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Topic: 585 BC

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In the News (Wed 20 Mar 19)

 580s BC
586 BC - Death of Zhou ding wang[?], King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
585 BC May 28 - A solar eclipse occurred, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes was battling Cyaxares[?].
582 BC - Birth of Pythagoras in Samos, Greek philosopher and mathematician (+ 496 BC).
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/58/587_BC.html   (146 words)

 580s BC (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
585 BC - May 28 - A solar eclipse occurred, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes was battling Cyaxares.
585 BC - Birth of Anaximenes of Miletus, Greek philosopher († 525 BC).
582 BC - Birth of Pythagoras in Samos, Greek philosopher and mathematician († 496 BC).
publicliterature.org.cob-web.org:8888 /en/wikipedia/5/58/580s_bc.html   (248 words)

 History of Azerbaijan
The name of Manna was first mentioned in 843 BC in cuneiforms by the Assyrian czar Salmanasar III, when the state of Manna was created in the territory to southeast from the Uremia river uniting the districts Zamua, Gilzan, Alatte, Surikash, Uishdish, Zikirtu and Andia.
BC was the prosperous period of Manna, when it was headed by the czar Iranzu (740-719 BC) and his sons Azea (718-716 BC) and Ulusun (715-680 BC).
The territory of Albania stretched from the Caucasian ridge in the north till the Araz river in the south, from the Goyche (Sevan) lake in the west till the Caspian Sea in the east.
www.azerbaijan.00page.com   (1801 words)

 KryssTal : Inventions: 1000 BC to 1 BC
Carthage was destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC.
The Chinese philosopher, Kung Fu Tse (known as Confucius in the West) was born 551 BC.
The Chinese Emperor, Shi Huangdi died in 210 BC and was buried in a large mound outside of modern
www.krysstal.com /inventions_06.html   (823 words)

 Solar eclipse
In 585 BC, Thales of Miletus predicted an eclipse which occurred during a war between Medians and Lydians.
February 17, 478 BC: a real eclipse of the sun occurred at Sardis, when Xerxes was departing for his expedition against Greece, as Herodotus, VII, 37 recorded.
It took place shortly before an eclipse of the Sun that was observed at Rome on June 25, 745 BC and had a magnitude of 50.3%.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/in/Inex.html   (1266 words)

He despised Pythagoras, calling him "the chief captain of swindlers," and an "artful knave."  It is often said that Herlaclitus claimed everything to be continually in flux, but this appears to miss his main point, which was that the matter out of which a thing is composed does not alone define its existence.
In 399 bc Socrates was put on public trial for corrupting the youth and teaching of false gods, and was ultimately convicted and put to death.
260 bc) -- were given permission by the local ruler to vivisect criminals in order to study the workings of the living body.
htpprints.yorku.ca /archive/00000086/00/encyclopedia.htm   (5087 words)

 World History Timeline
485 BC Protagoras of Abdera (485-415) is born.
October 1, 331 BC Alexander's 35,000 troops fight Darius's 200,000 in the battle of Gaugamela.
Summer 326 BC At the Hyphasis river, Alexander's army refuses to march further into India and he is forced to turn back.
www.fincher.org /History/WorldBC.shtml   (1712 words)

 A timeline of ancient Greece
650 BC: Terrace of the lions at Dilos
356 BC: the temple of Artemis at Ephesus is rebuilt
197 BC: Philip V of Greece is defeated by the Romans at Kynoskephalai
www.scaruffi.com /politics/greeks.html   (1021 words)

 selected entries from The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Thales of Miletus (flourished 585 BC) – One of the Seven Sages of ancient Greece and judged by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; that is, he was the first Greek to search for the ultimate substance of things, which he identified with water.
A polymath, he is supposed to have predicted the solar eclipse of 28 May 585 BC and to have introduced the study of geometry to Greece.
Aristotle (384-322 BC) Along with Plato the most influential philosopher of the western tradition, Aristotle was born at Stagira in Macedonia, the son of Nicomachus, the court physician to the Macedonian king Amyntas II.
www.philosophy.uncc.edu /mleldrid/intro/odop.html   (8688 words)

 Medes information - Search.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
By the 6th century BC, the Medes were able to establish an empire that stretched from Aran province (the modern-day Republic of Azerbaijan) to north and Central Asia and Afghanistan.
When Cyaxares attacked Lydia, the kings of Cilicia and Babylon intervened and negotiated a peace in 585 BC, whereby the Halys was established as the Medes' frontier with Lydia.
In 553 BC Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, rebelled against his grandfather, the Mede King Astyages, son of Cyaxares; he finally won a decisive victory in 550 BC resulting in Astyages' capture by his own dissatisfied nobles, who promptly turned him over to the triumphant Cyrus.
c10-ss-1-lb.cnet.com /reference/Medes   (2395 words)

