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Topic: 5th century BC

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In the News (Mon 18 Mar 19)

  Reference.com/Encyclopedia/5th century BC
466 BC — The Greek colony of Taras, in Magna Graecia, is defeated by Iapyges, a native population of ancient Apulia; Tarentine monarchy falls, with the installation of a democracy and the expulsion of the Pythagoreans.
It is consecrated by Gaius, Mettius or Marcus Curtius.
426 BC Demosthenes unsuccessfully besieges the Corinthian colony of Leukas.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/5th_century_BC   (3886 words)

 Siti Archeologici Siciliani
The Hellenistic-Roman quarter, whose history spans 10 centuries of history – from the 4th century BC onwards – was laid out according to the hyppodamian urban plan and shows several noting dwellings such as the so called House of the Portico and the House of Dionysius.
Worth-seeing are the Chalcidian Shrine dating from the 7th century BC, the remains of two temples, notably that dedicated to Aphrodite dated between the 7th and the 5th century, remnants of kilns from the 4th-5th century attesting to the Byzantine presence at the area.
It preserves remains of ceramics, a Greek Temple dedicated to Aphrodite dated 550 BC, a theatre from the 4th century BC altered in the 2nd century BC, remains of the so-called House of Peristyle, whose ground floor retains a banquet hall; the Agorà comprising a council-hall and a temple.
www.sicilyhotels.com /sicilian_archaeological_sites.htm   (3867 words)

 5TH CENTURY BC - GoGoSearch.com
The 5th and 6th centuries BC are a period of philosophical brilliance among advanced civilizations.
In Athens and elsewhere in the Mediterranean world, the 5th century marks a high point in the development of political institutions, art, architecture,and literature.
Socrates of Athens, philosopher (470 - 399 BC).
www.gogosearch.com /wiki/5th_century_BC   (389 words)

  GREEK AND ROMAN ART   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Polygnotus, in the 5th century, was renowned as a draftsman.
In the 6th century BC the figures were left in red and a fl background was painted in.
BC the Roman generals began a systematic plunder of the cities of Greece, bringing back thousands of Greek statues to grace their triumphal processions.
history-world.org /arthist.htm   (2072 words)

  5th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The 5th and 6th centuries BC are a period of philosophical brilliance among advanced civilizations.
Aeschylus of Athens, playwright (525 - 456 BC).
Socrates of Athens, philosopher (470 - 399 BC).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/5th_century_BC   (283 words)

 6th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
521 BC - Darius I succeeds Smerdis as ruler of Persia.
501 BC - Confucius is appointed governor of Chung-tu.
Pisistratus, Tyrant of Athens in 561 BC, 559 BC–556 BC and 546 BC–528 BC.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/6th_century_BC   (1884 words)

 Athenian democracy - QucikSeek Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the 5th century version of the democracy, the ten annually elected generals were often very prominent, but for those who had power, it lay primarily in their frequent speeches and in the respect accorded them in the assembly, rather than their vested powers.
In the 5th century BC we often hear of the assembly sitting as a court of judgement itself for trials of political importance and it is not a coincidence that 6000 is the number both for the full quorum for the assembly and for the annual pool from which jurors were picked for particular trials.
In one case from the 5th century BC the 10 treasurers of the Delian league (the hellenotamiai) were accused at their scrutinies of misappropriation of funds.
atheniandemocracy.quickseek.com   (6975 words)

 Gelo - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
478 BC), son of Deinomenes, was a 5th century BC ruler of Gela and Syracuse.
On the death of Hippocrates, tyrant of Gela (491 BC), Gelo, who had been his commander of cavalry, succeeded him; and in 485 BC, his aid having been invoked by the Gamori (the oligarchical landed proprietors) of Syracuse who had been driven out by the populace, he seized the opportunity of making himself despot.
He was honoured as a hero, and his memory was held in such respect that when all the brazen statues of tyrants were condemned to be sold in the time of Timoleon (150 years later) an exemption was made in favour of the statue of Gelo.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Gelo   (334 words)

