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Topic: 337 BCE


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In the News (Wed 22 Oct 14)

  
  Legalism
645 BCE), prime minister of the state of Ch'i, whose teachings are supposed to be represented by the Kuan-tzu.
Shang Yang was particularly important for the development of legalism since it was he who served as governor of the state of Ch'in and strengthened it to the extent that it was able to unify China in the following century.
In 207 BCE the Ch'in dynasty was overthrown and replaced by the Han dynasty, which favoured Confucianism.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/china/legal.html   (568 words)

  
 Achaemenid period (553 bce - 330 bce)
In the middle of the sixth century BCE, the Achaemanid clan of the Persians was headed by Cyrus, who ruled, under Median domination, as sub-king of Parsa, or Persis.
In 553 BCE Cyrus led a revolt that resulted in the overthrow of the Median ruler and the rise to the power of the Achaemenids.
A more ambitious to subjugate the Greeks was attempted by Xerxes, but after a navel disaster at Salamis in 480 BCE and a decimation of the land forces at Plataea the next year, the invading forces were withdrawn to the shores of Asia Minor.
www.silk-road.com /artl/achaemen.shtml   (1216 words)

  
 337 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
337 BC Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC
Years: 342 BC - 341 BC - 340 BC - 339 BC - 338 BC - 337 BC - 336 BC - 335 BC - 334 BC - 333 BC - 332 BC
In Rome, a plebeian is chosen to be praetor for the first time
nba.servegame.org /en/337_BCE.htm   (102 words)

  
 Chapter Four
By 173 BCE, mimes are the mainstay of the festival Floria.
Accius, Lucius* 170-c.84 BCE Writer of tragedies and reputed to be one of the foremost playwrights.
In 13 BCE the theatre of Balbus* and in 11 BCE the theatre of Marcellus* are built.
hometown.aol.com /clasz/chap4.html   (14345 words)

  
 Moral Responsibility
In these texts, both human and superhuman agents are often regarded as fair targets of praise and blame on the basis of how they have behaved, and at other times, an agent's behavior is excused because of the presence of some factor that has undermined his/her control (Irwin 1999: 225).
BCE), but the difference between it and the earlier fatalistic view seems not to be clearly recognized until the development of Stoic philosophy (3rd.
Above, an ambiguity in Aristotle's conception of moral responsibility was highlighted — that it was not clear whether he endorsed a merit-based vs. a consequentialist conception of moral responsibility.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/moral-responsibility   (5360 words)

  
 Review of R. T. Anderson and T. Giles, The Keepers: An Introduction to the History and Culture of the Samaritans
As an introduction, it presents, rather than examines Samaritan and Jewish origin narratives of the formation of the "proto-Samaritans," which the authors claim are not to be identified with the Cuthaeans of 2 Kings 17, but with the remaining population after the Assyrian conquest of the Northern kingdom.
In the treatment of the next two centuries, however, no clear profile is given of these Samaritans, which as a "religious sect at Samaria was not yet distinct from the Judaism of Jerusalem" in the time of Antiochus IV.
This restatement of the conclusion of R. Coggins (1968) is highly problematic, based as it was on a paradigmatic biblical all-Israel with a centralised cult in Jerusalem before the 2nd century BCE.
www.arts.ualberta.ca /JHS/reviews/review060.htm   (836 words)

  
 Augury
The issue first arose when a new law was included in the Twelve Tablets in 450 BCE that outlawed intermarriage between patricians and plebeians.
The comitia plebis was first organized in 494 BCE during the first secessio of the plebeians.
With the passage of the Leges Ogulniae in 300 BCE the collegium of augurs was opened to plebeians so that the four patrician augurs were then joined by five plebeian augurs.
www.religioromana.net /augury.htm   (4696 words)

