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Topic: Ablative case


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In the News (Thu 21 Mar 19)

  
  5 Case theory
As is evident from (3), the distinction between nominative and accusative case is marked in German on the head of the noun phrase, the determiner.
The PIE ablative indicated the source of movement (as in I drove from Chicago), the locative was used for locations (as in I used to live in Chicago), and the instrumental marked instruments or means (as in He cut it with his pocketknife).
For instance, the dative and ablative singular are homonymous for avus 'grandfather', the genitive and the dative singular are homonymous for femina 'woman', and the dative and the ablative plural are homonymous for both nouns.
www.ling.upenn.edu /courses/Spring_2001/ling150/ch5.html   (5736 words)

  
 Ablative case
The ablative case is a case found in Latin and Sanskrit.
The Latin ablative combines the Indo-European ablative (indicating "from"), instrumental[?] (indicating "with" or "by") and locative (indicating "in") cases.
In the Finnish language (Suomi), it is the sixth of the locative cases with the basic meaning "from off of" - a poor English equivalent, but necessary to distinguish it from "from out of" which would be Elative case.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ab/Ablative.html   (112 words)

  
 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Locative case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The locative case is found in some classical Indo-European languages, particularly Sanskrit and Latin.
It is still found in uncommon, archaic or literary use in certain modern Indian languages (such as Marathi in which a separate ablative case has however disappeared).
The locative case corresponds vaguely to the preposition "in", "at", or "by" of English and indicates a final location of action or a time of the action.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/lo/Locative_case   (149 words)

  
 ABLATIVE
The Ablative Case is historically a conflation of three other cases: the true ablative or case of separation ("from"); the associative-instrumental case ("with" and "by"); and the locative case ("in").
Caesare duce: Similarly, this kind of ablative absolute may be analyzed as a temporal ablative (that is, a metaphorical extension of the locative case) or as an associative-instrumental ablative (for instance, in the sense of "with Caesar being the leader").
The Ablative of Respect seems to have had a composite origin or was influenced at least by two different case-functions: the locative function and the instrumental function.
omega.cohums.ohio-state.edu /latin/grammar/ablative_case.htm   (1040 words)

  
 Types of Ablatives
The ablative of place where shows in what location a person or object is. It is important that you keep in mind that the person or object is completely within this place and not moving somewhere else (which requires a different prepositional construction).
The best way to determine if you have an ablative of means is to try and translate it "by means of" whatever the noun is - by means of an embrace, by means of a stick, by means of his tunic.
In nearly every case, the answer to this question will be the word cum followed by a person in the ablative case (of course, animals and other objects could be).
home.earthlink.net /~spmitchell/types_of_ablatives.htm   (677 words)

  
 [No title]
The Ablative of Manner, you may recall, is a way to use a noun as an adverb.
The uses of the ablative case can be divided into two groups: (1) uses of the ablative with a preposition; (2) uses of the ablative without a preposition.
When you have a preposition governing an ablative case, you just translate the meaning of the preposition and then translate the meaning of the noun.
www.wordgumbo.com /ie/rom/lat/wl/lat22.txt   (1158 words)

  
 Estonian Inflection
The nominative case is used when the noun is the subject (or predicate) of the sentence.
The elative case is used to show something else is going outside of it, or made from it.
The translative case is also used as a short form of the postposition 'jaoks' to show what something is for.
www.cusd.claremont.edu /~tkroll/inflection.html   (413 words)

  
 [No title]
They differ from non-i-stem nouns in four cases: (1) the ablative singular is a long "-i" instead of the normal short "-e"; (2,3) the nominative (and therefore the accusative) plural is "-ia" instead of just plain "-a"; (4) the genitive plural is "-ium" instead of "-um".
It's in the ablative case because that is the case required by the preposition which is governing it.
The Ablative of Manner affords the writer the opportunity to elaborate on the manner in which the action is being performed in a way a simple adverb does not.
humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk /Lexis/Wheelock-Latin/lat14.txt   (2021 words)

  
 Use of the Cases in Livy 1.1-10   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Ablative of cause: a word in the ablative case with or without the preposition is used to express cause.
Ablative of means or instrument: The ablative case is used to denote the means or instrument by which an action is completed.
Ablative of accompaniment: The ablative case is used to indicate accompaniment, normally with the preposition cum.
www.cofc.edu /~fennoj/Livy/LivCa.htm   (5859 words)

