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Topic: 399 BC

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Philolaus (circa 480 BC - circa 405 BC), was a Greek mathematician and philosopher.
He lived around 475 BC and he was in Croton during the persecution of the Pythagoreans.
His idea was restored and resumed around 345 BC by Heraclitus of Heraclea (circa 388 BC-310 BC).
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ph/Philolaus.html   (862 words)

 Plato - Philosopher - Biography
When the Peloponnesian War ended in 404 BC he joined the Athenian oligarchy of the Thirty Tyrants, one of whose leaders was his uncle Charmides.
Socrates' execution in 399 BC had a profound effect on Plato, and was perhaps the final event that would convince him to leave Athenian politics forever.
In 367 BC Plato was invited to be the personal tutor to Dionysus II, the new ruler of Syracuse.
www.egs.edu /resources/plato.html   (1140 words)

 Dynasties 29 - 31 - Alexander The Great
He was murdered in 338 BC by his own commander Bagoas in the summer of 338 BC.
Arses - 360-343 BC Arses was the second ruler of the Thirty-first Dynasty and was the youngest son of Ochus.
One story is that either upon entering or exiting the temple he was greeted by the priest as "my son." Alexander's army and followers were not in a strategic position to see the priest and thought the words came from the god himself.
www.crystalinks.com /dynasty29.html   (1144 words)

In the history of Delphi, the Persian attack of 480 BC and the attack of the Gauls in 279 BC are noteworthy.
During the 2cnd Century BC the growing power of Rome may also be found in the number of dedications.
There was a major increase in the number of these inscriptions in the 2cnd Century BC when it became politically expedient for dependent states to show their loyalty toward their new protector Rome.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~mapplace/EU/EU13-Sanctuaries/EU13-12May06.htm   (4317 words)

 PLATO   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The trial and subsequent death of Socrates in 399 BC had a major impact upon the 30-year old Plato.
Socrates was born in 470 BC in Athens.
He died in 399 BC by drinking a glass of hemlock after being condemned to death by the citizens of Athens for teaching heresy to the youth of Athens.
faculty.kc.devry.edu /scrowley/PLATO.htm   (635 words)

 4th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
4th century BC - Pectoral, from the tomb of a Scythian at Ordzhonikidze, Russia, is made.
323 BC Alexander the Great conquers the Persian Empire, decline and depopulation of Ancient Greece with massive migration towards the conquered lands.
Philip II of Macedonia (born 382, reigned 359–336 BC).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/4th_century_BC   (526 words)

 Egypt: History - Dynasty XXIX (Twenty-ninth Dynasty)
After conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 BC the sole aim of Egypt's foreign policy was to defend her independence against an empire which persisted in regarding her simply as a rebellious province.
Not long afterwards, in 393 BC, Achoris came to the throne, and the alliance with Sparta having proved unprofitable, he was only too glad to look for assistance elsewhere.
By this time, however, both Persia and Sparta were tired of war, and in 386 BC the Peace of Antalcidas was arranged, by which a free hand in all the Greek cities of Asia was ceded to Persia in exchange for autonomy in all the other Hellenic states.
www.touregypt.net /hdyn29.htm   (780 words)

 The Suicide of Socrates, 399 BC
On a day in 399 BC the philosopher Socrates stood before a jury of 500 of his fellow Athenians accused of "refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state" and "of corrupting the youth." If found guilty; his penalty could be death.
The trial took place in the heart of the city, the jurors seated on wooden benches surrounded by a crowd of spectators.
"The Suicide of Socrates, 399 BC," EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2003).
www.eyewitnesstohistory.com /socrates.htm   (922 words)

 399 BC
Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC
Decades: 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC - 390s BC - 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC
Socrates, Greek philosopher, tried by an Athenian court and sentenced to death for "corrupting the youth" and other crimes.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/39/399_BC.html   (92 words)

 TEMPLE OF SOCRATES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In the Peloponnesian War with Sparta he served as an infantryman with conspicuous bravery at the battles of Potidaea in 432-430 BC, Delium in 424 BC, and Amphipolis in 422 BC.
Although a patriot and a man of deep religious conviction, Socrates was nonetheless regarded with suspicion by many of his contemporaries, who disliked his attitude toward the Athenian state and the established religion.
He was charged in 399 BC with neglecting the gods of the state and introducing new divinities, a reference to the daemonion, or mystical inner voice, to which Socrates often referred.
sangha.net /messengers/socrates.htm   (727 words)

Eighteenth Dynasty 1570 - 1293 BC Nineteenth Dynasty 1293 - 1185 BC Twentieth Dynasty 1185 - 1070 BC Third Intermediate Period: 21st - 24th Dynasties 1070 - 664 BC.
Twenty Ninth Dynasty 399 - 380 BC Thirtieth Dynasty 380 - 343 BC Second Persian Period: 31st Dynasty 343 - 332 BC.
This second occupation was a period of suppression and rebellion resulting in the Egyptians welcoming the rule of the Macedonian leader Alexander.
www.egyptologyonline.com /chronology.htm   (724 words)

