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Topic: A New Kind of Science (book)

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In the News (Thu 18 Jul 19)

A New Kind of Science provides new insight into a remarkable array of fundamental questions, including how biology produces complexity, how randomness arises in physics, what space and time fundamentally are, how there can be both free will and determinism, how general mathematics really is and what ultimate limits there are to science.
Wolfram's reputation for introducing new concepts in an accessible and engaging manner is evident throughout A New Kind of Science.
A New Kind of Science suggests that space as we perceive it is in fact not fundamental, but is instead merely the large‑scale limit of an underlying discrete network of connections.
www.wordtrade.com /science/mathematics/wolfram.htm   (3115 words)

 Collection of Reviews of Wolfram's A New Kind of Science, Etc...
A New Kind of Science, by Stephen Wolfram
Reflections on Stephen Wolfram's "A New Kind of Science"
Blinded by Science Explaining the media's obsession with Stephen Wolfram's A New Kind of Science.
www.math.usf.edu /~eclark/ANKOS_reviews.html   (723 words)

 Read This: A New Kind of Science
His book is actually written for a general audience, which means that it is pleasantly free from arcane terminology, but also vague from time to time.
Similar claims occur throughout the book, starting with the assertion that it contains not just a contribution to current science, or even a new branch of science, but a new kind of science altogether (which we learn on page 856 "will require an investment of years comparable to learning an area like physics").
His book would be more pleasant to read if he were more modest: there's a reason why bragging is generally frowned upon (regardless of whether one's achievements are worthy of it).
www.maa.org /reviews/wolfram.html   (2708 words)

 In Search of a Scientific Revolution: Science News Online, Aug. 16, 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
By contrast, Wolfram contends, simple, complexity-generating programs are the tools of "a new kind of science" that, more accurately and easily than the old one, can simulate complicated phenomena, from the growth of snowflakes to the workings of the universe.
Although Wolfram calls his approach a new kind of science, some elements of it, such as cellular automata, have been investigated for decades.
Wolfram unveiled no new developments in his own work at the conference because there haven't been any to speak of since the book was finished, he told Science News.
www.sciencenews.org /20030816/bob10.asp   (2264 words)

 frontwheeldrive.com: reviews   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
When Wolfram finally emerged from his self-imposed isolation to share his new science, he was successful in rocking the science community, but not exactly in the fashion in which he had hoped.
Nearly all specialists and technical reviewers who have weighed in on the book have done so with mixed praise and criticism, including rightful attacks on the deplorable manner in which Wolfram shuns, borrows and belittles the work of his predecessors.
Science and technology always have and always will benefit from the sharing of knowledge and ideas, yet ANKOS shows tendencies to go against that at many junctures.
www.frontwheeldrive.com /reviews_new_science.html   (1954 words)

 Wired 10.06: The Man Who Cracked The Code to Everything ...
In a sense, A New Kind of Science is the result of a journey that began with a computer printout produced by an early Sun workstation on June 1, 1984.
Some of the engineers are developing A New Kind of Science Explorer, a PC application with a mini-Mathematica program that allows people to run the experiments in the book and begin to do research projects of their own.
In a sense, A New Kind of Science is Stephen Wolfram's autobiography.
www.wired.com /wired/archive/10.06/wolfram_pr.html   (5998 words)

 Amazon.de: A New Kind of Science: English Books: Stephen Wolfram   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
On the frontier of complexity science since he was a boy, Wolfram is a champion of cellular automata--256 "programs" governed by simple non-mathematical rules.
The book generated several scholarly reviews in major math and science journals, but the reviewers couldn't agree on what the book is about, so I will not try to characterize it is a one-paragraph review.
Parts of the book read well, and other parts tend to rant, making it hard to see what the gist of the argument is. The camps of readers and reviewers are very divided.
www.amazon.de /New-Kind-Science-Stephen-Wolfram/dp/1579550088   (2080 words)

 Review of "A New Kind of Science"
To qualify as science that applies to the real world, I would have expected to see some kind of claim in the book which could be verified against the behavior of the real world.
This review is driven from my notes on reading the book, together with the references that are relevant to ideas in the book and which Wolfram refuses to give (with a reasonable justification that the book is already too large).
My main concern with the book is that a reader who is not already aware of the work done in related areas is going to come away from the book with a very misleading impression of Wolfram's contribution to knowledge.
www.lurklurk.org /wolfram/review.html   (1624 words)

 The New York Review of Books: Is the Universe a Computer?
I don't think that his book comes close to meeting his goals or justifying his claims, but if it is a failure it is an interesting one.
Particle physicists like to say that the theory of complexity is the most exciting new thing in science in a generation, except that it has the one disadvantage of not existing.
The strongest reaction I have seen by scientists to this new book has been outrage at Wolfram's exaggeration of the importance of his own contributions to the study of complexity.
www.nybooks.com /articles/15762   (5036 words)

