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Topic: 4th millennium BC


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In the News (Sun 19 Nov 17)

  
  4th millennium BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sumerian city of Ur in Mesopotamia (40th century BC); Sumerian hegemony in Mesopotamia, with the invention of writing, base-60 mathematics, astronomy and astrology, civil law, complex hydrology, the sailboat, the wheel, and the potter's wheel, 4000–2000 BCE.
3000 BC – Menes unifies Upper and Lower Egypt, and a new capital is erected at Memphis.
According to Hindu mythology, the Epoch of the Kali Yuga occurred at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BC, the traditional death of Krishna
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/4th_millennium_BC   (512 words)

  
 CONK! Encyclopedia: 2600_BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
(4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC)
2500 BC – The legendary line of Sanhuangwudi rulers of China is founded by Huang Di(approximate date).
2500 BC – the construction of the stone circle at Stonehenge begins and continues for the next five hundred years.
www.conk.com /search/encyclopedia.cgi?q=2600_BC   (140 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: 4th-millennium-BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
(6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4713 BC – The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero.
(4th millennium BC – 3rd millennium BC – 2nd millennium BC – other millennia) Events Syria: Foundation of the city of Mari (29th century BC) Iraq: Creation of the Kingdom of Elam Germination of the Bristlecone pine tree Methuselah about 2700 BC, the oldest known tree still living now Dynasty of Lagash in...
The Vinča culture was an early culture of Europe (between the 6th and the 3rd millennium BC), stretching around the course of Danube in Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Macedonia, although traces of it can be found all around the Balkans.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/4th_millennium_BC   (2559 words)

  
 TIMELINE 4th MILLENIUM B.C. page of ULTIMATE SCIENCE FICTION WEB GUIDE
Stanford "3000 BC" notes 3500 BC: Global; Holocene delta development worldwide The sequence of Holocene delta development worldwide is indicated as beginning at 6000 BC; by 3000 BC a transgressive sequence of deltaic deposits had developed as shown on the figure.
The 3199 BC value is associated with an acidity peak in Camp Century ice cores dated at 3150 BC demonstrating unquestionably that adverse weather conditions, probably due either to volcanic eruption or meteoric impact, occurred at this time.
Stanford "3000 BC" notes 3090 BC: Egypt; Egypt, Nile Earliest recorded flood recorded on a "Nilometer" in 3090 BC during the riegn of King Djer of the Early Dynastic period.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline4KBC.html   (6353 words)

  
 Aryan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The original meaning of the root, pertaining to skillful assembly, union, confederacy, may be perceived, for example in Latin ars "art" and ordo "order" or in Greek harma "chariot".
In its original meaning, in languages of the 3rd or 4th millennium BC, "aryan" may or may not have had any racial connotations, certainly not in the sense that we define race today.
By the first half of the 1st millennium B.C.E. the Aryans had arrived on the Iranian plateau and the Indian subcontinent.
www.bucyrus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Aryan   (1500 words)

  
 Bronze Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The renewed contacts with Mesopotamia are clearly noted in the archaeological record dating to the 4th millennium BC in the UAE and Oman.
The period from 2500 to 2000 BC is referred to throughout the UAE and Oman as the Umm an-Nar period.
Recent excavations suggest that many of the third millennium settlements continued to be occupied during the ensuing second millennium.
www.archaeology.gov.ae /bronze.html   (597 words)

  
 4th millennium BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
City of Ur in Mesopotamia (40th century BC).
Epoch of the Kali Yuga occurred at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BC, the traditional death of Krishna (Hindu mythology).
Based on studies by glaciologist Lonnie Thompson (professor at Ohio State University and researcher with the Byrd Polar Research Center) [1] (http://www.news-about-space.org/story/2409.html) a number of indicators shows there were a global change in climate 5,200 years ago:
www.sterlingheights.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/4th_millennium_BC   (416 words)