  
 [No title]
Their conservative government consists of a kingship, resembling the traditional values of the patriarchal family; an assembly, composed of male citizens of military age; and a Senate, comprised of elders who serve as the heads of different community sects.
Their major contributions to the Romans are the arch and the vault, gladiatorial combat for entertainment and the study of animals to predict future events.
52 BCE: Rome - Pompey is elected as sole consul by the Senate, and Caesar is declared an enemy of the Roman Republic.
eawc.evansville.edu /chronology/ropage.htm   (2961 words)

  
 World History
Alexander's generals have sworn to keep Alexander's empire together, but for some Macedonians it is unthinkable that their king should be the son of a barbarian Asian woman.
217 BCE: At Lake Trasimenus, the Carthaginians kill all but a few Roman soldiers, and in the wake of this disaster, on December 17th, Rome introduces a festival to lift the morale of its citizens, a festival called Saturnalia for the god of agriculture, Saturn.
It is the story of Romulus and Remus, ending with Romulus vanishing into a thunderstorm, becoming a god and then reappearing, descending from the sky and declaring that it is the will of heaven that Rome be the capital of the world.
thebridge.95mb.com /world_history.htm   (7715 words)

  
 hegemony   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
An early example of hegemony during ancient Greek history was when Sparta became the hegemon of the Peloponnesian League in the 6th century BC.
Later, in 337 BCE, Philip II of Macedon became Hegemon of the League of Corinth, a position he passed on to his son Alexander the Great.
In more recent times, the term has been used in a more abstract sense to describe regional domination by local powers, or domination of the world by a global power.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /Hegemony.html   (323 words)

  
 zoananachronisms
We are informed by some Conservative scholars that 1 Kings 6:1 suggests that the Exodus occurred approximately 1446 BCE, providing a "historical marker" that the narrator understands that Zo'an and Hebron "predate" the Exodus of the mid 15th century BCE.
Scholars have determined that the earliest mention of Zo'an in Egyptian records is of the 13th century BCE, and that it appears again as a minor provincial town in the 12th century.
In 727 BCE the capital was moved to Sais under Pharaoh Tefnakht, founder of the 22nd Dynasty who reigned ca.
www.bibleorigins.net /zoananachronisms.html   (1939 words)

  
 Philip II of Macedon - Enpsychlopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Philip II of Macedon (382 BCE–336 BCE; Greek: ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΣ) was the King of Macedon from 359 BCE until his death.
The hill tribes were broken by a single battle in 358 BCE, and Philip established his authority inland as far as Lake Ohrid.
In 347 BCE, Philip advanced to the conquest of the eastern districts about the Hebrus, and compelled the submission of the Thracian prince Cersobleptes.
www.grohol.com /wiki/Philip_II_of_Macedon   (1102 words)

  
 Alexander of Molossis
Alexander was not very steadfast, however: when Philip offered him the hand of Cleopatra, his daughter by Olympias, he agreed to the marriage, allowing Olympias to become very isolated.
For example, king Archidamus III of Sparta had campaigned in the "heel" of Italy between 343 and 338, and the Corinthian Timoleon had liberated Syracuse from the Carthaginian threat in a series of wars between 344 and 337.
They were consuls from July 323 to June 322 BCE (the common identification with the year 326 is wrong).
www.livius.org /aj-al/alexander01/alexander_molossis.htm   (868 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
According to Indian texts written during the sixth century BCE, the god-man Krishna is born at Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh.
The animal names ("tiger," "rat," etc.) currently used to describe each of the years in that 12-year cycle only date to the ninth or tenth century CE, and were created by Buddhist astrologers as a way of popularizing their science among the unlettered masses.
The latter use is certain, by the way, as the Athenians used Scythian policemen from 530-350 BCE and their bows were of this type.
ejmas.netfirms.com /kronos/NewHist000-478.htm   (20101 words)