  
 Instrumental case - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The instrumental case is a grammatical case used to indicate that a noun is the instrument or means by or with which the subject achieves or accomplishes an action.
An instrumental/comitative case is arguably present in Turkish and other Altaic languages, as well as in Tamil.
In Classical Greek, for example, the dative case is used as the instrumental case.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Instrumental_case   (703 words)

  
 Lesson III
Greek geometers thought of the cases of nouns as radii in a circle, with the "independent" nominative and vocative cases a vertical radius, casus recti, with the other cases inclined more and more in the first quadrant, the casus obliqui or dependent cases, that had to lean on something.
So far, we know that the nominative case is used for the subject of the sentence, the accusative for the direct object, the dative for the indirect object, the ablative as the object of some prepositions, and the genitive to show the association of one noun with another.
Cases are used in the specification of space, place and time, often without a preposition.
www.du.edu /~etuttle/classics/latin/latin3.htm   (1685 words)

  
 ABLATIVE 2, ABLATIVE ABSOLUTE, ABLATIVE CASE. The Columbia Guide to Standard American English. 1993
Latin’s ablative absolute is a syntactically separate phrase, usually made up of a noun and a modifier, both in the ablative case; it works like a sentence modifier.
English has no ablative case, but it has structures that grammarians have compared to ablative absolutes: The homework completed, we hurried to the stadium.
The grammatical term ablative is stressed on the first syllable, AB-luh-tiv, as noun or adjective.
www.bartleby.com /68/17/17.html   (112 words)

  
 Zhyler Noun Cases
In this case, the noun in the genitive (which is the possessor) comes first, and the noun in the possessive (which is the possessed noun) comes second.
The state or condition, in Zhyler, is expressed with the nominative case, and the object (that is, the one who's left in that state) is expressed with the comitative.
As opposed to the caritive case, which is used with instruments that an action is completed without, and the privative case, which is used with individuals that an action is completed without, the abessive is used for possessions or persons (e.g., relatives) that one doesn't have.
dedalvs.free.fr /zhyler/ncases.html   (4416 words)

  
 Declensions and Cases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
To show that a word is in the nominative case, (i.e., the word functions as the subject of a clause), modern English speakers put that word in front of a verb.
Ablative Case: Words in this case typically indicate source, origin, separation, or causation, though certain prepositions or special verbs will require an object to be in the ablative.
Interjective Case: Words in the interjective case are outbursts or exclamations separate from the rest of the sentence's syntax.
web.cn.edu /kwheeler/declensions.html   (655 words)

  
 Lingua Mongolia - Case
The nominative case can be marked by the particle ber but this is generally only used to avoid ambiguity and is therefore not as widely used as the nominative particles of other languages.
The genitive case is used to show possession and is placed immediately after the first member of a genitive construction.
The ablative case carries the meaning 'from' and shows separation away from an object.
www.linguamongolia.co.uk /case1.html   (389 words)

  
 Dummies::Mastering Latin Ablatives
Ablatives are to Latin grammar what fl holes are to space: They suck in all matter and energy.
Actually, the ablative case is the case for all sorts of time and space-related uses.
Similar to the ablative of means, the ablative of manner shows the way in which something was done.
www.dummies.com /WileyCDA/DummiesArticle/id-1433.html   (777 words)

  
 grammar appendix
Notice also that the nominative and accusative case endings are the same (-um in the singular; -a in the plural).
The dative case is used to indicate the indirect object in a sentence.
The case of the relative pronoun is determined by its function in the relative clause.
its.guilford.k12.nc.us /gcslatin/grammar/grammar_appendix.htm   (1692 words)

  
 KET DL | Latin 2 | Grammatica | Participles
An Ablative Absolute phrase is used when a thought, condition or action is grammatically separate but modifies the meaning of the rest of the sentence.
The ablative absolute is sometimes called an adverbial phrase because it modifies the whole sentence as an adverb modifies the action of a verb.
Nuntium, although not in the ablative case, is considered part of the AA phrase because it is direct object of the active participle.
www.dl.ket.org /latin2/grammar/ablativeabsolute.htm   (598 words)

