (c.
In 742 BC a certain Huban-nugash is mentioned as king in Elam.
www.allempires.com /empires/elamite/elamite1.htm   (1361 words)

 Welcome to Sadigh Gallery :: Sumerian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
2 1/2" 2500 BC Exceptionally hand-carved alabaster bearded worshipper in a woolen skirt with a tufted border, the upper torso naked, the hands clasped together in an attitude of devotion.
2500 BC It is often the scribes’ responsibility to combine small individual account texts into a single large tablet to cover a whole year.
2000 BC Foundation deposits took many forms and inscribed clay cones and nails were often placed in the corners and under entrance halls, the inscriptions naming the king and deity to whom the sanctuary was being dedicated.
www.sadighgallery.com /sumerian.htm   (1296 words)

 History of the Greek language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
One theory suggests that it originated with a migration of proto-Greek speakers into the Greek peninsula, which is dated to any period between 2500 BC and 1700 BC.
Alexander the Great (356 BC-323 BC) was instrumental in combining these dialects to form the "Koiné" dialect (Κοινή; Greek for "common").
The Greek language continued to thrive after Alexander, during the Hellenistic period (323 BC to 281 BC).
www.lexington-fayette.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/History_of_the_Greek_language   (841 words)

 Brief History
3900-2500 BC Remains of the oldest known settlements in Cyprus date from this period.
The Ptolemies abolish the city-kingdoms and unify Cyprus.
Destructive earthquakes occur during the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD and cities are rebuilt.
www.kypros.com /Cyprus/cyhistory.htm   (1183 words)

 25th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
2900 - 2334 BC -- Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period
2494 BC -- End of Fourth Dynasty, start of Fifth Dynasty in Egypt.
2450 BC - End of the Early Dynastic IIIa Period and beginning of the Early Dynastic IIIb Period in Mesopotamia.
www.americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/2500_BC   (201 words)

 Technology Outline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The rear, or belly, of the bow is reinforced with horn to increase the bow's resistance to bending.
2500 BC Sumerians were making helmets of bronze, along with bronze spearheads and ax blades.
2500 BC Sumerians begin designing socketed axes where there is a tubular hole cast in the axe head through which the handle could be fit.
www.warscholar.com /Year/TechnologyOutline.html   (2771 words)

 Middle East Open Encyclopedia: Hurrians   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Hurrian city-state of Yamkhad (Aleppo) is recorded as struggling for this area with the early Hittite king Hattusilis I around 1650 BC; and around 1590 BC, Hurrians seized the coastal region of Adaniya from the Hittites and renamed it Kizzuwadna (later known as Cilicia).
There was no single Hurrian Empire, but by 1540-1520 BC a number of Hurrian-dominated states had been established in northern Mesopotamia, centered on the upper Tigris River to the north of Assyria.
By 1530 BC the state of Mitanni, still with a mostly Hurrian population and foreign-named aristocracy, was founded between the Euphrates and Balikh rivers with its capital at Washshukanni (thought to have been in northern Syria).
www.baghdadmuseum.org /ref/index.php?title=Hurrians   (1295 words)

 Zoos   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
4500 – 2500 BC Pigeons were kept in captivity as early as 4500 BC in what is now Iraq, and 2,000 years later elephants were semi-domesticated in India.
By the 4th century BC it is probable that such collections existed in most, if not all, of the Greek city-states.
In 60 BC it became fashionable to have army deserters and later Christians fight dangerous beasts.
www.wta.org.za /info/history/zoos.htm   (1038 words)

 Chinese used diamonds to polish sapphire-rich stone in 2500 BC
The work also represents the only known prehistoric use of sapphire: The stone worked into polished axes by China's Liangzhu and Sanxingcun cultures around 4000 to 2500 BC has as its most abundant element the mineral corundum, known as ruby in its red form and sapphire in all other colors.
Three of these axes, dating to the Sanxingcun culture of 4000 to 3800 BC and the later Liangzhu culture, came from the Nanjing Museum in China; the fourth, discovered at a Liangzhu culture site at Zhejiang Yuhang Wujiabu in 1993, dates roughly to 2500 BC.
The next known use of diamond occurred around 500 BC; it was used after 250 BC in ancient India to drill beads.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2005-02/hu-cud021105.php   (697 words)

 A chronological timeline of expeditions & sightings
BC 475 — A Chaldean priest reported the Ark’s remains could be seen at the bottom of a mountain glacier.
BC 30 — The Egyptian historian Hieronimus said the remains of the Ark could be seen on Mt. Ararat.
AD 50 — In the first century after Christ, historians Nicholas of Damascus and Flavius Josephus both told Noah’s story in a way that agreed with the biblical account; both also reported that the remains of the Ark were still preserved in their time.
www.floridabaptistwitness.com /4674.article   (461 words)