 Stephen Wolfram's Science
These are a kind of mathematical system, typically comprising squares laid out in one or two dimensions; individual squares, known as cells, can be in a variety of states, such as fl or white, and they change according to a fixed rule that depends upon their immediate surroundings.
Traditional science, Wolfram claims, focuses on systems with behaviour so simple that it can be summed up with a mathematical formula, a short-cut which lets us compute in a single stroke what the system will be doing at any future time.
A New Kind of Science is an ambitious book, and in his desire to leave no part of science untouched, Wolfram often overstates his case.
gregegan.customer.netspace.net.au /ESSAYS/ANKOS/Ankos.html   (1594 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: A New Kind of Science: Books: Stephen Wolfram   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
I strongly recommend this book as it is readable (but not without some effort) by a non-mathematical audience, has wonderful images of cellular automata and presents a range of challenging and fascinating ideas across a broad spectrum of science.
There is no "new kind of science" in the book, but rather a collection of very interesting interactions between different simple automata and their limited environments.
The number of reviews of this book is still climbing at a rapid rate, and each time I see another one, I kind of enjoy rereading one chapter or the other in the book.
www.amazon.co.uk /New-Kind-Science-Stephen-Wolfram/dp/1579550088   (2095 words)

 Yale Information Society Project
Stephen Wolfram's "A New Kind of Science" (2002) proposes that almost every phenomenon in the natural world can be modelled by computational processes using extremely simple algorithms.
In Wolfram's view, this correspondence suggests that biology, physics, computer science, and philosophy should all be reinterpreted as the study of the various manifestations of simple computational processes.
This announcement is being made early, to allow time for those who wish to read the parts of "A New Kind of Science" that bear on their areas of practice to do so.
islandia.law.yale.edu /isp/utopianvisions   (228 words)

 A New Kind of Science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A New Kind of Science is a controversial book by Stephen Wolfram, published in 2002.
The thesis of A New Kind of Science is twofold: that the nature of computation must be explored experimentally, and that the results of these experiments have great relevance to understanding the natural world.
Critics also note that none of the book's contents were published in peer-reviewed journals, the standard method for distributing new results, and complained he insufficiently credited other scientists whose work he builds on.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/A_New_Kind_of_Science_(book)   (3044 words)

 Book : A new kind of science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Kanetkar (l1w0lf [1]), I started looking at, and then reading the book "A New kind of science [2]" by Stephen Wolfram, a scientist and the founder of the Mathematica [3] software.
The book is the culmination of his research for almost 20 years, which he prefers to present in the form of a book, rather than other forms of publishing scientific information.
He claims that complex problems, like the Unified theory for the Universe, and such could be solved with this new perception towards science.
kerneltrap.org /node/5027/print   (370 words)

 O'Reilly -- Stephen Wolfram on Bioinformatics
Stephen Wolfram is the creator of the popular Mathematica program, the author of A New Kind of Science, and a keynote speaker at O'Reilly's upcoming Bioinformatics Technology Conference.
Basic to his approach is the idea of studying not traditional mathematical equations but instead, rules of the kind embodied in the simplest computer programs.
Stephen Wolfram will give his keynote " A New Kind of Science and Foundations For Theory in Biology" on Tuesday, February 4th at the 2003 Bioinformatics Technology Conference in San Diego, CA.
www.oreillynet.com /pub/a/oreilly/bio/news/wolfram_0120.html   (1351 words)

 Amazon.fr : A New Kind of Science: Livres en anglais: Stephen Wolfram   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Amazon.fr : A New Kind of Science: Livres en anglais: Stephen Wolfram
Wolfram vit depuis des années reclus de la communauté scientifique et prétend dans ce livre fonder "a new kind of science".
J'ai commandé A New Kind Of Science y a 2 semaines, pas encore lu, mais je suis sur que ce livre contient des choses tres interessantes.
www.amazon.fr /New-Kind-Science-Stephen-Wolfram/dp/1579550088   (1414 words)

 Amazon.com: A New Kind of Science: Books: Stephen Wolfram   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Amazon.com: A New Kind of Science: Books: Stephen Wolfram
At the end of the book, there are hundreds of pages of footnotes describing previous history as essentially one damn thing after another - a testament to all the people that didn't see the promised land, as he has.
The rest of the book describes ways in which cellular automota can by applied to various scientific problems, but no concrete, specific pathways are given for how to tackle these various problems.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/ASIN/1579550088   (4016 words)

