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Topic: Abu Nasr Mansur


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In the News (Wed 17 Sep 14)

  
  Abu Nasr Mansur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Abu Nasr Mansur ibn Ali ibn Iraq (c.
Abu Nasr Mansur was born in Gilan to a ruling family of the region.
Most of Abu Nasr's work focused on math, but some of his writings were on astronomy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Abu_Nasr_Mansur   (183 words)

  
 Al-Biruni - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Abu Raihan Al-Biruni (أبو ريحان البيروني;) (September 15, 973 - December 13, 1048) was a Muslim mathematician, astronomer, physicist, scholar, encyclopedist and teacher of Central Asian origin, who contributed greatly to the fields of mathematics and science.
He was born in Khwarazm in what is now known to be as Uzbekistan but was then within the borders of Persian Empire.
He studied mathematics and astronomy under Abu Nasr Mansur.
www.encyclopedia-online.info /Biruni   (208 words)

  
 Abbasid - the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
During the reign of Marwan II this opposition culminated in the rebellion ofIbrahim the Imam, the fourth in descent from Abbas, who, supported by the province of Khorasan, achieved considerable successes, but was captured (AD 747) and diedin prison (as some hold, assassinated).
The quarrel was taken up by his brother Abdallah, known by the name of Abu al-'Abbasas-Saffah, who, after a decisive victory on the Greater Zab river (750), finally crushed the Umayyads and was proclaimed Caliph.
Abu al-'Abbas' successor,Mansur, moved their capital from Damascusto the new city of Baghdad and welcomed non-Arab Muslims to their court.
www.world-knowledge-encyclopedia.com /?t=Abbasid   (970 words)

  
 Mansur (print-only)
Abu Nasr Mansur was a native of Gilan which is mentioned in The Regions of the World, a Persian geography book of 982.
Abu Nasr Mansur's main achievements are his commentry on the Spherics of Menelaus, his role in the development of trigonometry from Ptolemy's calculation with chords towards the trigonometric functions used today, and his development of a set of tables which give easy numerical solutions to typical problems of spherical astronomy.
Abu Nasr Mansur's treatise discusses the five trigonometric functions which are used to solve problems in spherical astronomy.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/Printonly/Mansur.html   (1198 words)

  
 Abu Nidal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Abu Nidal died of between one and four gunshot wounds in Baghdad in August 2002, believed by Palestinian sources to have been killed on the orders of Saddam Hussein, [2] but said by the Iraqi government to have committed suicide.
Abu Nidal's first operation took place on September 5, 1973, when five gunmen seized the Saudi embassy in Paris, taking 13 hostages and threatening to blow up the building if Abu Dawud was not released from jail in Jordan, where he had been arrested in February 1973 for an attempt on the King's life.
Abu Nidal is known to have entered Iraq in 1999 after being expelled from Libya by Gaddafi, who was distancing himself from terrorism in an effort to re-establish diplomatic relations with the U.S. and UK after Lockerbie.
en.orangehedgehog.com /content/Abu_Nidal   (3182 words)

  
 Abbasid   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The history of the new dynasty is marked by perpetual strife and the development of luxury and the liberal arts, in place of what their opponents identified as old-fashioned austerity of thought and manners.
The Abbasids also persecuted descendants of Ali ibn Abu Talib viewing them as threats, and this in turn earned the dynasty great disfavor with the Shia, who lost many of their leaders to the Abbasids.
Mansur, the second of the house, who transferred the seat of government to the new city of Baghdad, fought successfully against the peoples of Asia Minor, and the reigns of Harun al-Rashid (786 - 809) and al-Ma'mun (813 - 833) were periods of extraordinary splendour.
www.free-download-soft.com /info/abbasid.html   (536 words)

  
 Abbasid - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Abu al-'Abbas' successor, al-Mansur, moved their capital from Damascus to the new city of Baghdad and welcomed non-Arab Muslims to their court.
In addition, the period saw the recovery of much of the Alexandrian mathematical, geometric and astronomical knowledge, such as that of Euclides and Claudius Ptolemy.
These recovered mathematical methods were later enhanced and developed by other Islamic scholars, notably by Al-Biruni, and Abu Nasr Mansur.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Abbassid   (1453 words)

