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Topic: 550 BC


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In the News (Wed 16 Jan 19)

  
  550s BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
559 BC - King Cambyses I of Anshan dies and is succeeded by his son Cyrus II the Great.
550 BC - Abdera is destroyed by the Thracians.
550 BC - Cyrus of Anshan overthrows Astyages of the Medes, establishing the Persian Empire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/550_BC   (194 words)

  
 List of kings of Persia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2500 BC The recent archeological findings at Jiroft have uncovered an "independent, bronze age, civilization with its own architecture and language" that have led some archeologists to speculate it to be the remains of the lost Aratta Kingdom.
Achaemenid dynasty, 550-330 BC Achaemenes, founder of the dynasty, king of Persia.
Argead Dynasty, 330-310 BC Alexander of Macedon (330 BC-323)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_kings_of_Persia   (1208 words)

  
 Delphi -- History and Mythology
7th century BC: the seat of the Amphictyony (an association of Greek states) was transferred to Delphi, which was now declared an independent town no longer under the control of the Phocians in whose territory the sanctuary was located.
During the course of the 8th and 7th centuries BC, the sanctuary grew in prestige as it received splendid dedications from legendary kings such as Gyges and Midas.
Its political role expanded in the 7th century BC, when it became the seat of the Amphictyony, and individual cities began to build along the Sacred Way leading up to the temple - treasuries in which the cities' dedications to Apollo were guarded, and monuments commemorating the cities' successes.
iam.classics.unc.edu /loci/del/16_hist.html   (1185 words)

  
 Carthago -- History and Mythology
The Carthaginian engagement of the Sicilian Greeks in 480 BC at the same time as the Persians under Xerxes were invading Greece seems to have been part of a coordinated plan that met with failure.
By 409 BC Carthage was ready to take on the Greek cities in Sicily, taking Selinus and other Sicilian cities at the turn of the century.
Carthage's subsequent revival of fortune in the first half of the 2nd C. BC led Rome to decide to neutralize the potential threat posed by Carthage once and for all by destroying the city and annexing its territory.
iam.classics.unc.edu /loci/144/144_hist.html   (1310 words)

  
 Cyrus II of Persia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Cyrus II the Great (circa 576 - July, 529 BC) was a king of Persia, famous for both his military prowess and his mercy.
In 559 BC, Cyrus succeeded his father Cambyses the Elder as King of Anshan.
He at first seems to have accepted the crown of Media but by 546 BC had officially assumed the title of 'king of Persia'.
www.bucyrus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Cyrus_the_Great   (1374 words)

  
 Mahavira: ca. 550 BC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
550 BC Vardhamma Mahavira ("Great Hero") was not the founder of Jainism, but he reformed and refined previous teachings of the Jaina tradition.
Mahavira was born in 599 BC in Kaundinyapura near modern Patna.
Some claim it to be as late as 490 BC in Kundapura near Vaishali or in Vaishali, which is in present day Bihar.
www.npcts.edu /history/WebChron/India/Mahavira.CP.html   (607 words)

  
 Virtual Egyptian - Compound eye bead, 550-300 BC
They are found predominantly in the countries bordering the northern reaches of the Mediterranean as well as in western Europe and in the south of Russia.
The earliest types of eye beads (first half of the 1st millennium BC) were made by applying a trail from a molten rod of glass of a contrasting color onto a base bead—essentially drawing circles on the surface of the bead.
Around the 7th century BC, the stratified technique became most common, where the craftsman made the eye and its ring by applying pre-made disks of decreasing size on top of each other.
www.virtual-egyptian-museum.org /Collection/Content/GLS.VS.00248.html   (1379 words)

  
 Cyrus The Great's biography [King of Persia]
He was the son of Cambyses I, a descendant of Achaemenes (Hakhamanish) (flourished 7th century BC), and a member of the Achaemenid dynasty.
When Cyrus became (558 BC) ruler of the Persian district of Anshan, the district was subject to the Medes; five years later he led a rebellion against the Medes that resulted in the capture of King Astyages (reigned about 584-c.
550 BC) and the overthrow (550 BC) of the Median Empire.
infonotas.com /biography/cyrusthegreat   (239 words)

  
 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Middle Preceramic: 6-3000 BC About 7,000 BC a change from the nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle of the Paleoindians towards a more sedentary and agricultural lifestyle can be seen with the domestication of plant resources such as chili peppers, kidney beans and lima beans.
Late Preceramic: 3-1800 BC Agriculture both a blessing, because of the reliable source of food, and a curse, because of the increase in disease due to less variable diet, sedentism and proximity to animals, was essential to the development of complex societies.
By 3500 BC people were sedentary and in the thousands of years that followed they became dependent on agriculture and began the process of establishing multi-level societies.
itrs.scu.edu /anthroweb2/008/page1.htm   (394 words)

  
 Table of Contents - Sparta
Arkesilaos and the merchandise, cup mid 6th century BC
Warrior is killing a serpent, cup 550 BC
Soldiers carrying a wounded warrior, cylix 6th century BC
www.sikyon.com /contents_eg4.html   (72 words)

