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Topic: 44 BC


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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  
  40s BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Civil war in Roman Republic between Julius Caesar and forces of the Roman Senate (49 - 45 BC).
Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman politician (85 - 42 BC).
Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman politician (died 42 BC).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/40s_BC   (240 words)

  
 Roman Emperors - DIR Augustus
On 15 March, 44 BC C. Julius Caesar, dictator for life, was surrounded by the conspirators at a meeting of the senate and cut down with twenty-three stab wounds.
In 44 BC Caesar nominated the magistrates several years in advance (another shunning of tradition on Caesar's part), and the young man was included as his Master of Horse for 43 or 42 BC.
In 2 BC her indiscretions were brought to Augustus's attention and, enraged, he banished her to the island of Pandateria.
www.roman-emperors.org /auggie.htm   (18000 words)

  
 ninemsn Encarta - Caesar, Gaius Julius
This identified him with his uncle's extremist politics, and his marriage in 84 bc to Cornelia, the daughter of Marius's associate, Cinna, further confirmed him as a radical.
In 69 bc, Caesar was elected quaestor (magistrate) and in 65 bc curule aedile, in which office he gained great popularity for his lavish gladiatorial games.
With the support of this alliance, Caesar was elected consul for 59 bc despite Optimate hostility, and in 58 bc he was appointed governor of Roman Gaul.
au.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761578066/Caesar_Gaius_Julius.html   (615 words)

  
 44 bc   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
44 BC Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century
Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s
March 15 - Ides of March: Julius Caesar, dictator of Rome, is assassinated by a group of Roman senators.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /44_BC.html   (238 words)

  
 BBC - History - Caesar (c.100 - 44 BC)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Having essentially conquered Gaul by 56 BC, he found himself in a position where he was compelled to return to Rome and disband his army, unless he could find an excuse to stay in the field.
In fact, as his own writings and the letters he sent to Cicero indicate, he was much more interested in the glory he would gain for crossing the Great Ocean and in the wealth of silver rumoured to be on the island, than in any so-called security risk.
His second expedition in 54 BC was more successful but by then he had received the accolades he desired and was complaining to Cicero that the rumours of silver were greatly exaggerated.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/historic_figures/caesar.shtml   (250 words)

  
 Feminae Romanae: The Women of Ancient Rome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
She is first mentioned in a gossipy letter of Cicero's in 62 BC (Plutarch, Cicero, 29).
Little is ever heard of Clodia after 56 BC, although Cicero, towards the end of his life, casually mentions she was still living after the Civil War.
By then, her brother was dead, murdered by a political faction, her position in society was long gone, and she had (presumably) withdrawn from the notorious circles she had once embraced.
dominae.fws1.com /Influence/Clodia/Index.html   (1019 words)

  
 Malaspina Great Books - Gaius Julius Caesar (c. 100 BCE)
Having held the positions of quaestor in Spain (69 BC), Caesar was elected curule aedile in 65 BC, pontifex maximus in 63 BC, and praetor in 62 BC.
In 61 BC, Caesar served as governor of the province of Hispania Ulterior, and in 60 BC he was elected consul.
Caesar was assassinated in the Roman Senate on the Ides of March of 44 BC, stabbed by a group of conspirators who believed in preserving the republic.
www.malaspina.org /home.asp?topic=./search/details&lastpage=./search/results&ID=56   (1492 words)

  
 The Assassination of Julius Caesar, 44 BC
In January of 49 BC, Julius Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River in Northern Italy (see Caesar Crosses the Rubicon, 49 BC) and plunged the Roman Republic into civil war.
Caesar defeated his remaining rivals in North Africa in 47 BC and returned to Rome with his authority firmly established.
Caesar continued to consolidate his power and in February 44 BC, he declared himself dictator for life.
www.eyewitnesstohistory.com /caesar2.htm   (1135 words)

