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Topic: 432 BC

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Agora I 559 - Honorary decree for the epilektoi of the phlye Kekropis, 318/7 BC stoichedon
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86 BC Bradeen, D.W. The Athenian Agora XVII.
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /epigraphy/gksqueeze.html   (6109 words)

 Acropolis, Athens - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It is known with some certainty that a sizeable temple sacred to Athena Polias (Protectress of the City) was erected by mid-6th century BC, a Doric limestone building from which many relics survive and is referred to as the "Bluebeard" temple (from the pedimental three-bodied man-serpent sculpture, whose beards were painted dark blue).
These colonnades were almost finished in the year 432 BC and had two wings, the northern one serving as picture gallery.
The archaic xoanon of the goddess and a statue made by Praxiteles in the 4th century BC were both in the sanctuary.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Acropolis,_Athens   (1489 words)

 Encyclopedia: Fifth century BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Aeschylus of Athens, playwright (525 - 456 BC).
Sophocles of Athens, playwright (496 - 406 BC).
Socrates of Athens, philosopher (470 - 399 BC).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Fifth-century-BC   (170 words)

 Greek architecture -> The Orders of Greek Architecture on Encyclopedia.com 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
BC are found chiefly in Sicily and at Paestum in Italy.
After 500 BC the archaic features of the Doric disappeared; harmonious proportions were achieved; and the final exquisitely adjusted type took form at Athens, in the Hephaesteum (465 BC), the Parthenon (c.447-432 BC), and the Propylaea (437-432 BC).
The chief examples, both at Athens, are the choragic monument of Lysicrates (c.335 BC) and the Tower of the Winds (100 BC-35 BC).
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/Greekarc_TheOrdersofGreekArchitecture.asp   (917 words)

 BBC - Schools - Ancient Greece Timeline
The first shows details of the period from 800 BC until the end of the Greek empire in 146 BC.
The second timeline shows the period from 1000 BC to the present day.
432 BC The Parthenon in Athens is finished being built.
www.bbc.co.uk /schools/ancientgreece/timeline/index.shtml   (203 words)

 Parthenon is Built: 448-432 BC
448-432 BC The Parthenon is a temple that towers above the city of Athens, symbolizing the Athenians' wealth and power.
This temple served as a monument to Athena because they believed that she helped the Greeks conquer the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars.
The building of the Parthenon began in the year 448 BC and was completed in 432 BC It was built as a part of the acropolis in Athens and it served two main purposes.
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/Mediterranean/Parthenon.html   (654 words)

The historical period began for Corfu with the Corinthian Emigration of 734 – 229 BC The town was built in the Kanoni area as far as the Lake of Chalkiopoulou (Paliopoli).
Thus we have the first naval battle with the Corinthians in 664 BC which is followed by the second in 432 BC.
In 229 BC, having vainly withstood the onslaught of the Illyrians, the Corfiots were forced to accept an occupation garrison with Dimitrius the Pharian as commander.
www.corfuweb.gr /gb-history.htm   (341 words)

 Moving Out   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
From 1805 BC to 1526 BC, a period of 279, the population of the Israelites grew steadily to a point where the Egyptian rulers became aware and afraid of this potential danger.
1446 BC to 432 BC is a period of just over 1000 years and is possibly the most intense period of the Jewish history.
In the year 1406 BC the Israelites camped in the valley of Shittim (meaning valley or meadow of acacia) where the power of transfer was done.
www.goldenhay.com /moving_out.htm   (485 words)

 Ictinus on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
BC, one of the greatest architects of Greece.
His celebrated work is the Parthenon (447-432 BC) upon the acropolis at Athens, which he built with the architect Callicrates as associate.
Ictinus also built the temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae, near Phigalia, c.430 BC and is said to have rebuilt the Telesterion at Eleusis.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/i/ictinus.asp   (204 words)

 Museum of Classical Archaeology guidebook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the front view the drapery clings damply to the flesh and has the effect of nudity; over the figure's right thigh a series of curving ridges ("modelling lines") stress the roundness of the limb so that it looks still rounder than the naked left thigh.
The original, made about 440 BC, was of bronze and the most famous work of Polykleitos.
The composition is still four-square, designed principally for front and side views, but the proportions and the pose have been planned thoughtfully, so that none of the major axes of the figure are strictly vertical or horizontal.
www.classics.cam.ac.uk /Museum/guidehighclass.html   (763 words)

His first objectives were to rebuild the temple complex of the Acropolis which had been destroyed by the Persians, and to link Athens to its lifeline, the port of Piraeus, with fortified walls designed to withstand any future siege.
Under Pericles’ leadership (461-429 BC), Athens experienced a golden age with unprecedented cultural, artistic and scientific achievements, which had germinated in the Ionian cities in Asia Minor almost two centuries earlier.
The major monuments, in the order in which they were built, are the temple of Athena Parthenos (the Parthenon), 447-432 BC; the Propylaea (gateway), 437-432 BC; the temple of Athena Nike, 427-424 BC; and the temple of Erechtheus (the Erechtheum), 421-405 BC.
home.att.net /~tersip/aegean2.html   (1042 words)

