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Topic: 338 BC

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  Darius III of Persia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
After the ambitious chiliarch Bagoas murdered King Artaxerxes III of Persia in 338 BC, and his son King Arses in 336 BC, he sought to install a new monarch who would be easier to control.
In 336 BC Philip II of Macedon was authorized by the League of Corinth as its Hegemon to intiate a sacred war of vengence against the Persians for desecrating and burning the Athenian temples during the.
In 333 BC Darius himself took the field against the Greek king, but his much larger army was outflanked and defeated at the Battle of Issus and Darius was forced to flee, leaving behind his chariot, his camp, and his family, all of which were captured by Alexander.
www.bexley.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Darius_III_of_Persia   (571 words)

 Delian League on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 BC, the second 378-338 BC The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
In 394 BC, Conon reestablished the Athenian mastery of the sea at Cnidus.
By 351 BC, however, the status of the league had been seriously weakened in the north and in the east, and in 338 BC the league was utterly destroyed by the victory of Philip II of Macedon in the battle of Chaeronea.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/d/delianl1e.asp   (622 words)

 The Book of Daniel, Chapter 11   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
With Alexander's premature death in 323 BC, the Grecian Empire was broken into four separate divisions under the control of four former generals who became kings sixteen years later, after considerable political wrangling and the murder of all of Alexander's heirs.
In 170 BC, Antiochus IV attacked and overtook the Egyptian army between Pelusium and the mountain Casius.
Returning to Egypt in the spring of 168 BC to besiege Alexandria and the two young boy Egyptian kings, Antiochus IV was met by the Roman ambassadors, Popilius Loena, C. Decimius, and C. Hostilius.
www.csg.net /eschatology/Daniel-11.htm   (3389 words)

 Achaean League on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Achaeans remained aloof from the wars in Greece until they joined the opposition to Philip II of Macedon in 338 BC The confederation was dissolved soon after.
The Second Achaean League was founded in 280 BC Sicyon was freed from the rule of its tyrant in 251 BC, and it soon joined the confederation under the leadership of Aratus.
There was some promise of liberating all Greece, but unfortunately the interference of Cleomenes III of Sparta threatened the Achaean League, and in 227 BC he began a war.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/A/AchaeanL1.asp   (373 words)

 Notes on the early Greek city-state   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
338 BC marks the conquest of the Greek city-states by Philip of Macedonia and his son Alexander (the Great), who effectively ended the polis as an independent unit.
In the early sixth century BC an innovative group of Greek thinkers started to question the basic assumptions about the nature of the material world and the nature of the universe.
He wrote during the middle of the fifth century BC and thus belong to the Classical period, but his subject was the history of the Archaic period.
classics.ucdavis.edu /1/Classics_1/notes2.html   (2813 words)

 BBC - Schools - Ancient Greece Timeline
The first shows details of the period from 800 BC until the end of the Greek empire in 146 BC.
The second timeline shows the period from 1000 BC to the present day.
490 and 480 BC Greeks defeat Persian invaders at the battles of Marathon (490 BC)and Salamis (480 BC).
www.bbc.co.uk /schools/ancientgreece/timeline/index.shtml   (203 words)

 The Official Age of Empires Expansion: The Rise of Rome
In 277 BC, Antigonos Gonatas (a descendent of Antigonos, one of Alexander's generals) became king of the Greek Kingdom of Macedonia and established the ruling Antigonid dynasty, which reigned until its conquest by the Romans.
During the 3rd century BC, Pyrrhus came to the aid of the Greek colonies in southern Italy and Sicily that were fighting the Romans in Italy.
By 202 BC, the kingdom of Macedonia was struggling to maintain control of the city-states of the Greek Peninsula, which were joining together in rebellion.
www.microsoft.com /games/aoeexpansion/features_civilization_macedonian.htm   (500 words)

 Anzio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Well known for its beautiful seaside harbor setting, it is a fishing port popular with tourists and a departure point for a ferry and hydroplanes to the Pontine Islands of Ponza, Palmarola and Ventotene.
The patrician Coriolanus was exiled to Antium (where Shakespeare sets several scenes in his tragedy), and at Antium found himself at the head of the Volscian forces.
After the last unsuccessful revolt, it was razed and colonized in 338 BC; the beaks of the ships of Antium decorated the tribune in the Roman forum that became known because of their presence as the tribuna rostrata.
www.eastcleveland.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Anzio   (490 words)

 Latin War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Since the Gallic sack of Rome in 390 BC, the city had become increasingly dominant within the Latin League.
In 381 BC Tusculum was absorbed by being given Roman citizenship.
Rome however rejected the proposal and in two years campaigning asserted her supremacy (340-338 BC) in the Latin War.What began as Rome's move for peace and stability ended in 340 with Rome going to war against its Latin neighbors and some non-Latin cities.
www.barca.fsnet.co.uk /latin-war.htm   (531 words)