Around the 5th century BC we see representations of Spartans wearing crests transversly, arcing from one side to the other.
After the 5th century the use of the Corinthian helmet fell out of use in favor of more lightweight, open-face types.
It was worn by horsemen and lt. Infantry in the 5th century.
www.redrampant.com /ancients/greekhelm.html   (547 words)

 5TH CENTURY BC FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The 5th and 6th centuries BC are a period of philosophical brilliance among advanced civilizations.
In Athens and elsewhere in the Mediterranean world, the 5th century marks a high point in the development of political institutions, art, architecture,and literature.
Socrates of Athens, philosopher (470 - 399 BC).
www.gottagetflowers.com /5th_century_BC   (190 words)

 A New Ancient Map?
By way of a note to the classics list, Pierre-Louis Malosse has announced the discovery by his Université Paul Valéry (Montpellier III) colleague Thierry van Compernolle of an ostrakon bearing what appears to be an ancient map of the Salentine peninsula (the “boot-heel” of Italy), possibly dating to the 5th century BC.
The map thus testifies to the depth of interaction between these cultures in the fifth century before our era and offers, to date, for the Mediterranean, and more generally for Western civilization, the oldest map of a real space.
The interpretation of this document in its archaeological, historical, geographic, linguistic, artistic, philosophical and literary contexts requires recourse to multiple specialties.
www.unc.edu /awmc/soletomap.html   (941 words)

 Bulgaria.com - History of Bulgaria, The Thracians   (Site not responding. Last check: )
According to the Greek historian Herodotus (5th century BC) the Thracians were the most numerous people in Europe and came second in the world after the Indians (obviously the world Herodotus knew).
In the beginning of the 13th century BC, some Thracian state formations comprising the territorial and ethnic borders of the individual tribes are already mentioned by ancient authors with relation to the Trojan War.
The political detachment of the Thracian tribes was preserved until the beginning of the 5th century BC.
www.bulgaria.com /history/bulgaria/thrac.html   (743 words)

 History of GREEK SCIENCE   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Followers of Pythagoras, in the 5th century, are the first to produce an astronomical theory in which a circular earth revolves on its own axis as well as moving in an orbit.
Eudoxus of Cnidus, in the 4th century, is the first to propose a series of transparent spheres in the heavens, carrying the heavenly bodies at different speeds in linked groups with slightly varying centres.
Two natural phenomena, central to the study of physics, are observed and speculated upon by Greek natural scientists - probably in the 5th century BC, though Aristotle gives credit for the first observation of each to the shadowy figure of Thales.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=330&HistoryID=aa32   (1284 words)

 The Sophists
PHILOSOPHICAL BACKGROUND OF THE FIFTH CENTURY B.C. From as early as the sixth century B.C., thinkers in Ionia and elsewhere in the Greek world were speculating about what the universe was made of and how it came to assume its present form.
Up to the fifth century B.C. it was the common belief that arete was inborn and that aristocratic birth alone qualified a person for politics, but Protagoras taught that arete is the result of training and not innate.
Before the fifth century, human institutions and customs were generally seen as handed down by the gods and part of the natural order of things, but contact with other civilizations began to make it evident that institutions and customs were different among different peoples and introduced the idea of cultural relativism.
depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu /classics/dunkle/studyguide/sophists.htm   (2312 words)

 Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the S sector of the city, a square building complex of the late 5th century BC, with Doric stoa facing the agora square (converted into a gymnasium in the 1st century BC and into a bath in Late Roman times).
In the SE foothills of the Larisa, a sanctuary of Aphrodite and a rectilinear theatre of the 5th century BC, for citizens' assemblies, which was later converted into a semicircular odeum (2nd, 3rd centuries AD).
Further N, a polygonal analemma of the 5th century BC, a Nymphaion of the 2nd century AD connected with the city's aqueduct on the E side of the Larisa.
www.ypai.gr /atlas/thesi_uk.asp?idthesis=299   (531 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It was adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BC.
Thucydides (between 460 and 455 BC–circa 400 BC, Greek Θουκυδίδης, Thoukudídês) was an ancient Greek historian, and the author of the History of the Peloponnesian War, which recounts the 5th century BC war between Sparta and Athens.
This was two centuries before the Colossus of Rhodes and the Lighthouse of Alexandria were built.
lycos.cs.cmu.edu /info/6th-century-bc--greeks.html   (392 words)