 Study Aid #4   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Minoan culture (circa 3000-1250 BC), centered on the island of Crete, built colorful and complex "palaces" like the one at Knossos (at its height between 2000-1520 BC).
The four surviving structures on the Acropolis are: the Parthenon, 447-432 BC, commisioned by Pericles and designed by Iktinus (begun by Kallikrates), sculpture by Phidias; the Propylaea Gate by Mnesicles (437-432 BC); the Temple of Athena Nike by Kallikrates, c.
Also erected in Athens was the graceful Choragic monument of Lysicrates (335 BC), one of the first Greek buildings to feature the Corinthian order on the exterior and one of the few classical Greek buildings with a vertical orientation.
www.drexel.edu /comad/Archsoc/Archsoc1/sa4.htm   (511 words)

 ARTH 101 Week 7
Temple of Poseidon and Basilica, c.550-c460 BC, Paestum, Greece.
Phidias, 5th century BC, Parthenon, interior view of cella with the gold and ivory statue of Athena Parthenos, reconstruction, Athens, Greece.
Ictinus, Parthenon, 447- 432 BC, Pediment, east, reconstruction by Frommel, 1830, Acropolis, Athens, Greece.
www.arth.upenn.edu /fall02/101/101lecture7.html   (500 words)

 427 BC - Wikipedia
6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC
Decades: 500s BC - 490s BC - 480s BC - 470s BC - 460s BC - 450s BC - 440s BC - 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC - 400s BC - 390s BC
432 BC 431 BC 430 BC 429 BC 428 BC 427 BC 426 BC 425 BC 424 BC 423 BC 422 BC
nostalgia.wikipedia.org /wiki/427_BC   (112 words)

 list21   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Temple of Artemis at Corfu, 600-580 BC Temple of Hera (Basilica) at Paestum, c.
Parthenon 447-432 BC Propylaia 437-432 BC Temple of Athena Nike 427-424 BC Erechtheion 421-405 BC Iktinos and Kallikrates
It is one of the few bronze votive statues from the 5th century BC still extant.
www.utexas.edu /courses/classicaldig/list21.html   (251 words)

 429 BC
Decades: 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC
Years: 434 BC 433 BC 432 BC 431 BC 430 BC - 429 BC - 428 BC 427 BC 426 BC 425 BC 424 BC
Battle of Naupactus (429 BC)[?] Phormio again defeats the Peloponnesian fleet.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/42/429_BC.html   (103 words)

 435 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Years: 440 BC 439 BC 438 BC 437 BC 436 BC - 435 BC - 434 BC 433 BC 432 BC 431 BC 430 BC
Philoxenus of Cythera, Greek dithyrambic poet (+ 380 BC).
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia by Phidias, one of the seven wonders of the world, is completed.
www.encyclopedia-1.com /4/43/435_bc.html   (104 words)

 ARCL2001: Lecture 15
Begun in 447 BC, it was structurally complete by 438 BC when it was dedicated at the Panathenaic festival: by 432 BC its pedimental sculptures were also in place.
The metopes, sculpted in high relief, were created between circa 447-442 BC, the frieze in lower relief was sculpted circa 442-438 BC, while the free-standing figures of the pediments can be dated 438-432 BC.
Though the pediments of the Parthenon are badly damaged, particularly so the west, we do know the subjects depicted: on the west side the fight between Athena and Poseidon for sovereignty over the land of Attica, and on the east side the birth of Athena.
teaching.arts.usyd.edu.au /archaeology/arcl2001/lecture_15.htm   (1256 words)

 Athens Greece-Ancient Greece-Facts on Greece-Greek gods,Ancient Athens, athens acropolis, parthenon
The monumental entrance to the summit of the holy rock, the Propylaia, designed by Mnesicles, was under construction form 437 to 432 BC.
It was built between 447 and 432 BC, to plans of Iktinos and Kalikrates while Pheidias and his pupils had charge of general constructional supervision and of the decorative
The monumental entrance to the Acropolis was designed by the architect Mnesicles and constructed in 437-432 B.C. It consists of a central structure with two wings.
www.maps-of-greece.com /greece-guide/Athens/Athens.htm   (1287 words)

 MathsNet: The Death of Distance: from Pythagoras to Galileo
Calculation from 1000 - 200 BC The Babylonian basis of mathematics was inherited by the Greeks and independent development by the Greeks began from around 450 BC.
Born on the island of Sámos, Pythagoras was instructed in the teachings of the early Ionian philosophers Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximenes.
About 530 BC Pythagoras settled in Crotona, a Greek colony in southern Italy, where he founded a movement with religious, political, and philosophical aims, known as Pythagoreanism.
www.mathsnet.net /courses/dome/greece.html   (512 words)