 Bronze age history of Turkey
They lived around 2500 BC in city kingdoms and small tribes and by 2000 BC all of them were taken under the rule of the Hittites.
It would not be an exaggeration to say that the Hittites formed one of the most interesting and authentic civilizations of the world history with the help of a rich cultural background they inherited from the Hattis over 250 years.
There is only the remains of a thick fire layer dating back to 2000 BC in the settlement areas of the central Anatolia such as Alacahoyuk.
www.turizm.net /turkey/history/bronzeage.html   (885 words)

 Celtic History: 2,000,000 BC to 62 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
2500 BC Passage Graves and Newgrange, Co. Meath built; wheat cultivated at Newgrange; evidence of Boyne culture.
In about 1300 BC Illyrian and Venetic groups (or one group which was later divided into two) started migrating to the south, from Pannonia (modern Hungary) to Dalmatia (modern Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia).
390 BC A wandering tribe of Celts (whom the Romans call Gauls) under Brennos defeats the Romans at the Battle of the Allia and Rome is besieged until only the Capitol is unconquered.
www.massaccess.com /CelticCrossroads/celt-062.html   (3497 words)

 Andalusia - Detailed history and timetable
Since the times of the first metalworking (third millenium BC) the land between two oceans and two continents is a preferred target of many diverse people.
During the 3rd Century BC the Romans beat the Carthaginian in the two Punic Wars, found and dominate for the next 700 years the "Baetica" province.
216 BC Hispalis is destructed by the Romans.
www.andalusia-web.com /history_details.htm   (960 words)

 Untitled Document
The Egyptian Conquest of Nubia and the Viceroyalty of Kush, 1550-1080 B.C. The Egyptian Conquest of Kush
This is implied by the carbon dates (about 1480 BC) obtained from the charred planks inset into the mud bricks of the Western Deffufa at Kerma.
From the mid-fifteenth to the twelfth centuries BC, Egypt directly ruled Upper and Lower Nubia through an elaborate administration headed by an official chosen from among the pharaoh's closest confidants.
www.nubianet.org /about/about_history5.html   (1351 words)

 Untitled Document
Egyptian-Nubian Relations 2200-1550 BC Between the end of the Old Kingdom and the beginning of the Middle Kingdom (from ca.
In the north, a powerful people of Near Eastern origin moved in to occupy the Nile Delta; in Egyptian history they are known as the "Hyksos" (from Egyptian words which meant "Princes of Foreign Lands"), and they established two consecutive dynasties, the 15th and 16th.
East of Kerma, in what is now the desert, lies its cemetery, which at the end of its existence (about 1480 BC) had grown to be about a mile (1.6 km) long, north to south, and about half a mile (.8 km) wide at its greatest width.
www.nubianet.org /about/about_history4.html   (1719 words)

 Ulster history - Bronze Age
The Bronze Age in Ireland is normally considered to start in 2500 BC or 2000 BC, and to end in 600 BC or 300 BC.
By about 700 BC, swords of the Hallstatt type start to appear in Ireland, but these were made of bronze, not of iron, so it seems likely that these were bronze copies made by local smiths.
There is little archaeological evidence to support the idea of an influx of a significant number of people speaking a Celtic language, so the origins of the language remain something of an unsolved mystery for archaeologists and linguists.
www.cruithni.org.uk /overview/over_3.html   (651 words)

 Tip to Tale: The Beginning
Although the history of modern ski equipment begins in the nineteenth century, the earliest ski equipment can be traced back thousands of years to the prehistoric peat bogs of Scandinavia.
The ski is 111 centimeters long, 9.5 to 10.4 centimeters wide, and ranges in thickness from one centimeter at the tip to two centimeters at the middle, where a footrest was hollowed out and a hole for a primitive binding cut into the side.
According to carbon dating analysis, a rock carving at Rodoy, Norway depicting a skier on the hunt dates back to 2500 BC and the oldest known sled-runner, a close cousin of the ski, dates back to 7000 BC.
www.aspenhistory.org /tipchp1.html   (1649 words)

 History of CULTIVATION OF PLANTS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The people of Jericho are the first known to have lived mainly from the cultivation of crops.
The Phoenicians take the vine to southern France and Spain in about the 8th century BC, and in the early centuries AD the Romans plant grapes in the Rhine valley.
Even so, there is evidence that groves of olives are planted in Crete from about 3500 BC and around the eastern coast of the Mediterranan not much later.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab56   (611 words)

