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Topic: 3rd century BC


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In the News (Tue 22 Jan 19)

  
  Early Roman Timeline
582 BC Birth of the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, on the island of Samos.
509 BC Overthrow of Etruscan kings and destruction of the monarchy by L. Junius Brutus.
504 BC Migration of the Claudii to Rome.
www.unrv.com /empire/early-roman-timeline.php   (221 words)

  
  Sculpture of Ancient Sikyon
3rd century BC "Cratinus of Aegeira in Achaia was the most handsome man of his time and the most skilful wrestler, and when he won the wrestling-match for boys the Eleans allowed him to set up a statue of his trainer as well.
3rd century BC "The statue of Hippus of Elis, who won the boys' boxing-match, was made by Damokritos of Sikyon, of the school of Attic Critias, being removed from him by four generations of teachers.
3rd century BC Sculptor and painter, pupil of Eythykrates (the son of Lysippos) or Teisikrates.
www.sikyon.com /Sicyon/Sculpture/ssculpture_eg.html   (1619 words)

  
  3rd century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mencius, Chinese philosopher and sage (371 - 289 BC).
Ashoka, Mauryan ruler of India 273 BC - 232 BC.
Qin Shi Huang, Chinese Emperor (259 - 210 BC, reigned 246 - 210 BC).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/3rd_century_BC   (367 words)

  
 Theatre of ancient Greece - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Dionysos Theater in Athens built into the Akropolis, ~3rd century BC The Greek theatre or Greek drama is a theatrical tradition that flourished in ancient Greece between c.
Tragedy (late 6th century BC), comedy (~486 BC), and satyr plays were some of the earliest theatrical forms to emerge in the world.
By the end of the 5th century BC, around the time of the Peloponnesian War, the skene, the back wall, was two stories high.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Greek_drama   (2177 words)

  
 Roman Timeline of the 3rd Century BC
239 BC Birth of the writer Quintus Ennius, born at the town of Rudiae in Calabria.
212 BC The introduction of a new coinage to Rome, the denarius.
It is usually assumed to have been founded at the beginning of the 3rd century BC during the reign of Ptolemy II of Egypt after his father had set up the Temple of the Muses or Museum.
www.unrv.com /empire/roman-timeline-3rd-century.php   (1273 words)

  
 3rd century BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The first few decades of the century are characterized by a balance of power between the Greek Hellenistic kingdoms in the east, and the great mercantile power of Carthage in the west.
In the 3rd century BC the Xiong Nu/ were at the height of their power in Mongolia.
293 BC The Chinese State of Qin reduced the threat of the State of Wei and the State of Han with the Qin victory in the Battle of Yique.
www.hotspotsz.com /Article_about-3rd_century_BC   (1034 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/3rd century BC
The first few decades of the century are characterized by a balance of power between the Greek Hellenistic kingdoms in the east, and the great mercantile power of Carthage in the west.
Much of what we know of this century comes down to us from the works of the Roman historian Polybius, who's main concern is the story of how Rome cames to dominate the known world.
290s BC The Samnites, seizing their chance when Rome is engaged on the Lombard plain, start the third Samnite War with a collection of mercenaries from Gaul and Sabine and Etruscan allies to help them.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/3rd_century_BC   (731 words)

  
 Ancient Celtic Warfare
From that point, the culture expanded until, in the 3rd century BC, it reached its greatest extent with Celts living in Ireland and Spain in the West and as far as Galatia in Asia Minor in the East.
By the end of the 1st century BC, all the Celtic lands but the British Isles were conquered either by the Romans or had become germanised, either by a similar cultural exchange (like that when they became Celtic) or by force of arms.
Northern Italy was lost during the 3rd century AD in a number of consecutive battles, the most famous of which probably was the one at Telamon in 225 BC.
www.applewarrior.com /celticwell/ejournal/beltane/warfare.htm   (2672 words)

  
 Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
From the 1st century BC it began to decrease in size and in Roman imperial and Early Christian times was limited to the N side of the ancient city and mainly towards the harbour.
The sanctuary of Artemis Iolkia (early 3rd century BC) was excavated in the middle of it.
Close to the N harbour are the ruins of the large three-aisled basilica of Damokratia (three building phases between the 4th and 5th centuries), thus called after the name of the donatrix in a mosaic floor in the narthex.
www.ypai.gr /atlas/thesi_uk.asp?idthesis=133   (434 words)

  
 Roman Empire - MSN Encarta
The formation of the Roman Empire began under the Roman Republic, but was formed mostly by the early Roman emperors, and is often thought of as belonging particularly to the imperial dynasties who held power in Rome after the collapse of the old Republican constitution.
Further territory was added as a result of the campaigns of Julius Caesar (leading to the conquest of the rest of Spain and of northern Gaul) and during the Civil Wars of the later 1st century bc (including, most importantly, the Provinces of Africa and of Egypt).
By 27 bc, when Octavianus, having emerged from the chaos of the Civil Wars without significant rival to his powers, adopted the title “Augustus” and so became the first Roman emperor, the foundations of the empire were already laid, and Rome was already the leading power, in the western world.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761551900/Roman_Empire.html   (1823 words)

