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Topic: 3500 BC

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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  Climate, Culture, and Catastrophe in the Ancient World
BP (6000-3500 BC) at which time the temperature is warming culminating in an era warmer than present, when equatorial weather patterns may have reached farther north than at present, and the westerly storms of the north would have been confined to latitudes higher than at present.
By 4500 BC the favorable climatic conditions and stabilized lower alluvial plains favoring territorial control and mound building (4500 BC) among native Amercan groups in the lower valleys.
The upper treeline in alps (3500 BC) drops 100 meters in 3500 BC then rises to 2500 BC indicating a northern cold spell (and corresponding Near Eastern drought) at 3500.
www.stanford.edu /~meehan/donnellyr/summary.html   (1440 words)

 35th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
3500 BC - 3000 BC; Face of a woman, from Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq) was made.
3500 BC - 3000 BC; Carved vase, from Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq) was made.
3450 BC (?) - Stage IId of the Naqada culture in Egypt.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/3500_BC   (147 words)

 Ancient Egypt - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
It began with the incipient unification of Nile Valley polities around 3500 BCE and is conventionally thought to have ended in 51 BCE when the early Roman Empire conquered and absorbed Ptolemaic Egypt as a province.
One of the most profound discoveries of recent years would be that the ancient "tet" or "djed" has been experimentally identified as a battery by some of the most respected archaeologists and scientists in the field, attributing to their technological brilliance.
The earliest evidence (circa 1600 BC) of traditional empiricism is credited to Egypt, as evidenced by the Edwin Smith and Ebers papyri.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Ancient_Egypt   (4432 words)

Stanford "3000 BC" notes 3500 BC: Mesopotamia; Tigris and Euphrates alluvial plain At about 3500 BC the lower Tigris and Euphrates alluvial plain was under extreme pressure from both rapidly rising sea and buildup of the Karun delta.
Stanford "3000 BC" notes 3500 BC: Global; Holocene delta development worldwide The sequence of Holocene delta development worldwide is indicated as beginning at 6000 BC; by 3000 BC a transgressive sequence of deltaic deposits had developed as shown on the figure.
Stanford "3000 BC" notes 3500 BC: Europe; Upper treeline in alps Upper treeline in alps and elsewhere drops 100 meters in 3500 BC then rises to 2500 BC indicating a cold spell at 3500 (Markograf 1974 in Lamb, p 374) #5.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline4KBC.html   (6353 words)

 4th millennium BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
3100 BC - 2600 BC - Neolithic settlement at Skara Brae in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, is inhabited.
3000 BC – Menes unifies Upper and Lower Egypt, and a new capital is erected at Memphis.
According to Hindu mythology, the Epoch of the Kali Yuga occurred at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BC, the traditional death of Krishna.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/4th_millennium_BC   (886 words)

 Primary Urban Society: 3500 BC-AD 700
3,500 BC: Primary Urban Societies in Western Asia
3,200 - 2,000 BC: Primary Urban Society in Africa
1,500 - 1,000 BC: Primary Urban Society in China
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/World/PrimaryUrban.html   (118 words)

 About Armenia: Armenian history
At the end of the second millennium BC, another Indo-European ethnic group, closely related to Thracians and Phrygians and referred to by the Greeks as Armens, migrated to the Armenian Highland from Northern Balkans.
In 782 BC the Urartian king Argishti I founded the fortified city of Erebuni, which is toady's Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
In the late VII century BC Urartu, weakened by Scythian invasions, fell, but after several decades was revived under the Armenian Yervanduni (the Orontides) dynasty with the capital in Armavir, former Argishti-khinili.
www.armeniadiaspora.com /inside/arm/en_history.html   (2867 words)

 A timeline of the Ancient Middle-East
2400 BC : the Hurrians settle in Syria and Anatolia
1787 BC : Hammurabi conquers the city-states of Uruk and Isin
1200 BC : the Arameans migrate from Arabia to Syria (Harrans)
www.scaruffi.com /politics/neareast.html   (4175 words)

