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Topic: Abdominal cavity

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  Abdominal Wall Defect Repair: Encyclopedia of Surgery
Abdominal wall defect repair is a surgery performed to correct one of two birth defects of the abdominal wall: gastroschisis or omphalocele.
And, when the abdominal wall is incompletely formed at birth, the internal organs of the infant can either protrude into the umbilical cord (omphalocele) or to the side of the navel (gastroschisis).
Abdominal wall defects occurs in the United States at a rate of one case per 2,000 births, which means that some 2,360 cases are diagnosed per year.
health.enotes.com /surgery-encyclopedia/abdominal-wall-defect-repair   (1157 words)

 ABDOMINAL TUBERCULOSIS Pediatric Oncall   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Ingestion of the tuberculous germ by drinking unpasteurised milk of a cow infected with TB is one of the mechanisms of abdominal TB.
Involvement of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum) occurs in remaining of the patients.
Abdominal TB needs to be treated with at least 3-4 anti TB drugs for the initial 2 months and subsequently 2 anti TB drugs for at least 7-10 months.
www.pediatriconcall.com /forpatients/CommonChild/abdominal_tb.asp   (354 words)

 Abdominal cavity
The abdominal aorta is also known in medical Latin as the aorta abdominalis or the pars abdominalis aortae (under which it is often hidden in standard print medical dictionaries).
In addition to the abdominal muscle deficiency, there are genital and urinary abnormalities including dilation (widening) of the urinary tract and cryptorchidism (failure for the testes to descend into the scrotum).
Although abdominal pain can arise from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround the abdominal cavity (the skin and abdominal wall muscles), the term abdominal pain generally is used to describe pain originating from organs within the abdominal cavity (from beneath the skin and muscles).
www.medicalglossary.net /Abdominal_cavity.htm   (2206 words)

 Abdominal Ultrasound
An abdominal ultrasound uses reflected sound waves to produce a picture of the organs and other structures in the upper abdomen.
A kidney ultrasound may also be done to determine the size of the kidneys, detect kidney masses, detect fluid surrounding the kidneys, investigate causes for recurring urinary tract infections, or evaluate the condition of transplanted kidneys.
Determine whether a mass in any of the abdominal organs (such as the liver) is a solid tumor or a simple fluid-filled cyst.
www.webmd.com /hw/digestive_problems/hw1430.asp   (1648 words)

Ascites may be caused by infection, inflammation, abdominal injury, or other conditions, such as cirrhosis or cancer.
The fluid is removed using a needle inserted through the abdominal wall and sent to a lab for analysis to determine the cause of the fluid buildup.
Determine the cause of fluid buildup in the abdominal cavity (ascites).
www.webmd.com /hw/health_guide_atoz/hw198220.asp?printing=true   (1385 words)

 Inguinal Region
The abdominal cavity is divided into two parts: 1) the abdominal cavity proper and 2) the pelvic cavity.
The abdominal cavity extends into the rib cage so that many abdominal organs particularly foregut deriviatives are protected by the ribs.
The abdominal portion of the esophagus comprises a 1 cm segment which grooves the left lobe of the liver before it enters the stomach at the cardiac orifice.
wings.buffalo.edu /smbs/ana/newpage43.htm   (1841 words)

 Abdominal pain definition - Digestion and digestive-related information on MedicineNet.com
Abdominal pain may be minor and of no great significance, or it can reflect a major problem involving one of the organs in the abdomen.
Acute abdominal pain may require urgent surgery such as for a twisted ovarian cyst, ectopic pregnancy, intestinal obstruction, appendicitis, peritonitis, perforated peptic ulcer, perforated diverticulitis, or abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Abdominal pain in infants and small children may be due to intestinal obstruction from atresia or stenosis of the intestine, esophageal webs, intussusception, volvulus, imperforate anus, and Hirschsprung disease.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=6139   (518 words)

 Peritoneum Summary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
(The corresponding serous membranes in the pleural and pericardial cavities of the thorax are called the pleura and the pericardium respectively.) The peritoneum both supports the abdominal organs and serves as a conduit for their blood and lymph vessels and nerves.
Pneumoperitoneum is the presence of gas within the peritoneal cavity, as may occur when a perforation forms in the stomach or intestines, and heralds a perilous situation.
Peritonitis refers to inflammation of the peritoneal lining or cavity, as may occur with either a perforation or by spread of infection through the wall of one of the abdominal organs.
www.bookrags.com /Peritoneum   (959 words)

 eMedicine - Peritonitis and Abdominal Sepsis : Article by Ruben Peralta, MD, FACS
It is caused by perforation or necrosis (transmural infection) of a hollow visceral organ with bacterial inoculation of the peritoneal cavity.
The increase in abdominal wall muscular tone may be voluntary in response to or in anticipation of the abdominal examination or involuntary because of the peritoneal irritation.
Abdominal ultrasound may be helpful in the evaluation of right upper quadrant (eg, perihepatic abscess, cholecystitis, biloma, pancreatitis, pancreatic pseudocyst), right lower quadrant, and pelvic pathology (eg, appendicitis, tubo-ovarian abscess, Douglas pouch abscess), but the examination is sometimes limited because of patient discomfort, abdominal distension, and bowel gas interference.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic2737.htm   (11088 words)

