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Topic: 8th century BCE


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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  
  8th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
8th century BC - Earrings, crown and rosetter, from the tomb of Queen Yabay in Kalhu (modern Nimrud, Iraq]]) were made.
8th century BC - 7th century BC; Woman spinning, from Susa (modern Shush, Iran) was made.
The history of the Games is believed to reach as far back as the 13th century BC but no older written record survives.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/8th_century_BCE   (1303 words)

  
 trends - May 2000
As early as the 15th century BCE, Megiddo led a confederation of rebel Canaanite cities which attempted to overthrow Egyptian rule in Asia, only to be defeated by an Egyptian army led by Pharaoh Thutmose III.
In 609 BCE Josiah, King of Judah, was slain at Megiddo by Pharaoh Necho of Egypt, an ally of the crumbling Assyrian army in its last-ditch efforts against the Babylonians.
According to Finkelstein it dates to the 10th century BCE and was destroyed in the late 10th century, either by the expanding Israelite Northern Kingdom or by the Egyptians.
www.tau.ac.il /Research-Authority/trends/megiddo.html   (987 words)

  
 BalaamsKittimOracle562BCE
island was by the 8th century BC essentially Greek in population.
About 640 BCE Assyria began the withdrawal from her western empire, her troops were needed to deal with constant rebellions in the eastern empire by Elamites, Babylonians and Medes.
I have argued that "Balaam's Kittim Oracle" appears to be relating to events occurring in the course of the 7th and 6th centuries BCE (640-587 BCE).
www.bibleorigins.net /BalaamsKittimOracle562BCE.html   (2099 words)

  
 Delphi
The Polygonal wall is a retaining wall built after the destruction of the old temple of Apollo in 548 BCE to support the terrace on which the new temple was to be erected.
The Stadium was constructed in the 5th century BCE and was remodeled in the 2nd century CE by the Romans at the expense of Herodes Atticus (101 - 178 CE), the millionaire Athenian sophist, who added stone seats and the arched monumental entrance.
It was built at the end of the 7th century BCE and repaired with slight alterations in the Hellenistic period.
www.grisel.net /delphi.htm   (1623 words)

  
 Judaism 3 - Crystalinks
The prophecy of Micah (8th century BCE), also a Judahite, was contemporary with that of Isaiah and touched on similar themes (e.g., the vision of universal peace is found in both their books).
During Manasseh's long and peaceful reign in the 7th century BCE, Judah was a submissive ally of Assyria.
The idea was destined to play a decisive role in the self-understanding of the Jewish martyrs of the Syrian king Antiochus IV Epiphanes' persecution in the 2nd century BCE (in, for example, Daniel) and later again in the Christian appreciation of the death of Jesus.
www.crystalinks.com /judaism3.html   (3374 words)

  
 Beit Shemesh: Biblical City on the Border Between Judah and Philistia
At the beginning of the 8th century BCE, Beit Shemesh became strategically important, as it controlled the western approaches of the Kingdom of Judah, and the road to its capital, Jerusalem.
In the 10th century BCE, probably during the reign of King Solomon, Beit Shemesh was rebuilt, and served as a regional administrative center of the Kingdom.
During the 9th-early 8th century BCE, a gatehouse was built in the city wall where the Israelite fortification complex had stood.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Archaeology/Bet_Shemesh.html   (1378 words)

  
 ArtLex on Greek Art
Mycenaean Greece, 13th century BCE, Mycenian Triad, terra cotta, height 13 cm, Louvre.
Homer (Greek, 8th century BCE) in his Iliad, was fought between Troy and Mycenae in the 13th century.
Greece, late 8th century BCE, Minotaur, bronze, height 18.2 cm, Louvre.
www.artlex.com /ArtLex/g/greek.html   (999 words)

  
 The History of Etruria
Most of what Livy and others wrote during the first Century BCE is collected legends, many of Etruscan origins but ascribed to this period together with a few fragments of historical fact.
753 BCE was the legendary date for the founding of Rome, but Rome probably became a city in the true sense in the late seventh century BCE, not the mid 8th.
The mythology developed during between the 5th and 2nd Century and the story of Romulus and Remus was considerably refined, embellished and trimmed before it was committed to text by Varro in the first Century BCE.
www.mysteriousetruscans.com /history2.html   (2727 words)

