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Topic: 6th millennium BC

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The development of the culture producing tunnel-shaped cups in the northern part of middle Europe (the end of the 5th millennium BC).
This process continues from the end of 7th millennium BC until the end of 6th millennium BC.
The separate phases in the development of the Neolithic cultures in Bulgarian lands have been defined according to the change in the shape of the pottery, to the different manufacturing methods and in the use of different styles for ornamentation.
www.worldmuseumofman.org /balkanneolithic1.htm   (1247 words)

  7th millennium BC - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
During the 7th millennium BC, agriculture spreads from Anatolia to the Balkans.
Circa 7000 BC – Agriculture and settlement at Mehrgarh in South Asia.
Circa 6100 BC – The Storegga Slide, causing a megatsunami in the Norwegian Sea
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/7000_BC   (438 words)

 6th millennium BC - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
During the 6th millennium BC, agriculture spreads from the Balkans to Italy and Eastern Europe and from Mesopotamia to Egypt.
5600 BC – Beginning of the desertification of north Africa, which ultimately lead to the creation of the Sahara desert.
5600 BC – According to the Black Sea deluge theory, the Black Sea floods with salt water.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/6th_millennium_BC   (365 words)

 Pottery - Search View - ninemsn Encarta
The potter's wheel, invented in the 4th millennium bc, is a flat disc that revolves horizontally on a pivot.
In Babylonia during the Kassite rule (mid-2nd millennium bc), unglazed terracotta was used to face temples and palaces.
The painted ware of the 4th millennium, with geometric and animal figures on red, brown, and buff bodies, was not of the same high standard.
au.encarta.msn.com /text_761568150__1/Pottery.html   (6912 words)

 Predynastic Egypt
The Predynastic Period of Egypt (prior to 3100 BC) is the period that culminates in the rise of the Old Kingdom and the first of the thirty dynasties based on royal residences, by which Egyptologists divide the history of pharaonic civilization using a schedule laid out first by Manetho's Aegyptiaca.
Subsistence in organized and permanent settlements in ancient Egypt by the middle of the 6th millennium BC centered predominantly on cereal and animal agriculture: cattle, goats, pigs and sheep.
By 4000 BC we have evidence of pre-dynastic alchemists having invented the use of mortar (masonry) via one of the oldest known of chemical reactions.
www.crystalinks.com /predynasticegypt.html   (783 words)

 AGRICULTURE,   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
According to carbon dating, wheat and barley were domesticated in the Middle East in the 8th millennium bc; millet and rice in China and southeastern Asia by 5500 bc; and squash in Mexico about 8000 bc.
In Mesopotamia in the 3d millennium bc a funnellike device was attached to the plow to aid in seeding, and other early forms of drills were used in China.
In the 1st millennium bc, after the city was established, however, agriculture started a capitalistic development that reached a peak in the Christian era.
www.history.com /encyclopedia.do?vendorId=FWNE.fw..ag039900.a   (7522 words)

 Great Cities of Syria
About 300 BC it was a Macdonian military colony founded by Seleucus I, to guard the Euphrates route from Mesopotamia.
It was destroyed by Sargon and Naram-Sin of Akkad in 2250 BC.
In 1270, after the capture of Krak Des Chevaliers, the Hospitallers had to abandon all the territories held in common with the Muslims and besieged by Sultan Qalaun in 1285, the fortress surrendered and its defenders retired to Acre, Qalaun repaired it, provisioned it, and installed a strong garrison.
www.mosaic-travel.com /city1.htm   (1018 words)

Typical royal or aristocratic burials of this period were covered by barrows or tumuli, but by the late 2nd millennium BC a change occurred; cremation then became common, and burial by urn (in urnfields) became the established custom.
In the 8th century BC the Greek city-states began to expand by means of colonization, especially in southern Italy, and by the following century Hellenic civilization was reaching maturity.
An Athenian empire was established in the Aegean, hastening the economic and cultural integration of the region, and the 5th century BC became the golden age of classical Greek civilization.
www.angelfire.com /pa5/apdwax/HISTORY3.HTML   (2375 words)

 Agriculture - MSN Encarta
The dates of domesticated plants and animals vary with the regions, but most predate the 6th millennium bc, and the earliest may date from 10,000 bc.
The llama and alpaca were domesticated in the Andean regions of South America by the middle of the 3rd millennium bc.
According to carbon dating, wheat and barley were domesticated in the Middle East in the 8th millennium bc; millet and rice in China and Southeast Asia by 5500 bc; and squash in Mexico about 8000 bc.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761572257/Agriculture.html   (1698 words)

