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Topic: 551 BCE

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  General Essay on Chinese Religions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Tradition speaks of the origins of Chinese culture lying in the 3rd millennium BCE with the Hsia dynasty.
The religion of the Shang was principally characterised by the use of oracle bones for divination and the development of the cult of ancestors.
Under the Han dynasty (206 BCE - 220CE), the T'ang dynasty (618-907 CE), and the Sung dynasty (960-1127CE) Confucian teaching was used for public examinations.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/china/geness.html   (2739 words)

King David: (1030-960 BCE?) The second king of Israel and one of the greatest figures in the history of the Jews.
Hannibal: (247-183 BCE) Great military leader of the city-state of Carthage who in the Punic Wars with Rome, crossed an army (with elephants) over the Alps and invaded Rome from the north.
Cleopatra: (69-30 BCE) Queen of ancient Egypt, she was the last ruler in the dynasty founded by Ptolemy I. Jesus Christ: (1st century) Believed by Christians to be the divine Son of God.
www.list.org /~mdoyle/people.html   (1543 words)

 [No title]
551 BCE: China - K'ung Fu-tzu (Confucius), author of The Analects, is born.
479 BCE: China - The philosopher Mo-tzu, founder of Mohism, is born.
145 BCE: China - The historian Ssu-ma Ch'ien, author of the Records of the Historian, is born.
eawc.evansville.edu /chronology/chpage.htm   (952 words)

 The My Hero Project - Confuciusconfucius
K'ung Fu Tzu (Confucius) was born in 551 BCE in Lu, China.
Confucius (551-479 BCE) is the father of Confucianism, a religion that originated in ancient China.
He was born in the year 551 BCE, in the country of Lu, to a poor family.
myhero.com /myhero/heroprint.asp?hero=confucius   (372 words)

 Introduction to the Zhou Dynasty and the Age of Confucius
The Zhou dynasty (c.1100-256 BCE) conquers and succeeds the Shang; later generations seek to reclaim and preserve the idealized peace of the early Zhou (or Western Zhou) period.
The Zhou is divided into the Western Zhou (1027-771 BCE), when the capital was near Xian, and the Eastern Zhou (770-221 BCE), when the capital was moved eastward to Luoyang.
BCE), whose philosophy is often called that of "universal love," and the School of Yin and Yang and the Five Agents.
www.columbia.edu /itc/eacp/japanworks/webcourse/key_points/kp_2.htm   (624 words)

 Encyclopedia: Spring and Autumn Period
The Spring and Autumn Annals (春秋 Chūn Qiū, also known as 麟經 Lín Jīng) is the official chronicle of the state of Lu covering the period from 722 BCE to 481 BCE.
It is the earliest surviving Chinese historical text to be arranged on annalistic principles.
The great states used the pretext of aid and protection to intervene and gain advantages over the smaller states during their internal quarrels.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Spring-and-Autumn-Period   (4908 words)

 6th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ruin of the Kingdom of Judah and the destruction of the First Temple (586 BCE), return of the Jews several decades later (538 BCE).
Fall of the Babylonian Empire (539 BCE), destroyed by Cyrus the Great.
Confucius, founding figure of Confucianism (551 - 479 BC).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/6th_century_BC   (369 words)

 Encyclopedia: Philosophy
For example, the Tao te Ching, a Taoist text normally seen as one of the great works of eastern philosophy, was written some time around 600 BCE.
551 BC–479 BC) was a famous thinker and social philosopher of China, whose teachings have deeply influenced East Asia for centuries.
Hindu philosophy (one of the main divisions of Indian philosophy) is traditionally seen through the prism of six different systems (called darshanas in Sanskrit) that are listed here and makes up the main belief systems of Hinduism.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Philosophy   (10734 words)

 Encyclopedia: Analects of Confucius
Engraving of Confucius This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years.
551 BCE– 479 BCE) was a famous sage and social philosopher of China whose teachings deeply influenced East Asia during twenty centuries.
Written during the Spring and Autumn Period through the Warring States Period, Analects is the most important work of Confucianism.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Analects-of-Confucius   (1699 words)