 A Short Biography For All "Thinkers" On This Site   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Socrates (470 B.C. - 399 B.C.) was a Greek (Athenian) philosopher and one of the most important founders of the Western philosophical tradition.
427 BC and was the youngest son of Ariston, of an old and wealthy family.
However, the realities of political life as well as the execution of his mentor Socrates in 399 BC drove him to abandon this goal.
www.thefourvirtues.com /fourvirtues/includes/bio/Biographies.asp   (1293 words)

 6000 BC - 1700 AD: Early Applications and Speculation
400 BC Hippocrates (460 - 377 BC) determined that the male contribution to a child's heredity is carried in the semen.
320 BC Aristotle (384 - 322 BC), choosing to reject the theories of Hippocrates, told his students that all inheritance comes from the father.
The male semen, he asserted, determines the baby's form, while the mother merely provides the material from which the baby is made.
www.accessexcellence.org /AB/BC/6000BC-1700AD.html   (675 words)

 Greek Timeframe
399 BC Socrates is tried and executed for his opposition to the Thirty Tyrants.
384 BC Aristotle, student of Plato, is born.
332 BC Alexander the Great of Macedonia defeats Persians at Issus in 333 BC and is given Egypt by the Persian Satrap.
library.thinkquest.org /10805/timeframe-g.html   (418 words)

 Timeline of the History of Macedonia
Alexander I "Philhellene" (498-454 BC) expend the kingdom and fight as Persian ally in the Greek-Persian wars.
By 300 BC, the Macedonian Empire is carved up between the dynasties of Alexander’s generals Antigonus I (Macedonia and Greece), Ptolemy I (Egypt), and Seleucus I (Asia).
Perseus dies prisoner in Italy, a rebellion against the Roman rule fails, and by 146 Macedonia is a Roman province.
www.historyofmacedonia.org /ConciseMacedonia/timeline.html   (2473 words)

 The Greeks - The Trial of Socrates   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In the year 399 BC, seventy years after he was born, Socrates was brought before the Athenian court on charges of impiety and corrupting the city's youth.
His belief that the gods must be good or otherwise not be gods ran contrary to almost all Greek mythology, which is filled with jealous and self-serving deities, and the jury had little difficulty in finding him guilty.
While one legends claims the games were established by Heracles (Hercules), who brought a sacred olive tree to Olympia, an alternative myth has the hero Pelops (from which the name of the Peloponnese region of Greece originates) establish the festival after defeating King Oenomaus in a chariot race.
www.pbs.org /empires/thegreeks/keyevents/399.html   (340 words)

 Socrates   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Socrates, the founding father of western philosophy, lived from 470 B.C. to 399 B.C. He was known for going barefoot.
A trial and subsequent imprisonment of Socrates took place in 399 BC and were recorded in Plato's 'Apology' and 'Crito'.
Despite being offered the opportunity to escape, he refused to disobey the law, and he was executed by being forced to drink hemlock.
www.unshod.org /pfbc/pfsocrates.htm   (424 words)

 Ancient Greece: The Spartan Hegemony: 404-371 BC
From 387 BC onwards, Agesilaus and the Spartans closely controlled political decisions in the individual city-states and stacked their governments with individuals friendly to Sparta and its interests.
Socrates, who looms large as a principle foundation of Greek philosophy, had come to the end of his years when the Age of Pericles closed.
However, his pupil, who more than anyone else is responsible for synthesizing earlier Greek philosophy int a single, overarching system, began his activities as a philosopher and teacher in these years.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GREECE/SPARHEGE.HTM   (584 words)

 Greek Philosophy: Socrates
Socrates was brought to trial and executed in 399.
It is Plato's account of Socrates's defense at his trial in 399 BC (the word "apology" comes from the Greek word for "defense-speech" and does not mean what we would think of as an apology).
It is clear, however, that Plato dressed up Socrates's speech to turn it into a justification for Socrates's life and his death.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GREECE/SOCRATES.HTM   (663 words)

 Amazon.com: Greek and Roman Siege Machinery 399 BC-AD 363 (New Vanguard): Books: Duncan Campbell,Brian Delf   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Siege machinery first appeared in the West during the Carthaginian invasion of Sicily in the late-5th century BC, in the form of siege towers and battering rams.
The experience of warfare with both the Carthaginians during the later-3rd century BC, and Philip V of Macedon during the early-2nd century BC, finally prompted the introduction of the siege tower and the battering ram to the Roman arsenal.
The fortifications around Mediterranean cities and towns in the 5th and early-4th centuries BC largely took the form of a 'great circuit'.
www.amazon.com /Greek-Roman-Siege-Machinery-Vanguard/dp/1841766054   (987 words)

