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Topic: 4th century BC

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In the News (Sat 23 Mar 19)

  Roman Timeline of the 4th Century BC
The Roman army under the command of the military tribunes Q. Servius Fidenas, Q. Sulpicius and P. Cornelius Maluginensis are defeated by the Gauls, led by King Brennus.
388 BC The Aequi are defeated by the Romans at a battle near Bola.
352 BC The tomb of King Mausolus of Caria, known as the Mausoleum, is built to house the remains of the dead King.
www.unrv.com /empire/roman-timeline-4th-century.php   (0 words)

  4th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 4th century BC started on January 1, 400 BC and ended on December 31, 301 BC.
Philip II of Macedonia (born 382, reigned 359–336 BC).
Darius III of Persia, last King of the Achaemenid dynasty (born 380, reigned 359–330 BC).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/4th_century_BC   (334 words)

 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: 4th century BC   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Marcus Furius Camillus (circa 446- 365 BC) was a Roman soldier and statesman of patrician descent.
In 198 BC it was sacked by the Romans and was finally destroyed during the Mithridatian Wars in 87 BC.
SE of the temple are the ruins of a monumental fountain with colonnade (4th century BC).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/4th_century_BC   (6175 words)

 3rd century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 3rd century BC started on January 1, 300 BC and ended on December 31, 201 BC.
Ptolemy II Philadelphos (284 BC-246 BC) and his wives Arsinoe I and Arsinoe II Philadelphos.
Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204 BC-180 BC) and his wife Cleopatra I.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/3rd_century_BC   (421 words)

 4th century BC: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Philip ii of macedon () (382 bc - 336 bc), king of macedon (ruled 359 bc - 336 bc), was the father...
Qin or chin (wade-giles) () (778 bc-207 bc) was a state during the spring and autumn and warring states periods of china....
Decades: 440s bc 430s bc 420s bc 410s bc 400s bc - 390s bc - 380s bc 370s bc 360s bc 350s bc 340s bc...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/4/4t/4th_century_bc1.htm   (1457 words)

 Sculpture of Ancient Sikyon
4th century BC Lysistratos of Sikyon, sculptor and brother of Lysippos, was the first man who made a preliminary cast by fitting plaster upon a human face.
3rd century BC "Cratinus of Aegeira in Achaia was the most handsome man of his time and the most skilful wrestler, and when he won the wrestling-match for boys the Eleans allowed him to set up a statue of his trainer as well.
3rd century BC "The statue of Hippus of Elis, who won the boys' boxing-match, was made by Damokritos of Sikyon, of the school of Attic Critias, being removed from him by four generations of teachers.
www.sikyon.com /Sicyon/Sculpture/ssculpture_eg.html   (1619 words)

 Geographic Terms File 7   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the 6th and early 7th centuries it was the capital of a Frankish kingdom, and later a favored residence of the kings of France.
During the 3rd century BC the Ptolemies of Egypt and the Seleucids contended for the possession of lower Syria and Palestine.
At the height of its expansion, in the late 19th century, Prussia extended along the coasts of the Baltic and North seas, from Belgium, the Netherlands, France, and Luxembourg on the west to the Russian Empire on the east, to Austria-Hungary on the east, southeast, and south, and to Switzerland on the south.
www.jaenfield.com /genealogy/Enf_Bry/g7.html   (18063 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/4th century BC
This century marks the height of Classical Greek civilization in all of its aspects.By the year 400 Greek philosophy, art, literature and architechture have spread with the numerous independent Greek colonies that have sprung up throughout the lands of the eastern Mediterranean.
4th century BC — Pectoral, from the tomb of a Scythian at Ordzhonikidze, Russia, is made.
Late 4th century BC — Diadem, reputed to have been found in a tomb near the Hellespont.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Fourth_century_BCE   (0 words)

 Everyday Life in Ancient Greece, 4th Century BC
Centered within a loose collection of city-states (often at war with one another), ancient Greek culture reached its pinnacle during the fourth century BC - an era described as its "Golden Age." Art, theater, music, poetry, philosophy, and political experiments such as democracy flourished.
Greek influence stretched along the northern rim of the Mediterranean from the shores of Asia Minor to the Italian peninsula.
In 401 BC he was part of a Greek mercenary army fighting in Persia.
www.eyewitnesstohistory.com /ancientgreece.htm   (677 words)

 Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Dominating the E side of the agora is the Artemision (phases from 6th and 2nd centuries BC), while N are the Dionysion (second half of 4th century BC, with peribolos and choregic monuments) and the Poseidion (4th century BC).
Noteworthy within the asty are the monument of Thersilochos (late 4th century BC), the Herakleion with a temenos and an Ionic temple (6th and early 5th century BC) and the arch of Caracalla (AD 213-217).
At least three Early Christian basilicas (5th-6th century) are known intra muros: in the ancient agora, in the square and on the E side of the Artemision.
www.ypai.gr /atlas/thesi_uk.asp?idthesis=65   (820 words)