  
 Cappuccino | Persian Online Magazine | Passing Relief
By 365 BCE, Datames was in control of most of Cappadocia and was already minting Achaemenid style coins in his own name.
He was reinstated in his position as ruler of Halicarnassus and after his death in 353 BCE, his “Mausoleum” which was modelled after the tomb of Cyrus in Pasargadae, became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Unfortunately, in 338 BCE Artaxerxes III was poisoned by his eunuch Bagoas, who by murdering one of the most able Achaemenid emperors, unknowingly facilitated the fall of the Persian Empire.
www.cappuccinomag.com /iranologyenglish/001555.shtml   (2331 words)

  
 Tekhelet Timeline   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Tell-el-Amarna Tablets (1500-1300 BCE) – The phrase subatu sa takilti - a garment of tekhelet - is listed as one of the precious articles sent to Egypt by Dusratta, King of the Mittani, as dowry to the Egyptian prince who was about to marry his daughter.
Tel Shikmona Vat (circa 1200 BCE) – Chemical analysis of dye stains on an ancient vat are found to be molecularly equivalent to dye from Murex snails.
Dye Use Restrictions (100 BCE - 68 CE) – Caesar (100-44 BCE) and Augustus (63 BCE -14 CE) restricted the use of the dyes to governing classes.
www.tekhelet.com /timeline.htm   (949 words)

  
 Summer2004Summaries
Comparative law is not really a means to tell lawyers which laws to apply in different cases, but rather a way to show that there is not always one solution to a legal problem, especially in particular contexts.
Around the 12th century BCE, the stele was taken as war booty to Sussa, near present-day Iran.
Li originally referred to the practice of proper rituals but eventually came to mean the broader notion of proper behavior in society according to one's place in the family and social order.
www.ias.berkeley.edu /orias/summer2004/summer2004summaries.htm   (13852 words)

  
 INDO-EUROPEAN EXPANSIONS AND GLOBALIZATION OF ENGLISH
Evidence suggests that in the first millennium BCE Balts occupied the area west of the Vistula’s mouth east to Moscow and the upper Volga, and south to Kiev (Baldi, 1983; Mallory, 1989).
From about 500 BCE to the end of the medieval period, Gills and Frank have noted the appearance of 400 to 500-year-long economic cycles with up and down phases lasting approximately 200 years each.
Their New Kingdom that arose about 1430 BCE and dominated the Middle East for some 150 years established the supremacy of Hittite in the region.
www.mnstate.edu /gunarat/languages.htm   (11251 words)

  
 Gadfly to Golden Girdle of Ares * People, Places, & Things * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The city was rebuilt circa 337 BCE after Dionysius II was expelled from the island by the Greek commander, Timoleon, who made Syracuse his capital and, with the aid of Greek mercenaries, secured the eastern portion of Sicily as a Greek enclave.
After Timoleon’s death, the rule of Syracuse was entrusted to an oligarchy of six hundred citizens; in 311 BCE, after twenty five years of oligarchic government, the tyrant, Agathokles (Agathocles), came to power and, as revenge for assisting the oligarchy in his oppression, Agathokles had thousands of the inhabitants of Gela put to death.
Circa 281 BCE Gela was razed by pirates and the surviving citizens moved to the city of Phintias (modern Licata); Gela remained mostly uninhabited until 1233 CE when it was renamed by Frederick II as Terranova di Sicilia; the city again became Gela in 1928.
www.messagenet.com /myths/ppt/_g1001.html   (2500 words)

  
 Kronos: 0000-0499
Because 7400 BCE currently represents the longest continuous tree-ring series: carbon-14 in the atmosphere fluctuates from year to year, and without tree ring samples, that fluctuation cannot be precisely determined.
Accordingly, Chinese dates earlier than the ninth century BCE that are not supported by archeological data should be treated with suspicion, and all dates that are not supported by external data should be treated with caution.
Be that as it may, while Homer attributed the causes of the Trojan War to the wrath of Achilleus and the beauty of Helen, modern scholars usually attribute it to trade disputes and generic conflagration-era battles between infantry and charioteers.
www.ejmas.com /kronos/NewHist0000-0499.htm   (19514 words)