  
 IliadDate
The Iliad and Odyssey both show the effects of "layering" over many centuries but, the dominant Zeitgeist is that of the latter half of the 8th century BCE.
Also, many references are to eighth century phenomena, such as athletic games, the polis, the institution of the oracle at Delfi, colonization, and descriptions of eighth century daily life.
Even if the poem was written by the end of the 8th century (and there is no certainty that it was in written form by that date), it remained in oral tradition for some time after written texts also came into existence.
www.unlv.edu /Faculty/jmstitt/Eng446/iliaddate.html   (157 words)

  
 Histroy Homepage
In the 14th century BCE archive of el-Amarna in Egypt, six letters sent by Biridiya, King of Megiddo, to the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten were discovered.
By the 10th century BCE, it had become the center of a royal province of the United Monarchy.
By the mid-8th century BCE, the Assyrian King Tiglath-Pileser III had annexed the region as a royal province and made Megiddo its capital.
jbe.la.psu.edu /jst/MEGIDDO/meg98final/supers/../history/index.htm   (1943 words)

  
 Diacritics (Greek alphabet) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the Hellenistic period, (3rd century BCE), Aristophanes of Byzantium "invented" the "breathings" — marks of aspiration (the aspiration however being already noted on certain inscriptions, not by means of diacritics but by regular letters or modified letters) and the accents, of which the use started to spread, to become standard in the Middle Ages.
It wasn’t until the 2nd century CE that the accents and breathings appeared sporadically in the papyruses.
In the 9th century, the diacritics became of systematic use (together with punctuation and ligatures), and older manuscripts were corrected accordingly.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Diacritics_(Greek_alphabet)   (485 words)

  
 Ancient Ships in art history: Illustrations of the History of Ancient Greece, the Greek Epic Poems the Trojan War and ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
For example Homer never speaks of a ship of the Trojan war using a ram, although the ram was a prominent feature of post 8th century BCE Greek galleys, nor does he describe multi-banked galleys, which are found in Greek ship iconography after the 8th century BCE and before the Homeric poems were written.
Pottery of the Cyclidic culture from Thera 1600 BCE demonstrates the extensive use of iconography for decorative purposes within the Aegean Cultures.
These methods of construction were certainly common in the eight century and had probably developed from similar methods used in the previous millennium.
www.artsales.com /ARTistory/Ancient_Ships/09_epic_poems.html   (2048 words)

  
 Archaeologic and Historic Background of the Etruscan Culture
In the second half of the 8th century the Villanovans of Tuscany were influenced artistically by Greece; also, inhumation became the predominant burial rite, as it did during the same period in Greece.
By the end of the seventh century, Etruscans had adopted Greek mythology and were fortifying their cities with cut stone walls as the Greeks did.
In 616 BCE, the Etruscan Lucius Tarquinius Priscus became ruler of Rome.
users.tpg.com.au /etr/etrusk/tex/archHist.html   (1271 words)

  
 The Islamic World to 1600: Islamic Beginnings (Ancient Persia)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Medes were followed by the Persians in the 8th century BCE, and these two groups laid the foundation for a series of empires that arose on the Iranian plateau over the next thousand years.
Around 750 BCE the Medes people formed their own kingdom, called Media, in the northwest plateau, becoming powerful enough by 612 BCE to defeat the older Assyrian Empire to the west.
In the meantime, Persia was ruled by weaker dynasties, the Seleucid and the Parthian, a period sometimes called the Hellenistic period in Iran because of the Greek cultural influence.
www.ucalgary.ca /applied_history/tutor/islam/beginnings/persia.html   (586 words)

  
 Yavneh-Yam 1992-1999 by Moshe Fischer
century BCE or Pharaoh Necho’s military activities in the year 609 BCE.
century BCE can be mentioned, such as one from Sidon in Lebanon (Fig.
centuries CE, reflecting the peak of development of the Land of Israel since The Holy Land now enjoyed the economic advantages of pilgrimage.
www.bibleinterp.com /articles/YavnehYam2.htm   (1180 words)