  
 BBC - History - Julius Caesar (100 - 44 BC)
Although not prominent in politics, they were closely connected with the Marian faction in Roman politics - Caesar's aunt was married to the popular leader Marius, and he himself married Cornelia, the daughter of Cinna (a follower of Marius), refusing to divorce her when ordered to by the dictator Sulla.
And on 15 ('the Ides') March 44, the conspirators stabbed him to death in the senate, shortly before he was due to depart for an unnecessary war against Parthia.
The assassination of Caesar sparked off another 14 years of civil war before his great-nephew and heir, Octavian (the first emperor Augustus), could establish permanent monarchy in a more acceptable form, and resume the work of reform and reconstruction.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/historic_figures/caesar_julius.shtml   (781 words)

  
 HAIL CAESAR, HALE-BOPP!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In a new book The Comet of 44 BC and Caesar's Funeral Games, published by Scholars Press this spring appropriately on the Ides of March, two UIC professors, John Ramsey of Classics and Lewis Licht of Physics, attempt to explain the puzzle posed by this ancient comet.
By 44 BC, therefore, the time was ripe for the next celebration and for a new age to begin.
And so, when a bright, daylight-visible comet was seen in 44, for seven days in July (the month of Caesar's birth), there were those who claimed that it was the overdue sign announcing the dawning of the 10th and Final Age of the world.
www.uic.edu /las/clas/comet/Millennium.html   (619 words)

  
 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 97.8.7
If the year 44 was the first time that these games occurred in the month of July, then the appearance of the comet must have seemed like a miracle.
Even in October of 44, a scant few months after the appearance of the comet at the games, Matius argues that the games were a private obligation but calls them by a title that denotes a public celebration.
Moreover, in July of 44, when Octavian's games occurred, Cicero had made an abortive trip to Greece and was out of touch for a few weeks.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/1997/97.08.07.html   (2697 words)

  
 Boston College 38, Temple 13 ::     (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
B 3-12 B32 Porter, Quinton rush to the BC45, fumble forced by JACKSON, Yazid, fumble by Porter, Quinton recovered by TEMPLE HOLLEY, Mike at BC46.
B 2-8 B39 Knight, Derrick rush for 1 yard to the BC40 (CARPENTER, Eric).
B 2-11 B33 Peterson, Paul rush for 5 yards to the BC38, out-of-bounds, PENALTY BC holding 10 yards to the BC28.
bceagles.collegesports.com /sports/m-footbl/stats/101103aaa.html   (5157 words)

  
 44 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
44 BC Centuries : 2nd centuryBC - 1st century BC - 1st century
Years: 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44BC 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC 40 BC 39 BC
March 15 - Ides ofMarch : Julius Caesar, dictator of Rome, is assassinated by a group of Roman senators.
www.therfcc.org /44-bc-33375.html   (190 words)

  
 Powell's Books - The Roman World 44 BC-Ad 180 (Routledge History of the Ancient World) by Martin Goodman
The Roman World 44 BC-AD 180 explores the central period of the Roman Empire from Julius Caesar to Marcus Aurelius.
Goodman examines the Roman world from an unusual and illuminating angle, focusing on the perspective of its subject peoples and its fringe areas, rather than from the Emperor's household, thereby giving a balanced view of the Roman world in its entirety.
Outlining the major aspects of Roman rule and culture as well as the marginal, The Roman World 44 BC-AD 180 offers a stimulating and provocative addition to the study of the Roman world in this period, and will be of vital interest to anyone concerned with the origins of Western civilization.
www.powells.com /cgi-bin/biblio?inkey=62-0415049695-1   (197 words)

  
 Time traveller's guide to the Roman Empire
The assassins, led by Cassius and Brutus, face retribution from the Triumvirate formed to oppose them: the generals Lepidus, Mark Antony and Octavian, Caesar's great nephew whom he has named as his adopted son in his will.
Cassius and Brutus are defeated in the civil war that follows, after which (in 40 BC) the empire is divided into three.
However, Mark Antony's alliance with Cleopatra, the queen of Egypt, leads to further civil war until his defeat at the battle of Actium in 31 BC.
www.channel4.com /history/microsites/H/history/guide03/timeline03.html   (132 words)

