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Topic: Abortion law

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  BBC NEWS | UK | Q&A: Abortion law
Abortions can legally be performed under certain conditions - the first is that continuing with the pregnancy involves a greater risk to the physical or mental health of the woman, or her existing children, than having a termination.
Abortion up to 24 weeks is also allowed if there is a substantial risk that the child when born would suffer "such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped".
Abortions after 24 weeks are allowed if there is grave risk to the life of the woman; evidence of severe foetal abnormality; or risk of grave physical and mental injury to the woman.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/uk/4350259.stm   (814 words)

It is undisputed that at common law, abortion performed before "quickening" -- the first recognizable movement of the fetus in utero, appearing usually from the 16th to the 18th week of pregnancy 20 -- was not an indictable offense.
Those striking down state laws have generally scrutinized the State's interests in protecting health and potential life, and have concluded that neither interest justified broad limitations on the reasons for which a physician and his pregnant patient might decide that she should have an abortion in the early stages of pregnancy.
By 'abortion' is meant that the life of the fetus or embryo shall be destroyed in the woman's womb or that a premature birth thereof be caused.
www.tourolaw.edu /patch/Roe   (13090 words)

 Page 1
However, even in countries with highly restrictive laws, induced abortion is usually permitted when the woman's life is endangered; in contrast, even in nations with very liberal laws, access may be limited by gestational age restrictions, requirements that third parties authorize an abortion or limitations on the types of facilities that perform induced abortions.
Where access to abortion is restricted by law, medically trained practitioners are usually less willing to provide the service, the cost of the service in private facilities may be high and services are rarely available in public hospitals (which are often the only source of safe medical care for low-income women).
We classified the laws of 152 nations and dependent territories with a minimum population of one million into five categories indicating the circumstances under which a pregnant woman could legally obtain an abortion-to save her life, to preserve her physical health, to safeguard her mental health, on socioeconomic grounds and without restrictions as to reason.
www.crlp.org /pub_art_abortionlaws.html   (1439 words)

 Abortion Law in Australia (Australian Parliamentary Library Research Paper 1 1998-99)
Under that legislation an abortion cannot be performed late in pregnancy-possibly from around 22-23 weeks of pregnancy, and certainly from 28 weeks of pregnancy-unless the abortion is performed in good faith solely to preserve the life of the pregnant woman.
Abortion remains unlawful unless it is justified under the (amended) health legislation in that State, which now permits abortion up to 20 weeks of pregnancy if one of four grounds is satisfied.
The other three grounds permit abortion where: the pregnant woman will suffer serious personal, family or social consequences if the abortion is not performed; serious danger to the pregnant woman's physical or mental health will result if the abortion is not performed; or the pregnant woman's pregnancy is causing serious danger to her mental health.
www.aph.gov.au /library/pubs/rp/1998-99/99rp01.htm   (14046 words)

 National Abortion Federation: History of Abortion
The strongest force behind the drive to criminalize abortion was the attempt by doctors to establish for themselves exclusive rights to practice medicine.
Carhart rules that the Nebraska statute banning so-called "partial-birth abortion" is unconstitutional for two independent reasons: the statute lacks the necessary exception for preserving the health of the woman, and the definition of the targeted procedures is so broad as to prohibit abortions in the second trimester, thereby being an "undue burden" on women.
The National Abortion Federation immediately challenges the law in court and is successful in blocking enforcement of the law for its members.
www.prochoice.org /about_abortion/history_abortion.html   (1425 words)

 Abortion law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Abortion has at times emerged as a controversial subject in various societies because of the moral and ethical issues that surround it, though other considerations, such as a state's pro- or antinatalist policies or questions of inheritance and patriarichy, also dictate abortion law and regulation.
Abortion laws vary widely by country, ranging from Chile, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Malta, and Vatican City, which ban the procedure entirely, to Canada, which places no restrictions on the provision of abortion whatsoever.
English common law considered abortions before quickening — when the movements of the fetus could first be felt by the woman — to be legally acceptable.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Abortion_law   (1207 words)

 Abortion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An abortion is the removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus, resulting in or caused by its death.
Abortion, as compared to completion, of an undesired first pregnancy was not found to directly pose the risk of significant depression in a 2005 study.
Abortion debates, especially pertaining to abortion laws, are often spearheaded by advocacy groups belonging to one of two camps.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Abortion   (6409 words)

 The Abortion Law Homepage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
This page is being constructed to help people, regardless of their political bent, understand the background and state of abortion law in America, and access related legal material--especially that which is less available and less well known.
All rights reserved; aside from primary Internet download, no part of this work may be copied or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without the prior express e-mail or written permission of the copyright owner or its agents; except: Permission is granted for non-commercial use that is solely personal or academic in nature.
Abortion, abortion law, roe v wade, roe vs wade, roe v.
hometown.aol.com /abtrbng/index.htm   (436 words)

