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Topic: Abenaki


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In the News (Sat 21 Oct 17)

  
  Abenaki - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Abenakis inhabited the area that includes parts of Quebec and the Maritime Provinces in Canada, and portions of the states of Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine in the United States.
Abenakis are not a federally recognized tribe in the United States, unlike almost all of the other eastern tribes.
This is due to the decimation or assimilation of the Abenaki and subsequent isolation of each small remnant of the greater whole onto reservations during and after the French and Indian War, well before the US government began acknowledging the sovereignty of native tribes in the late twentieth century.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Abenaki   (384 words)

  
 Abenaki
Abenaki take their name from a word in their own language meaning "dawn land people" or "easterners." In 1600 the Eastern Abenaki occupied what is now the state of Maine, except for its northern and easternmost portions.
All Abenaki were part of the Eastern Algonquian cultures and were separated from other Algonquians to the west and north by an intrusion of Iroquoian-speaking cultures around 1000 years ago.
The Abenaki are prominent in the journals of CHAMPLAIN and other explorers and missionaries.
thecanadianencyclopedia.com /index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0000007   (533 words)

  
 Abenaki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Abenaki first applied for federal recognition in 1980 but pulled their application in 1985 after learning the state had obtained the application from the BIA and was using it in court cases.
The southern boundaries of the Abenaki homeland were near the present northern border of Massachusetts excluding the Pennacook country along the Merrimack River of southern New Hampshire.
Abenaki and Sokoki warriors also participated in Montcalm's campaign in northern New York, where it is rumored that the Penobscot initiated the massacre that followed the capture of Fort William Henry in 1757.
www.tolatsga.org /aben.html   (9500 words)

  
 Abenaki
Since the Abenaki usually retreated to Canada during war, New England came to think of them as Canadian Indians - which, of course, they were not - but it served as an excuse to take most of their land in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont without compensation.
The English generally distrusted the Abenaki because of their past association with the French, not realizing the French were not really interested in the Abenaki because they were getting all the fur they needed from the Great Lakes through the Huron.
After the Abenaki had returned to their homeland, the Jesuits had followed them, and by 1699 there were at least six Jesuits permanently living in the Abenaki villages.
www.edzeppy.com /abenaki.htm   (9083 words)

  
 The Abenaki Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Abenaki language is classified by linguists as belonging to the Algonquin family of Native American Languages.
The main difficulty in understanding the Abenaki language from many published sources is that, unlike the English language, there is not always a literal translation for a word.
However, in Abenaki translation this word loses some of its meaning and becomes "that thing that ticks." The concept of a clock and other terms is further complicated because Native Americans do not think along Western European lines, and have an altogether different concept of what time is and how it is measured.
www.cowasuck.org /language/language.htm   (229 words)

  
 Abenaki mythology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Abenaki (also Wabanaki) are a Native American tribe located in the northeastern United States.
Odzihozo turned himself into a stone in the middle of the lake and is said to inhabit Rock Dunder (west of Burlington, Vermont).
Tabaldak, the creator god, made humans and then Gluskab (several variants of whom were associated with different branches of the Abenaki, including Glooscap, Glooskap, Gluskabe Klooskomba, Nanabozho) and Malsumis sprang from the dust on his hand.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Abenaki_mythology   (1223 words)

  
 The Abenaki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Abenaki are most often confused with the Wabenaki Confederation of which they are a part of along with the Penobscots, Passamaquoddy, Micmac and Maliseet, however they are a separate tribe.
Although the Abenaki received state recognition in 1976, it was later withdrawn, and at the time of this writing they are still seeking federal recognition.
The Abenaki consisted of various groups such as the Missiquoi Band of 300, the Cowasucks of the upper Connecticut River, 500 Sokokis of the middle Connecticut River, the Penacooks and Winnipaukees of the upper Merrimack River, as well as other bands on major rivers in Vermont.
www.snowwowl.com /peopleabenaki.html   (3198 words)

  
 today
Abenaki children were forced to go to schools that were designed to replace their native language and culture with American.
The Abenaki decided it was time to force the government to notice and take their needs into account.
Today, the Abenaki population in Vermont is growing and there are at least 20 tribal groupings throughout the state.
personalweb.smcvt.edu /winooskimills/Abenaki/AbenakiToday.htm   (526 words)

  
 Pennacook
For this reason, some classifications consider the Pennacook to be the southernmost group of the Abenaki, but in 1620 the Pennacook were a large, independent confederacy which tended to view their Abenaki relatives to the north as enemies.
From the standpoint of the Pennacook, Sokoki, and Abenaki, it was bad enough that the English had become allies with the Iroquois, but even worse was when the Boston traders had abandoned them to move west to Albany and trade with their enemies.
The Abenaki had promised in their treaty with the English to remain neutral in future wars between Britain and France, but no member of the Abenaki Confederation was more opposed to this provision than the Pennacook.
www.dickshovel.com /penna.html   (3473 words)