 The Patriarchs
Judging from circumstantial evidences the probable period of the Patriarchs was one of a deep crisis, at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC, when Canaan was practically depopulated, Egypt was in the First Intermediate Period and Mesopotamia was overrun by Semitic infiltrators from the west.
millennium BC put the story of the Patriarchs, and the whole of the early turbulent history of the Middle East in a completely different light.
millennium BC was a troubled period in the history of the ancient Middle East.
www.eg-ban.com /patriarchs12.html   (6239 words)

 Archaeological Atlas of the Aegean   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
At Ialysus (Mount Philerimos) is an acropolis with a sanctuary of Athena Polias (fountain of 4th century BC and Hellenistic temple).
On Mount Atabyrus (Atavyros) scant traces of the sanctuary of Zeus Atabyrios, and at Theologos-Tholos a temple of the 4th century BC dedicated to Apollo Erethimios.
Preserved in the modern village are a theatre (4th century BC) and a rectangular edifice with internal peristyle, for assemblies (3rd-2nd century BC).
www.ypai.gr /atlas/thesi_uk.asp?idthesis=450   (650 words)

The 6th Millennium B.C., from 6000 to 5000 BC, was the Neolithic Period in which cattle were domesticated, many new food plants were cultivated, the earliest settlements of southern Mesopotamia were founded, wine was fermented, and (maybe) women ruled the cultures of the Middle East and beyond.
In the west of Ukrania, a temple from 5000 B.C. was found with thirty-two female statues.
By the end of the 4000 BC cities emerged and the first steps of the human civilization were made.
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline6KBC.html   (2303 words)

Holding an important position on the main river crossing in the fertile northern Mesopotamian plain but only intermittently governed by local rulers, Nineveh was dominated in the 3d millennium BC by the Agade and Ur empires and in the 2d millennium by the Mitanni and Kassite empires.
With the rise of Assyrian power in the late 2d millennium, the city became a royal residence and was finally established as the capital by King Sennacherib (r.
About B.C. 633 the Assyrian empire began to show signs of weakness, and Nineveh was attacked by the Medes, who subsequently, about B.C. 625, being joined by the Babylonians and Susianians, again attacked it, when it fell, and was razed to the ground.
mb-soft.com /believe/txh/nineveh.htm   (1521 words)

 6th millennium BC at AllExperts
6th millennium BC 7th millennium BC6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – other millennia)
* 1 September 5509 BC – Day of creation of the world according to the Byzantine Empire, and the beginning of their calendar.
5500 BC – Oceans rise several meters, followed by a subsidence in levels afterwards to that approximating the present.
en.allexperts.com /e/0/6th_millennium_BC.htm   (375 words)

 Malter Galleries Past Auctions
Middle Kingdom, 1980 – 1630 BC, 2081 – 1759 BC.
Millennium BC, frit composition depicting a worn scene with a man, snake and flower.
Lot of 10 fl serpentine seals which are modern fantasy pieces, 7 in the style of a cylinder seal and 3 in the style of a decorated cube.
www.maltergalleries.com /archives/auction04/nov2004/page2.html   (5442 words)

 5th millennium BC at AllExperts
* 4860 BC - Mount Mazama in Oregon collapses, forming a caldera that later fills with water and becomes Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States.
* 4004 BC – The universe is created at nightfall preceding October 23 according to the chronology of Archbishop James Ussher of Armagh.
In the fictional Good Omens by Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett, the date is given as October 21, within a quarter of an hour of 9 in the morning.
en.allexperts.com /e/0/5th_millennium_BC.htm   (283 words)

Cosmic History:14 Billion BC to 3000 BC
4th Millennium BC: Iceman of the Alps, Old Kingdom Egypt
1st Millennium BC: Homer, Buddha, Confucius, Euclid
www.magicdragon.com /UltimateSF/timeline.html   (305 words)

 The Noah Flood
The icecaps had been melting since about 13,000 BC, steadily raising sealevels worldwide and the middle-east was just emerging from a long climatic drought, 6200-5700 BC.
The most spectacular event of the 6th millennium BC was the catastrophic flooding of the (freshwater) Black Sea from the (saltwater) Mediterranean, around 5550 BC.
Many regions, throughout the surrounding area, show many new cultural artifacts accompanying agriculture in the mid 6th millennium, so it may represent a new population moving in, rather than the old population adopting new ideas.
www.geocities.com /blobrana/features/flood.htm   (260 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2005.09.83
Work on the Aceramic Neolithic of Cyprus, documenting an archaeological record that goes back to the late 11th millennium BC, is so recent that there are already several major publications that were not available to Steel when she was writing her text.
It must be emphasized here that during the mid 9th millennium BC, in what is now being called the Cypro-Early PPNB, there was a full-scale settlement of the island by a farming community almost certainly coming from southeastern Anatolia.
The initial settlement of Cyprus by a PPNB farming community in the mid 9th millennium BC opens up a wholly new chapter in the early maritime history of the eastern Mediterranean.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2005/2005-09-83.html   (4594 words)

