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Topic: 450 BCE


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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  
 [No title]
450 BCE: Rome - The Law of the Twelve Tables is established allowing the plebeians to have knowledge of their relationship to the law.
52 BCE: Rome - Pompey is elected as sole consul by the Senate, and Caesar is declared an enemy of the Roman Republic.
After two civil wars he establishes a dynasty to last until 450 in the Eastern empire and is considered responsible for the fall of the western Roman empire because of his focus on creating a dynasty..
eawc.evansville.edu /chronology/ropage.htm   (2946 words)

  
 Science Timeline
In the second millenium bce, in the Rig-Veda it was maintained the Earth was a globe and in the Yajur-Veda that the Earth circled the Sun.
About 510 bce, Almaeon of Crotona, a member of the Pythagorean medical circle, located the seat of perception in the brain, or enkephalos, and maintained that there were passages connecting the senses to the brain, a position he was said to have arrived at by dissections of the optic nerve.
By about 335 bce, Aristotle had said that universals are abstractions from particulars and that we "have knowledge of a scientific fact when we can prove that it could not be otherwise." But "since observation never shows whether this is the case," he established "reason rather observation at the center of scientific effort" (Park 1990:32).
www.sciencetimeline.net /prehistory.htm   (6591 words)

  
 Red Gold . Printable Page | PBS
400 BCE: Influenced by the ideas of Empedocles, Hippocrates, the preeminent physician of antiquity, postulates that similar to the four elements, the body is comprised of four humors -- blood, phlegm, fl bile, and yellow bile -- and their imbalance causes disease.
In addition to humoral theory, Hippocrates and his followers set forth tenets that form the basis of much of Western medicine: disease results from natural as opposed to magical causes, patients should be observed and symptoms of disease should be noted, and physicians should adhere to a strict ethical code of conduct.
Dissecting and experimenting on animals, he proves that arteries contain blood, but also suggests that the system of arteries and veins are completely distinct, and blood forms in the liver and travels through the veins to all parts of the body and passes between the ventricles through pores in the septum.
www.pbs.org /wnet/redgold/printable/p_timeline1.html   (456 words)

  
 JEWISH RELIGIOUS LAW
450 BCE Ezra re-affirms the importance of Torah law for Judea, enlists teachers/scribes to teach the Torah to all
450 BCE onward Jews base their knowledge of God’s will on their interpretation of Scripture.
----63 BCE struggle for succession of Hasmonean kingship leads to Roman conquest of Judea, and the Romans appoint successor king-high priest.
www.csun.edu /~vcoao00r/375Timelines.htm   (601 words)

  
 Ancient Roman Chronology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
450 BCE: Rome The Law of the Twelve Tables is established allowing the plebeians to have knowledge of their relationship to the law.
265 BCE: Rome initiates the Punic Wars with Carthage, an oligarchic empire stretching from the northern coast of Africa to the Strait of Gibraltar.
52 BCE: Pompey is elected as sole consul by the Senate, and Caesar is declared an enemy of the Roman Republic.
www.crystalinks.com /romehistory.html   (3100 words)

  
 CLAS1000: DR.Norman
Solon was selected in 595 BCE as special Tenth Archon and given the task of reforming the Athenian governance with an aim towards alleviating social tensions and civil unrest to avoid tyranny.
He is said to have left Athens in 408 BCE and to have died in Macedonia at the court of King Archelaus in 406 BCE.
Sokrates was tried on a charge of impiety in 399 BCE and was convicted; he was imprisioned and forced to commit suicide by drinking hemlock.
www.classics.uga.edu /courses/clas1000/study_tools/author.htm   (2767 words)

  
 Energy Time Line - Year 1000 BCE to 1 CE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
He is also credited with having discovered the principles of the lever, a very important simple tool that was probably used for many years but this genius worked out the mathematics involved.
The oldest reference to a water mill dates to about 85 BCE, appearing in a poem by an early Greek writer celebrating the liberation from toil of the young women who operated the querns (primitive hand mills) for grinding corn.
Additionally, most scholars put the birth of Jesus at 7 BCE to 4 BCE, making the numbering of the calendar years as incorrect.
www.energyquest.ca.gov /time_machine/1000bce-0ce.html   (428 words)