 Early Chinese Philosophy
Before the time of Confucius, (551-479 BCE), a social group, the Ju (literally, ‘weaklings’ or ‘foundlings’), existed whose members were ritualists and sometimes also teachers by profession.
Confucius belonged to this group; but although he retained the interest in rituals, he was also concerned with the chaotic social and political situation and with the search for remedies, which he believed to lie in the restoration and maintenance of certain traditional values and norms.
BCE) regarded the ideal as a full realization of certain incipient moral inclinations shared by human beings, and emphasized the need to reflect on and fully develop such inclinations.
members.aol.com /moresophia/confucius.html   (2437 words)

 Malaspina Great Books - Confucius (551 BCE-479 BCE)
Confucius (traditionally 551 BCE - 479 BCE) was a famous sage and social philosopher of China.
According to traditional belief, Confucius was born in 551 BC (during the Spring and Autumn Period, at the beginning of the Hundred Schools of Thought philosophical movement) in the city of Qufu in the Chinese State of Lu (now part of present-day Shandong Province and culturally and geographically close to the royal mansion of Zhou).
Confucius was born in 551 B.C., in what was then the feudal state of Lu, now included in the modern province of Shan-tung.
www.malaspina.org /home.asp?topic=./search/details&lastpage=./search/results&ID=426   (6965 words)

Confucius was brought to the world sometime in 551 BCE in the state of Lu.
With poverty striking again he was forced into menial labors for the chief of the district in which he lived.
When his mother died in 527 BCE he mourned for a long period of time.
www.123student.com /biographies/229.shtml   (573 words)

 Satan: Early history
The book of Daniel was seen as having been written by Daniel himself, in the 6th century CE, etc. Conservative Christians still believe this today, largely because the Bible mentions the identity of its authors in many locations, and conservatives believe the Bible to be inerrant.
It is rather made up of a mixture of writings and editing by three individuals or groups: in 950 BCE by "J", 750 BCE for "E" and 539 BCE for "P".
Deuteronomy was written in the 7th century BCE, and Daniel was written in the 2nd century BCE.
www.religioustolerance.com /chr_sat2.htm   (2441 words)

 Arts of Asia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
BCE a follower of Confucius named Dong Zhong Shu provides an overarching cosmological framework for its moral philosophy (drawing from other school of thoughts):
The emperor acts as link between heaven and hearth (the emperor rules with mandate of heaven, thus if an emperor is overthrown it is because he lost the mandate of heaven).
In 136 BCE during the Han dynasty an exam system that tested one’s knowledge of the Confucian classics was set up in order to provide access to the bureaucratic structure (Power can be acquired through knowledge and not exclusively through birth).
www.temple.edu /Art_History_India/16-arts-asia/h-12-zhou-qin.htm   (554 words)

 Religious Definitions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Although Zarathustrianism was strictly monotheistic in worship, it incorporated a host of angelic attendents, most or all of whom were originally pagan deities in the Persian pantheon, each serving one or the other Principle.
Cyrus the Great practiced a policy of religious toleration towards his subjects which was not present in Chaldean rule, and so he returned the Jews living in exile in Babylon to their homeland in Palestine.
When Alexander the Great conquered Persian possessions and beyond from 334 to 323 BCE, an unprecedented degree of cultural diffusion occurred in the sphere of influence of the new Hellenistic world, and Zarathustrian ideas began to make more and more of an impact on the beliefs of the Mediterranean world.
www.sullivan-county.com /nf0/y2k/rel_def.htm   (3543 words)

 BCE: Informação semestral sobre a contrafacção do euro
O total de notas contrafeitas retiradas de circulação (551 287) no decurso de 2003 foi cerca de 20% inferior ao total de contrafacções nas anteriores moedas nacionais, de acordo com os dados fornecidos pelos bancos centrais nacionais da área do euro, em 2001.
O BCE aconselha o público a não se preocupar desnecessariamente com a eventualidade de receber notas falsas, devendo, sim, continuar sempre atento.
O BCE trabalha em estreita cooperação com a Europol, a Interpol e a Comissão Europeia no combate à contrafacção.
www.ecb.int /press/pr/date/2004/html/pr040122.pt.html   (362 words)