 6th millennium BC : 5000 BC
pottery at Mehrgarh in South Asia, circa 5500 BC.
Temples founded in South Mesopotamia (52nd century BC)
The Black Sea floods with salt water ca 5600 BC.
www.fastload.org /50/5000_BC.html   (109 words)

The domesticates mostly diffused from further east (barley, wheat, sheep, goat, pig) with the exception of cattle, whose domestication was probably an outgrowth of earlier Saharan pastoralism.
A general broad-spectrum hunting/gathering way of life continued until at least the late 6th millennium BC and in modified form thereafter.
In the upper reaches of the Egyptian Nile south of the Fayum A, a very different tradition emerged after 5000 BC, one that earlier and more completely made the transition to a domesticated subsistence base and one that developed a social system in which hierarchy and differentiation were central qualities.
www.unm.edu /~khelton/Anthro220/Egyptdomest.htm   (1778 words)

 Egypt - The Lost Civilisation Theory
In ‘Heaven’s Mirror’ (1998), Graham Hancock tried to argue that the date 10500 BC was encoded also at the ancient Cambodian site of Angkor Wat (the temples, he alleged, were in the image of the constellation Draco at exactly 10500 BC).
Bauval and Hancock went on to accuse the BBC of bias, and their complaint was upheld in one respect (although not in the majority of respects) by an independent commission.
In my view, this obsession with 10500 BC has done great harm, and continues to do great harm, to the cause of those, such as myself, who would make a serious challenge to official dogma on the origin of the Giza pyramids and the history of civilisation.
www.eridu.co.uk /Author/egypt/lost.html   (1613 words)

It is one of the largest single-stone statues on Earth, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians in the 3rd millennium BC.
The first attempt to dig it out dates back to 1400 BC, when the young Tutmosis IV, falling asleep beneath the giant head, dreamt that he was promised the crown if he would only unbury the Sphinx.
While there is no contemporaneous evidence indicating with certainty whom it represents, the Dream Stele erected by Pharaoh Thutmose IV in the New Kingdom associates the Sphinx with King Khafra (also known by the Hellenised version of his name, Chephren).
www.the-world-in-focus.com /Africa/Egypt/momuments/spinx.html   (1273 words)

 The Daily Star Web Edition Vol. 5 Num 819   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
There is also evidence of ancient Egyptian pharaohs of the twelfth dynasty using the natural lake of the Fayƻm as a reservoir to store surpluses of water for use during the dry seasons, as the lake swelled annually as caused by the annual flooding of the Nile.
In the Zana Valley of the Andes Mountains in Peru, archaeologists found remains of 3 irrigation canals radiocarbon dated from the 4th millennium BC, the 3rd millennium BC and the 9th century.
In ancient China the Dujiangyan Irrigation System was built in 250 BC which irrigated a large area and it still supplies water nowadays.
www.thedailystar.net /2006/09/15/d609151801103.htm   (1251 words)

 The world, when the Black Sea flooded
The most spectacular event of the 6th millennium BC-- identified only a few years ago-- was the catastrophic flooding of the (freshwater) Black Sea from the (saltwater) Mediterranean, around 5550 BC.
The oldest known language in the middle-east was Sumerian, unrelated to either semitic or Indo-European language families (possibly related to the Dravidian languages of pre-Indo-European India: cite).
Crete c7000 BC was occupied by wheat-barley-lentil-sheep-goat agriculturalists.
www.robotwisdom.com /science/blacksea.html   (1997 words)

 International Starch Institute: Wheat Starch
Wheat crops are generally rotated with maize, hay, and pasture in regions with moderate rainfall and are rotated with oats and barley, or bare fallowing in drier regions.
Emmer was grown in predynastic Egypt; in prehistoric Europe it was grown in association with barley, einkorn, and club wheats.
Bread wheat was identified at a 6th-millennium BC site in southern Turkistan, and a hexaploid (bread) wheat was found at Knossos in Crete.
www.starch.dk /isi/starch/wheat.htm   (750 words)

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