 The Pella mosaics
Dionysos riding a panther, mosaic floor in the 'House of Dionysos' at Pella, late 4th century BC, Pella, Archaeological Museum.
The most important group of mosaics in Macedonia was found at Pella, capital of the kingdom from the beginning of the 4th century BC.
The mosaics date to the end of the 4th century BC, and were found mainly in two houses of the city, the "House of Dionysos" and the "House of the Abduction of Helen" where they adorned the floors of the formal rooms.
www.macedonian-heritage.gr /HellenicMacedonia/en/B1.2.3.3.html   (254 words)

 4th Century Bc   (Site not responding. Last check: )
These expeditions have revealed long cultural sequences ranging from 4th century BC to the 16th Century AD Mud and brick built houses, roads, drains, wells...
Dating from the 4th century, it was probably worn for ceremonies and buried with its wearer.
Philip II of Macedon (382 - 336 BC, reigned 359 - 336 BC).
4th-century-bc.wikiverse.org   (293 words)

 Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the late 8th century BC, after their success in the war against the Chalcidians for sovereignty over the Lelantine plain, the Eretrians settled in the area occupied by the present town.
At the centre is the sanctuary of Apollo Daphnephoros, with buildings of successive phases from the late 8th to the early 5th century BC.
Ruins of a circular altar (perhaps of Herakles), a sanctuary of Isis (4th century BC) and baths have been found in the central quarter of the city.
www.ypai.gr /atlas/thesi_uk.asp?idthesis=221   (381 words)

 The State Hermitage Museum: Collection Highlights
century BC) in the microtechnique typical of the goldsmiths of Athens.
century BC) and a remarkable series of ring-seals with engraved images, the backs of which often bear small figures of a reclining lion or scarab (from the same barrow).
century BC) with allegorical portraits of the ruler of Egypt, King Ptolemy II Phyladelphius, and his wife Arsinoe, and the wonderful sard cameo with the head of Zeus (late 1
www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/03/hm3_1_5.html   (545 words)

 SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON BLACK SEA ANTIQUITIESLocal Populations of the Black Sea Littoral and their Relations ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
During the excavations several pits of the second half of the 6th century BC were found and the boundaries of a house dated to the beginning of the 5th century BC were specified.
Architectural remains, dated to the second quarter of the 5th-1st half of the 3rd centuries BC are not so numerous here; however, the data we have today allows (although not in full measure) to trace the main trends of the city development form the Archaic to the Hellenistic period.
Founded between the second quarter and the middle of the 4th century BC as a state fortress, Chaika was turned into a complex of several private farmhouses at the end of the century and later was occupied by the Scythians.
www.bilkent.edu.tr /~arkeo/blacksea/session7b.htm   (3299 words)

 Origins and Evolution in the form of 'Macedonian Tombs'
The larger cist tombs of Aiane and Vergina of the 5th century BC are the first instances of burial structures which present problems as to their roofing because of their larger than normal dimensions.
The tomb of Persephone, of the mid-4th century BC, is a cist tomb of particularly extensive dimensions with a horizontal roof of stone slabs resting on planks.
These large cist tombs of the 5th and 4th century BC attest the tendency in the ruling classes of Macedonia for monumental burial constructions.
www.macedonian-heritage.gr /HellenicMacedonia/en/D1.2.html   (327 words)

 History of INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Two natural phenomena, central to the study of physics, are observed and speculated upon by Greek natural scientists - probably in the 5th century BC, though Aristotle gives credit for the first observation of each to the shadowy figure of Thales.
Greek sailors of the 4th century BC know how to derive fresh water from the sea, by boiling salt water and suspending a sponge in the steam (pure water condenses in the sponge).
The instrument is therefore of great use to sailors, until eventually replaced in the 18th century by the sextant.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=1422&HistoryID=ab23   (2008 words)

 The Roman-Latin Legions (4th Century BC) - SCC Forums   (Site not responding. Last check: )
During the 4th century, they likely continued to fight in phalanx, as those warriors did who their memories could probably still recall! These men were the eldest and most experienced men in the army, and the age range was between 45 and 60, to generalize, for these men.
Archers were primarily all mercenaries, I’m sure, and would have played little in the battles of the mid 4th century BC Roman field armies, which were heavily dependant on their infantry forces.
This unit, which was the basis of the Legion of the 4th Century BC, would have been in a line with 14 other units it’s own size, to create a legion of infantry, and the total number of troops would be about 5,000 men.
www.stratcommandcenter.com /forums/index.php?showtopic=661   (1510 words)