  
 Roman History
450 BCE: The Law of the Twelve Tables is established allowing the plebeians to have knowledge of their relationship to the law.
264 BCE: Rome initiates the Punic Wars with Carthage, an oligarchic empire stretching from the northern coast of Africa to the Strait of Gibraltar.
146-30 BCE: As a result of the Punic Wars, Roman civilization witnesses a series of cultural conflicts ranging from class conflicts and assassinations to slave retaliation in Sicily in 104 BCE and 73 BCE.
www.geneseo.edu /~harrison/humn1_html/romhist.html   (3031 words)

  
 Olympians: Vase Representations
On this Attic red figure hydria of the early classical period (480-40 bce), Triptolemus is seated in his chariot and Demeter pours a libation for him; to his left is Persephone, and Hekate is depicted on the right behind Demeter (London E 183).
On this Attic red figure Panathenaic amphora of the archaic period (500 bce), Apollo pursues Herakles, who is carrying the tripod on the other side of the vase; detail of Apollo's head; Würzburg L 500.
On this Attic fl figure hydria of the archaic period (430-520 bce) Apollo stands in the center, playing his lyre, and faces his mother Leto; Artemis is behind him, and Hermes is on the far left; Poseidon is on the far right; Toledo 1956.70.
mkatz.web.wesleyan.edu /cciv110x/hesiod/cciv110.olympians.html   (2319 words)

  
 ..:: LES DRUIDES DU QUéBEC /|\ ::..
550 BCE - 50 BCE Messapic and Venetic inscriptions
And in 187 BCE, the last heir of the Asokan dynasty was killed by one of his commanders.
Weakened by its isolation, Galatia became in the 2nd century BCE, the protectorate of the Pontic kingdom, and by the next century, became a province of Rome.
www.angelfire.com /folk/boutios/timeline.html   (3530 words)

  
 BOOKS OF THE HEBREW SCRIPTURES (OLD TESTAMENT): BOOKS OF HISTORY
CT generally attribute authorship of 1 Samuel 1 to 24 to the prophet Samuel, circa 975 BCE.
There appears to be no consensus on the date that Ezra was written; dates range from 450 BCE to a century or two later.
There is a gap of about 450 years between this book and the 1 Thessalonians, the first book to be written in the Christian Scriptures.
www.religioustolerance.org /chr_otb2.htm   (1046 words)

  
 EarlyGkAstronomy.html
Since the first Egyptian farmers discovered the annual reappearence of Sirius just before dawn a few days before the yearly rising of the Nile, ancient civilizations around the Mediterranean have sought to explain the movements of the heavens as a sort of calendar to help guide them conduct earthly activities.
It sounds like he conceived of the "wreath" as a belt like an asteroid belt, and the outer shell as a true sphere; whether or not his earth was flat is difficult to tell.
BCE) works on a system to reconcile the "unchanging" universe of Parmenides' sphere with chaotic, differentiated matter by having the universe in a state of flux (as in Heraclitus) between harmony and strife.
www.perseus.tufts.edu /GreekScience/Students/Ellen/EarlyGkAstronomy.html   (2533 words)

  
 Greek Sculpture
The "bronze hollow cast" figure begins as clay, a soft easily worked material that allows for extremely fine details; it is these fine details that the Greek artists sought to enhance the realism of the figure.
The statue is marble, from c.150 bce and is 6'7" in height.
"Athena and Alcyoneus" frieze from the Altar of Zeus at Pergamum, c.180 bce.
www.accd.edu /sac/vat/arthistory/arts1303/Greek3.htm   (583 words)

  
 Lecture 2
Plato (427-347 B.C.E.) Founder of the Academy in Athens.
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.) Founder of the Lyceum in Athens.
In roughly 775 BCE the Greeks replaced their hieroglyphs with the Phoenecian alphabet.
www.math.tamu.edu /~michael.pilant/math646/lecture2.html   (366 words)

  
 Greek Architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This type of column is associated with the Greek-Classical period, from about 450 to 340 BCE.
The Lioness Gate at Mycenae (shown right) is a good example of post and lintel construction common from about 3000 BCE to the end of the Greek Hellenistic period.
Actually, this sort of construction had its limitations in that the size and weight of the stones being used limited the space contained by the structure.
www-personal.umich.edu /~mxb/greek_architect.html   (416 words)