  
 Hellenic Museum and Cultural Center   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Archimedes was a 3rd century BC mathematician and inventor.
Herophilus was a 3rd century physician who established the notion that the brain, not the heart, is the seat of intelligence within the body.
Hipparchus was a 2nd century BC astronomer who invented longitude and latitude as well as calculating the length of the year to within 6 minutes of accuracy.
www.hellenicmuseum.org /exhibits/ancientgrk/halloffame.html   (714 words)

  
 Ancient History Products: Historical Ancient History Products, 18 kt. Gold Ankh Pendant,18 Kt. Gold Eye of Horus ...
Egyptian Museum, Cairo Dynasty XVIII, 1347-1237 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo This statue of Anubis in the form of a fl jackal was found in the entrance to the chamber known as the “treasury”, and was turned to face the burial chamber.
The Louvre Museum, Paris, 5th Century B.C. Aphrodite was the symbol of female beauty and Goddess of Love, identified in Rome with Venus.
The Louvre Museum, Paris, 4th Century B.C. Artemis, also known by her Roman name Diana, was the Greek goddess of hunting and archery.
www.aurorahistoryboutique.com /ahb_ancientHistoryProducts.htm   (3514 words)

  
 The State Hermitage Museum: Collection Highlights
century BC), a necklace and earrings from the necropolis in the town of Theodosia (4
century BC) in the microtechnique typical of the goldsmiths of Athens.
century BC) with allegorical portraits of the ruler of Egypt, King Ptolemy II Phyladelphius, and his wife Arsinoe, and the wonderful sard cameo with the head of Zeus (late 1
www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/03/hm3_1_5.html   (545 words)

  
 SCYTHIAN GOLD
They were forced out of Asia Minor early in the 6th century BC by the Medes, who had by then assumed control of Persia, and retreated to their lands between the lower Danube and the Don, known as *Scythia.
The Scythians reached their apex in the 4th century BC under King Ateas, who eliminated his rivals and united all the tribal factions under his rule.
They were forced to abandon the steppe to their rivals and re-established themselves in the 2nd century BC in the Crimea around the city of *Neapolis.
www.geocities.com /ludm_2000/scyt1.htm   (1796 words)

  
 Rendeciler orman ürünleri ltd- keresteci-
The region's history goes back to the Bronze Age; Hatti Civilization, which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites, then the Phrygians (10th century BC); Lydians and Persians followed.
In the fifth century the temple was converted to a church.
They were built in the time of the Emperor Caracalla (3rd century AD) in honor of the god of medicine, Asclepios.
elba.globat.com /~rendeciler.com/turkey/ankara.htm   (709 words)

  
 About Celtic Myths
When Germanic tribes began their migration during the second century BC, the Celts were pressured and forced to seek refuges further west of the Rhine and south of the Danube.
During the 3rd and 4th century AD, revolts were frequent in Gaul, due to instability and weakness of Rome and the encroachment of the German tribes on their Rhine borders.
According to a 1st century BC Greek poet, Parthenius, the Celts were descendants of Heracles.
www.timelessmyths.com /celtic/aboutceltic.html   (2275 words)

  
 K.U.Leuven - Fayum Project
The numerous 3rd century BC texts belong to the Zenon archive or are recovered from mummy cartonnage.
In the mid 3rd century BC 9 stone cutters are engaged upon quarry works (lithina erga) in Tanis (P.Petrie III 42g).
In the 2nd century BC the epistates Isidoros is ordered to put up an official message "in the most conspicuous place of the village".
fayum.arts.kuleuven.ac.be /2251.html   (1441 words)

  
 ANCIENT CITES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Ruvanveli Dagoba built by King Dutugemunu who ruled the country in the 2nd century BC is a huge dagoba measuring 103 metres in height with a circumference of 287 metres.
Jetavana dagoba is an enormous brick structure standing in the centre of a large monastic complex, built in the 3rd century AD by King Mahasena.
The right branch of the Bodhi tree (Ficus religiosa) in Buddha Gaya in India under which the Buddha attained enlightenment was brought to Sri Lanka in the 3rd century BC by Arahat Theri Sanghamitta, the daughter of Emperor Asoka.
www.scs.nevada.edu /~vidanapa/anuradhapura.html   (1280 words)

  
 Malter Galleries Past Auctions
Proto-Dynastic, Dynasty 0, (Nagada III), 3100 ­ 3000 BC.
It was popular in the Hellenistic world during the 3rd century BC to place an image of a dove in burials as an offering.
Early Dynastic, c.2nd ­ 3rd Dynasty, c.2800 ­ 2625 BC.
www.maltergalleries.com /archives/auction03/821.htm   (13218 words)

  
 atSriLanka - A Comprehensive Travel and Tourism portal of Sri Lanka
Ruvanveli Dagoba built by King Dutugemunu who ruled the country in the 2nd century BC is a huge dagoba measuring 103 metres in height with a circumference of 287 metres.
This colossal dagoba is the centrepiece of a monastic complex founded by King Valagamba in the 1st century BC that subsequently developed into an international institution attracting scholars from many countries.
The Loha Pasada or the Brazen Palace was founded in the 2nd century BC as a chapter house.
www.atsrilanka.com /apura.html   (1298 words)