 BBC - History - The stone axes of Graig Lwyd 2500 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The stone axes of Graig Lwyd 2500 BC High above the resort of Penmaenmawr on the north Wales coast is a band of igneous rock sometimes called Penmaenmawr granite.
This considerable evidence of human settlement on the narrow band between Snowdonia and the sea is testimony of the significance of the area in the later prehistoric era.
The stone axes of Graig Lwyd 2500 BC
www.bbc.co.uk /history/timelines/wales/graig_lwyd.shtml   (253 words)

 The Architect of India's Nuclear Programme   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
2500-1800 BC) in 1921-22, many orientalists believed that the Vedic Indians did not have a writing system and they transferred their scriptures from generation to generation by the process of learning by heart.
Cloth was prepared for writing by putting on it a thin layer of wheat or rice pulp and polishing with a conch-shell or a smooth stone after the same was dried.
Alberuni writes, "I have been told that the pedigree of this royal family (the shahiyas of Kabul), written on silk, exists in the fortress of Nagarkot, and I much desired to make myself acquainted with it, but the thing was impossible for various reasons".
www.vigyanprasar.com /dream/mar2000/article2.htm   (2683 words)

 elo gallery
The lady wearing long robes standing in a graceful pose with hair drawn up into a knot on the left side of the head, her hands clasped over her upper abdomen.
The bearded male attendant, probably a foreigner judging by his large nose and tunic, standing with right hand against his chest, the left along his sid.
The male attendant standing with his hands at his waist where there is a hole for insertion of an offering, now lost.
www.edgarlowen.com /a43ao.html   (1487 words)

 Cyprus Insider - The tourist guide for Cyprus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A cult of fertility develops in the settlements of the period, found mainly in the western part of the island.
The reign of Pharaoh Ahmose II (569-525 BC) is peaceful but soon Cyprus is entangled in the tensions between Greece and Persia.
In the first century BC and first century AD there are destructive earthquakes but cities are rebuilt.
www.cyprusinsider.com /cidom/about/historydetail.asp   (495 words)

 sumer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In about 2700 BC town walls were built at Eridu which were 18 feet thick and encompased an area 6 miles in circumference.
About 3300 BC they invented a pictographic form of writing to keep account of stored goods at these temples; they used reed ends, pressed into soft clay tablets (cuneiform), to make their recordings.
For a long time, the Sumerians refrained from extending their political control north to the Akkadians--and the Akkadians were long busy protecting themselves from desert nomads to the west and the mountaineers to the east--while they extended their own holdings northward along the river.
www.newgenevacenter.org /west/sumer.htm   (657 words)

 List of kings of Persia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The recent archeological findings at Jiroft have uncovered an "independent, bronze age, civilization with its own architecture and language" that have led some archeologists to speculate it to be the remains of the lost Aratta Kingdom.
The Persians, a closely related and subject people, revolted against the Median empire during the 6th century BC.
The Parthians gradually expanded their control, until by the mid 2nd century BC, the Seleucids had completely lost control of Persia.
www.sevenhills.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/List_of_kings_of_Persia   (861 words)

 Wastewater Collection and Disposal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Historical records show that the Mesopotamian Empire (3500-2500 BC) was the first civilization to formally address sanitation problems arising from community living.
In about 300 BC, the Greeks built public latrines in Athens, the sewage from which was transported to a collection basin outside the city.
By about 100 BC, the Romans had completed their central sewer system, which conveyed sewage and stormwater to the Tiber River.
www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca /en/imquaf/himu/wacon/wacon_092c.cfm   (1310 words)

 A Terrestrial Riddle
Based upon the depth of the weathering, Schoch dates the Sphinx at 5000-7000 BC -- much older than the mainstream date of 2500 BC.
Some non-establishment archeologists, such as A. West, have long maintained that the Sphinx is much older than 2500 BC.
Who knows, the Neolithic peoples of 10,000 BC might have been more precocious than we give them credit for.
www.science-frontiers.com /sf079/sf079a01.htm   (309 words)

 How Interest Rates Were Set, 2500 BC - 1000 AD by Michael Hudson - financial economist and historian
The absence of such debt records outside of Mesopotamia prior to the first millennium BC thus does not seem simply to reflect the absence of written documentation.
Yet when the annual rate of barley interest settled at 33 1/3 per cent in Ur III, this was roughly consistent with what the land was able to yield, less the amount needed for the cultivator to feed his family and pay for seed, water, plows, animals and other inputs.
The two major sources of public revenue in classical antiquity were the donation of war booty and votive offerings, although neither were as regularized as was the Mesopotamian receipt of commercial interest and crop‑rent.
michael-hudson.com /articles/debt/0003InterestRatesSet.html   (11294 words)

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