  
 Fitzwilliam Museum: Coins and Medals - Coin of the Moment - Ides of March   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Ides of March, 15 March 44 BC The Ides of March denarius, struck by Brutus in 43/2 BC, is easily the most famous of Roman Republican coins.
This is a great surprise, since the head of a living Roman had never appeared on coinage until Caesar introduced himself in 44 b.c., and then it was connected with his assumption of supreme power as Dictator Perpetuus.
A famous assassination of a kingly pretender had been achieved by one of his ancestors, who was portrayed (ideally) on Brutus' own coin when he had been a mint official in Rome.
www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk /coins/coinofthemoment/Ides/Ides.html   (341 words)

  
 Rutgers vs BOSTON COLLEGE (Nov 30, 2002)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
B 1-G B35 Start of 3rd quarter, clock 15:00, BC ball on BC35.
R 2-7 B45 BARNES, Corey rush to the RUTGERS49, fumble by BARNES, Corey recovered by BC KIWANUKA, Mathi at RUTGERS49, KIWANUKA, Mathi for 49 yards to the RUTGERS0, TOUCHDOWN, clock 01:04.
B 2-G R10 DODD, Horace rush to the RUTGERS11, fumble by DODD, Horace recovered by BC DODD, Horace at RUTGERS11, PENALTY BC illegal motion declined.
www.scarletknights.com /football/stats/2002/BC12.HTM   (4472 words)

  
 Caesar   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Caesar, Gaius Julius (Rome, 100 BC - Rome, 44 BC).
Julius Caesar's accounts of the Gallic war and civil war are his only writings that survived.
The Commentarii de bello Gallico, written in 52-51 BC, covers in seven books the years 58-52 BC; and the Commentarii de bello civili, probably written in 45 BC, covers the years 49-48 BC.
www.rarebooks.nd.edu /exhibits/durand/italian/caesar.html   (79 words)

  
 Monmouth College - Sports Information - Beloit 9-27-03
B 1-10 B35 Seth Feldner rush for 3 yards to the BC38 (Greg Monn).
B 1-10 B27 Nate Skelton rush for 2 yards to the BC29 (Tyler Dihle).
M 2-6 M05 Oscar Scott rush to the MC5, fumble by Oscar Scott recovered by BC Dan Marsh at MC7.
www.monm.edu /sportsinfo/football/2003/box-scores/BC9-27.htm   (4128 words)

  
 Fragrance History - Origin of Aphrodisiacs & Fragrances - From Cleopatra Opiates & perfumes Aphrodisiacs through Gaius ...
The grate sun-god Shamash who would descend down to earth from heavens in the fiery carriage was greeted by supreme priest with scented oil comprised of cedar, myrrh, cypress and frankincense.
In Vedic texts, like Rig Veda, Mahabharata and Ramayana originated around 10, 000BC it is common for gods and humans alike to rub themselves with scented oils and burn incense for a "pleasant smell and relaxation of the body".
It was then in the fourth century BC that the conquest of Alexander the Great first brought perfume to Greece.
www.pheromoness.com /from-cleopatra-aphrodisiacs-fragrances-to-human-pheromones-fragrances.html   (6163 words)

  
 PhilaPhans Message Boards Archive - Halftime: WVU 44 - BC 22   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
BC has been exposed to the max the past two weeks.
BC is not the best team in the Big East.
I was hoping BC would be the first #1 seed to ever lose in the first round.
www.philaphans.com /forums/showthread/t-21076.html   (276 words)