 Digestive and Liver Disorders
The omphalocele may be small, with only a portion of the intestine protruding outside the abdominal cavity, or large, with most of the abdominal organs (including intestine, liver, and spleen) present outside the abdominal cavity.
For a "small" omphalocele (only a portion of the intestine protruding outside the abdominal cavity), shortly after birth, an operation is done to return the organs to the abdomen and close the opening in the abdominal wall.
Because the abdominal cavity may be small and underdeveloped, and the organs may be swollen, a baby with an omphalocele may have breathing difficulties as the organs are returned to the abdomen.
www.waukeshamemorial.org /content.asp?pageid=P02012   (900 words)

 Abdomen, Abdominal Wall, & Plexes
The former is known as the visceral peritoneum, and the latter as the parietal peritoneum.
The peritoneal cavity is the space between the parietal and visceral portions of the peritoneum.
pelvic plexuses supply the viscera of the pelvic cavity, and are situated at the sides of the rectum in the male, and at the sides of the rectum and vagina in the female.
www.pitt.edu /~anat/Abdomen/Abdomen/Abd.htm   (3974 words)

 Abdominal pain information produced by medical doctors (abdomen pain, stomach pain)
Abdominal pain is pain that is felt in the abdomen.
Although abdominal pain can arise from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround the abdominal cavity (i.e., skin and abdominal wall muscles), the term abdominal pain generally is used to describe pain originating from organs within the abdominal cavity (i.e., beneath the skin and muscles).
Occasionally, pain may be felt in the abdomen even though it is arising from organs that are close to but not within the abdominal cavity, for example, the lower lungs, the kidneys, and the uterus or ovaries.
www.medicinenet.com /abdominal_pain/article.htm   (780 words)

 Laparoscopic Abdominal Access Technique   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Abdominal wall should be held full thickness with the help of thenar, hypothenar and all the four fingers.
Whenever intra abdominal pressure decreases due to leak of gas outside, insufflator eject some gas inside to maintain the pressure equal to preset pressure and if intra-abdominal pressure increases due to external pressure, insufflator sucks some gas from abdominal cavity to again maintain the pressure to preset pressure.
After adequate distention of abdominal cavity the actual pressure should be equal to the preset pressure and gas flow should stop.
www.laparoscopyhospital.com /abdominal_access_technique.htm   (4451 words)

 Abdominal Trauma: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Dilemma
With blunt abdominal trauma, the physical examination is the most informative portion of the diagnostic evaluation and should be as complete as time and the patient's condition permit.
Diagnostic peritoneal irrigation is useful in the diagnosis of abdominal injuries where the four-quadrant tap was unfruitful and the patient continues to be unstable in spite of your shock therapy.
A recent study in dogs has shown the benefit of abdominal compression in conjunction with intensive fluid therapy for survival of abdominal hemorrhage.8 Caution should be employed in applying an excessively tight bandage when thoracic injuries are also present.
www.cvmbs.colostate.edu /clinsci/wing/abdomtra.html   (1489 words)

 Abdominal distress
The abdominal area is the area between your chest and groin, often referred to as the stomach region or belly.
The pain may be chronic or acute, crampy or sharp, and associated with abdominal rigidity (board-like stiffness).
The latter suggests peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin membrane that lines the abdominal cavity) and may represent a ruptured organ.
www.mercydesmoines.org /ADAM/Encyclopedia/ency/002228.asp   (373 words)

 Peritonitis: Emergencies: Merck Manual Home Edition
Peritonitis is usually caused by an infection spreading from an infected organ in the abdominal cavity.
The peritoneum (the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and organs) is remarkably resistant to infection.
An infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes—which may be caused by several types of bacteria, including the ones that cause gonorrhea and chlamydial infection—spreads into the abdominal cavity.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec09/ch132/ch132g.html   (594 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Intra-abdominal abscess
An intra-abdominal abscess is an infected pocket of fluid and pus located inside the belly area (abdominal cavity).
Liver function tests, abdominal x-ray, and sonogram may also be helpful in diagnosing abscess.
A drain is left in the abscess cavity, and remains in place until the infection goes away.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000212.htm   (476 words)

An omphalocele, however, is a herniation of the abdominal contents through the umbilical cord and is covered with a sac while gastroschisis is a herniation through the abdominal wall (usually to the right of the umbilical cord), which does not involve the cord.
As in omphaloceles, the abdominal cavity may be small and replacement of the bowel into the cavity may require several weeks in which the abdominal cavity is gently stretched to accommodate the mass.
If the abdominal cavity is too small, a mesh sack is sutured around the margins of the abdominal defect and the edges of the defect are pulled up.
www.adam.com /democontent/hie/ency/article/000992.htm   (477 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Abdominal distress
Abdominal distress is any pain or discomfort in the abdomen.
The pain may be chronic (ongoing) or acute (sudden), crampy or sharp, and associated with abdominal rigidity (board-like stiffness).
Rigidity suggests peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin membrane that lines the abdominal cavity) and may represent a ruptured organ (such as the appendix).
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/002228.htm   (412 words)