 Europa Barbarorum
At the end of the Aeneolithic Age, around 3500 BC, an important ethnic and cultural synthesis took place that led to the appearance of new peoples and cultures in Central Europe and the Balkans.
This alliance was consecrated by the marriage of Kothelas's daughter Meda to Philippos in 339 BC.
The peace was short-lived, however, as around 325 BC the military governor of Thraike was killed together with his entire army by a Getic-Skythian combined force.
www.europabarbarorum.com /factions_getai_history.html   (1761 words)

BP (6000-4000 BC) at which time the temperature is warming culminating in an era warmer than present, when equatorial weather patterns may have reached farther north than at present, and the westerly storms of the north would have been confined to latitudes higher than at present.
By 4500 BC the favorable climatic conditions and stabilized lower alluvial plains (the newly stabilized sea level allowed the accumulation of sediment, the beginning of delta formation, in lower river valleys.
At about 3500 BC the lower Tigris and Euphrates alluvial plain was under extreme pressure from both rapidly rising sea and buildup of the Karun delta.
www.stanford.edu /~meehan/donnellyr/3000bc.html   (5257 words)

 8000 BC - 500 AD
The period before 8,000 BC is unknown, the only prove that during this time Europe was inhabited can be found in the grottos in France and Germany.
2000 to 1000 BC This period is marked by the rise of warrior elites in western and central Europe.
1800 BC Horses and a culture of horsemanship arrive in central Europe from the steppes to the east.
www.earth-history.com /Europe/ancient-europe.htm   (2104 words)

 [No title]
3500 BC Cosmetic Palette in the shape of a ram, from Nagada, c.
3500-3100 BC *Head from Merimda, 4500 BC *Bone figure of a woman, Nagada I, c.
3000 BC The mastaba of Queen Merytneit, at Saqqara, c.
www.unc.edu /~egatti/Art36/slide_lists/Egyptian/pre_egypt.doc   (156 words)

 3500 BC Jewelry
3500 bc, ancient egyptians engagment ring princess cut right place entrepreneur objects worn by persons,.
And essences circa 800 bc, east alloy in egypt 3500 500[r] is. Indians began distilling arak from bc gold the and 3500 bc.
Bc is still very comprehensive listing of 3500 bc jewelry franchises iran 3450 bc.
wehelp.com.ph /3500-BC-Jewelry   (430 words)

 Roman Chronology
1184 BC The legendary arrival of Aeneas from Troy in Italy.
133 BC Rome inherits the Kingdom of Pergamon from the Attalids.
86 BC Athens is sacked by Sulla, Mithridates of Pontus is defeated.
www.hixenbaugh.net /hixenbaugh_ancient_art_website_225.htm   (630 words)

 Madhurima's Page - SALIENT FEATURES OF VEDIC LITERATURE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The European scholars date these Vedas to c 1400 BC where as the Indian scholars date them to c 3000 BC based on the astronomical data present in the Vedas.
European scholars believe the period to be between 1500-1000 BC where as Indian scholars believe it to be 4500 BC, based on the astronomical evidence in the Rigveda.
For example, by the time of Yaska, (c.500 BC), who wrote Nirukta Indra represented a typical Aryan hero who was the slayer of Vrtra, releaser of cows conqueror of the Indian Dasyus in addition to being the lord of the clouds.
www.geocities.com /fisik_99/vedic.htm   (3591 words)

 Food of Prehistoric Peoples: 15 000 000 - 3500 BC
Food of Prehistoric Peoples: 15 000 000 - 3500 BC During the millions of years in which the Prehistoric Era took place, humans developed from ape to man. During these years man developed tools.
Around 500,000 BC, Neanderthals developed the "tame" flame, and thus cooking was developed.
Cooking meats may have expanded the life span of prehistoric man incredibly, since they were not exposed to the diseases in raw meat.
library.thinkquest.org /C005446/Food/English/prehistoric.html?tqskip1=1   (842 words)