  
 KryssTal : Inventions: 1000 BC to 1 BC
London was settled by Celts c400 BC in the area close to London Bridge.
The Chinese Emperor, Shi Huangdi died in 210 BC and was buried in a large mound outside of modern
Plato (the philosopher from whom the adjective "platonic" is derived) was born in 427 BC; the school he founded was the original Acadamy.
www.krysstal.com /inventions_06.html   (774 words)

  
 ARTH 101 Week 7
Temple of Poseidon and Basilica, c.550-c460 BC, Paestum, Greece.
Phidias, 5th century BC, Parthenon, interior view of cella with the gold and ivory statue of Athena Parthenos, reconstruction, Athens, Greece.
Ictinus, Parthenon, 447- 432 BC, Pediment, east, reconstruction by Frommel, 1830, Acropolis, Athens, Greece.
www.arth.upenn.edu /fall02/101/101lecture7.html   (500 words)

  
 TIMELINE 2nd MILLENIUM B.C. page of ULTIMATE SCIENCE FICTION WEB GUIDE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
[Hammond Almanac, p.789] 520-465 BC Xerxes I, King of Persia was the son of Darius I and grandson of Cyrus, founder of the Persian Empire.
paraphrased from the visually strong HyperHistory c.518-c.438 BC Pindar, Greek Poet, was born in Boetia, central Greece, and is considered the greatest of the Greek choral lyricists.
c.250 BC "Archimedes studied the equilibrium of planes and the centre of gravity of planes and deduced the laws of the levers.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline1KBC.html   (7141 words)

  
 Apulia Coins (550-200 BC)
As late as the 5C BC the Iapyges were living under 'kings'.
In the 4C BC the monarchies had converted into republics and multiplied the number of states.
By the end of the 4C BC, however, Roman power had begun its penetration of Apulia, and this brought Sabellian military expansion there to an end; but it was also to bring an end to the sovereign independence of all the peoples of the region.
www.bio.vu.nl /home/vwielink/WWW_MGC/Apulia_map/Apulia.html   (335 words)

  
 Babylonian Exile - history - Dr. Rollinson's Courses and Resources
Mandana, the daughter of Astyages married Cambyses I of Persia, became the mother of Cyrus II 559-530 BC Cyrus II, son of Cambyses I and Mandana, daughter of Astyages
550 BC - Cyrus overthrows the Kingdom of the Medes
461 BC - Pericles supplants Cimon in Athens, rivalry with Sparta increases
www.drshirley.org /hist/hist06.html   (2088 words)

  
 caryatid --  Encyclopædia Britannica
In marble architecture they first appeared in pairs in three small buildings (treasuries) at Delphi (550–530 BC), and their origin can be traced back to mirror handles of nude figures carved from ivory in Phoenicia and draped figures cast from bronze in archaic Greece.
Ionic temple of Athena, built during 421–405 BC on the Acropolis at Athens, famous largely for its complexity and for the exquisite perfection of its details.
Essentially a sleeveless shirt, the chiton was a rectangular piece of linen (Ionic chiton) or wool (Doric chiton) draped by the wearer in various ways and kept in place at the shoulders by brooches (fibulae) and at the waist by a belt.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9020584?tocId=9020584&query=charles   (677 words)

  
 Astrology Babylonian-Assyrian Before 550 BC
Stela of Nabonidus, with astrological symbols [Neo-Babylonian dynasty, 555 - 539 BC].
Nabonidus was the last king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, captured by Cyrus the Great when Babylon fell to the Persians in 539 BC.
They were found in the 19th century by archeologists excavating the ruins of the city of Nineveh [modern day Mosul], capital of the Neo-Assyrian empire, and the city of Babylon.
www.geocities.com /astrologyomens   (1239 words)

  
 Achaimenid Persia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Persian Empire was founded in 550/49 BC when Kyros II, a descendant of Achaimenes, overthrew his distant relative, Astyages, the king of the Median Empire.
At the death of Kyros in 529 BC he was succeeded by his son Kambyses II who ruled until 522.
The heirs of Artaxerxes, Xerxes II (424-423 BC) and Dareios II Nothos (423-404 BC) were not particularly skilled rulers and their mismanagement led to a variety of revolts in Syria, Lydia and Media.
www.seleukids.org /Persia.htm   (1071 words)

  
 Geochronology
730 BC Cymmerians invade Europe and Asia and reach Pannonia and Lydia
9 BC Illyria and Pannonia conquered by Rome
1700 BC Aryans as one of the nations of Mitanni Empire
indoeuro.bizland.com /project/chron/chronn.html   (372 words)

  
 Athenian Amforai
Weighing of merchadice, by Taleides 560 - 530 BC
Death of Sharpedon by Euphronios, krater 515 BC
The death of Pentheus, by Douris 480 BC
www.sikyon.com /contents_eg21.html   (130 words)