  
 [No title]
In the late 8th and early 7th centuries BCE, the kings of the so-called Eastern Zhou soon found that they may have over-estimated the reliability of noblemen whom they (or at least their predecessors) had systematically empowered.
To shorten a long story, by the end of the 8th century BCE and into the 7th century, the power of the Zhou domain declined beyond repair.
Not only did the political relationship between the Zhou king and his noblemen deteriorate, but along with that deterioration came the inability of the king to effectively rule and judge in matters of conflict of interests among the nobles themselves, something that had been a precious political commodity in the hands of the king.
jan.ucc.nau.edu /~ssr7/ChinanotesFall20011.doc   (912 words)

  
 Ancient Corinth
(5000-3000 BCE), its history is obscure until the early 8th century BCE, when the city-state of Corinth began to develop as a commercial center.
Until it was eclipsed by Athens in the 5th century BCE, Corinth was the biggest and wealthiest classical Greek city-state, with two bustling ports, a famous ceramics industry and distant colonies in Syracuse in Sicily and Kerkyra on Corfu.
The town was prosperous until it was razed in 146 BCE by the Roman general, Lucius Mummius.
www.grisel.net /corinth.htm   (492 words)

  
 Is Hadad the Edomite Really Hanunu the Gazaite
Indeed, after the defeat of Gaza in 720 BCE, Philistine territory was ceded to Judah, 19 further enhancing the enmity between Judah and Gaza.
Not only is the hypothesis supported by the general nature of the Solomon story as reflecting the 8th century BCE, but it gives positive evidence for the identification from a comparison between the lives, names, and traditional connections of Hadad the Edomite and Hanunu the Gazaite.
Hooker, The Kingdom of Hezekiah: Judah in the Geo-Political Context of the Late Eighth Century BCE (PhD Dissertation, Emory University, 1993), p.
pash1.home.mindspring.com /adad.html   (3009 words)

  
 The Handbook of Biblical Numismatics
8th century BCE) it took a few hundred years for this vital commercial development to result in the issuance of coins in or near Judaea.
The earliest coins to depict a real person, rather than a mythological figure, were also the first money mentioned in the Bible (and the only coins referred to in the Old Testament).
Alexander the Great set out for Persia in 334 BCE at the head of an army of 35,000.
www.amuseum.org /book/page2.html   (761 words)

  
 Canaan & Ancient Israel @ University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
At the time of the conquest, according to the Bible, Beth Shean is one of the cities from which the Israelites did not rout the Canaanites (Joshua 17:11; Judges 1:27), and the city onto whose walls the Philistines "fastened" the body of Saul and those of his sons (1 Samuel 31:10).
In the Early Iron Age, a massive city wall was built around the mound and a huge cylindrical pool for fresh water, reached by a spiraling stair of 79 steps, was excavated in the bedrock.
The city reached its peak in the 7th century BCE when the entire mound was covered with buildings and the Gibeonites produced and traded large quantities of wine (63 rock-cut storage cellars for wine were excavated).
www.museum.upenn.edu /Canaan/Collections.shtml   (627 words)

  
 ArtLex on Bronze
Bridle Plaque in the Form of a Resting Stag, mid 5th century BCE, bronze, 4.7 x 4.7 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Etruscan, Gabies, late 4th or early 3rd century BCE, Oinochoe in the Form of a Young Man's Head, bronze, height 30.2 cm, Louvre.
Etruscan, Fiesole (Tuscany), 3rd century BCE, Portrait of a Man, bronze, height 20 cm, Louvre.
www.artlex.com /ArtLex/b/bronze.html   (630 words)

  
 A ‘Babylonian’ Grave from Megiddo’s Area F (#m9) < Monographs < Robert Deutsch - Archaeology and ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
A Neo-Assyrian glazed flask of the 8th/7th century BCE was found in Pit 558 at Lachish (Tufnell, 1953: 227, Pl. 56:32; Magrill, 1989-90: 41-45), and a fragment, probably from a similar item, came from Hazor (Yadin et al, 1961: Pl. CCLVI:8).
Glazed pottery bottles of different typology but with decoration similar to the Megiddo item are known from other tombs of the 8th or 7th century BCE from Babylon (Fukai, 1981: 24, Fig.
A group of decorated glazed bottles from the 8th/7th century BCE, mainly with pointed ovoid bodies or flat bases, is known from a production centre located in northern Syria.
www.robert-deutsch.com /en/monographs/m9   (1420 words)