Excavations here have revealed a settlement dating back to the4th century BC, possibly earlier, although it reached its height of importance during the Roman and Byzantine periods, when it was a centre for Bishops.
Patara gained importance during the Byzantine period, because it was the birthplace of St Nicholas, the 4th century bishop better known as his other identity, Santa Claus.
Patara Theatre, built in the 2nd century BC, is at the foot of the hill and had a capacity for around 10,000 people.
www.gofethiye.com /fethiye/kas.htm   (0 words)

 Early Roman Timeline
582 BC Birth of the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, on the island of Samos.
509 BC Overthrow of Etruscan kings and destruction of the monarchy by L. Junius Brutus.
504 BC Migration of the Claudii to Rome.
www.unrv.com /empire/early-roman-timeline.php   (0 words)

 4th Century Bc   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Playwrights in Greece back in the 4th century BC hired people to laugh in the audience.
were 4th millenium BC and made by ancestors of the Urartians, although Oscar Muscarella has remarked that the "Urartians lived in the 8th century BC" (north of...
Mr Brand did not say which items would be returned to Greece but, according to reports, they include a 4th-century BC gold funerary wreath, purchased by Ms...
www.wikiverse.org /4th-century-bc   (298 words)

 The Scythians
Centered on what is now the Crimea, the Scythians founded a rich, powerful empire that survived for several centuries before succumbing to the Sarmatians during the 4th century BC to the 2nd century AD.
During the early period (5th-4th century BC), this style appeared on shaped, pierced plaques made of gold and silver, which showed running or fighting animals (reindeer, lions, tigers, horses) alone or in pairs facing each other, embossed with powerful plasticity and free interpretation of the forms.
Perhaps the loveliest of the gold stags is the 6th-century-bc example from the burial of Kostromskaya Stanitsa in the Kuban, but versions of the 5th century BC from Tápiószentmárton in Hungary and of the 4th century BC from Kul Oba in the Crimea are scarcely less beautiful.
www.history-world.org /scythians.htm   (1591 words)

 400s BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC
Decades: 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC - 400s BC - 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC
404 BC - The Peloponnesian War ends with the defeat of Athens by Sparta
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/400s_BC   (126 words)

 388 BC - TheBestLinks.com - Centuries, Decades, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
388 BC - TheBestLinks.com - Centuries, Decades, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC,...
388 BC, Centuries, Decades, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 5th century BC...
Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC
www.thebestlinks.com /388_BC.html   (134 words)

Circa 323 - 31 B.C. Following the death of Alexander the Great, his kingdom was split into three by his generals.
The 3rd century BC saw the rise of ancient Rome.
Gnathian-style pottery appeared around the middle of the 4th century BC in the southern Italian region of Apulia.
www.museum.upenn.edu /Greek_World/time-06.html   (324 words)

 Greece, early 4th Century / Mirror Box with Head of Athena / early 4th Century BC
Greece, early 4th Century / Mirror Box with Head of Athena / early 4th Century BC Greece, early 4th Century
This image is one of over 108,000 from the AMICA Library (formerly The Art Museum Image Consortium Library- The AMICO Library™), a growing online collection of high-quality, digital art images from over 20 museums around the world.
Context: These case or box mirrors, constructed just like modern, hinged ladies' compacts, were very fashionable from the later 5th century into the 4th century.
www.davidrumsey.com /amico/amico12100461-36502.html   (0 words)

 The State Hermitage Museum: Collection Highlights
The most important items of Greek origin are the heads of Aesclepius and Hygeia (3rd century BC) from Olbia, a monumental statue of a Bosporan ruler (4th century BC) and polychrome memorial steles from Chersonesus (4th century BC).
Remarkable examples of the collection of antique portraits are those of the Pontian King Mithridates VI Eupator (1st century BC) and Queen Dynamis (1st century AD), and the stele of Theagenes and Macaria (2nd century AD).
Some outstanding archaeological complexes have produced important artifacts in the Hermitage collection: Bolshaya Bliznitsa burial-mound (4th century BC) on the Taman peninsula (burial site of priestesses of the goddess Demeter), and Kul-Oba burial-mound (4th century BC), objects from which show a combination of Scythian and Greek traditions.
www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/03/hm3_1_4.html   (341 words)

 Interior Design Garden Decor Roman Art Sculpture Reproduction Roman Youth 4th Century BC
During the 4th century before the common era, in addition to fighting out its internal battles of the conflict of orders, Rome began a process of military expansion that historians refer to as the unification of Italy.
The century got off to a rocky start when Gaulish tribes swept down through northern Italy, wiping out many Etruscan towns north of Rome, and finally invading Rome and burning the city (with the exception of the Capitol, saved by squawking geese) to the ground.
The century was also marked by the creation of the Appian Road between Rome and Capua, and the development of coinage used in Rome, the Latin rights cities and the allied cities.
www.artsacred.com /statuebust/finearthomedecorromanartsculpturereproductionromanyouthbust.htm   (730 words)

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