 The Kneelsit blog » Blog Archive » History of the Chair
As early as 3500- 2800 BC, seals from the earlier Uruk period show strange figures squatting or sitting on benches or stools of varying shapes and types of construction.
By 2370 BC the cross-legged stool was known in Mesopotamia, whereas it did.
However, by 1786 BC (the latter part of the Middle Kingdom) the three-legged stool had been introduced and by 1567 BC many paintings showed tradesmen seated on stools to work.
www.kneelsit.com /blog/?p=3   (586 words)

 Theology WebSite: Electronic Texts: Gilgamesh Epic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Sometime around 3500 BC the first cities appeared along the banks of the lower Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Some time after 3500 BC a people called the Sumerians occupied the southern portion of this plain, nearest to the Persian Gulf.
Two historiographic texts of the 21st or 20th centuries BC mention Gilgamesh as a king of the city of Uruk (biblical Erech, see Genesis 10:10) during the Second Early Dynastic Period of Sumer (ca.
www.theologywebsite.com /etext/gilgamesh/gintro.shtml   (736 words)

 Sumer: 3500-1900 BC
After the fall of the last dynasty around 1900 BC, Sumerian scribes wrote chronicles of their long past.
Sumer is the birthplace of the first known civilization (settled down city dwelling where people possess stable agriculture, domesticated animals, a hierarchical system of social classes with priest-kings, slaves, scribes, advisers, doctors, merchants, fishermen, smiths and masons), which flourished between 3500BC and 1900BC.
The true Sumerian period begins sometime prior to 3500 BC, possibly as a primitive people stemming from hunters and gatherers who settled in the fertile-crescent.
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/MiddleEast/Sumer.html   (623 words)

 An Overview of the Cities and Towns of Ancient Egypt
However, even as early as 3500 BC, towns and cities (if they can be called such), consisted of regional capitals linked to the population centers of smaller administrative districts.
Around 3500 BC, the village of Maadi was established about fifteen kilometers south of present day Cairo, probably as a trade center.
By 3000 BC, the unification of all the administrative districts under a single theocratic dynasty was accomplished, we are told, by Menes.
www.touregypt.net /featurestories/cities.htm   (2527 words)

 Physics.org - Physics Evolution Text Version, Page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In about 3000 BC, they produced a very early calendar that had 365 days in the year and in around 1470 BC, Thutmosis III put up the 'Needle of Cleopatra' in Hliopolis.
In 450 BC Anaxagoras was imprisoned for suggesting that the Sun was not a god but a hot stone.
Soon after Euclid, Eratosthenes (276 - 195 B.C.) developed the idea that the world is round and measured his latitude and the circumference of the Earth using the Sun's shadows.
www.physics.org /evolution/physics_evolution_text1.asp   (2578 words)

It is possible that at an even earlier time, perhaps 2 or 3 thousand years earlier, the Indo-Europeans and the Ural-Altaics (the people who eventually settled in Finland and Hungary, for example) may have sprung from common roots (see Encyclopaedia Britannica references).
But this was seriously threatened when in about 3500 BC semi-nomadic pastoralists from the Russian steppes (akin to the Kurgans) infiltrated Europe.
In the south west of modern Turkey there is evidence of Indo-European settlement related to the culture of the second city at Troy (dated at about 2200 BC) and the Cilician culture of about 2400 BC (The Hittites, MacQueen JG, p27 references).
members.aol.com /RARinIT/indwhat.htm   (543 words)

 History Outline Part 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Part One: Western origins: from nomads to farmers, 10,000-3500 bc: the Earth mother goddess in many forms and the skygod the ancient Near East
10,000 bc in Egypt and Iraq (the Tigris Euphrates basin) vs. abt.
The descent of the Dark Ages, 1100-750 b.c.
www.utexas.edu /courses/myth303/historyoutline2.html   (1065 words)