 The American Board of Abdominal Surgery
Abdominal Surgery is defined as surgery pertaining to the contents of the abdominal cavity, its walls and orifices.
The American Board of Abdominal Surgery urges all surgeons engaged in abdominal surgery or a specific area of abdominal surgery be qualified and proficient in all phases of surgery within the abdominal cavity.
The goal of the Fellowship is for the Preceptee to perform a minimum of 150 cases of minimallyinvasive abdominal surgery.
www.abdominalsurg.org /board.html   (1783 words)

 [No title]
Describe the peritoneal cavity and all of its associated components.
The omental bursa (lesser sac) is the smaller part of the peritoneal cavity that lies posterior to the stomach and adjoining omenta
Describe the arterial supply and venous drainage of the abdominal region.
www.seedwiki.com /wiki/osu_med1/abdominal_cavity?wpid=206168   (166 words)

 eMedicine - Abdominal Abscess : Article by Alan A Saber, MD
Persistent abdominal pain, focal tenderness, spiking fever, prolonged ileus, leukocytosis, or intermittent polymicrobial bacteriemia suggest an intra-abdominal abscess in patients with predisposing primary intra-abdominal disease or following abdominal surgery.
Contraindications: Contraindications to surgical correction of abdominal abscesses are based on the patient's comorbidities and his or her ability to tolerate surgery.
Incidence of death is correlated to the severity of the underlying cause, a delayed diagnosis, inadequate drainage, and unsuspected foci of infection within the peritoneal cavity or elsewhere.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic2702.htm   (3033 words)

 Researchers develop new technique using the abdominal cavity to deliver oxygen to assist ailing lungs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have helped develop a technique in animal models for using the abdominal cavity to exchange gas, supplementing the function normally performed by the lungs.
Friedberg's idea was inspired by a similar technique, already used for patients suffering from kidney failure -- peritoneal dialysis -- in which a catheter is placed into the abdominal cavity and the blood is cleansed by using the lining of the abdominal cavity to exchange toxins and electrolytes.
Friedberg wondered if it would be possible to use the lining of the abdominal cavity for gas exchange, like a "supplemental" lung, analogous to the way it is used like a "supplemental" kidney with peritoneal dialysis.
www.news-medical.net /?id=19343   (850 words)

 Ovarian cancer: Abdominal chemotherapy offers new hope - MayoClinic.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
A new study reports that injecting chemotherapy drugs directly into the abdominal cavity boosts survival for women with advanced ovarian cancer by about one year.
The study results were promising enough that the National Cancer Institute is urging doctors to begin using abdominal chemotherapy in addition to intravenous chemotherapy after surgery for ovarian cancer — an unusual step meant to publicize the positive effects of abdominal chemotherapy.
The difference is the abdominal infusion, which exposes hard-to-reach cancer cells in the abdominal cavity with higher levels of chemotherapy drugs than can be reached intravenously.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/ovarian-cancer/DI00051   (332 words)

 Intra-abdominal abscess
Intra-abdominal abscesses -- either single or multiple -- are infected pockets of fluid (collections of pus) that occur within the abdominal cavity.
Risk factors for intra-abdominal abscesses include any history of abdominal infectious processes such as appendicitis, diverticulitis, perforated ulcer disease, or any operation that involves contamination of the abdominal cavity, foreign bodies or dead tissue.
In addition, after a CT scan, a needle may be placed through the skin into the abscess cavity to confirm diagnosis and treat the abscess.
www.pennhealth.com /ency/article/000212.htm   (484 words)

 Diaphragmatic Hernia - My Child Has - Children's Hospital Boston
An opening is present in the diaphragm (the muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity).
A diaphragmatic hernia allows abdominal organs to move into the chest cavity, instead of remaining in the abdomen as they are developing.
The stomach, intestine, and other abdominal organs are moved from the chest cavity back to the abdominal cavity.
www.childrenshospital.org /az/Site741/mainpageS741P0.html   (1256 words)

 Abdominal Pain in Adults
Abdominal pain can be sharp, dull, stabbing, cramplike, knifelike, twisting, or boring.
Abdominal pain can be brief, lasting for a few minutes and then going away, or it can be constant.
Abdominal pain can make you want to stay in one place and not move a muscle.
www.emedicinehealth.com /abdominal_pain_in_adults/article_em.htm   (249 words)

 Week 6 More...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
At the lower end the abdominal cavity is continuous with the pelvis.
The point here is that as a cavity, the 'protective' diaphragm at the lower end is the 'pelvic diaphragm', which we shall study with the pelvis.
Ordinarily when pressure in the abdominal cavity rises by muscular contraction, the internal oblique reduces the gap between itself and the inguinal ligament.
www.lab.anhb.uwa.edu.au /hb201/02weekpages/wk06/week06_5more.htm   (1715 words)

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