 Online NewsHour: 'Partial Birth' Abortion Ban -- November 5, 2003
But abortion rights activists describe the procedure, technically known as dilation and extraction, as a rare and medically necessary operation that should be an option for women and doctors.
The law will limit the physician's judgment in an individual situation, a situation in which they might judge this particular procedure or any other abortion procedure potentially to be appropriate for that individual woman.
The law is vague enough that it could conceivably be construed as applying to a much more commonly performed procedure called a dilation and evacuation, a DandE, which is performed between twelve and twenty weeks of gestation.
www.pbs.org /newshour/bb/law/july-dec03/abortion_11-05.html   (1879 words)

 Justices hear intense arguments on abortion law  - CNN.com
Ninety percent of all abortions occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and are not at issue.
Six federal courts have said the law is an impermissible restriction on a woman's constitutional right to an abortion.
He asked several times whether there was any evidence to suggest the banned abortion procedure was anything more than marginally safer than the more common dilation and evacuation method, in which a fetus is dismembered as it is removed from the uterus.
www.cnn.com /2006/LAW/11/08/scotus.abortion   (775 words)

 South Dakota voters axe restrictive abortion law - USATODAY.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
South Dakota voters overturned the most restrictive abortion law in the nation Tuesday, handing abortion rights supporters a huge victory in a conservative state.
The law was signed in March but was put on hold pending the election.
If approved, it would have barred almost all abortions, including for rape and incest victims, and allowed them only if a mother's life was in jeopardy.
www.usatoday.com /news/politicselections/vote2006/initiatives.htm   (780 words)

 Law.com - Abortion Cases Pit Justices vs. Congress
Partial-birth abortion is a term used for an abortion procedure, intact dilation and extraction, infrequently used in second-trimester pregnancies.
Although the high court's abortion precedents and the future of a woman's right to choose abortion will dominate discussions, the cases also are very much about separation of powers and the roles of the legislative and judicial branches in making and interpreting laws, say scholars on both sides.
In enacting the 2003 law, Congress made explicit findings in the statute that partial-birth abortion "is never medically indicated to preserve the health of the mother." A health exception to abortion restrictions has been central to the court's abortion jurisprudence since the landmark Roe v.
www.law.com /jsp/article.jsp?id=1162820126957   (908 words)

 USATODAY.com - New Hampshire abortion law goes before Supreme Court   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
The 2003 law was struck down, days before it was to take effect, for failing to provide an exception to protect a minor's health.
Supporters of the law say a provision that allows a young woman to go to a judge instead of a parent provides needed protection if her health is in danger.
In its last major abortion decision, the Supreme Court ruled in 2000 that state abortion laws must provide an exception to protect a young mother's health in case her parents don't agree.
www.usatoday.com /news/nation/2005-11-26-supremecourtabortionlaw_x.htm   (725 words)

 Abortion in Jewish Law
As abortion resurfaces as a political issue in the upcoming U.S. presidential election, it is worthwhile to investigate the Jewish approach to the issue.
As a general rule, abortion in Judaism is permitted only if there is a direct threat to the life of the mother by carrying the fetus to term or through the act of childbirth.
Rabbi Waldenberg allows first trimester abortion of a fetus that would be born with a deformity that would cause it to suffer, and termination of a fetus with a lethal fetal defect such as Tay Sachs up to the seventh month of gestation.
www.aish.com /societyWork/sciencenature/Abortion_in_Jewish_Law.asp   (1813 words)

 CBC News In Depth: Abortion
Abortions may be performed in a hospital if a committee of doctors decides that continuing the pregnancy may endanger the mother's life or health.
Abortion is now treated like any other medical procedure and is governed by provincial and medical regulations.
By the time the case was settled, Daigle had secretly obtained a late-term abortion in the U.S. In Ontario, a similar injunction was granted against Barbara Dodd filed by her ex-boyfriend.
www.cbc.ca /news/background/abortion   (1694 words)

 SpeakOut.com - Abortion
Clinic access became an issue after several abortion clinics were bombed and several abortion doctors were shot in recent years.
Describing abortion as a health issue or as a women's rights issue is a pro-choice stance.
Describing abortion as a moral issue or as an issue of balancing the mother's rights with the fetus' rights, is a pro-life stance.
www.speakout.com /activism/abortion   (811 words)

 Emergency Parliament Session Aims To Pass Abortion Law In Australia -- 12/19/2001
Speaking from the state capital, Adelaide, Fleming said Wednesday that since abortion laws were passed in South Australia, the abortion rate had almost tripled, from six per 1,000 women aged 15-44 (the fertile years) in 1970, to 17.5 per 1,000 last year.
Only 2.4 percent of all abortions in 2000 were requested for the reasons of specified medical condition (0.3 percent), fetal abnormality (2.1 percent), or assault (rape or incest, of which only a single case occurred, insufficient to register a percentage).
According to the state government, the idea is to codify in law what was the existing practice in Tasmania before the medical student's complaint and subsequent police investigation led doctors to refuse further abortion requests until the legal situation was clarified.
www.cnsnews.com /ViewForeignBureaus.asp?Page=/ForeignBureaus/archive/200112/FOR20011219b.html   (1017 words)