  
 After the Ides, 44-42 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
An extraordinary example of Caesar's luck was passed to his heir in the summer of 44 BC.
With the armies of the now-reconciled Antony and Octavian in hot pursuit through Greece in 42 BC, Cassius and Brutus drew up their legions to meet them near the city of Philippi.
The bloodbath following the rise of power of Octavian and Antony would be followed by 11 years of increasingly uneasy peace as the inevitable conflicts between Octavian and Antony matured.
heraklia.fws1.com /aftermath/Index.htm   (1398 words)

  
 Learn more about 44 BC in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Learn more about 44 BC in the online encyclopedia.
You are here: Online Encyclopedia > 44 BC
Hint: Play with putting spaces before and after your words to see the different results you get.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /4/44/44_bc.html   (274 words)

  
 Amon --  Encyclopædia Britannica
In an act of piety that also reinforced his legitimacy, Ramses IV saw to the compilation of a long papyrus in which the deceased Ramses III confirmed the temple holdings throughout Egypt; Ramses III had provided the largest benefactions to the Theban temples, in terms of donations of both land and...
king of Egypt (1070–44 BC), founder of the 21st dynasty, who permanently established the capital at Tanis, in the northeast Nile River delta, while high priests of Amon ruled Thebes and Upper Egypt.
Built between 3100 and 1550 BC, Stonehenge consists of an impressive array of megaliths and lintels arranged as...
www.britannica.com /eb/article?eu=7304   (713 words)

  
 Monmouth College vs Beloit College (Sep 28, 2002)
M 2-5 B36 Juliuse Sargent rush to the BC37, fumble by Juliuse Sargent recovered by BC Chris Staley at BC36.
M 2-7 M37 Todd Sabean rush to the MC35, fumble by Todd Sabean recovered by BC Chris Staley at MC35.
B 1-10 B32 Nate Skelton rush for 6 yards to the BC38 (Justin Oertle;Andy Stumpf).
www.midwestconference.org /football/BCMC9-28.html   (4631 words)

  
 The Roman World 44 BC-AD 180 -- Martin Goodman
This volume provides a comprehensive outline of the Roman world from 44 BC to AD 180, the period from the death of Julius Caesar to Marcus Aurelius.
Goodman's volume represents a broad approach to the study of the Roman Empire, exploring the influence of the provinces and the fringes of the Empire on Rome, and the effects of Rome on the provinces and the emergence within pagan society of rabbinic Judaism and Christianity.
The Roman World 44 BC-AD 180 will be of vital interest to the student of Roman history and civilization.
www.frontlist.com /detail/0415049709   (137 words)

  
 The Life of Augustus Caesar: Surviving, 44-43 BC (Part 2)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
For two centuries, 27 BC to 180 AD, the Roman Empire flowered.
From 27 BC until his death in A.D. 14, this adopted son of Julius Caesar remade the Empire in his own image.
Arriving with a small entourage - probably including his lifelong friends, Agrippa and Maecenas - Gaius Octavius landed quietly somewhere south of the great port of Brundisium.
www.ancientworlds.net /aw/Post/271504   (2490 words)

  
 The Fall of the Republic, 53-44 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Fall of the Republic, 53-44 BC Rome Athens Egypt Babylon Celtia Germania MachuPicchu
The Fall of the Republic, 53-44 BC - [ 53 BC to 44 BC ]
From political murder and stalemate, to Civil War, defeat, Caesar's dictatorship, and his assassination on the Ides of March, 44 BC.
www.ancientworlds.net /27397   (137 words)

  
 Rome 49-44 B.C.: Caesar's Rise and Fall   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
47 B.C. : Battle of Zela: Caesar defeats Pharnakes of Pontos (occasion of "veni, vidi, vici").
46 B.C. Caesar defeats Pompeian forces at Thapsus in Africa (April); deaths of Metellus Pius Scipio, Cato.
44 B.C. : Corinth rebuilt on Caesar's orders.
www.ancientcoinhistory.com /roma_era_9.htm   (240 words)

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