  
 Articles - 22nd century BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
2217 - 2193 BC -- Nomadic invasions of Akkad.
2138 BC -- Babylon: A solar eclipse on 9 May and a lunar eclipse on 24 May occurred and are believed to be the double eclipse that took place 23 years after the ascension of king Shulgi of Babylon by those holding to the long chronology.
2124 BC - Gudea, the ruler (ensi) of the city of Lagash, died.
www.kimia-sains.com /articles/2200_BC   (189 words)

  
 cuneiform on Encyclopedia.com
(kyoonē´Ĭfôrm) [Lat.,=wedge-shaped], system of writing developed before the last centuries of the 4th millennium BC in the lower Tigris and Euphrates valley, probably by the Sumerians.
The characters consist of arrangements of wedgelike strokes generally impressed with a stylus on wet clay tablets, which were then dried or baked.
BC), whose greatest monument is that of Darius I at Behistun.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/c1/cuneifor.asp   (708 words)

  
 4TH MILLENNIUM BC FACTS AND INFORMATION
Sumerian city of Ur in Mesopotamia (40th_century_BC); Sumerian hegemony in Mesopotamia, with the invention of writing, base-60 mathematics, astronomy and astrology, civil law, complex hydrology, the sailboat, the wheel, and the potter's_wheel, 4000–2000 BCE.
Epoch of the modern Hebrew_Calendar occurred on 7_October 3761 BC.
According to Hindu_mythology, the Epoch of the Kali_Yuga occurred at midnight (00:00) on 18_February 3102 BC, the traditional death of Krishna
www.gottaorderflowers.com /4th_millennium_BC   (452 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Greek Literature
The songs were taken over by the Hellenes in the 2nd millennium bc, and although no fragments are known to exist, the subsequent art of the ballad singers who celebrated the actions of heroes must have developed from them.
The elegiac couplet, or elegiac distich, became popular throughout Greece during the 7th century bc and was used for compositions of all kinds, ranging from dirges to love songs.
In the 6th century bc the poet Anacreon's playful lyrics on wine and love were written in various lyric metres; subsequent verse similar in tone and theme was known as anacreontic.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761579144/Greek_Literature.html   (1179 words)

  
 4th millennium BC Definition / 4th millennium BC Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
(5th millennium BC(6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4713 BC – The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero.
4500 BC – Civilization of Susa and Kish in Mesopotamia 4004 BC – The universe is created at nightfall preceding October 23 according to the chronology of Archbishop James Ussher of Armagh.
Kalki, the 10th and final avatar of Vishnu, is expected to appear at this time, riding a white horse and wielding a flaming sword with which to strike down the wicked....
www.elresearch.com /4th_millennium_BC   (1191 words)

  
 4th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tollund Man, Human sacrifice victim on the Jutland Peninsula in Denmark, possibly the earliest known evidence for worship of Odin.
Philip II of Macedon (born 382, reigned 359–336 BC).
Shang Yang, Prime Minister of Qin, his reform helped Qin to become the strongest country and later unified China (term 361–338 BC).
www.wikipedia.com /wiki/Year_in_Review_4th_Century_BC   (190 words)

  
 30th century BC Information - TextSheet.com
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2900 BC - Beginning of the Early Dynastic Period I in Mesopotamia.
The shekal was introduced in Mesopotamia as a monetary and weight unit, see Historical weights and measures.
www.medbuster.com /encyclopedia/3/30/30th_century_bc.html   (86 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Fourth millennium BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Encyclopedia: Fourth millennium BC Updated 247 days 12 hours 26 minutes ago.
Epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew Calendar occurred on 7 October 3761 BC.
Epoch of the Kali Yuga occurred at the midnight beginning of 18 February 3102 BC, the traditional death of Krishna (Hindu mythology).
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Fourth-millennium-BC   (384 words)

  
 Wikipedia: 5th millennium BC
(6th millennium BC - 5th millennium BC - 4th millennium BC - other millennia)
circa 4500 BC - Civilization of Susa and Kish in Mesopotamia
circa 4570 BC - 4250 BC: - Merimde culture on the Nile
www.factbook.org /wikipedia/en/5/5t/5th_millennium_bc.html   (118 words)

  
 TIMELINE 5th MILLENIUM B.C. page of ULTIMATE SCIENCE FICTION WEB GUIDE
By the first quarter of the 5th millennium BC in al-Fayyum, there existed villages that kept sheep, goats, and swine and cultivated wheat (emmer), barley, cotton, and flax, which was woven into linen.
4000 BC: Domestication of the Horse "The land in Sumer] was plowed by teams of oxen pulling light unwheeled plows, and the grain was harvested with sickles in the spring.
The horse, which was probably domesticated about 4000 BC by pastoral nomads in the Ukraine, did not in fact displace the onager as a draft animal in Mesopotamia until about 2000 BC." Encyclopedia Britannica: agriculture, history of 4000 BC: Global; Holocene delta development worldwide Holocene delta development worldwide transgressive sequence of deltaic deposits #160.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline5KBC.html   (1240 words)