  
 Abu Nasr Mansur Biography / Biography of Abu Nasr Mansur 700 To 1449: Mathematics Biography
Abu Nasr Mansur Biography / Biography of Abu Nasr Mansur 700 To 1449: Mathematics Biography
Mansur came from the Banu Iraq family, who ruled Khwarazm near the Aral Sea, but in 995 lost power; thereafter, he served in the courts of other rulers.
A student of Abul Wefa, Mansur was later teacher to al-Biruni and wrote as many as 25 works, of which seven were on mathematics.
www.bookrags.com /biography-abu-nasr-mansur-scit-02123   (190 words)

  
 KSAalumni
Abu al-Wafa` wrote Kitab fima yahtaj ilayh al-kuttab wa al-ummal min 'ilm al-hisab ("Book on What Is Necessary from the Science of Arithmetic for Scribes and Businessmen") and Kitab fima yahtaj ilayh al-sani 'min al-a'mal al-Handasiyha ("Book on What Is Necessary from Geometric Construction for the Artisan").
In addition, in the late 10th century Abu al-Wafa` and the prince Abu Nasr Mansur stated and proved theorems of plane and spherical geometry that could be applied by astronomers and geographers, including the laws of sines and tangents.
Abu Nasr's pupil al- Biruni (973-1050), who produced a vast amount of high-quality work, was one of the masters in applying these theorems to astronomy and to such problems in mathematical geography as the determination of latitudes and longitudes, the distances between cities, and the direction from one city to another.
www.amualumni.8m.com /MScience.htm   (4069 words)

  
 Al-Biruni - Indopedia, the Indological knowledgebase
Abu Raihan Al-Biruni (also Alberuni; Arabic: أبو الريحان البيروني; Persian: ابوریحان بیرونی) (September 15, 973 - December 13, 1048) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, physicist, scholar, encyclopedist, philosopher, astrologer, traveller, historian, pharmacist and teacher, of Central Asian origin, who contributed greatly to the fields of mathematics, philosophy, medicine and science.
He was a colleague of the philosopher and physician Ibn Sina, the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu Al Abbas Ma'mun Khawarazmshah.
He also travelled to India with Mahmud of Ghazni and accompanied him on his campaigns there, learning the language, and studying their religion and philosophy, and wrote a book on that.
www.indopedia.org /Biruni.html   (511 words)

  
 Al-Khujandi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Although there is no reason to doubt al-Tusi that the proof he gives does indeed come from al-Khujandi there is quite a few reason to believe that one of Abu'l-Wafa or Abu Nasr Mansur was the original discoverer.
Both Abu'l-Wafa and Abu Nasr Mansur claim to have discovered the sine theorem while, as far as we are aware, al-Khujandi makes no such claim.
Finally, although this really proves little, the theorem appears many times in the writings of Abu Nasr Mansur both his writings on geometry as well as those on astronomy.
202.38.126.65 /mirror/www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Mathematicians/Al-Khujandi.html   (682 words)

  
 Geometry - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
For example Ibrahim ibn Sinan and his grandfather Thabit ibn Qurra both studied curves required in the construction of sundials.
Abu'l-Wafa and Abu Nasr Mansur both applied spherical geometry to astronomy.
Omar Khayyám (born 1048) was a Persian mathematician, as well as a poet.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Geometry   (4417 words)

  
 Abstract
Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al'Biruni was born in September of 973 in Khwarazm which is today known as Uzbekistan.
Abu Allah Mohammad ibn Jabir al'Battani was born around 850 in Syria.
Abu Nasr Mansur ibn Ali ibn Iraq, born in 970 in Khwarazm, now Uzbekistan, was a student of Abu'l Wafa and a teacher to Al'Biruni, although all three were contemporaries.
jwilson.coe.uga.edu /emt668/EMT668.Folders.F97/Waggener/Papers/arabtrig.html   (3230 words)