  
 Latin/Lesson 6 - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks
Besides its proper ablative functions (taken in Greek by the Genitive), it comprises those of the Primitive Instrumental (partly taken in Greek by the Dative) and most functions of the Locative Case.
The ablative tells us that the concept to which the ablative case refers (the 5th hour) is outside, and different from the (accusative) direct object or the (nominative) subject.
Latin has its own way of handling prepositions depending on the nouns and their cases in the sentence, including the ever versatile 'in', which can take many different meanings depending upon the case of the object.
en.wikibooks.org /wiki/Latin/Lesson_6   (669 words)

  
 ablative | English | Dictionary & Translation by Babylon
In linguistics, ablative case (also called the sixth case) (abbreviated ABL) is a name given to cases in various languages whose common thread is that they mark motion away from something, though the details in each language may differ.
The name "ablative" is derived from a Latin verb meaning "to carry away".
ablative, of or pertaining to the ablative case (Grammar)
www.babylon.com /definition/ablative/English?uil=English   (169 words)

  
 OLC III.37: Ablative absolute
An "ablative absolute" is a participial phrase in which the participle in the phrase modifies a noun (or pronoun) in the same phrase.
That being the case, the phrase is said to be "absolute," because the participle does not modify some noun or pronoun outside of the phrase.
The tenses of the participles in ablative absolute--as is true of all participles--is relative to that of the main verb.
www.jburroughs.org /classics/curriculum/olc3/37_tutorial.html   (794 words)

  
 Glossary of Grammar and Syntax
The ablative case signifies that a noun is either the object of a
It consists of a noun or pronoun in the ablative case with a participle agreeing with it.
Otherwise, the ablative of means is used: Rex hoc glaudio necatus est, the king was killed by (or with) this sword.
www.languages.uncc.edu /classics/latin/glossary.htm   (7837 words)

  
 Locative / Ablative Case   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Although the locative case can be translated into English using different words ("in", "at", "on") depending on the context, there is some commonality in each word's meaning.
The case suffix -இடம் is affiliated with the locative case, but it takes on only a few specific meanings that are all different.
Some meanings resemble the locative case, while sometimes it is used the way the dative case is. We will postpone it for later.
www.unc.edu /~echeran/paadanool/unicode/lesson24.html   (172 words)

  
 Latin case usage
Case usage is also covered in introductory texts and comprehensive grammars, which you should consult, by way of the index, when you need reminding about structures mentioned in class, or if something described below needs further elucidation.
As for what does stand below, it is intended to cover the commoner forms of case usage, in particular, those which I think we see, and speak of, during the second year of Latin study.
Ablative case usage is complicated by the fact that the ablative has taken over the function of several cases either lost or moribund in Latin -- the associative and instrumental, and the locative.
social.chass.ncsu.edu /~zmpackma/Latin_case_usage.html   (753 words)

  
 Here are the main prepositions that use the ablative case
Perhaps the most important use of the ablative case is with prepositions.
Below are the major prepositions that take the ablative case and what they mean.
Use lower case letters except for the names of people or places, and the beginning of sentences and pronouns where necessary.
www.chss.montclair.edu /classics/ablative1v2.html   (358 words)

  
 Ablative Absolute   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The ablative absolute is a construction usually consisting of a noun and a participle, both in the ablative case.
The ablative absolute is connected to the rest of the sentence in meaning only, not grammatically.
Recall that passive voice used ablative of agent to tell us who was doing the action: "haec femina magistro laudata est", "this woman was praised by her teacher." If we indicate agent in a passive periphrastic, we use the dative case.
www.mccsc.edu /~blaw/chapter_44.htm   (526 words)

  
 Similis, e: 'Similar To' + Dative Case
It seeks to impart a degree of confidence in the use of similis in the context of the diagnosis, or diagnostic part of a description of a new taxon.
In the case of new species, it is the number and gender of the genus of which the new species is a member:
In these sentences, clauses and phrases, the taxon name is in the ablative case, not the dative as it would be with similis and similar adjectives and participles.
www.mobot.org /plantscience/ResBot/BotLat/similis.htm   (1244 words)

  
 Ablatives
The ablative case is the case of averbial relations showing where, whence, and wherewith.
When governed by a preposition, the ablative is limited to a literal since, while it conveys a figurative sense when used without a preposition.
The ablative absolute stands grammatically unconnected/loosely connected to the rest of the sentence (hence "absolute"), and modifies the context of the sentence.
www.angelfire.com /ga/dracodraconis/latingrammar/ablatives.html   (735 words)

  
 ablative - Wiktionary
Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth - Bp.
(Grammar): Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.
ablative absolute - a construction in Latin, in which a noun in the ablative case has a participle (either expressed or implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case, both words forming a clause by themselves and being unconnected, grammatically, with the rest of the sentence; as, Tarquinio regnante, Pythagoras venit, i.
en.wiktionary.org /wiki/ablative   (183 words)

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