 Lecture on Axial Age 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Some of these figures may not be classified as strictly religious and, therefore, Jaspers' idea of Axial Age primarily denotes the simultaneous founding and breakthrough in these classical civilizations.
is a collection of teachings of Hindu sages from 1000 BCE to 600 BCE which came as a conclusion to Vedas, the ancient Hindu scriptures.
Mo Tze (also known as Mo-Ti, 470-391 BCE?) preached the concept of universal love in contrast to the Confucian hierarchy of social rites and filial piety.
www.unipeak.com /gethtml.php?_u_r_l_=aHR0cDovL2NsYXNzZXMuc2VhdHRsZXUuZWR1L3JlbGlnaW91c19zdHVkaWVzL3Ryc3QyNjcvQ2hhbi9HZW5lcmFsJTIwQ291cnNlJTIwRm9sZGVyL0xlY3R1cmVzL0F4aWFsJTIwQWdlMS5odG1s   (460 words)

 Al Islam -
It was in about 3000 BCE that a group of the tribes in the near east of Europe started to split up.
It was only on the accession of Artaxerxes III (359-338 BCE) to the throne, that the earlier boundaries of the empire were re-established but that also for a brief period.
Al-Biruni (973-1048) has written the precise date of appearance of Zarathustra as 1000 BCE, whether it was the date of birth or the date of appearance on the scene after his visions, is a matter requiring interpretation.
www.alislam.org /library/links/00000150.html   (6109 words)

 Who is Confucius?
Confucius lived from 551 BCE to 479 BCE during a time when imperial rule was breaking down in China.
Confucius (K'ung Fu-tzu) lived from 551 BCE to 479 BCE during a time when imperial rule was breaking down in China.
Confucius was of noble decent, but his family had lost its wealth and he grew up in relative poverty.
dede.essortment.com /whoisconfucius_rtyr.htm   (637 words)

 Religion Info
Judaism - 2000 BCE Judaism, Christianity, Islam and the Baha'i faith all originated with a divine covenant between the God of the ancient Israelites and Abraham around 2000 BCE.
Confucianism - 500 BCE K'ung Fu Tzu (Confucius) was born in 551 BCE in the state of Lu in China.
Jainism - 420 BCE The founder of the Jain community was Vardhamana, the last Jina in a series of 24 who lived in East India.
www.talkaboutreligion.com /group/alt.religion/messages/190913.html   (3478 words)

 Chapter 8, Section a3- Philosophies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Confucius (551-479 BCE) gave China one of the most durable moral-political philosophies ever devised by man. Unsuccessful in worldly terms - a minor official who toured the Warring States vainly seeking a ruler who would adopt his policies - Confucius was recognized during his lifetime as a great thinker and teacher.
After his death, his disciples used the Analects, a collection of his teachings in question and answer form, to spread the ideas which became the cornerstone of the imperial system, and which still exert influence in Asia today.
The main Daoist texts are the Dao de Jing ('The Way and Power Classic') attributed to Laozi, believed to have lived in the 6th century BCE, and a collection of writings known by the name of their author, Zhuangzi, from the 3rd to 4th centuries AD.
www.ibiblio.org /chinesehistory/contents/c08sa03.html   (407 words)

 Understanding Religious Experience-Chinese Scriptures
1050 - 250 BCE.) According to Deborah Sommer (Chinese Religion: An Anthology of Sources, 3) The I Ching (Yijing) "is perhaps the earliest text of Chinese antiquity." However, it did not achieve its final form until perhaps the beginning of the Christian Era.
551 - 479 BCE) but the text was not collected and edited until some 400 years after Confucius's death.
Confucius (551 - 479 BCE.) was a scholarly politician, an aspiring advisor to the royal dynasties which ruled China.
www.westminster.edu /staff/brennie/chinesec.htm   (719 words)

 The Thirteenth Floor
Confucius was born in 551 BCE, in what was then the feudal state of Lu, now included in the modern province of Shan-tung.
At last he returned to Lu, where he spent the last five years of his long life encouraging others to the study and practice of virtue, and edifying all by his noble example.
He died in the year 478 BCE, in the seventy-fourth year of his age.
hammer.prohosting.com /~ourminds/people/confucius.html   (840 words)