  
 Abu Raihan Al Biruni September 15 September 15 973 973...
Abu Raihan Al Biruni September 15 September 15 973 973...
"Abu Raihan Al-Biruni" (September 15 September 15, 973 973 - December 13 December 13, 1048 1048) was a Muslim Muslim mathematician mathematician, astronomer astronomer, physicist physicist, scholar scholar, encyclopedist encyclopedist and teacher teacher of Central Asian Central Asian origin, who contributed greatly to the fields of mathematics mathematics and science science.
He studied mathematics mathematics and astronomy astronomy under Abu Nasr Mansur Abu Nasr Mansur.
www.biodatabase.de /Biruni   (264 words)

  
 Seyyed Hossein Nasr: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Iran A theocratic islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil; involved in state-sponsored terrorism
Nasr is currently a faculty member at The George Washington University The george washington university (gwu) is a private university in washington, d.c., founded in 1821 as the columbian college....
Fakhr al-Din al-Razi Abu `abdallah muhammad bin `umar al-razi, known as fakhr al-din al-razi, (1149 - 1209) is a famous and well known muslim theologian and philosopher from ray, iran, persia....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /n/seyyed_hossein_nasr   (1108 words)

  
 Al Biruni   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Abu Rayhan Al Biruni was born in Khwarazm, a region adjoining the Aral Sea now known as Karakalpakstan.
Certainly by the age of seventeen al-Biruni was engaged in serious scientific work for it was in 990 that he computed the latitude of Kath by observing the maximum altitude of the sun.
The Banu Iraq were the rulers of the Khwarazm region and Abu Nasr Mansur, Al Biruni's teacher, was a prince of that family.
www.islamonline.com /cgi-bin/news_service/spot_full_story.asp?service_id=732   (1305 words)

  
 References for Mansur   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
C Jensen, Abu Nasr Mansur's approach to spherical astronomy as developed in his treatise 'The table of minutes', Centaurus 16 (1) (1971/72), 1-19.
G P Matvievskaya and Kh Tllashev, Abu Nasr ibn Iraq and his treatment of Menelaus' 'Spherics' (Russian), in Mathematics and astronomy in the works of scientists of the medieval East (Tashkent, 1977), 81-89; 139.
Kh Tllasev and S A Ramazanova, The treatises of Abu Nasr ibn 'Iraq on the astrolabe (Russian), in Mathematics and astronomy in the works of scientists of the medieval East (Tashkent, 1977), 89-97.
www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk /history/References/Mansur.html   (198 words)

  
 Mathematical Techniques
In the late 10th century Abu al-Wafa and Abu Nasr Mansur proved theories of plane and spherical trigonometry and derived the laws of sines and tangents.
Abu Nasr's pupil, al-Biruni (973-1050) applied these techniques with great success to geographic and astronomical problems.
The Greeks had developed the astrolabe, but the Arabs applied their new techniques to its improvement and the development of universal astrolabes that did not require separate plates for each degree of latitude.
www.hps.cam.ac.uk /starry/mathematics.html   (1281 words)

  
 Islamic mathematics
Establishes the identity of Abu Ja`far al-Khazin with Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn al-Husayn.
Berggren, J.L. The Correspondence of Abu Sahl al-Kuhi and Abu Ishaq al-Sabi.
The edition of (the medieval Latin translation of) Thabit's treatise on the transversal theorem is followed by a survey of the work of many Islamic authors on the theorem of Menelaus and related theorems in spherical trigonometry.
www.math.uu.nl /people/hogend/Islamath.html   (7938 words)

  
 Birooni   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Abu Reihan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Biruni was born of Persian parentage in Khwarazm in 362 H [973 A.D.].
He spent his childhood in khawrazm.He was interested in Biological studying as gathering samples of plants and seeds for a Greek scientist.
He began studies at a very early age under the famous astronomer and mathematician ''Abu Nasr Mansur''.
www.irib.ir /occasions/Aboryhan/Biroonien.HTM   (358 words)

  
 Abu Nasr Mansur: biography and encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
[Abu Nasr Mansur bio and facts from encyclopedia]
Abu Nasr Mansur was born in Khwarazm Khiva quick summary:
Most of Abu Nasr's work focused on math, EHandler: no quick summary.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/a/ab/abu_nasr_mansur.htm   (399 words)