  
 The Daily Star Web Edition Vol. 4 Num 314   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The most significant fact is that the archaeological remain of the site dates back to 450 BCE, a date apparently corroborated by carbon sampling of certain artifacts.
And, of course, Asoka who died in 238 BCE would be a couple of centuries later.
In the meantime, very close by, two thousand five hundred years later, businessmen vanish only to be found as severed parts, women lie beaten on the streets, river waters choke as stubborn encroachment continues, parks and lakes are plundered endlessly, and citizens watch helplessly as their last bit of dignity is usurped.
www.thedailystar.net /2004/04/17/d40417150280.htm   (1026 words)

  
 Morgantina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The other major settlement was located on Serra Orlando, and existed from about 450 BCE to about 50 CE.
The earliest historical date associated with Morgantina is 459 BCE, when Douketios, leader of the indigenous Sikel population of central Sicily, attacked the city and captured it.
No further mention of Morgantina is made until Thucydides lists it as part of the terms of a truce in the war of 427–424 BCE between Syracuse and the Dorian cities of Sicily on one side, and Kamarina, the Khalkidian cities of Sicily, the Sikels, and Athens on the other side.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Morgantina   (1356 words)

  
 Images About Religion
A rare specimen of Greek painting in the Archaic period (540 BCE), it represents a sacrificial scene.
Parapet around this temple was composed of marble slabs decorated on the outside with fine reliefs depicting winged Victories with folded or extended wings setting up trophies or leading sacrificial animals to honors Athena.
Slab from the Parthenon frieze (447-438 BCE), with three hydria-bearers (water-jug carriers), a fourth at the right has bent over to lift his pitcher.
www.uark.edu /campus-resources/dlevine/ReligionImages.html   (1066 words)

  
 ArtLex on Egyptian Art
2620-2350 BCE (Old Kingdom, 4th or 5th Dynasty), painted limestone statue, eyes inlaid with rock crystal and alabaster, circled with copper, 53.7 x 44 x 35 cm, Louvre.
Egypt, 203 BCE, Rosetta Stone, a slab of granite, 3 feet 9 inches x 2 feet 4 inches wide x 11 inches thick (118 x 77cm), the remains of a stele inscribed in three scripts: hieroglyphic, later Egyptian demotic -- a cursive form of ancient Egyptian, and ancient Greek.
Carved on the stone is a decree by Egyptian priests to commemorate the crowning of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, king of Egypt from 203 - 181 BCE The Stone is an icon of script and decipherment.
www.artlex.com /ArtLex/e/egyptian.html   (737 words)

  
 Slides for lecture of November 4, 2004
Dying warrior reclining in the corner, west pediment, temple of Aphaia, Aigina, ca.
Dying warrior reclining in the corner, east pediment, emple of Aphaia, Aigina, ca.
Bronze statue of a younger warrior, found in the sea near Riace, in southern Italy, ca.
classics.ucdavis.edu /AHI1A/20041104.html   (416 words)

  
 List of Illustrations - Section 2
Apollo of Olympia, marble figure; from the west pediment of the Temple of Zeus, Archaeological Museum of Olympia; Olympia, Greece, 470-56 BCE.
Winged Victory (“Nike”) of Samothrace, marble, 190 BCE, *photographed by Dr. Robert Prestiano (c).
Dying Gaul, excellent marble Roman copy of an original Greek bronze component from a temenos group, (a number of sculptures in a sacred grove of a temple, based on the same theme).
www.angelo.edu /faculty/rprestia/1301/list_of_illustrations2.htm   (3237 words)

  
 Celtiagh Spioradail Eachdraidh : Druidry Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Druids were an intellectual and religious caste among the tribal peoples of pagan Europe and were custodians of their cultural and spiritual heritage in the centuries before our Common Era (BCE).
By 450 BCE they had expanded into Spain; by 400 BCE they were in Northern Italy, and by 270 BCE, they had migrated into Galatia (central Turkey).
By 200 BCE, they had occupied the British Isles, Brittany, much of modern France, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Switzerland, North West Spain, and their isolated Galatia settlement in Turkey.
www.wku.edu /~rob.harbison/druid.html   (758 words)