 Greek Coins 4th Century
710 BC on the southern shores of the Propontis (Northern Asia Minor) and flourished for several centuries on account of its excellent harbour.
Alexander III, the son of Philip II, was born at Pella on 20 July, 356 BC.
Lysimachos (360-281 BC) was a bodyguard and successor of Alexander,
www.hixenbaugh.net /hixenbaugh_ancient_art_website_097.htm   (719 words)

 Warrior Challenge. Romans. Time Capsule | PBS
In 218 BC, Hannibal, a Carthaginian general, defied Rome's demand to leave the small Spanish city he had invaded and instead, marched across the Alps to invade Italy.
After Hannibal's ally Macedonia was vanquished in 149 BC and Carthage transformed into a province three years later, Roman supremacy over the Mediterranean became indisputable.
Caesar's assassination in 44 BC resulted in a power struggle that would eventually place Octavian, Caesar's nephew, on the throne of a newly established Roman Empire.
www.pbs.org /wnet/warriorchallenge/print/print_romans_time.html   (1007 words)

 Roman Project Map 1: 338 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It was in 510 BC that Rome became a republic, after an uprising of the aristocracy forced the Etruscan king Tarquinius Superbus to flee from the city.
Rome held it's position as the power of Latium until 343 BC, when it waged a war against the invading Samnites from the east.
The Latin War lasted another two years, ending with a Roman victory in 338 BC and the dissolution of the Latin League.
www.travelin-tigers.com /zhs/hsrom01.htm   (398 words)

 Encyclopedia of the Rulers of Egypt   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
He was murdered in 338 BC by his own commander Bagoas in the summer of 338 BC.
338-336 B.C. Arses was the second ruler of the Thirty-first Dynasty and was the youngest son of Ochus.
After Ochus was murdered, Arses succeeded him and ruled until he was murdered in 336 BC by his commander Bagoas.
www.sis.gov.eg /rulers/html/en31p.htm   (161 words)

 Ages.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
338 BC Rome as the capital of the Empire
The last of these successor kingdoms, the Ptolemaic kingdom of Egypt, was annexed to the Roman Empire in 30 BC by Octavian.
The Principate can be dated from 30 BC, when Octavian (30 BC - 14 AD) became sole ruler of the Roman Empire.
www.cit.gu.edu.au /~s285238/Roman/Ages.html   (991 words)

 Hope College IDS 171 Timelines: Athens
The reason why we are studying classical Athens from about 500 to 350 BC is because this city-state culturally outperformed all of its competitors.
In 508 BC, the Athenian Cleisthenes ended tyrannical rule and installed a democracy that was, with a few interruptions, to last until 338 BC, and which enjoyed its greatest days under the statesman Pericles.
And Athenian democracy itself continued until the Greeks were defeated by Philip of Macedon in 338 BC.
www.hope.edu /academic/ids/171/athens.htm   (1291 words)

Philip II, the third son of Amyntas III, extended the borders of Macedonia to the north and in 338 BC conquered Greece and laid the foundation of a mighty empire (see Greece, Ancient, "The End of the Greek City-States").
Then, at the battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, he defeated the Greek city-states and was elected captain-general of all the Greeks.
The country fell into civil war and internal confusion until 277 BC, when it came under the control of Antigonus II Gonatus, founder of the Antigonid Dynasty.
www.crystalinks.com /macedonia.html   (362 words)

 Artaxerxes III on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
338 BC, king of ancient Persia (358-338 BC), son and successor of Artaxerxes II.
He gained the throne by a general massacre of his brother's family, and throughout his reign he continued a policy of terror.
One of his ministers, the eunuch Bagoas, finally poisoned the king, put Artaxerxes' son Arses on the throne in 338, then deposed him in 336 in favor of Darius III.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/a/artaxerx3.asp   (313 words)

 Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC) by Chris Jones   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Since becoming King in 359 BC, Philip II had revolutionised the Macedonian army, equipping the common infantry as a deep phalanx of pikemen and supporting them with elite Hypaspists, Companion cavalry and light troops.
His influence on Greek affairs grew and in 346 BC he defeated the adjacent state of Phocis, wresting control of the Delphic Oracle from the Phocians.
He was assassinated in 337 BC and his son Alexander would take his army eastward to conquer the Persian Empire and beyond, leaving an obedient if not entirely loyal Greece behind.
www.fanaticus.org /DBA/battles/chaeronea.html   (573 words)