 Greek Theater
Ancient Greeks from the 5th century BC onwards were fascinated by the question of the origins of tragedy and comedy.
Attending a tragedy or comedy in 5th century BC Athens was in many ways a different experience than attending a play in the United States in the 20th century.
From the late 6th century BC to the 4th and 3rd centuries BC there was a gradual evolution towards more elaborate theater structures, but the basic layout of the Greek theater remained the same.
academic.reed.edu /humanities/110Tech/Theater.html   (3005 words)

 Other: The 0 AD Chronology, 5th Century BC :: 0 A.D. :: Wildfire Games
At the dawn of the 5th Century BC the Celts began to migrate outwards from their apparent homeland in Central Europe.
The Persians: At the start of the 5th Century, Persia, the greatest empire in the world was experiencing the beginning turmoil that would lead to the great conflict of the time, the Persian Wars.
The Carthaginians: At the beginning of the 5th Century BC the city of Carthage, once a Phoenician colony, had become the undisputed master of trade in the Western Mediterranean area.
wildfiregames.com /0ad/page.php?p=10426   (1242 words)

 The State Hermitage Museum: Collection Highlights
century BC) in the microtechnique typical of the goldsmiths of Athens.
century BC) and a remarkable series of ring-seals with engraved images, the backs of which often bear small figures of a reclining lion or scarab (from the same barrow).
century BC) with allegorical portraits of the ruler of Egypt, King Ptolemy II Phyladelphius, and his wife Arsinoe, and the wonderful sard cameo with the head of Zeus (late 1
www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/03/hm3_1_5.html   (545 words)

 Siracusa, Syracuse - Sicilia - Italy
In the 5th century BC Syracuse came to be ruled by tyrants, who ruled until 211 BC, with some interruptions.
In the early 4th century BC, tyrant Dionysius fought a war against Carthage and captured the whole of Sicily.
Teatro Greco - built in the 5th century BC by architect Damocopos on the side of a hill facing Ortigia, was connected to the worship of Artemis Lyaia.
www.italyworldclub.com /sicilia/siracusa/siracusa.htm   (698 words)

There, from the end of the 5th until the 2nd century BC, the theatrical and athletic competitions dedicated to Olympian Zeus and the Muses, the "Olympia at Dion", took place.
Dion's cemeteries were situated north and west of the city and contained burials from the mid-5th century BC to the beginning of the 5th century AD.
Basilicas were built in the city in the early Byzantine years, but the decline had already set in in the 5th century AD.
www.macedonian-heritage.gr /HellenicMacedonia/en/C1.5.html   (222 words)

 History of THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLES   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In about 170 BC the Yueqi are defeated in a battle and their king is killed.
By the 3rd century AD various German tribal confederations, all of whom will leave a lasting mark on European history, are ranged along the natural borders of the Roman empire.
By the early 4th century, in the reign of Constantine, an element of stability has been achieved to the benefit both of the Romans and of their more primitive neighbours.
www.historyworld.net /wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=1285&HistoryID=ab18   (1224 words)

 [No title]
By the 1st century BC they were on the defensive, and most of them were gradually subjugated by the Romans advancing from the south, and the Germanic peoples coming down from the north.
Celtic ExpansionIn the 4th century BC the Celts began a series of migrations that increased the size of their territory and brought them into immediate contact with the Greco-Roman world.
Ireland was Christianized in the 5th century, and Scotland mostly in the 6th century.
www.kraffe.org /kraffe/breton/celts.txt   (13873 words)

 Free Essay Ancient Greek Drama, Origins, History, and Examples   (Site not responding. Last check: )
By the 4th century BC comedy had supplanted tragedy as the dominant form.
The form of the Greek physical theater evolved over two centuries interestingly, the permanent stone theaters that survive today as ruins were not built until the 4th century BC - that is, after the classical period of playwriting.
His tragedies, first performed about 500 BC, were presented as trilogies, or groups of three, usually bound together by a common theme, and each trilogy was followed by a satyr drama (low comedy involving a mythological hero, with a chorus of satyrs).
www.echeat.com /essay.php?t=27652   (2361 words)

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