 American Civil Liberties Union : ACLU of Illinois Asks Supreme Court to Reject Renegade Ruling on Restrictive Abortion ...
Connell said that the ambiguity of the law, and the vague terms used to describe procedures that obstetricians commonly use, leaves doctors without clear guidance as to what is criminal under the statute.
"The law's vagueness means that law enforcement officials and state courts may interpret its provisions to encompass many of the safest, most commonly used procedures utilized by physicians in the early weeks of pregnancy," she explained.
An Illinois district court ruled that the state's law was unnecessarily vague, unduly burdensome and failed to provide an adequate health or life exemption for women; a Wisconsin district court judge upheld that state's similar law.
www.aclu.org /reproductiverights/abortion/12661prs20000110.html?s_src=RSS   (910 words)

 Appeals court rules on Ohio abortion law - Boston.com
A federal appeals court upheld one Ohio abortion regulation and struck down another Monday, agreeing that women must get a doctor's counseling before an abortion, but rejecting a regulation that gave minors only one chance to avoid a parental consent requirement.
CINCINNATI --A federal appeals court upheld one Ohio abortion regulation and struck down another Monday, agreeing that women must get a doctor's counseling before an abortion, but rejecting a regulation that gave minors only one chance to avoid a parental consent requirement.
Al Gerhardstein, the attorney who filed the appeal, praised the ruling on parental consent, but said the court's finding on counseling is "unfortunate for women and a setback for reproductive health." He had argued that that in-person meetings are all but impossible for women in abusive situations.
www.boston.com /yourlife/health/other/articles/2006/11/13/appeals_court_rules_on_ohio_abortion_law   (340 words)

 Abortion Rights - Home
British law currently restricts the circumstances in which a woman can have an abortion and the decision must be approved by two doctors.
A further 72 per cent said it was not acceptable for a woman who had been referred for an abortion to have to wait beyond three weeks for the procedure.
On International Women's Day and ahead of the 40th anniversary of the 1967 Abortion Act in October, Abortion Rights is launching a campaign to liberalise British abortion law and secure better access to services for the 1 in 3 women who will need an abortion in their lifetime.
www.abortionrights.org.uk   (443 words)

 Abortion Law: Roe vs. Wade made Abortion Legal in the U.S.
In Michigan, a state law stipulates that a woman's hair legally belongs to her husband....
Abortion is legal, and therefore many women go blindly through the process believing that "if the government says its legal, it must be OK." Unfortunately, countless women are shocked at the reality of the experience of killing their unborn child -- leaving them to wonder "why wasn't I warned?"
Law doesn’t reflect morality — rather the law should reflect a morality that is independent of the law.
www.abortiontv.com /Misc/AbortionIslegal.htm   (598 words)

 Democracy Now! | South Dakota Votes on Most Restrictive Abortion Law in Country: A Debate
A law passed earlier this year made it a felony for health providers to perform abortions - even in cases of rape or incest - unless the procedure is necessary to prevent the death of the mother.
The law made it a felony for health providers to perform abortions - even in cases of rape or incest - unless the procedure is necessary to prevent the death of the mother Under the law, doctors could face up to five years in prison and a five thousand dollar fine for performing an abortion.
Now, Planned Parenthood, of course, operates the sole abortion care facility in South Dakota, and, as you know, we fly doctors in from Minnesota, because of the hostile climate in South Dakota, and we are dedicated to continuing that care.
www.democracynow.org /article.pl?sid=06/11/03/1431244   (2628 words)

 Colombian Abortion Law Campaign is Undermined by Washington
The 29-year-old lawyer is the centre of an effort to overhaul the abortion law in Colombia, which has the most restrictive such legislation in Latin America.
Yet she said her campaign to change the law was also undermined by the administration of President George Bush and its controversial "Mexico City" policy which bans overseas aid for groups that support abortion.
Though she supports widespread access to abortions, her lawsuit seeks only to change the law to make the procedure legal when a woman has been raped, her life is at risk or if the fetus has deformations "incompatible with life outside the womb".
www.commondreams.org /headlines05/1013-05.htm   (799 words)

 Pro-Lifers Decry Passage Of Australian Abortion Law -- 12/21/2001
Both state legislatures were recalled from their Christmas break to debate and vote on a bill aimed at clarifying the legality of abortions, after a medical student complained to police that a 73-year-old, vaguely-worded law was being widely broken.
Passage of the law means police will drop a criminal inquiry launched after fifth-year medical student Armin Tadj claimed to have witnessed doctors falsifying documents to help women who wanted abortions for no other reason than not wanting to have a baby.
His complaint brought most abortions to a halt in the island state for several weeks, with women having to fly to other cities in Australia for abortions.
www.cnsnews.com /ViewForeignBureaus.asp?Page=/ForeignBureaus/archive/200112/FOR20011221a.html   (953 words)

 The Southern California Law Blog » Abortion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
The abortion measure would require parents to be notified 48 hours before their minor child had an abortion, unless the parents or a judge waived the requirement.
It was the first time that an abortion case had reached the Supreme Court since 2000, when O’Connor cast the deciding vote in striking down a Nebraska law that banned a type of late-term abortion.
Regardless of your view on abortion and contraception, it is in interesting piece on the interaction of religion, politics and scient.
sclblog.com /category/law/abortion   (1459 words)

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