 Media - Medes - Crystalinks
By 612 BC their strength had grown to the point where under the leadership of King Cyaxares (625-585 BC.)they launched a successful attack against the Assyrian capital of Nineveh.
In 550 BC the Medes were overthrown in turn by the forces of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Dynasty.
Cyrus (559-530 BC), the first great Persian king, created an empire extending from Anatolia to the Persian Gulf incorporating the former realms of both Assyria and Babylonia; and Darius the Great (522-486 BC), who succeeded him after various disturbances, extended the boundaries of the empire further still.
www.crystalinks.com /media.html   (528 words)

 Delphi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Dating back to 1400 BC, the Oracle of Delphi was the most important shrine in all Greece, and in theory all Greeks respected its independence.
The development of the sanctuary and oracle though, began in the 8th century B.C. with the establishment of the cult of Apollo.
In 585 BC, the tyrant Kleisthenes of Sikyon liberated Delphi from the town of Krissa and the come Kirra, which was levying exorbitant dues and even robbed the visitors who came to their port, in order to consult the oracle.
idcs0100.lib.iup.edu /AncGreece/delphi.htm   (1045 words)

 Ancient Time Keepers
Notches which were carved on the discovered artifacts of early humans have been interpreted as being tally marks or counters, as a means of keeping track of the seasons and times of the year, and, importantly, as records of the lunar cycle.
From 1500 to 1451 BC, the gnomon, which is the L-shaped indicator on a sundial, was regularly used by the Egyptians.
Andronikos of Kyrrhestes, from 50 to 41 BC, built in Athens the Tower of Winds, which was a water clock combined with solar clocks positioned in the eight principal directions.
www.umich.edu /~lowbrows/reflections/1999/lsimmons.2.html   (1629 words)

Currently dated in 585 B.C. this eclipse occurs in the middle of Nebuchadnezzar's reign, and obvious contradiction.
In an effort to redate the 709 BC eclipse to 763 B.C. it is likely it was presumed it only necessary to change the dating by one month, from four to three.
And from 455 BC we can calculate 74 years back to the 19th of Neb-II and the destruction of Jerusalem in 529 B.C. The Jubilee cycle is an integral part of correctly dating the Judean King List and the time from the Exodus to when the Jews returned from exile.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Parthenon/4653/numold.htm   (1696 words)

 6th century BC at AllExperts
The 5th and 6th centuries BC were a time of empires, but more importantly, a time of learning and philosophy.
*Solon of Athens, one of the Seven Sages of Greece (638 - 558 BC).
*Pisistratus, Tyrant of Athens in 561, 559-556 and 546-528 BC.
en.allexperts.com /e/0/6th_century_BC.htm   (420 words)

 NASA - Sun-Earth Day - Technology Through Time - Greece
By 450 BC, the Greek civilization was in its ascendancy.
The historian Herodotus (ca 460 BC) mentions that Thales was able to predict the year when a total solar eclipse would occur.
Before 450 BC, Meton realized that a single period of 235 lunar months (19 years) would cause the popular lunar calendar to return to synchrony with the solar, seasonal calendar.
sunearthday.nasa.gov /2006/locations/greece.php?css=default   (467 words)

 Thales Summary
Thales was born circa 640 B.C. to 620 B.C. in Miletus, a Greek island along the coast of Asia Minor.
According to some accounts, Thales, who died circa 546 B.C., was the only one of the seven to be declared a Wise Man twice by the Oracle at Delphi, the second time for his prediction of the solar eclipse.
One example of this is his purported prediction of a solar eclipse in 585 B.C. Given the fact that solar eclipses affect only a very small part of Earth, it is now considered highly unlikely that one could have been predicted so long ago, especially in light of that time's astronomical knowledge.
www.bookrags.com /Thales   (9110 words)

 Untitled Document
Thales of Miletus (~585 BC) arguably believed that the Earth and all matter are composed of varying forms of one fundamental material (element) - water.
The 'Atomists' (led by Leucippus of Miletus (~435 BC) and Democritus of Abdera (~410 BC)) argued that the universe is composed of an infinite number of invisible particles called atoms with everything else being a void.
Euclid (~300 BC) is often termed the Father of Geometry not because he originated it, which he didn't, but because he was the first to organize knowledge of geometry into a series of five postulates (unprovable assumptions) and a series of resulting theorems.
earth.usc.edu /~slund/inquiry/topic2.html   (2531 words)

 Babylonian Exile - history - Dr. Rollinson's Courses and Resources
585 BC Thales of Miletus predicts a solar eclipse
546 BC Cyrus conquers Croesus and the Lydians
461 BC Pericles supplants Cimon in Athens, rivalry with Sparta increases
www.drshirley.org /hist/hist06.html   (2005 words)

