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Topic: 438 BC

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In the News (Sat 25 May 19)

  Amphipolis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It remains an open question whether Ennea Hodoi is to be identified with the settlement on Hill 133, where the destruction level dates to the mid-5th century BC, or with Amphipolis itself, where in the vicinity of the north wall excavation has uncovered an establishment prior to the 5th century BC wall.
The foundation of Amphipolis finally in 438/ 437 BC, in the time of Pericles, by the general Hagnon was a great success for the Athenians, whose chief purpose was to ensure control of the rich Strymon hinterland and the Pangaion mines.
Their success, however, was again short- lived, because at the end of the first decade of the Peloponnesian War (442 BC) Amphipolis broke away from its mother city, Athens, and remained independent until its incorporation into the kingdom of Macedonia by Philip II (357 BC).
www.culture.gr /2/21/211/21118a/e211ra02.html   (1080 words)

 The Odessa Virtual Museum of Numismatic
In 107 BC Teodosia was one of the centers of the Scyth's revolt under the leadership of Savmak.
From V BC Phanagorria was in the structure of the Bosporos state, and in I BC it was temporarily renamed into Agrippiya and minted coins under this name.
From the second half of III BC, together with the caulking on behalf of the city community of Pantikapeum, the coins were minted with the names of the Bosporos kings, as a result of the appropriation of the monetary regalia by the king Levkon II.
www.museum.com.ua /en/istor/sev-vost/sev-vost.htm   (1811 words)

 Encyclopedia: Fifth century BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Aeschylus of Athens, playwright (525 - 456 BC).
Sophocles of Athens, playwright (496 - 406 BC).
Socrates of Athens, philosopher (470 - 399 BC).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Fifth-century-BC   (188 words)

 history of bosporos   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In II BC it was captured by the Skyths.
During the second campaign of Diophantus (the end of II BC) Kerkinitida was taken after the siege and returned to Chersonessos.
It was founded in V BC by the settlers from Herakleia Pontika, the only Dorian colony in the Northern Black Sea Coast.
www.bank-notes.netfirms.com /Articles/Bosporos.htm   (2332 words)

 Greek architecture -> The Orders of Greek Architecture on Encyclopedia.com 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
BC are found chiefly in Sicily and at Paestum in Italy.
After 500 BC the archaic features of the Doric disappeared; harmonious proportions were achieved; and the final exquisitely adjusted type took form at Athens, in the Hephaesteum (465 BC), the Parthenon (c.447-432 BC), and the Propylaea (437-432 BC).
The chief examples, both at Athens, are the choragic monument of Lysicrates (c.335 BC) and the Tower of the Winds (100 BC-35 BC).
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/Greekarc_TheOrdersofGreekArchitecture.asp   (917 words)

 KryssTal : Inventions: 1000 BC to 1 BC
Carthage was destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC.
The Chinese Emperor, Shi Huangdi died in 210 BC and was buried in a large mound outside of modern
Plato (the philosopher from whom the adjective "platonic" is derived) was born in 427 BC; the school he founded was the original Acadamy.
www.krysstal.com /inventions_06.html   (774 words)

 Ancient Literature   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 BC He was a pupil of Socrates.
The Anabasis is his story of the march to Persia to aid Cyrus, who enlisted Greek help to try and take the throne from Artaxerxes, and the ensuing return of the Greeks, in which Xenophon played a leading role.
B.C. and eventually was freed by his master.
www.globusz.com /ancient.html   (525 words)

 ARCL2001: Lecture 15
Begun in 447 BC, it was structurally complete by 438 BC when it was dedicated at the Panathenaic festival: by 432 BC its pedimental sculptures were also in place.
The metopes, sculpted in high relief, were created between circa 447-442 BC, the frieze in lower relief was sculpted circa 442-438 BC, while the free-standing figures of the pediments can be dated 438-432 BC.
Though the pediments of the Parthenon are badly damaged, particularly so the west, we do know the subjects depicted: on the west side the fight between Athena and Poseidon for sovereignty over the land of Attica, and on the east side the birth of Athena.
teaching.arts.usyd.edu.au /archaeology/arcl2001/lecture_15.htm   (1256 words)

 Museum of Classical Archaeology guidebook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the front view the drapery clings damply to the flesh and has the effect of nudity; over the figure's right thigh a series of curving ridges ("modelling lines") stress the roundness of the limb so that it looks still rounder than the naked left thigh.
The original, made about 440 BC, was of bronze and the most famous work of Polykleitos.
The composition is still four-square, designed principally for front and side views, but the proportions and the pose have been planned thoughtfully, so that none of the major axes of the figure are strictly vertical or horizontal.
www.classics.cam.ac.uk /Museum/guidehighclass.html   (763 words)