  
 Directory of Pages each page represents one object in the collection
Greece, Athens / Janiform Kantharos / 460-420 BC
Greece, Boeotia, Thebes, / Stater: Amphora in Incuse / 379-338 BC
Greece, Macedonia, reign / Stater: Athena (obverse) / 336-323 BC
www.davidrumsey.com /amico/amico11_list5.html   (4780 words)

  
 CMA Exhibition Feature : Statuette of a Woman (about 575-550 BC)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
This bronze statuette was found in a sanctuary sacred to the goddess Athena in the ancient Greek city of Sybaris.
Made during the 6th century BC, the Greek Archaic period, it exhibits features characteristic of sculpture of the time.
The clothed female statuette is posed frontally and probably represents a goddess, designed to stand in a model chariot.
www.clemusart.com /exhibcef/mgtampa/khtml/statuette.html   (95 words)

  
 archaic sculpture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Kleobis and Biton, Delphi, c.580 BC (1.97m) Delphi Archaeological Mus.
Delos was a sacred island and received dedications such as this from all over the Greek world.
The birthplace of Apollo, it was considered the hub of the Cyclades and in the 5th century gave its name to a defensive partnership, the Delian League.
www.rocky.edu /~moakm/archaicsculpt.htm   (301 words)

  
 Persia Genealogy
550 BC when he became King of Kings, son of Kambuyia I. Kings of Kings (Shahanshah)
191 BC, son of Tiridates I. c.191 - c.176 BC, kinsman of Artabanus I. (or FARHAD I) c.176 - c.
BC, son of Gotarzes I. (or ARSHAKAN)76 - 70 BC, descendant of Mithradates I. He was murdered by Phraates III;
www.aoti76.dsl.pipex.com /iran_gen.htm   (1076 words)

  
 Apolyton Civilization Forums > Civilization III > Civ3-Apolyton University > AUSG101 - Spaceship Team DAR 3   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In 550, Military is positioned to declare war on Japan immediately.
By 550 BC our rexxing is over: 19 cities.
Attachment: abu bakr of the arabs, 550 bc.sav
apolyton.net /forums/showthread.php?postid=2376198   (3372 words)

  
 Early and Later Carthaginians (DBA 31a & b)
Then, another catastrophe naval defeat in 241 BC coupled with the heavy cost of pursuing the war with their largely mercenary armies prompted the Carthagians to sue for peace.
In 209 BC, the Romans had recaptured Tarentum and Hannibal, denied reenforcements by Carthage, was reduced to defensive operations against the Romans and their allies.
Roman colonists were transplanted in the area around 45 BC, and the city was rejuvenated as the capital of the Roman Africa Province.
www.fanaticus.org /DBA/armies/dba31ab.html   (2071 words)

  
 What Goes Down a Chimney Down But Not Up a Chimney Up?
As early as 3000 BC the Egyptians used the parasol as protection against the sun.
From the 1st century BC to around 5 AD the parasol spread to ancient Rome where it was used by women to shield them from the sun.
Meanwhile over in Persia from 550 BC through the Crusades, bearers were hoisting parasols over their masters who thought this was the niftiest idea since the harem canopy.
www.fabrics.net /joan102.asp   (1071 words)

  
 Median language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Tribes of Medes which inhabited the north-western parts of modern Iran, are mentioned in Assyrian, Old Persian, Greek sources since the ninth century BC.
Beginning about 835 BC the Median tribes became subject intermittently to the kings of Assyria.
About 715 BC the Median chieftain Dayaukku, known to the Greek historian Herodotus as Deïoces, led the Medes in an unsuccessful rebellion against the Assyrian king Sargon II (reigned 722-705 BC).
indoeuro.bizland.com /tree/iran/median.html   (316 words)

  
 Silver Eye-Swirl/Quincunx Fractions (Ancient Coins of Miletos)
The obverse type has sometimes been described in sales catalogs as an eye, but when a series is examined it is clear that variation exists in the design.
Silver 1/96 stater (0.12 g), about 550 BC.
The obverse may be close to the seven-spoked design of RJO 56, while the reverse does not show the quincunx pattern clearly.
rjohara.net /coins/eye-swirl-quincunx   (620 words)

  
 Classical Empires Chronology
3200 to 550 BC Early River Valley Empires: 3200 to 1500 BC
1400 BC: Expansion and Contraction of Mesopotamian Empires
550 BC-AD 1453: Cosmopolitan Empires in the Eastern Mediterranean
www.thenagain.info /WebChron/World/Classical.html   (29 words)

  
 Development of Greek Sculpture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
(cf Tenea Kouros (c 550 BC) - in Munich; kouros from Melos (c 550 BC) - Nat Mus Athens; Anavyssos kouros - (c 520 BC) - Nat Mus Athens).
Towards the end of the 6th Century BC texture of drapery becomes more complicated - body begins to show through - its contours, outline etc - "really beautiful" kore after 500 BC.
Frieze from the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (circa 350 BC) - Scopas, Bryaxis, Timotheos and Leochares (British Museum).
www.angelfire.com /art/archictecture/articles/dev.htm   (728 words)

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