  
 K.U.Leuven - Fayum Project
In the mid 3rd century BC the village belonged to the nomarchy of Aristarchos [cf.
In the Hawara embalmers archive (early 1st century BC) Syron Kome is in the exo topoi of the meris of Herakleides of the Arsinoite nome.
In the 3rd century BC the Thessalian pentakosiarchos Aischinas [Uebel 1968, p.
fayum.arts.kuleuven.ac.be /2216.html   (1297 words)

  
 [No title]
The victory in the 6th century BC made Cyrus the leader of the first world empire, stretching from Egypt to China.
Petra was first established sometime around the 6th century BC, by the Nabataean Arabs, a nomadic tribe who settled in the area and laid the foundations of a commercial empire that extended into Syria.
The Crusaders constructed a fort there in the 12th century, but soon withdrew, leaving Petra to the local people until the early 19th century, when it was visited by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.
lycos.cs.cmu.edu /info/6th-century-bc--roman-empire.html   (496 words)

  
 Sri Lankan Ancient Cities : Anuradhapura
Thuparama is the first dagoba to be built in Anuradhapura during the reign of King Devanmpiyatissa (3rd century BC) enshrining the right collarbone of the Buddha, His alms bowl and other relics.
The dagoba was in a state of disrepair when discovered in the early 20th century and was restored in its present form according to earlier dimensions.
The right branch of the Bodhi tree (Ficus religiosa) in Buddha Gaya in India under which the Buddha attained enlightenment was brought to Sri Lanka in the 3rd century BC by Arahat Theri Sanghamitta, the daughter of Emperor Asoka.
www.srilanka.com /travel/traveldetail/TL00245   (1208 words)

  
 SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON BLACK SEA ANTIQUITIESLocal Populations of the Black Sea Littoral and their Relations ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
These include two mirrors of a standard type of the 3rd century BC, with the handle cast in one piece with the disc of the mirror; on such mirrors the reflecting side is normally convex, and the reverse, concave, is sometimes decorated with an engraving.
On the basis of these artefacts, the foundation of the unfortified settlements might be dated to the beginning of the 5th century BC and their downfall to the end of the 3rd century BC.
In the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC the population, dependent on the Bosporan kings, who lived in the fortifications, were Thracian mercenaries performing frontier duty.
www.bilkent.edu.tr /~arkeo/blacksea/monday2.htm   (3529 words)

  
 ESAG - Numismatics
Formerly dated to the 4th century BC, the second series, based on the Attic standard, should therefore be placed after 357.
The 3rd century BC After these issues, the League suspended its activity, and was reconstituted only ca.
This series should no doubt be placed in the 3rd century, but here again precise data regarding the history of the Euboean League after the death of Poliorketes is lacking.
www.unil.ch /esag/page26203.html   (1327 words)

  
 The Treasury /Antiquity Toreutics
Among the various in form rings, earrings and bracelets attention should be paid to the unique set of a young Thracian woman consisting of a necklace with a bull's head pendant and two earrings – miniature statuettes of the goddess of victory Nike.
The earrings have been worked out at the end of 4th century or the early 3rd century BC and are the most beautiful jewelry masterpieces of the type.
Exceptional are the round filigreed earrings found in Odessos, Galata /4th 3rd century BC/, the necklace with an embossed pendant representing Eros and two goddesses /3rd2nd century BC/, the Thracian fibula and a bracelet from the village of Dolishte.
www.varna-bg.com /museums/archaeology/enexhibit/enhall13.htm   (367 words)

  
 Antiquity Art /5th century BC 3rd century AD/
Some early sculptures from the 5th century BC hint that the town art developed parallel to the great Mediterranean art.
Among the other sculptural monuments, for their high quality, should be distinguished the portrait of a young woman from Odessos /2nd 3rd century AD/, the head of Dionisius, the statue group representing playing children /from Marcianopolis 2nd 3rd century AD/, as well as Dionisius on horseback from Odessos /2nd 3rd century AD/.
Exceptionally beautiful are the marble heads of the health-bringing deities Asklepius and Hygia found in a sanctuary in Odessos /1st 3rd century AD/, a child's head from Odessos /1st century BC/, a statuette of Herculais from Varna region /2nd –3rd century AD/.
www.varna-bg.com /museums/archaeology/enexhibit/enhall16.htm   (369 words)

  
 3rd century BC
Mencius, Chinese philosopher and sage (371 - 289 BC).
* Ptolemy II Philadelphos (284 BC-246 BC) and his wives Arsinoe I and Arsinoe II Philadelphos.
Qin Shi Huang, Chinese Emperor (259 - 210 BC, reigned 246 - 210 BC).
www.mcfly.org /wik/3rd_century_BC   (159 words)

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