 The Ancient City of Athens: The Archaic Acropolis - 7/36   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This section of the wall was used as part of the forecourt for the "Old Propylon" (the Archaic entrance system at the west end of the Acropolis before the Persian attack in 480 BC).
Even during the construction of the Propylaia in 438-432 BC, the architects and builders preserved this section of the old Mycenaean wall.
The southeast corner of the southwest wing of the Propylaia was bevelled (cut at an angle) to avoid disturbing the line of the wall.
www.stoa.org /athens/sites/acroarchaic/source/p07010.html   (155 words)

 435 BC
Years: 440 BC 439 BC 438 BC 437 BC 436 BC - 435 BC - 434 BC 433 BC 432 BC 431 BC 430 BC
Philoxenus of Cythera, Greek dithyrambic poet (+ 380 BC).
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia by Phidias, one of the seven wonders of the world, is completed.
pedia.newsfilter.co.uk /wikipedia/4/43/435_bc.html   (104 words)

 ARCL2001: Lecture 23
The Persian invasion of Athens in 480 BC left the buildings of the Akropolis in ruins.
Subsequently, the Oath of Plataia (479 BC) determined that the destroyed temples should be left in their ruinous state as a monument to the Persian sacrilege: only the opisthodomos of the Old Temple of Athena Polias was repaired in order to house the ancient wooden cult statue of Athena.
The Parthenon, or Temple of Athena Parthenos, was built between 447-438 BC, when it was dedicated at the Panathenaic festival.
teaching.arts.usyd.edu.au /archaeology/arcl2001/lecture_23.htm   (980 words)

 430s BC
439 BC 438 BC 437 BC 436 BC 435 BC 434 BC 433 BC 432 BC 431 BC 430 BC
The Peloponnesian War begins between Sparta and Athens and their allies.
The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/43/430s_BC.html   (88 words)

 Best of Sicily - Agrigento
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, Agrigento was founded as Akragas around 582 BC by a group of colonists from Gela, who themselves were the immediate descendants of Greeks from Rhodes and Crete.
The Greek poet Pindar (518-438 BC) described Akragas as "the most beautiful city of the mortals." Akragas' most famous citizen was the philosopher and scientist Empedocles (490-430 BC).
The Temple of Concord (named retroactively), built around 440 BC, is in far better condition, and at night the illuminated temple is a sight to behold.
www.bestofsicily.com /agrigento.htm   (746 words)

Fragments of the frieze are preserved in the "Museum of Pergamum" in Berlin.
- TheTemple of Apollo (of the Athenians): Delos 425-417 BC.
The walls remained intact for 54 years; they were destroyed in 404 BC, when the Spartans occupied Athens, and rebuilt by Conon (393 BC), who strengthened them with towers and other fortifications.
www.tmth.edu.gr /en/aet/6/21.html   (408 words)

 Menu to Go--Burnaby Restaurants   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
4567 Lougheed Highway 731, Burnaby, BC V5C3Z6 (604) 291-0517
4567 Lougheed Highway 733, Burnaby, BC V5C3Z6 (604) 320-1866
4567 Lougheed Highway 747, Burnaby, BC V5C3Z6 (604) 291-7787
www.menutogo.net /burnaby.htm   (2277 words)

 [ The Greeks ] - Site Index
480 BC - Attica in Panic - the Oracle at Delphi
438 BC - Pericles Triumphant- Athens at its height
440 BC - Aspasia and Pericles: A Marriage Forbidden
www.pbs.org /empires/thegreeks/siteindex/siteindex_html_c.html   (320 words)

 2039 226 02: ART AND CIVILIZATION-Hightower   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
149)Parthenon-Iktinos and Kallikrates, Temple of Athena, Acropolis, Athens 447- 438 BC.
Roman mosaic copy of late second or eraly first century BC fm House of Faun, Pompeii, approx.
172) Pajonios of Ephesos and Daphnis of Miletos, Temple of apollo, Didyma, begun 313 BC.
www.rit.edu /~lahfaa/AC0406/greekoutline.html   (886 words)

 438 BC Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Looking For 438 bc - Find 438 bc and more at Lycos Search.
Find 438 bc - Your relevant result is a click away!
Look for 438 bc - Find 438 bc at one of the best sites the Internet has to offer!
www.karr.net /search/encyclopedia/438_BC   (254 words)

 Images of Zeus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Birth of Athena: Painter C, ca 570 BC.
Zeus attacking Typhon: Inscription Painter, ca 550-530 BC.
Colossal Head of Zeus: Fragment from a seat cult statue, 2nd century BC.
www.holycross.edu /departments/classics/jhamilton/mythology/zeus   (195 words)