 The Assassination of Julius Caesar, 44 BC
In January of 49 BC, Julius Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River in Northern Italy (see Caesar Crosses the Rubicon, 49 BC) and plunged the Roman Republic into civil war.
Caesar defeated his remaining rivals in North Africa in 47 BC and returned to Rome with his authority firmly established.
Caesar continued to consolidate his power and in February 44 BC, he declared himself dictator for life.
www.eyewitnesstohistory.com /caesar2.htm   (1135 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: Greek and Roman Artillery 399 BC - AD 363 (New Vanguard): Books: Duncan B. Campbell,Brian Delf   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The catapult (katapeltikon) was developed around 400 BC by engineers and craftsmen assembled by Dionysius I of Syracuse.
Catapults are mentioned in Athens in the 360s and 350s BC, and by the 330s young men were routinely trained in their use.
They finally appear in the hands of an aggressor in 340 BC when Philip of Macedon assaulted Perinthus, but it was left to Alexander to fully develop the use of catapults.
www.amazon.co.uk /Greek-Roman-Artillery-399-BC/dp/1841766348   (617 words)

 The Timetable of World Legal History
According to the Bible, it was in approximately 1300 BC that Moses received a list of ten laws directly from God.
These laws were known as the Ten Commandments and were transcribed as part of the Book of Moses, which later became part of the Bible.
It was not until 221 BC that the king of "Ch'in" managed to defeat the kings of the other 6 kingdoms and unite China.
www.duhaime.org /Law_museum/hist.aspx   (3221 words)

 History of Vegetarianism - Socrates (?470-399 BC)
He taught that virtue was based on knowledge, which was attained by a dialectical process that took into account many aspects of a stated hypothesis.
He was indicted for impiety and corruption of youth (399) and was condemned to death.
He refused to flee and died by drinking hemlock.
www.ivu.org /history/greece_rome/socrates.html   (242 words)

 Amazon.com: Greek and Roman Artillery 399 BC-AD 363 (New Vanguard): Books: Duncan Campbell,Brian Delf   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Greek and Roman Siege Machinery 399 BC-AD 363 (New Vanguard) by Duncan Campbell
The catapult (katapeltikon) was invented under the patronage of Dionysius I, tyrant of Syracuse, in the 4th century bc.
The historian Diodorus Siculus writes that, in 399 BC, the catapult (katapeltikon) was invented under the patronage of Dionysius I, tyrant of Syracuse.
www.amazon.com /Greek-Roman-Artillery-BC-AD-Vanguard/dp/1841766348   (1058 words)

 Socrates Summary
The Greek philosopher and logician Socrates (469-399 BC) was an important formative influence on Plato and had a profound effect on ancient philosophy.
Socrates(Greek: Σωκράτης, invariably anglicized as sɔkɹətiːz, Sǒcratēs; 470 – 399 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher who is widely credited for laying the foundation for Western philosophy.
In the following excerpt, Guthrie assesses the contribution of Socrates to the field of philosophy, arguing that Socrates's work marked a shift in philosophic thought from contemplation of the nature of the universe to contemplation of the problems of human life.
www.bookrags.com /Socrates   (313 words)

 Socrates (469-399 BC) By Miles Hodges   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Unfortunately, the Athenians proved not to be so enlightened by the truth as he had hoped, and ordered him to poison himself for "teaching the youth not to reverence the gods."
Socrates was born into a wealthy family in Athens between 471 and 469 B.C. His Father Sophroniscus was a professional sculptor.
In 399 B.C., Socrates was tried in court.
www.newgenevacenter.org /biography/socrates2.htm   (1356 words)

 Ancient Greek Philosophy: 585-250 BC
Ancient Greek Philosophy: 585-250 BC Early Mythopoeic Thought
585 BC: Thales of Miletus begins the development of philosophy by speculating about the nature of the "cosmos."
335-263 BC: Zeno of Citium begins the Stoic school of philosophy
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/WestCiv/GreekPhilosophy.html   (54 words)

 XXIXth Dynasty
ccording to Arameic papyrus 13 of Brooklyn, he came to rule in autumn 399 BC after imprisonment and execution of Amyrteos.
Treaty concluded with Euagorsas, the king of Cyprus and Athenes in 389 BC reflected his incline to run entirely antipersian politics.
Achoris was a great builder leaving monuments known as: Karnak Chapel, Hypostyle in Nekchbet Temple in El-Kaab and Charga Oasis, kiosk in Medinet Habu and some minor structures in Lethopolis, Mendes, Sakkara, Tod and Elephantine.
nar-mer.tripod.com /dyn/29en.htm   (445 words)

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