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Topic: Absolute majority


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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

  
 Absolute majority - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Absolute majority voting is most often used to pass changes to constitutions or to bylaws in order to ensure that there is affirmative support for a proposal.
From 2005, an absolute majority of the electorate in addition to a three-fourths vote of the legislature is necessary to pass amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of China on Taiwan as well as to ratify a referendum.
The requirement of an absolute majority rather than a simple majority effectively gives both major political blocs the power to veto a referendum or constitutional amendment.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Absolute_majority   (300 words)

  
 Majority - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A majority is a subset of a group that is more than half of the entire group.
A plurality is not necessarily a majority, as the largest subset may be less than half of the entire group.
In parliamentary procedure (the "rules of order" concerning the conduct of business in a deliberative body), the term 'majority' refers to "more than half." As it relates to a vote, a majority is more than half of the votes cast (noting that an abstention is simply the refusal to vote).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Majority   (320 words)

  
 ABSOLUTE MAJORITY FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Absolute majority is a supermajoritarian voting requirement which is stricter than a simple_majority.
Even though this arrangement is a simple_majority, since an absolute majority for the club is 51 members, the proposed bylaw fails.
From 2005, an absolute majority of the electorate in addition to a three-fourths vote of the legislature is necessary to pass amendments to the Constitution_of_the_Republic_of_China on Taiwan as well as to ratify a referendum.
www.isnewyork.com /absolute_majority   (271 words)

  
 Industrial Elections Voting Systems
A candidate receiving an absolute majority of votes remaining is shown in the count as the second successful candidate.
A candidate receiving an absolute majority of votes remaining in the count shall be the third successful candidate.
If no candidate has then received an absolute majority, the candidate with the fewest votes is excluded and his/her votes (first preference and those received from the previously elected candidates) are distributed to the next available preference among the remaining candidates.
www.aec.gov.au /_content/When/industrial/voting/page05.htm   (321 words)

  
 Tocqueville: Book I Chapter 15
The moral authority of the majority is partly based upon the notion that there is more intelligence and wisdom in a number of men united than in a single individual, and that the number of the legislators is more important than their quality.
The omnipotence of the majority and the rapid as well as absolute manner in which its decisions are executed in the United States not only render the law unstable, but exercise the same influence upon the execution of the law and the conduct of the administration.
The majority has absolute power both to make the laws and to watch over their execution; and as it has equal authority over those who are in power and the community at large, it considers public officers as its passive agents and readily confides to them the task of carrying out its de signs.
xroads.virginia.edu /~HYPER/DETOC/1_ch15.htm   (5503 words)

  
 Absolute majority -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Absolute majority is a (Click link for more info and facts about supermajoritarian) supermajoritarian (A choice that is made by voting) voting requirement which is stricter than a (Click link for more info and facts about simple majority) simple majority.
It means that more than half of all the members of a group, including those absent and those present but not voting, cast (A choice that is made by voting) votes in favor of a proposition.
Even though this arrangement is a (Click link for more info and facts about simple majority) simple majority, since an absolute majority for the club is 51 members, the proposed bylaw fails.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/a/ab/absolute_majority.htm   (205 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Absolute majority
A supermajority or a qualified majority is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level or type of support which exceeds a simple majority in order to have effect.
A plurality (or relative majority) is the largest share of something, which may or may not be a majority.
Beginning in 2005, an absolute majority of the electorate in addition to a three-fourths vote of the legislature was necessary to pass amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of China on Taiwan as well as to ratify referendum.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Absolute-majority   (551 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search Results - absolute majority
The government of the absolute majority instead of the government of the people is but the government of the strongest interests; and when not...
Conscience: The one thing that doesn't abide by majority…, Democracy: A democracy is a state…, Democracy: It is impossible that the…, Democracy:...
Absolute, term used to denote whatever is in no way dependent on or limited by anything else.
encarta.msn.com /absolute_majority.html   (167 words)

  
 Howard J. Bashman - Pennsylvania Appellate Boutique
In a circuit requiring that a majority of all active circuit judges votes in favor of rehearing en banc for it to be granted, a 6-5 vote in favor of rehearing en banc with one recusal would result in rehearing en banc being denied.
This is because an absolute majority of seven votes remained necessary to grant the petition.
In a circuit requiring only that a majority of non-recused active circuit judges votes in favor of rehearing en banc, a 6-5 vote in favor of rehearing en banc with one recusal would cause the appeal to be reheard en banc.
www.hjbashman.com /resources-articles-04-09-01.htm   (1235 words)