At its only meeting to date, the Library Committee resolved that its action plan for this term would be to carry out the recommendations made at the 2001 Division Convention, and to ensure that these recommendations fall in line with the Division's new Strategy/Action Plan of Strong Communities.
The Committee will continue to work with CUPE BC to educate school trustees, parents, library boards and city councils on the value of library resources supported by skilled and qualified library workers.
The Committee plans to send a letter, via CUPE BC, to as many school parent advisory councils in BC as possible, highlighting the value of school libraries to children and the skills provided by library workers.
www.cupe.bc.ca /438   (1216 words)

 Samnite or Umbrian - DBA 30c
In 354 BC, Rome and Samnium formed an alliance against the Gallic threat from the north.
By 343 BC, however, continued Samnite expansion into Campania prompted the Greek City-States in the south to ask Rome to rein in their ally.
Finally, Roman victories at Vadimonian Lake (310 BC) and Bovianum Vetus (304 BC) brought the war to a simmering end, even as Rome was heavily engaged in the north, defeating the Etruscans (310 BC) and suppressing revolts by the Umbrians and Hernici (307 BC).
www.fanaticus.org /DBA/armies/dba30c.html   (1233 words)

 Pindar --  Britannica Student Encyclopedia
The type of poetry called lyric got its name from the fact that it was originally sung by individuals or a chorus accompanied by the instrument called the lyre.
The first of the lyric poets was probably Archilochus of Paros, who may have written as early as 700 BC.
The Greek lyric poet Corinna of Tanagra, Boeotia, is traditionally considered a contemporary and rival of the lyric poet Pindar (who died in about 438 BC) and is believed to have been victorious over him in five poetic contests.
www.britannica.com /ebi/article-9276427?tocId=9276427   (720 words)

 Vigorito Genealogy History - References
The Etruscans were at their greatest power between 700 and 500 B.C. The area of the Italian peninsula that they dominated was known as Etruria and includes an area from modern Tuscany to Rome.
By 400 B.C. the Lucani also conquered the Greek city of Poseidonia (Paestum) whose ruins are still present and are a significant tourist attraction.
The Lucani's final battle against the Romans occurred in 90 B.C. Unlike previous wars, which were attempts to conquer the Romans, this final war was a social war initiated by the Lucani to gain citizenship in the Roman empire.
pirate.shu.edu /~vigorimi/genealogy/first_millenium_BC.html   (1538 words)

 Museum of Classical Archaeology guidebook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Restored Roman copy of 1st century BC of Greek original by Praxiteles.
Roman copy of a bronze of the early 4th century BC.
Roman copy of bronze original of the School of Scopas, of the late 4th century BC.
www.classics.cam.ac.uk /Museum/guidelateclass.html   (983 words)

During the 3rd century B.C. coinage of Bosporus suffered through an extended monetary crisis.
An intense issue of copper coins started, with frequent change in types and a sharp drop in weight, widespread use of re-coining of older issues with newer types or countermarking them.
During the period of their issue, their weight had fallen from 8 grams to 1 gram.
www.geocities.com /new11world/Ancient.html   (381 words)

 CL0074 - Head of Athena Parthenos
This little masterpiece belonged to a statuette made after the original legendary statue of Phidias, the so called Chryselephantine, 447-438 BC, that was 12 m high and dominated all other sculpture on the Acropolis of Athens.
The Phidias original was partly made of ivory and gold, thus the term Chryselephantine.
A few Roman copies in marble have servived, non known of this miniature size and material, which was probably chosen to imitate the ivory of the Phidias original.
www.rheagallery.com /rheafiles/cl0074_athenaparthenos.html   (78 words)

 [No title]
Founded by the Miletians in the early Sixth Century B.C. at the mouth of the Boog, near its confluence with the Dnieper -- the important intersection of trade routes between Scythia, Asia and the Mediterranean region, Olbia soon became an influential trading and cultural loci of Greek civilization.
Bronze dolphins first appeared in Olbia between 550-525 B.C. Apollo-Dolphinium had been the most important god of the Miletian settlers, and the dolphin was the main attribute of this god.
These fish-coins were the last figure-shaped coins of the Greek world.Bronze dolphins first appeared in Olbia between 550-525 B.C. Apollo-Dolphinium had been the most important god of the Miletian settlers, and the dolphin was the main attribute of this god.
www.russian-coins.net /auc7tob1.htm   (2341 words)

 436 BC - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
436 BC Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC
Years: 441 BC 440 BC 439 BC 438 BC 437 BC - 436 BC - 435 BC 434 BC 433 BC 432 BC 431 BC
The article about 436 BC contains information related to 436 BC, Events, Births and Deaths.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/436_BC   (112 words)

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