  
 Imam al-Ghazali
Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad, Abu Hamid al-Tusi al-Ghazzali [or al-Ghazali] al-Shafi‘i (450-505), "the Proof of Islam" (Hujjat al-Islam), "Ornament of the Faith," "Gatherer of the Multifarious Sciences," "Great Siddîq," absolute mujtahid, a major Shafi‘i jurist, heresiographer and debater, expert in the principles of doctrine and those of jurisprudence.
Among his other shaykhs in hadith were Nasr ibn ‘Ali ibn Ahmad al-Hakimi al-Tusi, ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Khawari, Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Muhammad al-Suja`i al-Zawzani, the hadith master Abu al-Fityan ‘Umar ibn Abi al-Hasan al-Ru’asi al-Dahistani, and Nasr ibn Ibrahim al-Maqdisi.
Abu ‘Abd Allah al-Maziri al-Maliki said in al-Kashf wa al-Inba’ ‘an Kitab al-Ihya’ that most of the narrations cited in it were flimsy (wâhin) with regard to authenicity, while the Maliki censor Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn al-Walid al-Turtushi (d.
www.sunnah.org /history/Scholars/imam_alghazali.htm   (4313 words)

  
 Al Biruni
Not only did al-Biruni work there but Abu Nasr Mansur, his former teacher also worked there, allowing the pair to renew their collaboration.
Both al-Biruni and Abu Nasr Mansur left with the victorious Mahmud, perhaps as his prisoners.
He had a long-standing collaboration with his teacher Abu Nasr Mansur, each asking the other to undertake specific pieces of work to support their own.
www.zia.rahin.iwarp.com /albiruni.htm   (2961 words)

  
 All Empires History Forum: December 13: Massacre of Nanking
ى Abu Raihan Biruni (also, Al-Biruni, Alberuni Persian: ابوریحان بیرونی ; Arabic: أبو الريحان البيروني) (September 15, 973—December 13, 1048) was a Iranian mathematician, astronomer, physicist, scholar, encyclopedist, philosopher, astrologer, traveller, historian, pharmacist, and teacher, who contributed greatly to the fields of mathematics, philosophy, medicine, and science.
He was a colleague of the Central Asian philosopher and physician Ibn Sina, the historian, philosopher and ethicist Ibn Miskawayh, in a university and science center established by prince Abu Al Abbas Ma'mun Khawarazmshah.
He also travelled to Pakistan and India with Mahmud of Ghazni, who also became his patron, and accompanied him on his campaigns there, learning the language, and studying the religion and philosophy, and wrote Ta'rikh al-Hind ("Chronicles of India").
www.allempires.com /Forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=7612&PN=1   (1003 words)

  
 Indian Numerals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Abu rayhan al-biruni was born in Khwarazm, now known as Karakalpakstan, in the city of Kath.
He began his studies at an early age, and was taught by the famous mathematician Abu Nasr Mansur.
In 990 (when he was 17) he figured out the latitude of Kath by observing the maximum altitude of the sun.
everyschool.org /u/logan/culturalmath/inumerals.html   (471 words)

  
 Gupshup - Contributions of Muslims in science
By the time ibn Sina was born, Nuh ibn Mansur was the Sultan in Bukhara but he was struggling to retain control of the empire.
Nuh ibn Mansur, in an attempt to keep in power, had put Sebüktigin, a former Turkish slave, as the ruler of Ghazna and appointed his son Mahmud as governor of Khorasan.
Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Musa al-Khwarizmi (خوارزمی in Persian, أبو عبد الله محمد بن موسى الخوارزمي in Arabic), also spelled Muhammad ibn-Musa al-Khwarizmi, Muhammad ibn-Musa al-Khowarizmi, Mohammad Bin Musa Al-Khawarizmi, and Abu Ja'Far Muhammad ibn-Musa Al-Khowarizmi, was a Persian scientist, mathematician, astronomer/astrologer, and author.
www.paklinks.com /gs/showthread.php?t=182422&page=1   (6041 words)

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