  
 Majority - TheBestLinks.com - Absolute majority, Association football, Politics, Subset, ...
Majority, Absolute majority, Association football, Politics, Subset, Table...
In general, a majority is a subset of a group that is more than half of the entire group.
A plurality, the subset with the largest number of parts, is not necessarily a majority, as the largest number may be less than half.
www.thebestlinks.com /Majority.html   (236 words)

  
 Guest Comment on NRO
The requirement for an absolute majority in the Electoral College is not an isolated or arbitrary requirement.
The Framers' solution to this potential national fissure was to mandate that an absolute majority, in whatever the relevant constitutional fora, be required to elect the president.
Significantly, the need to amass an absolute majority is reflected in all of the three alternative procedures to elect the president.
www.nationalreview.com /comment/comment111600a.shtml   (1153 words)

  
 Center for Voting and Democracy
Manufactured Majority - Where a single party wins less than 50 per cent of the valid votes, but an absolute majority of the parliamentary seats.
In a first past the post system, the winner is the candidate with a plurality of votes, but not necessarily an absolute majority of the votes.
Majority systems, such as the Australian Alternative Vote and the French two-round system, try to ensure that the winning candidate receives an absolute majority of votes cast.
www.fairvote.org /glossary.htm   (2194 words)

  
 The Number of Electors Necessary for the Election of a President
Interpreting the Constitution's plain language to require an "absolute" majority of all potential electoral votes for election to the Presidency is fully supported by the purpose and history of the relevant provisions.
Interpreting the Constitution to require an absolute majority of all potential electors is further supported by the Framers' use of the adjective "whole" in describing the majority necessary to elect a President in the Electoral College.
But as a majority of the votes might not always happen to centre on one man and as it might be unsafe to permit less than a majority to be conclusive, it is provided, that in such a contingency, the house of representatives shall select out of the candidates.
www.heritage.org /Research/LegalIssues/LM1.cfm   (4808 words)

  
 Section 85 Report - Appendix 1
Thus, the effect of a failure to secure passage of a bill by absolute majority may be grossly disproportionate to the extent to which that bill operated negatively upon the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
Consequently, the tendency during 1989 has been to err on the side of caution by requiring an absolute majority to be obtained in respect of all such bills, with the considerable inconvenience in terms of parliamentary procedure that this involves.
It further accepts that the imposition of the requirement of an absolute majority in both Houses of Parliament involves a very modest degree of entrenchment, the essential nature of which is to act as a reminder to the Parliament to tread carefully, and with due reflection.
www.parliament.vic.gov.au /sarc/Section85/append1a.htm   (6844 words)

  
 Parliament of Australia: Senate: Publications: Odgers' Guide to Australian Senate Practice - Eleventh Edition - Chapter ...
A simple majority is distinguished from an absolute majority in the Constitution by the requirement in section 128 that a bill for amending the Constitution must be passed by each House of the Parliament by an absolute majority.
An absolute majority is also prescribed for the passing of a bill at a joint sitting of the two Houses in the event of further disagreement between the Houses over the bill after simultaneous dissolutions under section 57 of the Constitution.
An absolute majority is a majority of the whole number of senators.
www.aph.gov.au /Senate/pubs/odgers/chap1102.htm   (212 words)

  
 Parliament of Australia: Senate: Publications: Odgers' Guide to Australian Senate Practice - Eleventh Edition - Chapter ...
An absolute majority means a majority of the whole number of members of each House.
An absolute majority is required only for the third reading, and it is possible for a Constitution alteration bill to progress to a third reading without an absolute majority during the earlier stages of its passage.
The requirement for a bill to be laid aside in the absence of an absolute majority on the third reading applies where a bill received from the House of Representatives is agreed to with amendments, and is therefore returned to the House (14/3/1974, J.55).
www.aph.gov.au /senate/pubs/odgers/chap1219.htm   (895 words)

  
 THE PARAGUAYAN SENATE
If the chamber maintains the draft with an absolute majority, the bill is sent back to the second chamber, which can then dismiss it with a two-thirds majority only.
If the chamber overrides the veto by an absolute majority, the bill is sent to the other chamber for the same examination in the same length of time.
If this majority is not attained, the amendment is considered as having been dismissed and cannot be proposed again within one year.
www.senat.fr /senatsdumonde/english/paraguay.html   (2414 words)

  
 [Projekat Rastko] djuric, Kicosev, Curcic ' The Ethnic Structure of the Population in Vojvodina
As regards their share by municipalities (in present boundaries), the Serbs comprised the absolute majority in 13, relative in 10, and in eight they were second in number.
They comprised the absolute majority in nine municipalities and the relative majority in two, which accounted for one quarter of the Vojvodina communes.
The Hungarians comprised absolute majority in 53 settlements which was 15.4% of the settlements in Vojvodina.
www.rastko.org.yu /istorija/srbi-balkan/djuric-curcic-kicosev-vojvodina.html   (4837 words)