  
 Native Americans: Abenaki Indian Tribe (Abanaki, Abenakis, Abenaki People, Alnôbak)
Since the Abenaki tribe tended to retreat into Canada to avoid attacks from the British and Iroquoians, England was left with the impression they were Canadian Indians, but in fact the Abenakis were originally natives of New England.
The Abenaki bands' strategy of merging after heavy losses and keeping more powerful neighbors in the dark about their existence may have caused them headaches in getting federal recognition, but it has also ensured their survival, whether their neighbors are aware they are still there or not.
Abenaki history is interesting and important, but the Abenakis are still here today, too, and we try to feature current writers as well as traditional folklore, contemporary artwork as well as archaeology exhibits, and the issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday.
www.native-languages.org /abenaki.htm   (840 words)

  
 Who were the Abenaki Indians?
The Abenaki Indians were the inhabitants of the northern part of New England and the southern part of the Canadian Maritimes.
The Abenaki actually referred to themselves as ‘Alnanbal’, meaning ‘men.’ The name Abenaki meant ‘people of the dawn’ or ‘easterners.’ Among the Europeans the Abenaki were also known as the St. Francis Indians, while other tribes referred to them variously as the Anagonges, the Natsagana and the Obunego.
The Abenaki were an agricultural people who would normally locate their villages on the shore of a river or stream.
scsc.essortment.com /abenakinewengl_rmru.htm   (685 words)

  
 GeoNative - Delaware - Abenaki - Maliseet-Passamaquoddy
Orri honetan, honako hizkuntza algonkinoak ditugu zerrendatuak: Delaware, eta New England eskualdekoak: Maliseet-Passamaquoddy eta Abenaki.
New England eskualdean hitz egiten ziren jatorrizko hizkuntzetatik, denak daude hilak, salbu Maliset-Passamaquoddy eta Abenaki mintzairak (azken hau hiltzekotan).
Of the different aboriginal languages of New England, all are extinct except Maliset-Passamaquoddy and Abenaki (this one virtually extinct also).
www.geocities.com /Athens/9479/abenaki.html   (785 words)

  
 Encyclopedia of North American Indians - - Abenaki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Abenakis included the Sokokis on the middle and upper Connecticut River, the Cowasucks farther upriver, the Missisquois on the northern shore of Lake Champlain, the Pennacooks of New Hampshire's Merrimack Valley, the Pigwackets in the White Mountains, the Androscoggins of western Maine, and the Penobscots, Norridgewocks, Wawenocks, and Kennebecs farther east.
Thousands of Abenakis died from epidemics such as the plague that swept the coast of Maine in 1617 and the smallpox epidemic of 1633-34 on the Merrimack and Connecticut Rivers.
Abenaki villages fell to English assault in 1724, when the English and their Indian allies destroyed Norridgewock and killed and scalped the Jesuit missionary Sebastian Rasles, and in 1759 when Robert Rogers's Rangers torched St. Francis.
college.hmco.com /history/readerscomp/naind/html/na_000200_abenaki.htm   (1992 words)

  
 Abenaki Recognition: An Analysis of Articles & Reports
Statement of Purpose: This bill proposes to recognize the tribal status of the Abenaki people as a matter of state law; to create a commission on Abenaki affairs to negotiate matters of common concern to the state of Vermont and the Abenaki tribe; and to assist the Abenaki tribe in obtaining federal recognition.
The general assembly further declares it to be the intent of the people of the state of Vermont to assist the Abenaki people in obtaining federal recognition as a sovereign nation.
(a) A commission on Abenaki affairs is created for the purpose of aiding the Abenaki tribe in its efforts to achieve federal recognition and to negotiate with the tribe in matters of common interest to the people of the tribe and the people of Vermont.
www.freewebs.com /abenaki/SL-h484.html   (644 words)

  
 Boston.com / News / Local / Vt. / Child welfare contract omits Abenaki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The program, Benay said, is intended to ensure Abenaki children can remain in their home communities and school districts when they are placed in foster care.
Commission members said a lack of direct reference to the Abenaki could be the first step in preventing cultural education to Abenaki youths.
Abenaki Chief April St. Francis Merrill said she wanted to know what state officials hoped to accomplish with the contract revision.
www.boston.com /news/local/vermont/articles/2005/03/25/child_welfare_contract_omits_abenaki?mode=PF   (394 words)

  
 Abenaki Historical Background
The French often supplied the Abenaki with weapons, supplies, and military leaders to wage war on the English.
The Abenaki story is a giant jigsaw puzzle with most of it's pieces scattered by the winds of time.
Chapters that will define who the Abenaki people are, what sacrifices were made in order to survive, and what contributions they made to local communities.
www.avcnet.org /ne-do-ba/nhis_001.html   (693 words)