 Ancient Greece: The Second Athenian Empire: 362-338 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
   After the bitter defeat at the hands of the Spartans and the dismantling of the Athenian Empire in 404 BC, Athens soon began building its empire even during the period of Spartan hegemony.
In 378 BC, Athens formed the Second Athenian Confederation, a league of Aegean city-states; the sole purpose of this confederation was to resist the growth of Spartan power in the Aegean Sea.
However, after Sparta had been conclusively defeated in 371 BC and Thebes just as conclusively defeated nine years later, the reason for the league evaporated.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GREECE/2NDATHEM.HTM   (177 words)

 coins of ancient China - 255 BC to AD 221.
CIVIL WAR OF 206-202 BC According to Michael Mitchiner (in Oriental Coins and their Values, The Ancient & Classical World, page 684), the suicide of Erh Shih Huang Ti (last Emperor of Ch'in) in 206 BC, resulted in a civil war in which a series of rebels fought for control of China.
187-180 BC During the reign of Empress Kao (187-180 BC) the Pan Liang was reduced to a weight of 8 shu.
About 47 BC, Mang was born into the most powerful family in China, a family that effectively ruled through a series of puppet Han emperors.
www.calgarycoin.com /reference/china/china2.htm   (6731 words)

 Chronology of the Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
753 B.C. - (This is a traditional date accepted by ancient historians, but for which there is no certain evidence.) Rome was allegedly founded on 21 April by Romulus (in myth a descendant of the Trojan hero Aeneas), who later killed his twin brother, Remus, in a quarrel.
58—51 BC - Caesar's conquest of all of Gaul.
53 BC - The Parthians defeat a Roman army at the battle of Carrhae in which Crassus was killed.
www.personal.kent.edu /~bkharvey/roman/sources/repchron.htm   (1004 words)

 TVM Entry Floor: Classic Period Greek Art
In 490 BC the first Persian war ends, with the victory of the Athenian commander Miltiades at Marathon.
The second war (480 BC) is declared by Xerxes I; after several victories and the sack of Athens, the Persians are defeated in the naval battle of Salamis.
In 356 BC Philip II of Macedonia begins his systematic conquest of Greece, completed in 338 BC at Chaeronea.
www.tigtail.org /TIG/M_View/TVM/E/Ancient/Greek/Greek-art/greek-4.classic.html   (724 words)

 338 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
338 BC Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC
Decades: 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC - 330s BC - 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC
343 BC 342 BC 341 BC 340 BC 339 BC - 338 BC - 337 BC 336 BC 335 BC 334 BC 333 BC
www.theezine.net /3/338-bc.html   (155 words)

 .338 Lapua, 8.59mm Titan, .338 A-Square, .338 Excaliber, .338-378 Wby.
All of these cartridges are based on outsized cases (usually something along the lines of a blown-out, necked-down.416 Rigby) and were designed to drive a 250 grain bullet at a muzzle velocity (MV) of 3000 fps or more.
Early experiments conducted by Research Armament Company in the U.S. used a necked down.416 Rigby case, but the ultimate version of the 8.58x71mm (.338 Lapua) is based on a new and unique case.
The BC and SD of these bullets are identical.
www.chuckhawks.com /super_338_Mags.htm   (1595 words)

 341 BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC
Decades: 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC - 340s BC - 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC
346 BC 345 BC 344 BC 343 BC 342 BC 341 BC 340 BC 339 BC 338 BC 337 BC 336 BC
www.bexley.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/341_BC   (125 words)

 SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Achaemenid dynasty
In 559 BC, Cambyses the Elder was succeeded as king of Anšān by his son Cyrus II the Great, who also succeeded the still-living Arsames.
The zenith of Achaemenid power was achieved during his reign (521 BC-485 BC) and that of his son Xerxes I (485 BC - 465 BC, Old Persian Xšāyaršā"Hero Among Kings").
After the death of Xerxes I (465 BC), the decline of the dynasty began.
www.singaporemoms.com /parenting/Achaemenid   (1786 words)

 Empire of Alexander the Great
Alexander III (356-323 BC), or Alexander the Great was Macedonian king and son of Philip II of Macedon and an Epirote princess named Olympias.
At the age of eighteen he led the Macedonian cavalry in a victorious charge which won the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC.
In the midst of his ambitious projects for the future, Alexander was stricken with a fever in 323 BC.
www.silk-road.com /artl/alex.shtml   (832 words)

 Hellenistic Greece: Alexander
   The decisive battle of Philip's conquest of Greece occurred in 338 BC at Chaeronea in Boeotia, when Philip beat the Athenians and their allies.
For when his father died in 336 BC at an assassin's hand, Alexander quickly consolidated his power and set out to conquer the world.
In 323 BC, at the age of thirty-three, he fell into a fever and died.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GREECE/ALEX.HTM   (989 words)

 H-Net Review: Helen Parkins on Roman Italy 338 BC-AD 200: A Sourcebook
The first half deals with the period from 338 B.C.-A.D. 14, while the second half is largely thematic--with chapters on the emperor, the economy, religion, and municipal life--and deals mostly with the period from A.D. 14 onwards.
Lomas's stated aims are two-fold: to supply "a user-friendly collection of sources" on Roman Italy, and to contextualize and "provide an insight" into the issues of the period covered (p.
In short, this is a worthy sourcebook, and a valuable introductory textbook for any student of Roman Italy from 338 B.C.-A.D. In terms of the documents used, previous sourcebooks have covered similar ground, but from a largely Roman perspective.
www.h-net.msu.edu /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=2159864079384   (624 words)

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