  
 5th millennium BC
circa 4500 BC Civilization of Susa and Kish in Mesopotamia
circa 4570 BC circa 4250 BC Merimde culture on the Nile
circa 4500 BC Introduction of the plough in Europe
www.teachtime.com /en/wikipedia/5/5t/5th_millennium_bc.html   (128 words)

  
 Aqaba History and Sites
The name of Aqaba was given to the port city in the 14th century when it was ruled by the Mamluk Sultan based in Egypt.
But recent excavations indicate that the site was found after the 8th century BC and served commercial and industrial purposes: for smelting copper and as a halting place for caravans.
During the 1st century BC, the Nabataeans, who raised livestock and pirated merchant ships in the Red Sea, inhabited Ayla.
www.atlastours.net /jordan/aqaba_history.html   (459 words)

  
 25th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
2900 - 2334 BC -- Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period
2494 BC -- End of Fourth Dynasty, start of Fifth Dynasty in Egypt.
2450 BC - End of the Early Dynastic IIIa Period and beginning of the Early Dynastic IIIb Period in Mesopotamia.
www.americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/2500_BC   (201 words)

  
 History - The Indus Valley Civilisation
From the beginning of the 4th millennium BC, the individuality of the early village cultures began to be replaced by a more homogenous style of existence.
By the middle of the 3rd millennium, a uniform culture had developed at settlements spread across nearly 500,000 square miles, including parts of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Baluchistan, Sind and the Makran coast.
By about 1700 BC, the Harappan culture was on the decline, due to repeated flooding of towns located on the river banks and due to ecological changes which forced agriculture to yield to the spreading desert.
www.tourindia.com /history/indus.htm   (610 words)

  
 23rd century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
2334 - 2279 BC (short chronology) Sargon of Akkad's conquest of Mesopotamia
2217 - 2193 BC - Nomadic invasions of Akkad
2205 BC - Foundation of the Xia Dynasty of China by Yu the Great.
www.butte-silverbow.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/23rd_century_BC   (158 words)

  
 24th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
(25th century BC - 24th century BC - 23rd century BC - other centuries)
2334 - 2279 BC -- Sargon of Akkad's conquest of Mesopotamia
2333 BC -- Foundation of Korea (Gojoseon) according to the 15th century history book.
www.sterlingheights.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/2333_BC   (199 words)

  
 PHOENICIAN ARTS - Mosaics, wall murals, decorative tiles, marble mosaic
Mesopotamia, in the 4th-3rd millennium BC, developed a type of mosaic composed of slender cones of baked clay with some base ends painted red, fl, and white.
The polychrome pebble mosaics of about 300 BC at Pella in Macedonia are excellent examples of the use of subtle variations of color in water-polished stones to create beautiful figural compositions, often of light figures against a dark background, with outlines in either lead or ceramic strips.
Polychrome scenes of the late 2nd and early 1st centuries BC are among the earliest mosaics at Pompeii.
www.phoenicianarts.com /history.asp   (1512 words)

  
 Bronze - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
During the Bronze Age, arsenic was often included in the bronze (mostly as an impurity), which made the alloy harder still.
The earliest copper alloys date to the late 4th millennium BC, and are found in the context of the Maikop culture.
Bronze was still used to a considerable extent during the Iron Age, but for many purposes the weaker iron was sufficiently strong to serve in its place.
www.pineville.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Bronze   (612 words)

  
 Wheeled vehicles by the end of the Fourth Millennium BC: a Euro-centric view   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Horses too were becoming familiar to Mesopotamian peoples from equally early in the second millennium BC, and the linguistic and lexical evidence adduced for Indo-European influences is regarded as too late to be relevant to origins.
This was in the course of an enquiry into the origins of chariotry in Shang China (and incidentally, Vedic India) in the late second millennium BC, and it was suggested that these might better be found in the Timber Grave and Andronovo continuum rather than in the metropolitan ancient Near East itself.
Ratha and importance of chariots in the 2nd millennium BC
www.hindunet.org /saraswati/ratha9.htm   (856 words)

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