 Cosmic computer -- new philosophy to explain the universe   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Wolfram's "A New Kind of Science" is a five-pound, 1,200-page tome that has become a freak summer best-seller, rivaling John Grisham and Danielle Steel in sales.
The underlying theme of "A New Kind of Science" is that reality is like the "cellular automata" which scientists began simulating on computers three decades ago.
In a book review to be published in the forthcoming issue of Physics Today, the University of Chicago physicist Leo Kadanoff calls the book "a tour de force of clarity and simplicity." But "I cannot support the view that any 'new kind of science' is displayed (in the book).
www.sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2002/07/01/MN108224.DTL   (1355 words)

 IT Conversations: Stephen Wolfram
Book Desription: Physics and computer science genius Stephen Wolfram, whose Mathematica computer language launched a multimillion-dollar company, now sets his sights on a more daunting goal: understanding the universe.
My very first reaction to this book was the reverse of my reaction to the back cover of "1066 and all that." That book cited a "review" by "the bookworm" which read "...this thin volume..." Obviously, I had to laugh.
It is true that pretty much all computer science students, certainly including those who took one of my classes, know that simple programs can produce very highly ordered output, very highly complex output, or very irregular output.
www.itconversations.com /shows/detail202.html   (1082 words)

 Book: A New Kind of Science
Starting from a collection of simple computer experiments---illustrated in the book by striking computer graphics---Wolfram shows how their unexpected results force a whole new way of looking at the operation of our universe.
Wolfram uses his approach to tackle a remarkable array of fundamental problems in science: from the origin of the Second Law of thermodynamics, to the development of complexity in biology, the computational limitations of mathematics, the possibility of a truly fundamental theory of physics, and the interplay between free will and determinism.
Written with exceptional clarity, and illustrated by more than a thousand original pictures, this seminal book allows scientists and non-scientists alike to participate in what promises to be a major intellectual revolution.
www.isi.edu /~jlacoss/books/details/497.html   (138 words)

 Textbook Revolution: A New Kind of Science   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Wolfram is the man behind Science World and Math World, two of the best educational sites on the internet.
Ray Kurzweil has an excellent review of the book and a good explanation of what cellular automata are.
The book is available in its entirety online, but in an extremely user-unfriendly format, with images of each page embedded onto a separate web-page.
textbookrevolution.org /general/a-new-kind-of-science   (272 words)

 Stephen Wolfram's Simple Science
On the contrary, he worked alone for a dozen years and his new book has been released on May 14.
Within a generation or two, Wolfram predicts, his new kind of science will be taught in schools along with chemistry and math.
The author of A New Kind of Science explains what drives him to explore topics usually thought to be complex beyond understanding.
radio.weblogs.com /0105910/2002/05/18.html   (409 words)

 Stephen Wolfram, A New Kind of Science
As the saying goes, there is much here that is new and true, but what is true is not new, and what is new is not true; and some of it is even old and false, or at least utterly unsupported.
The book is full to bursting with this kind of thing, in every area of science it touches on that I'm at all familiar with.
At the time of his death, he was working, as he had been for years, on a mammoth book that would have been the final, definitive statement of his views; even in the fragmentary state he left it, it was roughly as long as Wolfram's tome, and infinitely more valuable.
www.cscs.umich.edu /~crshalizi/reviews/wolfram   (5071 words)

 WolframTones: About A New Kind of Science
A New Kind of Science." It is also often known by the acronym "NKS," or just as "Wolfram Science." It's already developed a
The major shift that underlies NKS is the idea of generalizing this, to consider all the kinds of rules that can be embodied in computer programs.
Studying the computational universe immediately suggests new models for all sorts of physical, biological, social, and other systems--as well as a promising new approach to finding a truly fundamental theory of physics.
tones.wolfram.com /about/nks.html   (368 words)

 Wired 10.06: The Man Who Cracked The Code to Everything ...
Word had been out that Stephen Wolfram, the onetime enfant terrible of the science world, was working on a book that would Say It All, a paradigm-busting tome that would not only be the definitive account on complexity theory but also the opening gambit in a new way to view the universe.
It made him a rich man. Now he had supposedly returned to science to write a book that would make the biggest splash of all.
Instead, he put himself in a kind of voluntary house arrest, single-mindedly devoted to the completion of the book.
www.wired.com /wired/archive/10.06/wolfram.html   (960 words)

 Stephen Wolfram: A New Kind of Science--Book Summary
Stephen Wolfram: A New Kind of Science--Book Summary
Starting from a collection of simple computer experiments--illustrated in the book by striking computer graphics--Stephen Wolfram shows how their unexpected results force a whole new way of looking at the operation of our universe.
Stephen Wolfram was born in London and educated at Eton, Oxford, and Caltech.
www.wolframscience.com /summary   (239 words)

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