 The Philosophy of Thales   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Around 585 BC there lived a man in Miletus whose name was Thales, one of the Seven Wise men of Greece.
Anaximander (546 BC), a Milesian citizen who lived after Thales, expressed the following thought: The elements (air, water earth and fire) are in opposition to each other, each perpetually seeking to increase itself in quantity.
Anaximenses (494 BC), the third philosopher of Miletus, refined the theory of the elements later with his original theory of the aggregates: The fundamental substance, he said, is air.
www.thebigview.com /greeks/thales.html   (878 words)

 Antalya Journal: Turkey...Our choice for holiday 2001!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Bronze Age (3000-2000 B.C) (divided by 3 sections, Early, Middle, Late)-The bronze sun, one of the most outstanding image of the period,consisted of a central solar figure surrounded by radial lobes, said to represent the planet.
The Hittite Civilization- During the 18th century BC toward the end of the Assyrian Colonial Period and while the Hittites still a small principality the command of Anittash,the Hittite took control of Hattussa.
In the year 334 BC Alexander the great (356-323 BC), not satified with Europe,set out on his Eastern Conquest,and by defeating the Persian,he proceeded to rapidly set up a world empire.The culture of the Hellinic Age,formed from the blend of east and west in Alexander the Greats survived until 30 BC.
realtravel.com /antalya-trips-i607544.html   (1526 words)

 Rediff On The NeT Travel: A travel feature on the solar eclipse in India.
According to the ancient Chinese document Shu Ching, 'the Sun and Moon did not meet harmoniously.' Apparently the royal astronomers, Hsi and Ho, hadn't been able to predict the event, reputed to be caused by a dragon swallowing the sun.
On what is believed to be May 28, 585 BC, a solar eclipse brought peace upon the warring Lydians and Medes.
Thales of Miletus had predicted that eclipse -- if it was indeed the one in 585 BC -- but since he hadn't informed the Lydians and the Medes, peace resulted.
www.rediff.com /travel/1999/aug/05ec3.htm   (650 words)

 585 BC (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
585 BC Centuries : 7th centuryBC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC
585 BC - May 28 - A solareclipse occurred, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes was battling Cyaxares.
580 BC - Cambyses I succeeds Cyrus I as king of Anshan andhead of the Achaemenid dynasty.
www.therfcc.org.cob-web.org:8888 /585-bc-14850.html   (242 words)

 NASA - Eclipse 99 - Eclipses Through Traditions and Cultures
By about 20 BC, surviving documents show that Chinese astrologers understood what caused eclipses, and by 8 BC some predictions of total solar eclipse were made using the 135-month recurrence period.
In 1100 BC Amenhope wrote "Catalog of the Universe" in which he identified the major known constellations.
The Vienna papyrus which described lunar and solar eclipses and their portent was probably copied by a scribe in the late second century AD, and presents knowledge of astronomy that is regarded as Babylonian in nature.
www.eclipse99.nasa.gov /pages/traditions_Calendars.html   (1798 words)

 Thales biography
It is reported that Thales predicted an eclipse of the Sun in 585 BC.
The cycle of about 19 years for eclipses of the Moon was well known at this time but the cycle for eclipses of the Sun was harder to spot since eclipses were visible at different places on Earth.
Thales's prediction of the 585 BC eclipse was probably a guess based on the knowledge that an eclipse around that time was possible.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/Biographies/Thales.html   (2222 words)

He was born in Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of Nicomachus, the court physician to Amyntas II, king of Macedonia.
Aristotle was bald, thin, with a lisp, and of a sardonic disposition.
(65 BC—8 BC), a Latin poet, is one of the greatest of lyric poets and satirists.
faculty-staff.ou.edu /L/A-Robert.R.Lauer-1/MLLL5063Intro.html   (15790 words)

 Eclipse Quotations - Part I
Don't any of you be surprised in future if land beasts change places with dolphins and go to live in their salty pastures, and get to like the sounding waves of the sea more than the land, while the dolphins prefer the mountains.
Extract from a speech made in 597 BC, in support of a general who had recently suffered defeat, and was in danger of execution.
Refers to the solar eclipse of 28 May 585 BC, when the Lydians and the Medes were fighting a war.
www.mreclipse.com /Special/quotes1.html   (5730 words)

 Scientific foreknowledge in the Bible
About 1000 BC It was only recently discovered that the Sun is moving through space at about 600,000 miles per hour, in an orbit that would take an estimated 230,000,000 years to complete.
It is likely that Mount Everest was not as high in 935 BC as it is today, making it even more unlikely that humans could have used mountains to have discovered the jet stream.
840 or 586 BC The Challenger expedition (1873-1876) commenced the first scientific exploration of the ocean floor,during which a canyon 5 1/2 miles deep was discovered in the Pacific.
www.creationists.org /foreknowledge.html   (1411 words)

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