Indeed, there is substantial evidence that Confucius left an indelible mark on the cultures of China, Korea, Japan and most of East Asia and is largely responsible for the deeply ingrained social ethics of the area, most clearly characterized by a disciplined mind and a strong empathy for others.
Confucius (K'ung Fu-Tzu in Chinese, Kung the Master) lived from 551 BCE (before the common era, or BC) until 479 BCE during the otherwise somewhat underachieving Chou Dynasty.
As a minister to various regional governments, his mission in life became that of turning a then-current trend toward social anarchy ("what's in it for me?") into a centuries-lasting emphasis on deliberate tradition that stressed human-heartedness and respect for others.
www.wamware.com /world-religions/confucianism/wayne.htm   (240 words)

 RE: When stripes are too ordinary... (NMC)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The "Tao te Ching" was the first text of Taoism, and was written after 700 BCE (and Lao Tzu is probably fictional.) The "I Ching" predates the "Tao te Ching" by thousands of years.
Fu Hsi is said to have first discovered the arrangements of the trigrams before 3000 BCE.
King Wen wrote essays on the 64 hexagrams around 1150 BCE.
list.miata.net /miata/1997-11/261.html   (185 words)

The Chou dynasty endured until about 771 BCE when some of the feudal vassal kings in alliance with peoples outside of the empire overthrew the Chou royal family and killed the present king.
Beginning in the 5th century BCE, warfare among the states became constant, and is known as the period of the warring states (475 BCE to 221 BCE); many Chinese died in warfare or famine resulting from warfare during thi
Confucius was born in 552 or 551 BCE, being descended from a noble family in the state of Sung; his ancestors, however, were forced to flee to the state of Lu, where Confucius was born.
www.abu.nb.ca /courses/GrPhil/EPhil/Confuc.htm   (6850 words)

 Confucianism & Taoism Study Guides
Confucius (551-479 bce) was born into a noble family that had seen better days.
Confucianism, like Taoism, begins in the failing feudalism of the Zhou Dynasty (1122-221 bce).
Short epigrammatic chapters dealing with various aspects of living in harmony with the Tao, and how to rule oneself and one’s country in accordance with the universal harmony.
people.bu.edu /nbm/china.htm   (1207 words)

 Confucius [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Better known in China as "Master Kong" (Chinese: Kongzi), Confucius was a fifth-century BCE Chinese thinker whose influence upon East Asian intellectual and social history is immeasurable.
Sources for the historical recovery of Confucius' life and thought are limited to texts that postdate his traditional lifetime (551-479 BCE) by a few decades at least and several centuries at most.
After the initial persecution of Confucians during the short-lived Qin dynasty (221-202 BCE), the succeeding Han emperors and their ministers seized upon Confucius as a vehicle for the legitimation of their rule and the social control of their subjects.
www.iep.utm.edu /c/confuciu.htm   (4364 words)

 Chinese Cultural Studies: Selections from the Shu Jing (The Classic of History) (6th Cent. BCE)
The five classics were canonized as the basic elements of the Confucian educational system during the second century BCE., when the books were reconstructed by order of several emperors of the Han Dynasty (202 BCE-220 CE).
Although Han scholars probably refashioned elements of the Shu Jing, the work was already ancient in Confucius's day, and the book, as we have received it, is probably essentially the same text that Confucius (551-479 BCE) knew, studied, and accepted as an authentic record of Chinese civilization.
Many of the documents, however, are the spurious creations of much later period fore reflect the attitudes of those subsequent eras.
acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu /~phalsall/texts/shu-jing.html   (1078 words)

 BCE: Clave para la suscripción de capital del BCE
BCE: Clave para la suscripción de capital del BCE
El 1 de mayo de 2004 la clave de capital del BCE se ampliará debido a la adhesión a la UE de diez nuevos Estados miembros.
En consecuencia, el 1 de mayo de 2004, el capital suscrito del BCE aumentará hasta los 5.564.669.247,19 euros.
www.ecb.int /press/pr/date/2004/html/pr040426.es.html   (396 words)

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