  
 Types of Government   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
It was made up of the nobles, who owned most of the land and ruled their city-states through a council.
It dates back to the Dark Ages, but disappeared in the 8th century BCE in some cities.
From the 5th century BCE, this type of rule suggested terror and bad government.
www.innvista.com /society/government/greece/govttype.htm   (286 words)

  
 EthiopianHistory.Com :: Coming of Judaism
What we call the Jewish Pre-settlement Theory essentially states that starting around the 8th century BCE until about the 5th century BCE, there was an influx of Jewish settlers both from Egypt & Sudan in the north, and southern Arabia in the east.
For instance the Temple at Yeha (in Tigray province), which is said to have been erected in the 6th century BCE, is believed to an architectural copy of other Jewish temples found in Israel and Egypt during the pre-Babylonian era (before 606 BCE).
Another example is found on the monastery islands of Lake Tana (northern Gojjam), where several archaic stone altars, fashioned in the manner of Jewish sacrificial alters of pre-8th century BCE Israel, have been found not only preserved in good condition but also containing blood residue.
www.ethiopianhistory.com /judaism   (535 words)

  
 SIIAS@CSI Greek Civilization in the West
The reasons for this spread of Greeks to distant lands, to Russia and Egypt in addition to Italy, are complex, but may have been caused by the inability of the Greek land mass to sustain a growing population.
750 BCE by colonists from Chalkis, Eretria in Greece and nearby Pithekusai.
Paestum; founded in the mid 7th century BCE by colonists from nearby Sybaris or Poseidonia.
www.library.csi.cuny.edu /siias/greekwest.html   (896 words)

  
 [No title]
In the middle of the 2nd millennium BCE a dramatic event occurs at Megiddo.
In the early 8th century BCE, the city was recaptured and became an Assyrian province.
Yadin, however, claimed that it was dug out in the 9th century BCE during the biblical kingdom of Omri.
www.ynetnews.com /articles/0,7340,L-3142149,00.html   (2066 words)

  
 Black Roads
Century BCE prophet Zechariah did not see that light.
The Bush Doctrine called the Road Map to Peace in the Middle East links the rebuilding and democratizing of Iraq and a Palestinian State in the “West Bank.”[ii] So do the prophets, who wrote that both were intrusions on sacred – meaning set apart – land.
Century BCE prophets all declared this reconciliation in the last days.
home.houston.rr.com /priority/black_roads.htm   (5748 words)

  
 Delphi - Andrea Roche
BCE, and it has continuously been inhabited since then.
century BCE, in the year 373 BCE there seemed to have been an earthquake and a flood at Delphi.
  From 356-346 BCE, the Phocians, allied with the Athenians and Spartans, occupied
alpha.furman.edu /~jpitts/29-delphi.htm   (1614 words)

  
 peoples of the ancient Near East
century BCE during the reign of Ramesses III.
century BCE, in the form of a reference to their capital city of Adaniya in a text by Telepinus.
From all of the evidence considered here, we can conclude that the Danuna (like the other Sea Peoples) were a mobile group, centered mainly in Cilicia and Anatolia, and eventually spreading into Greece and the Levant during the migrations of the Late Bronze Age-Early Iron Age.
www.libraries.psu.edu /artshumanities/ancientpeoples/danuna.html   (1468 words)

  
 BibleWise - Bible Overview
E -- represents the Elohistic strand, dates from the northern kingdom in the 9th or 8th century BCE.
The priestly writers, working in exile during the 6th or 5th century, are credited with giving the Torah its final shape.
It is believed that prophecy began with Moses and ended in the fourth century BCE (BCE = Before the common [or Christian] era).
biblewise.com /archives/2003/march/forum/forum.htm   (1632 words)

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