  
 Final draft of Iraqi constitution - 5 - Boston.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
(a) The Council of Representatives may withdraw confidence from a minister by absolute majority, and he/she is considered (resigned) from the date of the withdrawal of confidence.
b) A member may not be arrested during the duration of the council's cycle unless he is accused of a felony and by the approval of the absolute majority of the members that he be stripped of his immunity or if he was arrested red-handed.
1st -- The Council of Representatives shall be dissolved by the absolute majority of its members, based on a request from third of its members or a request from the prime minister and with the approval of the president of the republic.
www.boston.com /news/world/middleeast/articles/2005/10/06/final_draft_of_iraqi_constitution___5   (1258 words)

  
 THE SOCIALISTS WIN AN ABSOLUTE MAJORITY
It is not just a majority of rejection but also a majority to confirm the possibility of an alternative ambition and the desire to change.
The absolute majority that he has won in Parliament will enable him to have a free hand to launch his programme.
Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, who was himself celebrating a major victory of the “yes” vote in the referendum on the ratification of the European Constitution that was organised on the same day as the Portuguese general elections, congratulated his neighbour on his success.
www.robert-schuman.org /anglais/oee/portugal/legislatives/resultats.htm   (1123 words)

  
 FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Case Law, Federal and State Resources, Forms, and Code
First, Judge Mansfield suggested, the absolute majority rule seeks "to achieve intracircuit uniformity by assuring that where questions of exceptional importance are presented the law of the circuit will be established by the vote of a majority of the full court rather than by a three-judge panel." Id.
The absolute majority requirement does nothing to prevent panel decisions from establishing the law of the circuit; instead, the requirement makes it more difficult, or impossible, to have the law made in some panel decisions reviewed en banc.
In his defense of the absolute majority requirement, Judge Mansfield said that it is not unfair, because "[i]n cases of exceptional importance, or where there is a conflict between circuits, it may be expected that the Supreme Court will grant certiorari and settle the questions in issue." Zahn, 469 F.2d at 1041.
caselaw.lp.findlaw.com /scripts/getcase.pl?court=11th&navby=case&no=986222REH&exact=1   (3017 words)

  
 Constitution of Greece
A majority of three-fifths of the total number of Members of Parliament shall be necessary to vote the law anctioning the treaty or agreement.
Should the said majority not be attained, the ballot shall be repeated within five days and the person receiving an absolute majority of the votes of the total number of Members of Parliament shall be elected President of the Republic.
Should this majority also not be attained, the ballot shall once more be repeated after five days between the two persons with the highest number of votes, and the person receiving a relative majority shall be deemed elected President of the Republic.
www.hri.org /MFA/syntagma/artcl50.html   (3504 words)

  
 [03 Nov 1999] GA/9649 : GENERAL ASSEMBLY, VOTING CONCURRENTLY WITH SECURITY COUNCIL, FILLS FIVE VACANCIES ON ...
The memorandum points out that the "consistent practice of the United Nations had been to interpret the words 'absolute majority' as meaning a majority of all electors, whether or not they vote or are allowed to vote”.
Accordingly 95 votes constitutes an absolute majority in the Assembly for the purpose of this election.
That conference may, by an absolute majority, agree on one name for each seat still vacant and submit that name for the respective acceptance of both organs.
www.un.org /News/Press/docs/1999/19991103.ga9649.doc.html   (1756 words)

  
 What a Republican Majority Has Not Meant
A Republican majority has not meant any more than it did the last time the Republicans controlled both the Congress and the Oval Office, since the intent of Republicans is not to dismantle the welfare state with its entitlements and income-transfer programs.
A Republican majority has not meant anything different from the last time the Republicans held a majority in the Senate, because the practice of appointing and confirming judges and bureaucrats who trample the Constitution and infringe the liberties of American citizens has never abated.
A Republican majority has not meant any more than business as usual with a complete Democratic majority, because the reckless, globalist foreign policy of the United States is adhered to by most Republicans.
www.fff.org /freedom/fd0407d.asp   (1540 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Majority
Majority, the state of a person or thing greater, or superior, in relation to another person or thing.
There is an "absolute majority when the number of votes exceeds half the number of the voters; a "relative majority" when the votes for the one candidate, or party, numerically exceed those given to any other.
(2) In reference to persons, majority is the state of persons who have reached the age required for such and such definite acts; in particular for acts of civil life.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/09557a.htm   (326 words)

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