  
 On Auguries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
That is not to say that the Romans adopted their particular form of augury from others, for there are some differences between the Roman practice and elsewhere.
The Roman form of augury was said to have begun with Attus Navius around 600 BCE.
Intermarriage between patricians and plebeians was commonly practiced before 450 BCE.
www.societasviaromana.org /Collegium_Religionis/augury.php   (4857 words)

  
 Tracing Sibyl   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In the 6th Century BCE, the Scythian Anacharsis, after traveling in Greece to collect knowledge, was put to death when he tried to introduce the foreign cult of Magna Mater.
In the 6th Century BCE, the Scythian Anacharsis, after traveling in Greece to collect knowledge, was put to death when he tried to intorduce the foreign cult of Magna Mater.
The remainder of the Hittites settled in southern Anatolia and northern Syria.
inquiry.uiuc.edu /cil/edit_list.php?cilid=415&listid=313   (1992 words)

  
 Telecom Update #337, June 17, 2002
BCE SAYS PRICE CAPS WON'T HURT EBITDA GROWTH: BCE expects to maintain EBITDA growth at 6%-8%, despite the new price cap regime and a slowdown in data revenue growth.
Under the new rules, Bell Canada and Aliant will put about $250 million a year into a deferral account, out of which they will be compensated for reduced revenues from competitors, the cost of upgrades to residential service, and other programs benefiting consumers.
BCE WEIGHS BUYBACK OF SBC STAKE IN BELL: Chairman Richard Currie says that BCE's June 19 Board meeting will consider a proposal to exercise a call option this year to buy back SBC Communications' 20% stake in Bell Canada.
www.angustel.ca /update/up337.html   (1037 words)

  
 Thriambos to Tyrtaeus * People, Places, & Things * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant
An Athenian from the fifth century BCE; he was noted for his distrust of all men due to the mistreatment he perceived he had endured at the hands of his so called friends; he is mentioned by Plutarkh (Plutarch) in Lives: Antony.
The original foundations of the city date to the Early Bronze Age circa 2900-2450 BCE; it was a modest city and covered an area approximately 100 yards in diameter; this phase of Troy is commonly known as Troy Ia-k.
Troy III existed from circa 2200-1700 BCE and is divided into the subdivisions a-d; this was during the Middle Bronze Age and the city doubled in size.
www.messagenet.com /myths/ppt/_t1003.html   (3142 words)

  
 Gnosticism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Gnosticism (after gnôsis, the Greek word for "knowledge" or "insight") is the name given to a loosely organized religious and philosophical movement that flourished in the first and second centuries CE.
The exact origin(s) of this school of thought cannot be traced, although it is possible to locate influences or sources as far back as the second and first centuries BCE, such as the early treatises of the Corpus Hermeticum, the Jewish Apocalyptic writings, and especially Platonic philosophy and the Hebrew Scriptures themselves.
In spite of the diverse nature of the various Gnostic sects and teachers, certain fundamental elements serve to bind these groups together under the loose heading of "Gnosticism" or "Gnosis." Chief among these elements is a certain manner of "anti-cosmic world rejection" that has often been mistaken for mere dualism.
www.iep.utm.edu /g/gnostic.htm   (8278 words)

  
 Pontus.htm
Mithradates I of that family called himself King of Pontus in 281 BCE.
Pharnaces II became the king in 63 BCE.
Julius Caesar removed Pharnaces II in 47 BCE ending the independent Pontic Kingdom.
worldcoincatalog.com /AC/C2/Greece/AG/HK/Pontus/Pontus.htm   (119 words)

  
 Solar Eclipses of Saros 117
In this catalog, dates are counted using the astronomical numbering system which recognizes the year 0.
Historians should note the numerical difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates.
Thus, the year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and year -100 corresponds to 101 BCE, etc..
sunearth.gsfc.nasa.gov /eclipse/SEsaros/SEsaros117.html   (923 words)

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