  
 Greek Painted Vases
"The Francois Vase" by Ergotimos and Kleitias is an Attic Black-figure Krater from Chiusi, c.575 bce and 26" height.
Red-figure Amphora by the Achilles Painter, c.450 bce, from Stamnos.
"Dherveni Krater" from the 2nd Century bce is bronze with silver incrustations.
www.accd.edu /sac/vat/arthistory/arts1303/Greek2.htm   (279 words)

  
 Carthage - Classics - Ancient Carthage
Carthage founded by Tyrian colonists according to Timaeus (350-260 BCE), a historian from Taormina in Sicily historian.
Under Hamilcar's grandson, Hannibal, Himera is destroyed in 409 BCE.
He escapes the Roman army sent to stop him, marches across the Alps in the winter, and defeat three consular armies in 218, 217 and 216 BCE.
www.carthage.edu /outis/carthage3.html   (473 words)

  
 France.htm
Celts' origins might be from bronze age (c.2000 BCE) population of Urnfield culture of northern Alps and iron age (1200-450 BCE) peoples of Hallstatt culture.
Around 450 BCE, a new culture (called by the modern archaeologists as La Tène) emerged out of Celts of western Europe.
It spread through trade contacts and migrations of celts across the european continent from Spain in the west to Danube river delta in the east and Po valley of Italy in south to British Isles in the north.
www.worldcoincatalog.com /C2/France/France.htm   (1073 words)

  
 | HISTORY OF ART | Chapter 4 | Page 2 |   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Spear Bearer (Doryphoros), Roman copy of the original bronze of 450-440 BCE.
Hermes and the Infant Dionysos, probaby a Roman copy after ts original of 300-250 BCE.
Aphrodite of Knidos, composite of two similar Roman copies after its original marble of 350 BCE.
www.ou.edu /class/ahi1113/html/ch-04-2.htm   (156 words)

  
 AP History
It was Pericles, who ruled Athens 462-429 BCE, that encouraged Athenians to rebuild the Acropolis that had been destroyed by the Persians in 480 BCE.
Completed in 438 BCE, construction was directed by Pheidias, who spared no expense at the project.
The artists of the fourth century BCE experimented with new subjects and new artistic styles, that turned away from the rigid conventions of the High Classical period.
mywebpages.comcast.net /llefler/ch5ah.htm   (866 words)

  
 Classical Greek Sculpture
450 BCE, Gilt Bronze Reconstruction, after Phedias, Munich, Glyptothek
450 - 440 BCE, Marble, by Polykleitos, Naples, Museo Archaeologico
450 - 440 BCE, Marble, by Polykleitos, Aphrodias
www.oberlin.edu /staff/jromano/images/grkscuc.html   (248 words)

  
 Timeline of Celtic Establishment in Europe
First farmers 3500 BCE Construction of Newgrange which is the largest megolithic monument in Europe.
1600 BCE 1000 BCE Evidence of a Proto-Celtic Unetice or Urnfield culture in Slovakia circa.
52 BCE Julius Ceasar defeats Celts in Gaul.
www.tylwythteg.com /tylwythteg/timeline.html   (379 words)

  
 Ancient Roman History Timeline III
Was elected tribune of the people in 133 BCE, and fought for reforms of benefit to the plebeians.
Marius was Roman general and statesman who led the popular party in the civil war of 88 to 86 BCE.
He was elected tribune of the people in 123 BCE, and attempted the continuation of popular reforms.
www.exovedate.com /ancient_timeline_three.html   (1309 words)

  
 Ancient Roman History Timeline II
A seminal event, Rome's success in its first major wars, first against the town of Fidenae, followed by its defeat of the Etruscan city of Veii in 406-396 BCE, are seen by some historians as laying the foundation for the militaristic underpinnings of Roman society.
Success in these wars allowed for its expansion of territory, and now, as a proven formidable opponent, Rome was seen as a potential danger by some, and a desired ally by others.
The problem is these two were joint rulers from 170 to 164 BCE, and Plutarch simply says "Ptolemy".
www.exovedate.com /ancient_timeline_two.html   (1504 words)

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