 How old is Chinese civilization? - Asia Finest Discussion Forum
Symbologies have been found as far back as 6600 BC (Peiligang, Jiahu), 6000 BC (Dadiwan, Gansu), 4000 BC (Banpo, Xian) and 2800 BC (Dawenkou, Shandong), many symbols of which resemble characters of the later formalized writing system of China.
A city complex was excavated in the eastern province of Anhui dating back to 3500 BC, making it the oldest known Chinese city, after the 3000 BC Dadiwan city structures.
Flutes from Jiahu dating back to around 7000 BC had 5 to 8 holes and were made taking into account scale and temperament.
www.asiafinest.com /forum/index.php?showtopic=4045   (1101 words)

 KryssTal : Inventions: 4,000 BC to 3,000 BC
The wheel is one of the most important of human inventions.
Around 3000 BC, there was an extensive use of copper in the
Earliest king of a united Egypt (c 3050 BC).
www.krysstal.com /inventions_03.html   (232 words)

 CBC4Kids: History of Inventions, a timeline from Pottery to Computers.
The idea of wheeled transportation may have come from the use of logs for rollers, but the oldest known wheels were wooden disks consisting of three carved planks clamped together by transverse struts.
Spoked wheels appeared about 2000 BC, when they were in use on chariots in Asia Minor.
Later developments included iron hubs (centerpieces) turning on greased axles, and the introduction of a tire in the form of an iron ring that was expanded by heat and dropped over the rim and that on cooling shrank and drew the members tightly together.
www.cbc.ca /kids/general/the-lab/history-of-invention/wheel.html   (185 words)

 Vedic Sanskrit Stars
The chart above summarizes some of the etymological information pertaining to the names of the gods in the David and Goliath myths, and provides evidence that their roots are to be found in Sanskrit, now a dead language but once the original language of the Indo-European languages.
The gods and the stories about them must therefore be of deep antiquity, not inconsistent with the date of 3500 BC established here for the origin of the myth (see the analysis of Ancient Star Positions subsequently).
There was a "zone of avoidance" in the far southern hemisphere so located that, around 2700 BC, an observer at about latitude 35° N to 37° N would not be able to see the stars in that part of the sky.
www.lexiline.com /lexiline/lexi83.htm   (561 words)

 Ancient artifacts Egyptian
Cosmetic palettes were used to grind pigments such as malachite or galena, from which eye paint was made.
This example can be dated to the Naqada II period (c.3500 BC), by which time cosmetic palettes had almost certainly acquired ritualistic or magical connotations.
On its underside, an incised row of hieroglyphics.
www.worldwidestore.com /artifacts414c.htm   (187 words)

 ESSAYS IN CHRISTIAN THOUGHT: (Theology For The Busy Pastor And Layman)
It is known that the earliest Mesopotamian documents have been dated to about 3500 BC, but to say that that is the beginning of writing would be extremely shortsighted.
The earth itself is many years older as evidenced by fossil remains of prehistoric life forms such as dinosaurs, and the record given by what scientists deem the "geological clock" used to determine periods and dates of the earth''s various layers and rock formations.
Even when we move closer than the 3500 BC date of the Mesopotamian texts to 2350 BC (some 1150 years later), we cannot know all of the story.
www.authorhouse.com /BookStore/ItemDetail~bookid~30850.aspx   (724 words)

 chronology of boys' clothing : ancient civilizations -- Mesopotamia
Their civilization was concentrated in the marshy south where a thriving civilization emerged about 3500 BC.
The history of the Fertile Cressent is in part the conflict between the rich agricultural society of the river vallies and the less civilized barbarians from the surrounding area, especially the norther hill country.
King Mithridates I conquered Mesopotamia in 171 BC and the region was made part of the Aracid Parthian kingdom (171 BC - 171 AD).
histclo.com /chron/ancient/ac-meso.html   (1553 words)

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