  
 Facts for Kids: Abenaki Indians (Abanaki, Abnaki, Abenakis, Alnombak)
We encourage students, especially older kids, to look through our main Abenaki language and culture pages for more in-depth information about the tribe, but here are some straightforward answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with Abenaki pictures and links we believe are especially suitable for all ages.
Avoid calling the Abenakis 'Wabanaki'--although it is a related word, Wabanaki is also used to refer to Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, and Micmac Indians, because those five tribes called themselves the Wabanaki Confederacy when they were allied against the Iroquois.
The Abenakis want to be recognized as a true Indian tribe, but because their ancesters often hid from the Americans or fled into Canada, they cannot prove that they lived in New England continuously since the 1600's.
www.geocities.com /bigorrin/abenaki_kids.htm   (1534 words)

  
 Abenaki   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Abenakis inhabited the area that includes parts of the province of Quebec in Canada, and portions of the states of Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine in the United States.
The language of the Abenakis shared common roots with neighboring tribes such as the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, and other New England tribes.
Abenakis are not a federally recognized tribe in the United States.
www.yotor.com /wiki/en/ab/Abenaki.htm   (272 words)

  
 Abenaki Speak Out For State Recognition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Abenaki Nation Chief April Rushlow Merrill, after testifying before the committee, said she wanted to thank Canns and send him her best wishes because he had worked so many years to try to obtain recognition for the Abenaki.
She said the Abenaki, who are her ancestors, have paid about $6,500 of her college costs.
She said she always knew she was an Abenaki and had a lot of contact with other tribal members when she was growing up.
www.caledonianrecord.com /pages/top_news/story/2a57e7681   (1448 words)

  
 Abenaki Ethnography
The word Abenaki means "people of the dawnland (Calloway,14)" and refers to their most eastern location in North America.
Abenaki children were taught essential life lessons at an early age, such as "sharing, generosity, and hospitality.
The Abenaki followed along a belief system that was parallel to that of other tribes with the belief in the supernatural and animism.
www.wackyfarm.com /pennacook/ethno.html   (1079 words)

  
 The 1998 Canadian Encyclopedia: Abenaki@ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Abenaki take their name from a word in their own language
Eastern Abenaki occupied what is now the state of Maine,
Western Abenaki lived in the rest of northern New England,
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1P1:28743184&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (122 words)

  
 Abenaki Warrior-Native American Reviews
The story of the great Abenaki warrior, Chief Escumbuit, is one which has waited far too long to be told.
Alfred Kayworth has done a most remarkable job in bringing to light the struggles of the Abenaki people and the choices they were forced to make while caught in the middle of warring French and British factions.
The knowledge of Chief Escumbuit’s lifelong struggle to ensure the survival of his people should empower Abenakis and Wabanakis to feel a greater sense of pride and renewed faith as they continue their present-day struggle to preserve their rich cultural heritage.
www.abenakiwarrior.com /native.htm   (867 words)

  
 main
The Abenaki did not gain all of their food by means of hunting and gathering.
The Abenaki also planted crops of corn, beans squash and tobacco (which was used in ceremonies) near the villages.
Artifacts from the Abenaki living at the Winooski site have been found dating back as far as 3000 B.C. The area was first inhabited by a single family, who camped at the site in late fall to harvest butternuts.
personalweb.smcvt.edu /winooskimills/Abenaki/Abenakimain.htm   (809 words)

  
 Boston.com / News / Local / Vt. / Senate committee endorses Abenaki recognition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
After hearing from a legislative lawyer who advised that state recognition would have little effect on the Abenaki's bid for federal recognition as a tribe, the Senate Judiciary Committee, absent one member, voted unanimously to pass the bill.
Supporters say state recognition would make the Abenaki eligible for federal education grants and allow them to label and sell their crafts as Native American.
The bill calls for increased Abenaki representation on a newly formed Commission on Native-American Affairs that would assist Native Americans.
www.boston.com /news/local/vermont/articles/2005/05/11/senate_committee_endorses_abenaki_recognition   (275 words)

  
 Native Americans
The Abenaki, or "dawn land people," are native to the Northeast - Canada, Vermont, Maine and southern Massachusetts - where they enjoyed life in the fields and wild grass along the rivers and coast.
During winter months, when the water monsters were trapped beneath the ice and could not hear, the members of the Abenaki would gather to hear stories of the old men - stories of good and bad beings like Gluscap, Trickster the Raccoon.
Ultimately, however, the Abenaki succumbed to new diseases brought to them by the white man. Once the English arrived, the remaining Abenaki fled to Canada.
www.thewildwest.org /native_american/society   (506 words)

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