 Mystery Babylon Revealed: Article-Overview Of The Bible
Time Period: 445 – 432 BC Date Written: Between 445 – 432 BC Theme: The third wave of Jewish exiles returning from Babylon (lead by Nehemiah – 445 BC).
Recounts how a Jewish woman comes to be queen of the empire, her battles against the political maneuvers of the enemies of the Jews, and how she is successful in saving the Jews in the empire from extermination.
Time Period: 586 BC Date Written: Shortly after 586 BC Theme: The heart-felt anguish of a man with a broken heart over the sin of his people and the destruction of his nation.
www.mystery-babylon.us /otbible_1.html   (1451 words)

 Hellenic Period: 500-300 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
500- 300 BC The Hellenic Period is the "classic" period of Greek culture.
Drama, philosophy and sculpture all began or underwent significant refinement in this period.
431 BC: Peloponnesian war begins; Athens and the Delian League vs. Sparta and the Pelopennesian League.
campus.northpark.edu /history/WebChron/Mediterranean/Hellenic.html   (97 words)

 Hipparchus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
His star catalogue, probably completed in 129 BC, has been claimed to have been used by Ptolemy as the basis of his own star catalogue.
They claim that the data was taken from on a star catalogue constructed around 140 BC based on observations accurate to a third of a degree or even better.
Hipparchus's calculations led him to a value for the distance to the moon of between 59 and 67 earth radii which is quite remarkable (the correct distance is 60 earth radii).
www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk /history/Mathematicians/Hipparchus.html   (2396 words)

 Athenian Mythology
During the 5th century B.C. an extensive building program, initiated by the statesman Pericles, created several public building on the rocks crowning the plateau.
These structures, in the order they were constructed were: the temple of Athena Parthenos (the Parthenon), 447-432 BC; the Propylaea (gateway), 437-432 BC; the temple of Athena Nike, 427-424 BC; and the temple of Erechtheus (the Erechtheum), 421-405 BC.
As the personification of Victory, Nike was often associated with Athena in the art of this period and the relationship between the two goddesses was a close one in the minds of the Athenians in the 5th century.
www.thecaveonline.com /WORLDHISTORY/ENRICHMENT/PARTHENON/parthenon.html   (1039 words)

 5th Century BC Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Looking For 5th century bc - Find 5th century bc and more at Lycos Search.
The 5th and 6th centuries BC are a period of philosophical brilliance among advanced civilizations.
Greek philosophy develops during the 5th century BC, setting the foundation for Western ideology.
www.karr.net /encyclopedia/5th_century_BC   (368 words)

 Empedocles [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
From more reliable sources it seems that he was born at Acragas in Sicily around 492 BC and died at the age of sixty.
He was the son of a certain Meton, and was from an important and wealthy local aristocratic family: his grandfather, also called Empedocles, is reported to have been victorious in horse-racing at the Olympic Games in 496 BC.
This appears to fit in with the known history of Acragas where after the death of the popular and enlightened tyrant Theron in 473 BC his son Thrasydaeus proved to be a violent despot.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/e/empedocl.htm   (5561 words)

 Phidias on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Athena (dedicated in the Parthenon c.447-439 BC) was the chief treasure of Athens.
The Zeus (c.435 BC), counted as one of the Seven Wonders of the World, was a majestic bearded figure seated upon a magnificently ornamented throne and wearing a mantle strewn with sculptured decorations.
Terra-cotta molds, found in 1955-56 at Olympia on the site identified as Phidias' workshop, showed that the gold for the drapery had been hammered into the molds and then further decorated with glass inlays.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/p/phidias.asp   (383 words)

 Contemporaries 800 BC-AD 600, Greek Mythology Link.
Known as Fulgentius Mythographus, he was influential during the Middle Ages, when his "Mitologiarum libri tres" explained the myths by etymology and allegorism.
Not a fragment survives, but his work was described by the traveller Pausanias.
Gladiator who led a revolt of slaves in 73-71 BC.
homepage.mac.com /cparada/GML/Contemporaries.html   (550 words)

 427 BC - Encyclopedia, History and Biography
427 BC Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC
Years: 432 BC 431 BC 430 BC 429 BC 428 BC - 427 BC - 426 BC 425 BC 424 BC 423 BC 422 BC
The article about 427 BC contains information related to 427 BC, Events, Births and Deaths.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/427_BC   (115 words)

 An Appreciation of the Pediments on the Parthenon Example Essays.com - Over 101,000 essays, term papers and book ...
The pediments on the Parthenon were built between 438-432 BC and were the last part of the sculptures on the Parthenon to be completed.
They could be carved at leisure because they were lifted up in to place, and the roofing of the temple did not depend on them being in position in the first place.
It was at the same time that serious work began on the pediments, so although Phidias may have designed the pediments, their implementation must have been mostly done without him.
www.exampleessays.com /viewpaper/16099.html   (320 words)

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